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In this confusion the admiral's ship having lost, her rudder, floated up and down till next day, when she was taken by the English. Though the Spanish admiral had ordered every ship to return to her station as soon as the danger was over, and made a signal for that purpose, yet few endeavoured to obey. The fleet remaining dispersed, some of the ships were driven "to the north, and others upon the shallows of Flanders; where tiny had not only to guard against the sands, but to repel the English, who so played upon them with their cannon, that several ships were disabled, and two of them fell into the hands of the Zealanders : — indeed the whole fleet was in danger of destruction on the coast. They continued steering north, "when meeting with unfavourable weal her, several of their >!iips •were wrecked on the coast of .Scotland and Ireland, where multitudes of the men were put to the sword, or perished by the hands of the executioner.
'Thus tailed this mighty enterprise ! —'ihus perished thisformidable j\r>i:ada, btaslingly styled Invincible! so that in the months of July and August, were taken or destroyed— fifteen great ships, and 4791 men, in the battle of the Channel; and on the coast of Ireland, in September, seventeen ships and 535'j men; in all thirty-two ships and 10,18.5 men *. Of the whole numerous; armament, only sixty vessels returned to Spain, and those very much shattered.
On this occasion England was filled with an universal joy.Queen Elizabeth ordered a public thanksgiving to God for the great deliverance, and went, Nov. 24, to St. Paul's Church, with great solemnity, to perform the same duty.
The God whom we sei ve is.still the same. His ear is not heavy, so that he cannot hear the prayer of faith; nor is his arm shortened, that he cannot save, whether by many or by few. On him let Ibitain still call; on him let Britain still depend. He who defeated the Spanish Armada can as easily destroy that of France, and (ill our happy land with shouts of praise to our Divine Deliverer.
* Pontificem mille annorum Tndulgcntias Targiturum f^se de plemhidine potestatis Siipt, r.iquis crrtb »;bi indicaverit, quid kit factum de classe Hispanica quo Mu-rit: in celumne sublata; an ad Tartara detrusa: vel in alicubi ^eie pcudeat; an in uliquo mari fiuctuct.
What is the conduct a Christian onght to pursue when called in the path of duty into a mixed company, where, immediately after partaking of the btuintits of Providence, it is directly followed by an immodest or improper toast? Gotten. Cojnstant Ueadeb.
Sir, To the Editor.
If the following Letter, lately sent me by one of our members, be thought suitable for the public eye, it is at your service.
I am yours, Gai vs.
"As you wisli for some account of my late dear Mrs. D—, I shall endeavour to recount a few particulars of her life and death; partly from what I have heard her relate, and partly from my own knowledge.
"She was descended from a family of French Protestants, of the name of Hahnatc. Her grandfather was brought over in the arms of his pa-rents, on the revocation of the edict of Nantes. He lived somewhere in the Fens of Lincolnshire, or Cambridgeshire. Her father settled at Yaxwell, near Oundle, in Northamptonshire. He retained a decent moral character, and was attached to the established church: but all serious religion, whatever it might have been before, appears by this time to have been lost in the family. When she was about fourteen or fifteen years of age, her father took an apprentice. This lad had heard the gospel among the Dissenters: he brought several books with him, particularly the writings of Hervey. These lying in her way, she would sometimes read in them j and having done so, would converse with the apprentice on the subjects. By degrees, she was convinced that neither she nor her parents had any true religion; and became very unhappy on this account. Dissatisfied with hearing at the parish church, where she could obtain no instruction how ihe should be saved, she for some time stopped at home on the Lord's Day, and employed herself in reading. Her father at this was greatly displeased j and, in order to induce her to go as usual, told her that if the did not, the clergyman should come to the house and reprove her. bhe said she wished he would, for
she wanted to have some talk with him: but he did not come.
"Her father perceiving the unhappincss of her mind, was deterred from using force, or pressing the matter of her going to church, by an apprehension of her becoming melancholy; and therefore told her she might go, if ■-he chose it, to Oundle Meeting. But her mind was rather to go to Aldwinkle church. This was more displeasing to her father than if she had gone to Oundle; on which account he refused her a horse. She went, however, for some time on foot, though it was nine or ten miles distant. At length a horse was allowed her; and her brother used to take her there. On their return, they would often converse on what they had been hearing. After a while her father went himself, and took her behind him; and so interested was he with the preaching, that after this he would frequently go, and take her mother, and some one of her sisters with him. In short, there was reason to hope, that he and several of the family were brought to the true knowledge of Jesus Christ. God, from the mouth of babes, will perfect praise: the entering of a serious lad into this family, proved the means of its salvation!
