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of the year. In each case the vessel was entered as many times as she made voyages. Therefore, an entry of 700 tons from Belgium, by a ship making seven voyages in the course of the year, gives, in reality, but the employment of 100 tons, and six or seven men; whereas, a vessel from the East Indies employs 700 tons during the year, and 50 seamen, Upon this principle, he had dissected the whole of the returns made to Parliament, and the result was, as regarded the West India trade, that instead of there being 2,367,322 tons of British shipping employed in the foreign trade, the whole did not exceed 1,324,780 tons, of which the West India trade composed one-sixth part, and which undoubtedly was a most important consideration. What ever political economists might say, no one attending this meeting would deny that such a difference in viewing the returns was of importance to this country. In the time of war it the foreign trade the country had to look for seamen. It was the foreign trade and long voyages which alone made perfect seamen."

Thus, it is a sixth part of the whole foreign trade which is at stake in the West Indies: another sixth is at stake in Canada: in other words, one-third of the whole foreign trade is involved in the intercourse with these two colonies alone. And it is the whole of this immense branch of our wealth and strength which Ministers have brought into jeopardy, first by their absurd proposal to ruin the staple trade to Canada by the timber duties; then by their rash and despotic acts in regard to the West 'India colonies.

"That this house is anxious for the accomplishment of this purpose at the earliest period that shall be compatible with the well-being of the slaves themselves, with the safety of the colonies, and with a fair and equitable consideration of the interests of private property "

Such were the principles on which Parliament proceeded, such the faith to which they were pledged in the most liberal days of Lord Liverpool's administration. Contrast this with the despotic act of our Whig rulers, forcing an Order in Council at once on the Crown Colonies, and leaving to starvation and ruin all those possessed of a local legislature, who would not adopt this Royal Proclamation as equivalent to an act of Parliament! Mr Warrington truly stated what every one who recollects the occasion, or will turn to the Parliamentary debates, will find to be strictly true.

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"Mr Canning at the same time declared, that the legislature and the government would be ever accessible to fair argument, and would never close their ear upon strong facts, feeling convinced that it was almost impossible for the British Parlia ment to legislate satisfactorily for the economy of colonies, so different in the moral and physical relations of their inhabitants as the West Indies from those of the mother country. And yet, in the teeth of these resolutions, and of the explicit comment which accompanied them, ministers had issued several orders in council, each more contradictory and unconstitutional than the other, and only agreeing in being directly opposed to resolutions which had received the solemn sanction of Parliament. Each Order in Council was a censure upon the preceding, and afforded strong grounds for questioning the policy of the last issued, and for doubting whether it would not shortly be superseded by one if possible more uncall"That it is expedient to adopt effectual and decisive measures for melioratinged for and mischievous. He said the condition of the slave population in his Majesty's Colonies.

or Canning, in 1823, un

to legislate for the West India Colonies, his Resolutions were as follows, which breathe the cautious spirit of a British statesman.

"That through a determined and persevering, but at the same time judicious and temperate, enforcement of such measures, this house looks to a progressive improvement in the character of slave population, such as may prepare them for a participation in those civil rights and privileges which are enjoyed by other classes of his Majesty's subjects.

those Orders in Council were unconstitutional, being directly opposed to the resolutions of 1823, to which Parliament, in the name of the nation, had pledged itself. He would add, that they were cruelly mischievous in their tendency." (Hear.)

Earl St Vincent, with a spirit worthy of the name, immortal in British fame, which he bore, put the matter in the true light. "He would


entreat those who had any interest in the West Indian Colonies to consider one moment the general calamity that would ensue, if any property of any description whatever, which had been consecrated by the laws, should be invaded and broken 9 down. (Hear.) If colonial property were thus to be sacrificed, what property would be safe? (Applause.) If one species of property were to be invaded, on account of some peculiar shade of distinction, who could say where such invasion would stop? (Hear.) If, upon the doctrine of original rights, or abstract principles, West India property, consecrated by law, was to be invaded, every man might approach them with the same argument. In adverting to these Orders in Council, I am led to a resolution of Parliament in the year 1823, and I must say, that those who were parties to that resolution, and to the decision of the House of Commons in 1823 respecting the slave management, ought not to be parties to the Order in Council of 1831. We were living in times of great colonial distress we were living in times when great colonial agitation was on foot when it would have been policy and wisdom to have conciliated rather than to have inflamed.. But what has been the effect of the Orders in Council of 1821, bearing on the face of them irritation towards the colonies and injustice to the proprietors? (Hear.) To dictate to the Colonial Assemblies, not from Parliament, but from the Council, is unjust and illegal, and to state what appears to me very extraordinary, to say the least of it, is that they shall say to these legislatures, We have certain benefits to confer on those islands, and if you do not agree to what we dictate, you shall not receive the benefits, even in the distressed and sinking condition of your interests,' But to say on one side, this is the reward of your nonobedience, and we will sink the Co


lonies if you do not do so; and on the other, here is the premium on your sycophancy, is the height of injustice. Can you sink the Colonies without sinking also the interests of the mother country? It was saying, if you don't follow this advice, we will punish the mother country through the medium of the colonies."

