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f of the Æneid, and the coast from beyond | dam, and thence trickles over into the Digentla. | mouth of the Tiber to the headland of Cir- Bat we must not hope im and the Cape of Terracina. The site of Cicero's villa may be supposed

“To trace the Muses upwards to their spring," her at the Grotta Ferrata, or at the Tusculum by exploring the windings of the romantic valley Lucian Buonaparte.

in search of the Bandusian fountain. It seems l'he former was thought some years ago the strange that any one should have thought Banual site, as may be seen from Middleton's dusia a fountain of the Digentia ; Horace has e of Cicero. At present it has lost something not let drop a word of it; and this immortal its credit, except for the Domenichinos. Nine spring has in fact been discovered in possession nks, of the Greek order, live there, and the of the holders of many good things in Italy, the oining villa is a Cardinal's summerhouse. The monks. It was attached to the church of St. er villa, called Rufinella, is on the summit Gervais and Protais near Venusia, where it was the hill 'above Frascati, and many rich re- most likely to be found. We shall not be so ins of Tusculum have been found there, be- lucky as a lale traveller in finding the occasiones seventy-two statues of different merit andal pine still pendant on the poetic villa. Thero servation, and seven buste.

is not a pine in the whole valley, but there From the same eminence are seen the Sabine are two cypresses, which he evidently took, or Is, embosomed in which lies the long valley mistook, for the tree in the ode. The truth is, Rustica. There are several circumstances that the pine is now, as it was in the days of ich tend to establish the identity of this valley Virgil, a garden-tree, and it was not at all likely th the “Ustica" of Horace; and it seems pos- to be found in the craggy acclivities of the valle that the mosaic pavement which the pea- ley of Rustica. Horace probably had one of its uncover by throwing up the earth of a them in the orchard close above his farm, immeleyard, may belong to his villa. Rustica is diately overshadowing his villa, not on the rocky nnounced short, not according to our stress heighis at some distance from his abode. Tho on “U&ticæ cubantis."-It is more rational 10 tourist may have easily supposed himself to have ink that we are wrong than that the inhabitants seen this pine figured in the above cypresses, this secluded valley have changed their tone in for the orange and lemon trees which throw g word. The addition of the consonant pre- such a bloom over his description of the royal ed is nothing: yet it is necessary to be aware gardens at Naples, unless they have been since at Rustica may be a modern name which the displaced, were assuredly only acacias and other asants may have caught from the antiquaries. cominon garden-shrabs. The extreme disappointThe villa, or the mosaic, is in a vineyard on ment experienced by choosing the Classical Tourknoll covered with chesnut trees. A stream ist as a guide in Italy must be allowed to find ns down the valley, and although it is not true, vent in a few observations, which, it is asserted said in the guide-books, that this stream is without fear of contradiction, will be confirmed lled Licenza, yet there is a village on a rock by every one who has selected the same conducthe head of the valley which is so denominat- tor through the same couptry. This author is 1, and which may have taken its name from in fact one of the most inaccurate, unsatisfactory e Digentia. Licenza contains 700 inhabitants. writers that have in our times attained a temn a peak a little way beyond is Civitella, con- porary reputation, and is very seldom to be ining 300. On the banks of the Anio, a little trusted even when he speaks of objects which he fore you turn up into Valle Rustica , to the must be presumed to have seen.

His errors, ft, about an hour from the villa, is a town from the simple exaggeration to the downright Iled Vico-varo, another favourable coincidence misstatement, are so frequent as to induce a susith the Varia of the poet. At the end of the picion that he had either never visited the spots lley, towards the Anio, there is a bare hill, described, or had trusted to the fidelity of forowned with a little town called Bardela. At mer writers. Indeed the Classical Tour has every e foot of this hill the rivulet of Licenza flows, characteristic of a mere compilation of former id is almost absorbed in a wide sandy bed notices, strung together upon a very slender fore it reaches the Anio. Nothing can be more thread of personal observation, and swelled out rtunate for the lines of the poet, whether in a by those "decorations which are so easily supetaphorical or direct sense:

plied by a systematic adoption of all the commonMe quoties reficit gelidus Digentia rivus,

places of praise, applied to every thing and Quem Mandela bibit rugosus frigore pagus.

therefore signifying nothing.

