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zabeth, daughter of Spencer Phipps, esq. rited contempt, immediately replied, “Sir, had (with three daughters, Ruth, Elizabeth, I disdain your pity, and am ready to share and Lucy,) a son,

the fate of my general.” After experiencing JOHN VASSALL, esq. who settled at Boston every kind of indignity, and having been in America, but was deprived of his lands twice led out for execution, these brave there in the first American war for his at men were at length released, and allowed tachment to the parent state. He returned to return to England. Shortly afterwards to England, and resided alternately between Major Vassall purchased the lieutenantCharles Lodge, in the county of Wilts, and colonelcy of the 38th regiment, and was for the city of Bath. He m. Miss Elizabeth some years stationed in Ireland, where it Oliver, and had issue,

was his fortune to be the field officer, of the 1. John, who wedded Miss Elizabeth day in Dublin, on the memorable 23rd July, Athill, and his son,

when Lord Kilwarden, and many others John, d. 23rd March, 1827, s. p. were killed by the insurgent populace. His 2. SPENCER-THOMAS.

cool determined conduct upon that occasion 3. Thomas Oliver, who d. s. p.

obtained for him the high commendation of 4. Robert Oliver, who settled in Ja- the Irish Government, and of the commaica.

mander in chief. He subsequently embark5. Leonard, d. s. p.

ed with his regiment for the Cape of Good 6. Elizabeth, m. to John Gustavus Le- Hope, and assisted at the capture of that maistre, esq.

important settlement; of the town and for7. Mary, m. to John Gyttins Archer, tress of which he was appointed commandesq. and d. s. p.

ant. This lucrative and honorable post he The second son,

resigned to embark with his regiment in Spencer THOMAS VASSALL, being designed the second expedition dispatched to the for a military life, obtained an ensigncy in coast of Spanish America, and there he the 59th regiment of foot, at the early age found a soldier's grave in gallantly leading of twelve. He soon afterwards embarked his troops to the assault of Monte Video. for Gibraltar, where he served during the His conduct, his courage, his fate are so memorable siege, and from that period until faithfully depicted in the following letter his gallant career closed on the ramparts from his orderly serjeant, to Sir Home Popof Monte Video, he was uninterruptedly ham, that we know not how we could better engaged upon active service in almost every close this summary of his valiant achievepart of the globe. He was twice with the ments. army in Flanders, once in the West Indies, several times on the coast of France, and

Monte Video, 10 Feb. 1807. once on that of Spain. He was the first man

Sir, that landed in the Isle Dieu, and planted Pardon the liberty I am taking, as the the British colours there. He formed part gratitude I owe to my everlamented and of both expeditions to Holland; in the last best friend, Colonel Vassall, obliges me to of which he was ordered by the Duke of give you and his friends an authentic acYork to attend General Don to the enemy's count of his last ; I being his orderly sercamp with a flag of truce. On that occasion, jeant, and the chief person to witness his when Brun, the French commander in chief, bravery, and the gallant manner in which in a fit of rage, pretending to suspect the he acquitted himself in doing his duty, in motives of the mission, declared to General that unfortunate hour in which he fell. On Don that he was determined to treat him our approach to the wall we missed the as a spy, he turned round to Major Vassall, breach; the grape and musketry flew so and said with a contemptuous smile, “Pour hot it drove the men into confusion, and vous, monsieur, je vous plains," Vassall would have made numbers of them retreat receiving the proffered sympathy with me- but for his exertions. When he observed

any of the men stoop or finch, he cried out as loud as possible, " Brave 38th, my brave

men, don't flinch ; every bullet has its RICHARD VASSALL, of Jamaica, whose dau. billet. Push on, follow me, thirty eighth !" and heiress,

He rallied them repeatedly in this manner, ELIZABETH VASSALL, espoused, first, until he got them inside the breach. He im

the late Sir Godfrey Webster, bart. mediately directed a party to take possession
and, secondly, LORD HOLLAND, who of the corner battery next the sea, which

has assumed the additional name

was done in a few minutes, and another, ELIZABETH Vassall, who wedded Major under the command of Major Ross, to ad

General the Hon. John Barrington, vance to the great church, and he was adson of the first Viscount Barrington, vancing himself to the main battery on the and was grandmother of the present right, when a grape shot broke his leg, and Lord.

as soon as he fell he cried out, “Push on,

somebody will take me up, my good soldiers, | the 7th, he departed, and at eight the same charge them, never mind me; it's only the evening he was interred at the entrance of loss of a leg in the service.' He sat up, the great church, with all military honors. and helped to tie on a handkerchief to stop

I am, sir, the blood, and cried out all the time of the action, “I care not for my leg, if my regi

Your very humble obedient servant, ment do their duty, and I hope they will."