"About the year 1776 she came to Kettering; and soon afterward:, we were married. Here she had greater opportunity for religious improvement than formerly ; it was not, however, as you know, till within a few years of her death that she became a member of the church. By your ministry she was much edified and strengthened in the ways of God. "After having borne nine children, her constitution was much impaired. A shortness of breath and pain in the stomach frequently attended her. It was said at length to be a dropsy in the chest: a grievous and sore affliction it proved to her: but though of a nervous habit, and consequently rather of a fretful temper, she was enabled 10 bear it with much Christian patience, and humble resignation to the will of her Heavenly Father. I do not recollect, that during the last four months of her life, which were very trying, she ever shewed any signs of impatience; though she once on my going into the room exclaimed, with tears," I am afraid I shall not - have patience till death!" I answered,'! hope the God of patience will give you patience ;' after which she was composed in mind.
Her disorder was of such anature »s, in a gioat degree, to deprive her of the conversation of her friends; which added to her affliction. You yourself, whom she loved as her pastor, was not admitted, as you know, above two or three times during her illness. She could seldom converse, or hear any conversation from her own family. She told me, however, one morning, that she had had such affecting views of God, ot Christ, and of the heavenly state, that flic longed to have had pen and ink to have written them down. She would often say to me, " Do not pray fur my life." One time, when 1 went into the room, expecting to find her near her end, she with smiling composure looked at me, and said, "Come, my dear, cheer up: yon have a family that requires your attention: 1 must die, you know, some time."
She was very fond of reading the "Book of Job," and Mrs. Harrison's " Songs in the Nigirt
When unable to read herself, she would get one of the children to read to her. I once offered to read to her the life of Mr. Fearce; but she answered, " It is so affecting, I cannot bear it." I found after. wards, however, that her daughter had been reading it to her.
"The precious promises of God were a great consolation to her: she would often express her assured confidence in the faithfulness of her God and Saviour; nor did she appear to entertain any doubt as to her state, though she would often say, as conscious of her own unworthiness, "Why me, Lord f why me' I have no dependence on any thing I have done, or can do."
For the last six weeks she wa» in constant expectation of death. She would sometimes put her hand on her breast, under what she conceived must be dying sensations, and cry, " Welcome death! welcome death I" but feeling them t» subside, would answer herself, "No, not yet." On the Lord's Day she would say to the imrse, "O! hdw I could wish to spend this Sabbath above! to go and join the blessed assembly there I" Her wish in this matter, I trust, was granted her; for on Lord's Day morning, April the-.6th, iSoo, in the 4dth year of her age, she departed, seemingly unperceived by herself, or those about her.
Yours, M. D.
REVIEW OF IIEL'.CUOCS PUBLICATIONS.
Periodical Acccmnts relntiitg to the Missions of the United Brethren, established among the Heathen. No. xxxvii.
This number contains, I. Diary of the Brethren's Missions in tie Danish West India islands, of Isoi .
II. Life of the negro Cornelius.
III. Various accounts.— From the Diary it appears, that the year iSot was distinguished by occurrences of a very afflictive nature among the
negro congregations in the island of St. Thomas, St. Croix,and St. Jan. Jn tb-o latter particularly, th ■ Missionaries wercobliged, in consequence of the war, to give up their habitation for the use of the British troops who were wounded. In this hospital death made great ravages j for in the space of two months, uo of the soldiers and ethers died. Nevertheless, during these troubles, " Our Saviour," says the writer, "caused our negroes to search, their own hearts, and examine how they stood with respect to their love towards him, and those who labour among them in his name; and how they had regarded his word preached unto them: and there were various instances of persons, whose faithfulness became more manifest by these trials. One of the negroes at Friedensbcrg, said, *' If we can only get to a place where we may hear the gospel, and live in conformity to it as children of God, we arc willing to leave all the rest." Another negro-brother in St. Thomas's said, 'The enemy may shoot me dead, or do with me what they pleast, if they only do no harm to our teachers, nor drive them from the island.' In the course of the year, in their six different settlements in these islands, 272 negroes belonging to the congregation, departed into eternal rest; and pleasing accounts are given of the happy death of several of them. The congregations of believing negroes in the three islands, consisted .at the close of 1S01, of 10,276 souls. The life of Cornelius, a negroassistant in the Mission at St. 1 bonus's, is interesting.—He was called by grace above fitty years ago, and soon began to preach Christ u> his •countrymen. He was blessed with considerable talents, and was able to speak and write the Creole. Dutch, Danish, G-erman, and English languages. Till 1767 hewas a slave: he first purchased the treedomof his wife, and then laboured hard to gain his own liberty, which at last he effected, after much intreaty and the payment of a considerable sum. By degrees he was alto enabled to purchase the emancipation of his six thild'en. He learned the business nl a mason so well, that lie was appointed master-mason to the royal buildings -, and had the honour to Jay the foundation - stone of six Christian chapels for the use of the brethren. His ^ifts for preaching were good, and remarkably acceptable, riot only to the negroes, but to many of the whites. He spent even whole nights in visiting the different plantations; yet was by (10 means puft'ed up, but ever re*