The style which one person thinks clogey and he stream is clear high up the valley, but cumbrous, and unsuitable, may be to the taste fore it reaches the hill of Bardela looks green of others, and such may experience some saluud yellow like a sulphur rivulet.

tary excitement in ploughing through the periods Rocca Giovane, a ruined village in the hills, of the "Classical Tour." "It must be said, however, uf an hour's walk from the vineyard where the that polish and weight are apt to beget an exwement is shown, does seem to be the site of pectation of value. It is amongst the pains of le fane of Vacuna, and an inscription found the damned to toil up a climax with a huge round ere tells that this temple of the Sabine victory stone. as repaired by Vespasian. With these helps, The tourist had the choice of his words, but 1d a position corresponding exactly to every there was no such latitude allowed to that of his ting which the poet has told us his retreat, sentiments. The love of virtue and of liberty, e may feel tolerably secure of our site. which must have distinguished the character, 'The hill which should .: Lucretilis is called certainly adorns the pages of Mr. Eustace, and ampanile, and by following up the rivulet to the gentlemanly spirit, so recommendatory either e pretended Bandusia, you come to the roots in an author or his productions, is very conspii the higher mountain Gennaro. Singularly cuous throughout the Classical 'Tour. But these nough, the only spot of ploughed land in the generous qualities are the foliage of such a perhole valley is on the knoll where this Bandasia formance, and may be spread about it so promi

nently and profusely, as to embarrass those who Tu frigus amabile

wish to see and find the fruit at hand. The Fessis vomere tauris

unction of the divine, and the exhortations of Præbes, et pecori vago."

the moralist, may have made this work some

thing more and better than a book of travels, but he peasants show another spring near the mo- they have not made it a book of travels ; and tic pavement, which they call "Oradina,” and this observation applies more especially, to that hich lowe down the hills into a tank, or mill. enticing method of instruction conveyed by the


perpetual introduction of the same Gallic Helot | ping of the copper from the copola of & PE to rcel and bluster before the rising generation, ter's, must be much relieved to find that sati and terrify it into decency by the display of lege out of the power of the French, or any all the excesses of the revolution. An animosity other plunderers, the cupola being covered with against atheists and regicides in general, and lead. ) Frenchmen specifically, may be honourable, and If the conspiring voice of otherwise tiral erimay be useful, as a record; but that antidote tics had not given considerable currency ta dhe should either be administered in any work ra- Classical Tour, it would have been undecenas ther than a tour, or, at least, should be served to warn the reader, that, however it may adin up apart, and not so mixed with the whole mass his library, it will be of little or no servies of information and reflexion, as to give a bitter- him in his carriage; and if the jndgaad ness to every page: for who would choose to those critics had hitherto been suspended have the antipathies of any man, however just, attempt would have been made to atta for his travelling companions ? A tourist, unless their decision. As it is, those who stand he aspires to the credit of prophecy, is not an- relation of posterity to Mr. Eustace male swerable for the changes which may take place permitted to appeal from cotemporary pa, in the country which he describes ; but his rea- and are perhaps more likely to be just hap der may very fairly esteem all his political por- portion as the causes of love and hatred area traits and deductions as so much waste paper, farther removed. This appeal bad, in na the moment they cease to assist, and more par- measure, been made before the above remata ticularly if they obstruct, his actual survey. were written ; for one of the most respectati

Neither encomium nor accusation of any go- of the Florentine publishers, who had been pret vernment, or governors, is meant to be here suaded by the repeated inquiries of these a offered, but it is stated as an incontrovertible their journey southwards, to reprint a dhe fact, that the change operated, either by the edition of the Classical Tour, was, by the ta address of the late imperial system, or by the curring advice of returning travellers, il disappointment of every expectation by those to abandon his design, although he had alread who have succeeded to the Italian thrones, has arranged his types and paper, and bad strade been so considerable, and is so apparent, as not one or two of the first sheets. only to put Mr. Eustace's Antigallican philippics The writer of these notes would wish to pet entirely out of date, but even to throw some (like Mr. Gibbon) on good terms with the Pepe suspicion upon the competency and candour of and the Cardinals, but he does not think it the

author himself. A remarkable example may cessary to extend the same discreet silence be found in the instance of Bologna, over whose their humble partisans. papal attachments, and consequent desolation, the tourist pours forth such strains of condolence and revenge, made louder by the borrowed trum- *) “What then will be the astonishment

, pet of Mr. Burke. Now Bologna is at this mo- rather the horror, of my reader, when I ment, and has been for some years, notorious form him..

the French Corgian amongst the states of Italy for its attachment to turned its attention to Saint Peter', and a revolutionary, principles, and was almost the ployed a company of Jews to estimate al only city which made any demonstrations in parchase the gold, silver, and bronze di favour of the unfortunate Murat. This change adorn the inside of the edifice, as well as the may, however, have been made since Mr. Eustace

copper that covers the vaults and debe a ta visited this country; but the traveller whom he outside." The story about the Jews is peitis has thrilled with horror at the projected strip- ly denied at Rome.