B. MATHEWS. As soon as the town surrendered he heard the men cheer, he joined them with as great The remains of this gallant soldier were spirits as if nothing had happened, and at first interred in the grand church at Monte called to me to have him carried to the head Video, with military honors, but were afterof his regiment. I feel to the heart for his wards removed to England, and deposited family. I could wish to have fallen with in the family vault in the church of St. him, sooner than part with a man who was Paul's, Bristol, where a monument, deso good a friend to me. At half-past three signed by Flaxman, executed by Rossi, and on the morning of the 3rd, he received his erected by Colonel Vassall’s widow, bears wound; at one o'clock on the morning of the following inscription.

Sacred to the Memory of

Lieutenant-colonel of the 38th regiment, who,
After twenty-eight years of active and unremitting service,

During which he had acquired a high military reputation,
Was mortally wounded at the storming of Monte Video, in South America,

On the 3rd of February, 1807,
At the moment he had conducted his intrepid followers within the walls of the fortress,

And expired on the 7th of the same month,

Aged 40.
His beloved remains, brought to England by the companions of his victory,

are deposited near this spot,
Where, to record her own, her children's, and her country's loss,
She, who was the wedded and happy witness of his private worth,

Has caused this monument to be erected.

Stranger, if e'er you honor'd Sidney's fame,
If e'er you lov'd Bayard's reproachless name,
Then on this marble gaze with tearful eyes,
For kindred merit here with Vassall lies!
But far more blest than France or England's pride,
In the great hour of conquest VASSALL died;
While still undaunted in the glorious strife,
Content he purchased victory with life,
And nobly careless of his own distress,
He bade his mourning comrades onward press ;
Bade them (the hero victor o'er the man.)
Complete the conquest which his sword began;
Then proudly smild amidst the pangs of death,
While thanks for victory fill’d his parting breath.”+

Colonel Vassall tspoused 10th July, 1795, Arms, Az. in chief a sun, in base a chaCatherine - Brandrith-Backhouse, daughter lice or, and for honorable augmentation, on of the Rev. D. Evans, D.D. and left issue, a fesse of the second the breached bastions

SPENCER-LAMBERT-HUNTER, his heir. of a fortress, above which the words Monte Rawdon-John-Popham, captain in the Video; on a canton arg. the number “38th"

78th regiment of Highlanders. within a branch of cyprus, and another of Honora-Mary-Georgina, m. to the Rev. laurel, the stems united in saltire. E. P. Henslowe.

CrestsFirst, on a mount vert, a breached Catherina - Spencer- Alicia - Beresford,

fortress, thereon hoisted a flag gules, with m. to the Hon. Thomas Le Marchant the inscription “ Monte Video," in letters Saumarez, second son of James, Lord of gold. Second, a ship with masts and De Saumarez, G.C.B.

Mottoes—Sæpe pro rege, semper pro re+ The poetic part is from the pen of Mrs. publica—and Every bullet has its billet. Opie.

Seat-Milford, Hants.

shrouds ppr.


BAGOT, THE REV. EGERTON-ARDEN, of Pype Hall, in the county of Stafford, b. 3rd January, 1777, s. to the estates upon the demise of his father in 1806.


8. Barbara, m. to John Drummond,

esq. 9. Frances, m. to R. G. Braddyl,

esq. 10. Anne. 11. Mary, m. to Robert, late Earl

of Liverpool.

12. Elizabeth, 1. WALTER, of whom presently. iv. Richard, who assumed, by sign

manual, the surname and arms of HOWARD, upon

his marriage with the Hon. Frances Howard, sister and heiress of Henry, twelfth Earl of Suffolk. He d. in 1818, leaving an only daughter and heiress, MARY, m. 7th July, 1807, to the

Hon. Colonel Fulk GrevilleThis is a branch of the ennobled family of

Upton, who has assumed the surBAGOT. Sir Walter-WAGSTAFFE Bagot, LL.D.

name and arms of HOWARD only.

v. Lewis, Lord Bishop of Norwich, m. representative in parliament successively for

in 1771, Mary, daughter of the Hon. the borough of Newcastle-under-line, the

Edward Hay, and d. in 1802. county of Stafford, and the University of

VI. Thomas d. unmarried. Oxford, espoused, in 1724, the Lady Bar

The third son, bara Legge, eldest daughter of William, Earl of Dartmouth, and had (with several

The Rev. WALTER Bagot, of Pype Hall, daughters, the eldest of whom, Barbara, in the county of Stafford, rector of Blythwedded Ralph Sneyd, esq. of Keel,) six field and Leigh, b. 2nd November, 1731,

who m. first in 1773, Anne, daughter of sons,

viz. 1. William (Sir), his successor, M.P. for William Swinnerton, esq. and had issue, Staffordshire, who was elevated to the

EGERTON-ARDEN, his heir.