The point at issue between the colonies and the mother country is very clear, and as simple as that for which John Hampden contended with Charles I. The colonies say, "we are overwhelmed with a tax of 100 per cent on our produce; threatened with insurrection among our negroes; devoured by mortgages which the prodigious fall in the value of our produce has rendered overwhelming; we have done every thing consistent with our own existence for the amelioration of our slave population, but the injudicious interference of government, and the Orders in Council recently issued, threaten us with instant destruction, and will ruin both the slaves and ourselves, and are directly contrary to the faith of Parliament, solemnly pledged in 1823; and all this we offer to prove at the bar of the House of Commons."-The government reply, "We know your distresses; we are aware of your dangers; but we will not allow you to prove your allegations; and unless you adopt our regulations, framed on this side of the Atlantic, and give to a royal proclamation the force of law, we will allow you to sink in the ocean of perdition." This is the justice and equal measure of a Whig administration. Unless the investigation demanded by the West India proprietors is granted by Parliament, there is an end of the fair rule of British justice; and if relief is much longer delayed, there will speedily ensue, as the righteous retribution of Providence, the dismemberment and fall of the British empire,

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But where he knows not, on his humble bed. Isod el
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Of flowing waters and the moon's mild beam,99dt of
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And thrilled his bosom to delicious sobs, TSWOG SPÅ
Recalled, suggests that man with pitying glance,se mije
But who unknown, had seen his thirsty trance; rod
His brow had bathed, his lips with drops so dear; innokk
Had borne him thence; refreshed had laid him here. /?
As now his eye to his conjecture gave dise
The walls around him of a rock-ribbed cave, sit is tod
Came muffled steps; an aged man in views sms I
Was seen, a virgin nearer to him drew borse it a of
Above him bowing, where he lowly lay, und sorg) alf
Soft as the Night and beautiful as Day,) anis 190pros oT
Cold oil she poured into his wounded breast; rebimë
Then went they both, and left him to his rest. en sond

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Becalmed in soul midst scenes of childhood dim, is!!
Forgetting courts, forgot th' obdurate strife bi ase!!
Of war, and manhood's sternly-governed life, belo
Those looks still rising, softening to his view,
✅ The pleasing dreams of boyhood still renew, ora woH *
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Healed by their care, that damsel for his guide, so woll
He left their cavern in the mountain's side 199769***
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Not now can he conduct you on your way I stel ooT
The fit is on him, but th' unfailing shower: mot shie
Of tears shall beal his spirit in an hour "oute sus, coľ
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They saw that old man striding to and fro, ebsm isto)
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"Jared his name, my mother's father he; ¤is? 10%
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His vigour languished up he sprung renewedond y.T

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Forth stepping meets them; near the old man came, ill
Woe in his aspect, trembling in his frame
"Sire,” said the youth, my blessing be on you on “A
For all the care to which my life is due to is allow of
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Since he their city, Babylon, has ta'en. tuow nod?
The foe fled routed; on the field I fell; godt on beh
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Glad were your servant if you him would task, 154 10
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"How know you this? By whom thus were you named ?
The blood of Judah yours? It should be he!

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"Scarce," said the youth,
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"Who but thy mother, famed for beauteous haibam 10
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Thy brother's scar oft spoken of to thee ogir eiH
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And sobbed for joy within his dear embrace.


LIKE one, the purpose of whose life was o'er,
No more to look for, and to do no more,

Since found that brother, with an altered eye,
The stricken prophet laid him down to die.
Came madness, came wild penitential fears;
Till calm he lay with spirit-cleansing tears.
Bathsheba soothing him, Manasseh near,

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Joy should be his for those young watchers dear.
They o'er him bowed. Uprising with a groan,
"Why here ?" he cried: "From me ye should be gone,-
Me, ne'er your mother's father, nought to you
Save one to whom your curse alone is due.
My sins untold, I dare not look to heaven ;
I cannot die till you have me forgiven :-
In youth I Sarah loved; denied my prayer,
She wed my foe, she left me to despair.
Crime came not first, that darkly came at last :
In guiltless speed let me my heart exhaust!
Swift plans I named, our Council liked them not;
Then be the traitor's hurried life my lot!
Dash Sarah's bliss! Let Judah's general ill
Within wide vengeance special hate fulfil!
I sought, I stirred the King of Babylon,
Once more against Jerusalem set him on;
Within our walls I helped him. In the gate,
Unseen, I slew my rival in my hate.
The city won, I sought his widow'd wife;
Too late, forestalled by the victorious strife:
The war had reached her in her ransacked hall;
There slain-'twas well-she saw me not at all.
Not knowing death, her daughter by her side,
With infant arts, to wake her mother tried.
With pity struck, with horror for my deed,
The babe upsnatch'd away I bore with speed;
And, knowing Zion should be captive led,
Far to these mountains of the East I sped.

"Fair grew the child-your mother-in this cave. To her a name I, deemed her father, gave.

Till to a noble hunter of our race

She went a wife from out this dwelling-place.

“Wild wax'd my life: O'er seas and lands away,

I bore my penance many a weary day;

Long periods dwelling on the cold-ribbed piles
Of desolation far in stormy isles;

Surviving oft the shipwrecked miseries

Of ghastly sailors on benighted seas;

Still building up, oh! never making less

The vast proportions of my wretchedness!

Back driven, I sought our prophets; changed my name,

(Remorse had altered well my face and frame,)

So shall I not be known, if known my sin;

And thus my new career did I begin :

I learned the visions of Ezekiel's soul;

To me he gave each prophet's written scroll.
Long in the hidden deserts I abode
To be a Seer, waiting for my God:
For much I longed to issue from my den,
To great judgments to

For I was tired of peace.

of men

In madness” hour o

I felt or feigned the prophet's awful power.

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