That tomb which, gleaming o'er the cliff. (p. 57. tempted in description, but those who have, al A tomb above the rocks on the

promontory, by probably retain a painful remembrance of that some supposed the sepulchre of Themistocles.

singular beauty which pervades, with fes o Sultana of the Nightingale.

ceptions, the features of the dead, a few bsant

. The attachment of the nightingale to the rose marked in cases of violent death by geo-ske

[p. 57. after the spirit is not there." It is to be is a wellknown Persian fable. if I mistake not, wounds, the expression is always that of lagret the “Bulbul of a thousand tales" is one of his whatever the natural energy of the referent appellations.

character ; but in death from a stab the out

tenance preserves its traits of feeling er ferocit, Till the gay mariner's guitar. [p: 57, and the mind its bias, to the last. The guitar is the constant amusement of the Greek sailor by night: with a steady fair wind, Slaves-nay, the bondomen of a slave. * and during a calm, it is accompanied always by the voice, and often by dancing.

Athens is the property of the Kislar Apa

slave of the seraglio and guardian of the wear Where cold Obstruction's apathy.

who appoints the Waywode. A pander19

(p. 59. eunuchthese are not polite, yet true appelit "Ay, but to die and go we know not where tions—now governs the governor of Athens! To lie in cold obstruction."

In echoes of the far tophaike. Measure for Measure, Act. 111. Sc. 1. Tophaike," musquet.-The Bairam is anze The first, last look by death reveal'd. (p. 58. of the Mosques, and the firing of all kindel

ced by the cannon at sunset; the illuminating I trust that few of my readers have ever had Small arma, Toaded with ball, proclaim it during an opportunity of witnessing what is here at- | the night.

(p. 60.

(p. 61.

lepin' as the hurtd or high jerreed.

(p. 59.

Though on Al-Sirat'a arch I stood. (p. 61. Freed, or Djerrid, a blunted Turkish javelin, Al-Sirat, the bridge of breadth less than the :h is darted from horseback with great force thread of a famished epider, over which the precision. It is a favourite exercise of the Mussulmans must skate into Paradise, to which sulmans; but I know not if it can be called it is the only entrance; but this is not the worst, anly one, since the most expert in the art the river beneath being hell itself, into which, the black Eunuchs of Constantinople-I think, as may be expected, the unskilful and tender of

to these, a Mamlouk at Smyrna was the foot contrive to tumble with a “facilis descensus t skilful that came within my observation. Averni, not very pleasing in prospect to the

next passenger. There is a shorter cut downHe came, he went, like the Simoon. (p. 59. wards for the Jews and Christians. he blast of the desert, fatal to every thing ig, and often alluded to in eastern poetry. And keep that portion of his creed. [p. 61.

A vulgar error; the Koran allots at least a bless the sacred "bread and salt.". (p. 60. third of Paradise to well - behaved women; but o partake of food, to break bread and salt by far the greater number of Mussulmans interbe your, host, insures the safety of the guest ; pret the text their own way, and exclude their

though an enemy, his person from that moieties from heaven. Being enemies to Platoneat is sacred

nics, they cannot discern “any fitness of things"

in the souls of the other sex, conceiving them to ce his turban was cleft by the infidela sabre. be superseded by the Houris. need hardly observe, that Charity and Hos- The young pomegranate's blossoms strew. (p. 61. Hity are the first duties enjoined by Mahomet;

An oriental simile, which may, perhaps, | to say truth, very generally practised by though fairly stolen , be deemed "plus Arabe disciples. The first praise that can be be- qu'en Arabie." wed on a chief is a panegyric on his bounty ; next, on his valour.

Her hair in hyacinthine flow.

(p. 61.

Hyacinthine, in Arabic, “Sunbul, 28 common And silver-sheathed ataghan., (p. 60. a thought in the eastern poets as it was among l'he ataghan, a long dagger worn with Pistols the Greeks. the belt, in a metal scabbard, generally of silver; h, among the wealthier, gilt, or of gold.

The loveliest bird of Frangueatan.

Franguestan," Circassia. An Emir by his garb of green.

(p. 60. Green is the privileged colour of the prophet's Bismillah! now the peril's past.