Walter, d. unmarried, in 1800.
peerage in 1780, as BARON Bagot, of
Bagot's Bromley, in the county of

William, m. 28th December, 1820,

Martha, daughter of Thomas Swin11. Charles, who assumed, by act of par

nerton, esq.

liament, the surname and arms of
Chester, in pursuance to the will of

Honora, m. to the Hon. and Rev. his cousin, Sir Charles Bagot Chester,

Augustus Legge. bart. He m. in 1765, Catherine, dau.

Elizabeth, m. to Joseph Phillimore,

of the Hon. Heneage Legge, a baron
of the Exchequer, and dying in 1792,

Louisa-Frances, m. to the Rev. Richard left issue,

Levett, of Milford Hall, Staffordshire, 1. CHARLES, in 1770.

and has a son,RICHARD-BYRDLEVETT, 2. Anthony

and a daughter, Frances-Mary. 3. William, in holy orders. Mr. Bagot espoused secondly, Mary, dau. 4. John, an officer in the army. of — Ward, esg. and had 5. Henry.

Hervey, captain R.N. d. in 1816. 6. Catherine.

Humphrey, killed in India. 7. Louisa.

Ralph, in holy orders.


Mr. Bagot d. in 1806, and was s. by his Caroline, married in 1828, to Edmund- eldest son, the present Rev. EGERTON

Robert Daniell, esq. barrister-at-law. Arden BAGOT, of Pype Hall,
Charlotte, m. to the Rev. William

Arms—Erm, two chevrons az.
Jane-Margaret, m. to Edward-Vaughan

Crest-Out of a ducal coronet, or, a goat's Williams, esq.

head ar. attired or. Agnes, m. to John Farquhar Fraser, MottoAntiquum obtinens. esq.

Seat-Pype Hall, Staffordshire.


HAY-BALFOUR, DAVID, esq. of Leys, in the county of Perth, and of Randerston, in Fifeshire, succeeded his father in 1790, and is now male representative of the noble family of Hay.


so much land on the river Tay, in the district of Gowrie, as a falcon from a man's hand flew over till it settled ; which being six miles in length, was afterwards called Errol; and the king being desirous to elevate Hay and his sons from their humble rank in life, to the order of nobility, his majesty assigned them a coat of arms, which was, argent, three escutcheons, gules, to intimate that the father and two sons had been the three fortunate shields of Scotland. The stone on which the falcon lighted is still to be seen in the carse of Gowrie, in a small village called Hawkstone. So much

for tradition. But the incontrovertible The traditional origin of the house of fact is, Hay runs thus :- In the reign of Kenneth the Tbird, anno 980, the Danes, who had of the lands of Errol, from William the

WILLIAM DE HAYA, who obtained a grant invaded Scotland, having prevailed at the Lion, espoused Juliana, daughter of Rabattle of Luncarty, near Perth, were pur- nulph de Soulis, Lord of Liddesdale, and suing the flying Scots, from the field, when

had issue, a countryman and his two sons appeared in a narrow pass, through which the van 1. William, his heir. quished were hurrying, and impeded for a 2. Robert, witness to a charter conmoment their flight. What,” said the firming the liberties of Durham and rustic, “ had you rather be slaughtered by Coldingham Abbeys, in 1204. He your merciless foes, than die honorably in was ancestor of the TWEEDDALE the field; come, rally, rally!" and he headed family. the fugitives, brandishing the yoke of his plough, and crying out,that help was at hand: William de Haya, who held the office of the Danes, believing that a fresh army was

king's butler (Pincerna Domini regis) durfalling upon them, fled in confusion, and the ing the reigns of Malcolm IV. and WilScots thus recovered the laurel which they and was s. by his elder son,

