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HISTORY of the British Settlements in America
ib. 69 77 117 118 ib.
171 203 ib.
British Settlements in America.
SITUATION AND EXTENT.
The British dominion in America extending over a tract of
HE country called, for the purpose of distin&tion, by the general name of British America, comprehends the vast and unknown extent of country, bounded south, by the United States of America, and the Atlantic ocean; east, by the same ocean and Davis's Straits, which divide it from Greenland ; extending north to the northern limits of the Hudson's Bay charter : and westward to an unknown extent-lying between 42° 30' and 7° north latitude ; and between 50 and 105° west long. from Greenwich; and between 25east and 300 west long. from Philadelphia.
it is divided into four provinces, viz. 1. Upper Canada ;2. Lower Canada, to which is annexed New Britain, or the country lying round Hudson's Bay, and the Island of Cape Breton ;—3. New Brunswick;~and 4. Nova Scotia, to which is annexed the Island of St. John's.-Besides these there is the Island of Newfoundland, which is governed by the admiral for the time being, and two lieutenant governors, who reside at Placentia and St. John's.---- The troops'stationed at Newfound. land, however, are subject to the orders of the Governor-general of the four British provinces.--Of cach of these provinces our intention is to enter into a brief description. VOL. IV,
SITUATION, EXTENT, AND BOUNDARIES. The provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, conftituted by ad of parliament in 1791, comprehend the territory heretofore called Canada, or the Province of Quebec; situated between 42° 30' and 500 north latitude, and 619 and 810 west longitude from London: or 14° east, and 60 west from Philadelphia. Their length is about fix hundred miles, and their breadth five hundred
These provinces are bounded on the north, by New Britain ; on the east, by the Gulph of St. Lawrence, and part of the Province of New Brunswick ; on the south-east and south, by the district of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, and the lakes: the western boundary is undefined. The Province of Upper Canada is the fame as what is commonly called the Upper Country. It lies north of the great lakes, between the latitudes of 42° 30' and 50°, and is feparated from New York by the river St. Lawrence, here called the Cataraqui, and the Lakes Ontario and Erie.
'Lower Canaia lies on both sides the river St. Lawrence, between 61° and 710 W. lon. from London; and 45° and 520 N. lat. and is bounded south by New Brunswick, Mainc, New Ilumpshire, Vermont, and New York; and west by Upper Canarlo.
The line which divides Upper from Lower Canada commences at a ftone boundary, on the north bank of the lake St. Francis, at the core, west of Pointe au Boudet, in the limit between the township of Lancaster and the Scigneurie of New Longuevil, running along the faid limit in the direction of north thirty-four degiles ucft, to the westernmost angle of the said Seigneurie of New Longuevil; thence along the north-western boundary of the Seigneuric of Vandreuil, running north, twenty-five degrees east, until it strikes the Ottawas river; to ascend the said river into the lake Tonifcanning; and from the head of the said lake by a 1. he drawn due north, until it strikes the boundary line of HudCon's Bay, or New Britain. Upper Canada, to include all the territory to the westward and southward of the said line, to the utmolt extent of the country known by the name of Canada.