(p. 62. merous pretended descendants; with them, as Bismillah-"'In the name of God;" the comre, faith (the family inheritance) is supposed mencement of all the chapters of the Koran but supersede the necessity of good works: they one, and of prayer and thanksgiving. the worst of a very indifferent brood.

Then curld his very beard with ire. Ho! who art thou ?-this low selam.

[p. 60.

A phenomenon not oncommon with an angry Salam aleikoum ! aleikoum salam! peace be Mussulman. In 1809, the Capitan Pacha's whisth you ; be with you peace the salutation kers at a diplomatic audience were no less lively served for the faithful :-to a Christian, “Ur- with indignation than a tiger-cat's, to the horror rula," a good journey; or saban hiresem, saban of all the dragomans; the portentous mustachios rula'; good morn, good even; and sometimes, twisted, they stood erect of their own accord, nay your end be happy;" are the usual salutes. and were expected every moment to change their

colour, but at last condescended to subside, The insect-queen of eastern spring. [p. 60. which probably saved more heads than they conThe blue-winged batterfly ofKashmeer', the tained hairs. pet rare and beautiful of the species.

Nor raised the craven cry, Amaun !

(p. 62 Or live like scorpion girt by fire..

[p. 61.

“Amaun," quarter, pardon. Alluding to the dubious suicide of the scorpion, placed for experiment by gentle philosophers. I know him by the evil eye. me maintain that the position of the sting, The “evil eye," a common superstition in the hen, turned towards the head, is merely a con- Levant, and of which the imaginary effects are leive movement; but others have actually yet very singular on those who conceive thempught in the verdict "Felo de se." The scor- selves affected. ons are surely interested in a speedy decision

the question; as, if once fairly established as A fragment of his palampore. sect -Catos, they will probably be allowed to The flowered shawls generally worn by per4 as long as they think proper, without being sons of rank. artyred for the sake of an hypothesis.

His calpac rent-his caftan red. When Rhamazan's last sun was net.

[p. 61.

The “Calpac" is the solid cap or ceptre-part The cannon at sunset close the Rhamazan. of the head-dress; the shawl is wound round it,

and forms the turban. By pale Phingari’s trembling light.

[p. 61. Phingari, the inoon.

A turban carved in coarrest stone.

The turban, pillar, and inscriptive verse, deBright as the jewel of Giamschid. (p. 61. corate the tombs of the Osmanlies, whether in The celebrated fabulous ruby of Sultau Giam-the cemetery or the wilderness. In the mouabid, the embellisher of Istakhar; from its tains you frequently pass similar mementos; and lendour, named Schebgerag, "the torch of on enquiry you are informed that they record ght; also, the "cup of the sun," -- In the some victim of rebellion, plunder, or revenge. rst editions "Giamschid" was written as a word

three syllables, so D'Herbelot has it; but I Al solemn sound of Alla Hu!" A told Richardson reduces it to a dissyllable, “Alla Hu!" the concluding words of the Muezid writes "Jamshid." I have left in the text zin's call to prayer from the highest gallery on e orthography of the one with the pronuncia- the exterior of the Minaret. On a still evening, ou of the other.

when the Muezziu has a five voice, which is

[p. 62.

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(p. 63.

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[p. 63. hearing.

frequently the case, the effect is solemn and Turkish, Italian, and Endla beautiful beyond all the belle in Christendom. in various conceits, pes

sulman. While we were on They come their kerchiefs green they wave. {p.63.tiful prospect, Dertish va The following is part of a battle-song of the

I thought be Turks :-"I see-I see a dark-eyed girl of Para- antiquarian, and asked him dise, and she waves a handkerchief, a kerchief

Palaocastro" mar : " of green; and cries aloud: Come, kiss me, for I pillars will be useful is love thee."

added other remarks, which

own belief in his trouble Beneath avenging Monkir's scythe.