LIAM the Lion, died about the year 1170, had lost, and freed their country from servitude. The battle being won, the old man, Sir William De HAYA, who obtained from afterwards known by the name of Hay, was William the Lion, the manor of Herrol, brought to the king, who, assembling a par- now Errol, in Perthshire; erected into a liament at Scone, gave to the said Hay and barony, for the service of two soldiers, to his sons, as a joint reward for their valour, which Hugh, Bishop of St. Andrews, is a



witness. He m. Eva de Petenalin, and PATRICK HAY, of Leys, who left at his thereby acquired the lands of Petenalin; 1 decease an only daughter, Margaret, who which he and his wife, Eva, gave to the renounced, in 1577, her succession to the Priory of St. Andrews. Sir William died lands of Leys, in favour of her cousin, John towards the close of the twelfth century, and Hay. Patrick Hay dying thus, without was s. by his son,

male issue, his estate passed, as heir of DAVID DE HAYA, who wedded Helen, tailzie, to his nephew, daughter of Gilbert, Earl of Strathern, and George Hay, of Leys, who had an only had two sons, viz.

son, 1. Gilbert, who succeeded his father John HAY, who succeeded his father in

at Errol, and was ancestor of the the lands of Leys, and his uncle Edmund,
NOBLE house of Errol, which ended in Nether Ley. He married, and left
in heiresses in 1717; the youngest
of whom espoused the Earl of Kil Peter, his heir.
marnock, and her descendant is now George, parson of Turriff, living in

age and Baronetage).

The elder son, 2. WILLIAM,

PETER HAY, of Leys, had seisine of Over The second son,

and Nether Leys, as heir to his father, in William De Haya, obtained from his 1586. He left an only son and heir, brother Gilbert, in 1235, a grant of two Peter Hay, of Leys, who had seisine of carucates of land, in Errol, called LEYS; the lands of Leys in 1611. He was s. by which grant was afterwards confirmed, in his son, 1451, by William, Earl of Errol, to Edmund

Peter Hays, of Leys. This gentleman Hay, of Leys, the lineal descendant of this obtained a charter of the lands of Leys, in William. He was s. at his demise, by his 1644, upon his marriage. He wedded Joan, son,

daughter of John Gray, of Ballygerno, and DE HAYA, of Leys, father of

had issue, EDMUND DE HAYA, of Leys, an eminent Peter, his heir. patriot, who distinguished himself in favour

Mary, who m. James Balfour, esq. of of King Robert I. In 1312 he obtained, Randerston, and had an only daughto himself and his son William, a lease, from the abbot and convent of Scone, of the

MARY BALFOUR, who became her lands of Balgarvie. From this Edmund de

father's heir, and marrying her Haya, the estate of Leys passed from father

cousin-german, George Hay, esq. to son, to his great-great-grandson,

of Leys, carried the property of EDMUND HAY, of Leys, to whom, Wil

Randerston into that family. liam, Earl of Errol, granted a charter of The only son and successor, confirmation in 1451. He had issue,

PETER HAYs, esq. of Leys, married in 1. EDMUND, his heir.

1671, Catherine, daughter and heiress of 11. Peter, from whom descend the fa- James Blair, esq., of Newbigging, and had

milies of KINNOUL, Melginch, Pit-issue,
four, Seggieden, &c. (see Hay, of

GEORGE, his heir.
Pitfour, and Hay, of Seggieden.)

James, merchant of Dundee, b. in 1694, The eldest son and successor,

who is named in an instrument of EDMUND HAY, of Leys, had seisine of his resignation by David Hay-Balfour, estate in 1496. He had four sons,

of Leys, 10th June, 1758. He marriPeter, who predeceased his father.

ed, and had issue, whose descendants

still reside at Dundee. Patrick, successor to his father. Walter, both mentioned in a charter

Jean. Thomas, dated 1496.


Mary. Edmund Hay died 31st January, 1497, and

Ann. was s. by his second, but eldest surviving

Catherine. son,

Patrick Hay, of Leys, who m. Eliza- Peter Hay, of Leys, died in 1712, and was beth, daughter of John Moncrieff, of Mon s. by his son, crieff, and had a son,

George HAY-BALFOUR, esq. b. in 1682, EDMUND HAY, of Leys, who had a char- who wedded his cousin Mary, daughter of ter, as heir to his father, upon a precept of JAMES Balfour, esq. of Randerston, in clare constat, 18th and 20th March, 1513. Fifeshire, and thus acquired that estate. He espoused Elizabeth Durham, and was By this lady he had issue, s. by his son,

Peter, his heir.


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