tamed the character of a humble servant of Christ. When death approached (which was in Nov. 1801) he sent for his family; his children and grandchildren assembled r. tind the bed of the sick pa. rent: he summoned up all his strength, sat up in the bed, tin. covered his venerable head, adorned with locks as white as snow, and addressed them thus :—
"I rejoice exceedingly, my dearly beloved children, f_< 'see you once more toge therbelore my departure; for I believe that my Lcrd and Saviour will soon come, and take your father home to himself. You know, my dear children, what my chief' concern ha^ been respecting you, as long as 1 was with you; how iie. utiently I have exhorted you, with .tears, not to neglect the day of grace, but surrender yourselves, with soul and body to your God ;uid Redeemer; to follow him faithfully. Sometimes I have dealt strictly with you, in matters which 1 believed would bring harm to your souls, and grieve the Spirit of God ; and I have exerted my paternal 3'ithority to prevent mischief; but it was all done out of love to you j however, if nisy have happened that J have been some, times too severe: if this has been the case, I beg you, my dear children, to forgive me. O, forgive your poor dying father I"
Here he was obliged to stop, most of the children weeping and sobbinjr aloud. At last, one of the daughters recovering herself, said, "We, dear father, we alone have canst to nsk forgiveness^ lor we have often made your life heavy, and have becji diipbedient children" The rest joined in the same confession. The lather then continued," Well, my dear children, if you all have forgiven me, tjien atterd to my last wish and dying rcouest. Love one ■ another! do not sutler any quarrels and disputes to arise among you, after my decease. No, my children," raising his voice," Love one another contfally: let each strive to shew proofs of love to his brother or sis. ter, nor suffer yourselves to be tempted by any thing to become
proud; for by that, you may even miss of your souls salvation; but pray our Saviour to grant you lovely minds and humble hearts. If you follow this advice of your fa. ther, my joy will be complete; when I shall once see you again in eternal bliss, and be able to say to our Saviour,—Here, Lord, is thy poor unworthy Cornelius, and the children thou hast given me. I am sure our Saviour will .not forsake you; but I beseech you, do not forsake Him"
His two sons and four daughters are employed as assistants in the Mission; by them, he lived to see twelve grandchildren.and five greatgrandchildren, being about eightyfour years old. He was attended to the grave by a viry large company of negro-brethren and sisters, who being all dressed in white, walked in solemn procession to the burial-ground at New Hernhut
What Christian can peruse this affecting narrative without blessing God, who, to our sable brethren hath' vouchsafed this abundant grace! and who can refrain from blessing God, who excited the Moravian church to these labours of love! and who hath so wonderfully succeeded their apostolic etforts! Who, that hastastedthe Lord is gracious, will re'use the nid of his heart, his hand, his purse, in promoting Missionary exertions, so honoured of our God and Saviour!
A Sermon preached at the Par'nhChurch of Great Missrnden. Bucks, "June 19, on Occasion of the Death of the Rev. J. Newell, Vicar of Great Missrnden, ip'f. (published by Special Request, for the tiejiefit of his Widow and Children i. By Thomas Scott, Rector of Aston ^andferd, feV. lo -which is added a Memoir of the Deceased, %vo, is. 6d. In few instances h.ive the words pf this text (" to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain") been applied w.th more propriety, than to the meek and amiable m«.n, on account of whose decease this Sermon appears. The Ux: has been thoug'.t b'.cure by its conciseness; but Mr. >cott, in a v.cry judicious explication, shews it to be full of
import and of energy; and the oc. . casion is improved in a manner worthy both of the preacher and the subject. The Memoir added, is indeed short; but it contains some ejrtracts from Mr. Newell's Diary, which shews him to have been " an Israelite indeed, in whom was no guile." Could any thing be wanted to recommend the judicious Sermon of Mr. Scott, the title-page to this furnishes four cogent reasons, —the profits are devoted to a widow and (three) children, left almost wholly unprovided for.
A Sermon preached at the Church of St. Andrew, &V. Blackfriars, May 3 i!', idot, before the Society Kr Missions lo Africa and the East, &Y. By the Rev. R. Cecil, M. A. Ah* the Report of the Committee, List of Subscribers, &V. Svo, is.
Thk text of this discourse is Isa. xl. 3. "Prepare ye the way pf the Lord ," from which, after a short introduction, the ingenious preacher takes occasion to consider, 1st, "The Moral Stale of the Heather," as displayed in some awful and striking facts. — ;d, "The means of their Recovery," viz. By the labours of Missionaries, to whom Mr. C— recommends the late excellent Mr. Swartz, asa very proper model. — And, 3d, " The motives to attempt this work, with answers to objections." Upon the whole, we consider this as an an i. mated and masterly performance; and though a passage or two may be thought a little severe upon preachers, or Missionaries of infe, rior talents, we cannot but admire the catholic spirit and good sense ot the following passage :—
"On the topic of means, I would always remark that, while, through educatien and connexions, the most upright and useful men will be found in different denominations of Christianity; and while this diversity in circumstantials, when wisely and charitably conducted, may be overruled to the producing greater general effect (as the loadstone is found more powerful in parts than undivided) so the greatest care should be taken that, ja t!ii$