On our retora ta Monkir and Nekir are the inquisitors of the from Leone (a prisoner e dead, before whom the corpse undergoes a slight after) of the intended at

with the cars noviciate and preparatory training for damnation. mentioned, If the answers are none of the clearest, he is place, in the notes to Chile hauled up with a scythe and thumped down with

was at some pains to que a red hot mace till properly seasoned, with a

he described the dresses, a variety of subsidiary probations. The office of the horses of our party se en these angels is no sinecure; there are but two,

other circumstances, we could and the number of orthodox deceased being in a having been in “villanons small proportion to the remainder, their hands selves in a bad neighbourhood aro always full.

a soothsayer for life, and I hearing more musquetry tha

to the great refreshment of To wander round lost Ellis' throne. [p. 63. rat, and his native mountains Eblis, the oriental Prince of Darkness. one trait more of this singular

1811 remarkably stout as But first, on earth as Vampire sent: [p. 63. came (I believe the 50th es dhe The Vampire superstition is still general in offer himself as an attendant the Levant. Honest Tournefort tells a long ed: “Well, Affendi," quoth be. story, which Mr. Southey, in the notes on Tha--you would have found laba, quotes about these “Vroucolochas," as he leave the town for the hills tacalls them. The Romaic term is “Vardoulacha." | winter I return, perhaps you si I recollect a whole family being terrified by the me.”—Dervish, who was preses scream of a child, which they imagined must thing of course, and of no conser proceed from such a visitation. The Greeks inean time he will join the Klepke never mention the word without horror. I find which was true to the letter-EE that “Broucolokas ” is an old legitimate Hellenic they come down in the winter, appellation-at least is so applied to Arsenius, molested in some towa, were the who, according to the Greeks, was after his well known as their exploits. death animated by the Devil. The moderns, however, use the word I mention.

Looks not to priesthood for me

The monk's sermon is omitted W'et with thine oun best blood shall drip. [p. 64. have had so little effect upon the

The freshness of the face, and the wetness of it could have no hopes from the real the lip with blood are the never failing signs of be sufficient to say, that it was a a Vampire. The stories told in Hungary and length (as may be perceived frea de Greece of these foul feeders are singular, and tions and uneasiness of the penitost some of them most incredibly attested.

delivered in the nasal tone of

preachers. It is as if the desert-Bird.

[p. 65.
The pelican is, I believe, the bird so libelled, And shining in her white synd.
by the imputation of feeding her chickens with “Symar"-shroud.
her blood.

This broken tale was all tre tae
Deep in whose darkly boding ear.

[p. 66.

of her he loved or him he slee. This superstition of a second-hearing (for I The circumstance to which the aber never met with downright second-sight in the relates was not very uncommon in To East) fell once under my own observation.-On few years ago the wife of Muchtar Pad my third journey to Cape Colonna, early in 1811, plained to his father of his son's rapg as we passed through the defile that leads from delity; he asked with whom, and she the hamlet between Keratia and Colonna, I ob- barbarity to give in a list of the twelry served Dervish Tahiri riding rather out of the somest women in Yanina. They were path, and Jeaning his head upon his hand, as if fastened up in sacks, and drowaed the in pain. I rode ap and inquired. “We are in night! One of the guards who was presos peril," he answered. “What peril? we are not formed me, that not one of the vietias now in Albania, nor in the passes to Ephesus, a cry, or showed a symptom of terrer at Messalunghi, oř Lepanto; there are plenty of den a "wrench from all we know, from a us, well armed, and the Choriates have not cou- love." The fate of Phrosine, the fairet rage to be thieves.”_"True, Affendi; but never- sacrifice, is the subject of maaş a Ramai theless the shot is ringing in my ears."_"The Arnaat ditty. The story in the test in shot !--not a tophaike has been fired this morn- told of a young Venetian many years as ing."—“I hear it notwithstanding-Bom-Bom- now nearly forgotten. I heard it by are as plainly as I hear your voice.'—“Psha.”—“As recited by ane of the coffee-house story. you please, Affendi ; if it is written, so will it who abound in the Levant, and sing er re be." - I left this quick-cared predestinarian, and their narratives. The additions and interp rode up to Basili, his Christian compatriot, whose tions by the translator will be easily cars, though not at all prophetic, by no means guished from the rest by the wast of Basr relished the intelligence. We all arrived at imagery; and I regret that my memory has Colonna, remained some hours, and returned tained so few fragments of the original. leisurely, saying a variety of brilliant things, in For the contents of some of the note la more languages than spoiled the building of Ba- indebted partly to D'Herbelot, and partly bel, upon the mistaken seer; Romaic, Arnaat, that most eastern, and, as Mr. Weber just

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entilles it, "gublime tale," the “Callph Vathek." | pean imitations; and bears such marks of origin1 do not know from what source the author of ality, that those who have visited the East will that singular volume may have drawn his ma- find some difficulty in believing it to be more terials; some of his incidents are to be found than a translation. As an Eastern tale, even In the “Bibliothèque Orientale;." but for cor- Rasselas must bow before it; his “Happy Valteetness of costume, beauty of description, and ley" will not bear a comparison with the “Hall power of imagination, it far surpasses all Euro-of Eblis“

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(p. 70.

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(p. 70.

Was fatnt d'er the gardens of Gul to her other, on the same errand, by command of the

[p. 68. refractory patient; if, on the contrary, he is "Gul," the rose.

weak or loyal, he bows , kisses the Sultan's re

spectable signature, and is bowstrung with great Can ho smile on such deeds oo nie children complacency. In 1810, several of these presents have done?

[p. 69. were exhibited in the niche of the Seraglio-gate; Souls made of fire, and children of the Sun,

among others, the head of the Pacha of Bagdad, With whom Revenge is Virtue.

a brave young man, cut off by treachery, after

a desperate resistance.
Young's Revenge.

Thrice clapp'd his hands, and call d his steed.
Wah Mejnoun's tale, or Sadis song. (p. 69.
Mejnoun and Leila, the Romeo and Juliet of Clapping of the hands calls the servants. The
the East. Sadi, the moral poet of Persia. Turks hate a superfluous expenditure of voice,

and they have no bells.
TU I, who heard the deep tambour.
Tambour, Turkish druin, which sounds at sun Resign'd his gem-adorn'd Chibouque. (p. 70.
rise, noon, and twilight.

Chibouque, the Turkish pipe, of which the

Amber mouth-piece, and sometimes the ball which He is an Arab to my sight. (p. 70. contains the leaf, is adorned with precious stones, 'The Turks abhor the Arabs (who return the if in possession of the wealthier orders. compliment a hundredfold) even more than they bate the Christians.

With Maugrabee and Mamaluke.

Maugrabee, Moorish inercenaries. The mind, the Music breathing from her face.

His way amid hin Delis took. This expression bas met with objections. I will Deli, bravos who form the forlorn hope of the Dol refer to “Him who hath not Music in his cavalry and always begin the action. soul," but merely request the reader to recollect, for ten seconds, the features of the woman whom Careering cleave the folded felt.

[p. 71. he believes to be the most beautiful; and if he A twisted fold of feli' i used for seimitar. thes does not comprehend fully what is feebly practice by the Turks, and few hut Mussulman expressed in the above line, I shall be sorry for arms can cut through it at a single stroke : os boch. Por an eloqnent passage in the latest sometimes a tough turban is used for the same work of the first female writer of this, perhaps, of purpose. The jerreed is a game of blunt javelins, any age, on the analogy (and the immediate com- animated and graceful. parison excited by that analogy) between “painting and music," see vo III. chap. 10. DE L'Alle Nor heard their Ollahs wild and loud- (p. 11. MAGNE. And is not this connexion still stronger “Ollahs," Alla il Allah, the “Leilies," as the with the original than the copy? with the co- Spanish pocts call them, the sound is Ollah ; a louring of Nature than of Art ? After all, this cry of which the Turks, for a silent people, are is rather to be felt than described ; still I think somewbat profuse, particularly during ihe jer. there are some who will understand it, at least reed, or in the chase, but mostly in baitle. they would have done, had they beheld the coun- Their animation in the field, and gravity in the tenance whose speaking harmony suggested the chamber, with their pipes and comboloios , form idea; for this passage is not drawn froin imagin- an amusing contrast. ation but inemory, that mirror which Affliction Ha-bes to the earth, and, looking down upon the The Persian Atar-guľ, perfume.

(p. 71. Tragments, only beholds the reflection multiplied! “Atar-gul, ottar of roses. The Persian is

the finest. But yet the line of Caraxman. (p. 70. (arasman Oglou, or Kara Osman Oglou, is the The pictured roof and marble floor. (p. 11. principal landholder in Turkey; he governs The ceiling and wainscots, or rather walls, of Magnesia : those who, by a kind of feudal tenure, the Musulman apartments are generally painted, **Pe land on condition of service, are called in great houses, with one eternal and highly Fimariots: they serve as Spahis, according to coloured view of Constantinople, wherein the he extent of territory, and bring a certain principal feature is a noble contempt of per. aumber into the field, generally cavalry. spective; below, arms, scimitars, are in general

fancifully and not inelegantly disposed. And teach the messenger that fate.

(p. 70. Wben a Pacha is sufficiently sirong to resist, A message from the Bulbul bears. (p. 71 he single incesenger, who is always the first! It has been much doubled whether the notes Farer of the order for his death, is strangled of this "Lover of the rose , " are sad or merry; stead, and sometimes five or sis, one after the land Mr. Fox's remarks on the subject have pro


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