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o:hers. Their union has rendered them victorious over the Chaca taws, and formidable to all the nations around them. They are a well-made, expert, hardy, fagacious, politic people, extremely jealous of their rights, and averse to parting with their lands. They have abundance of tame cattle and fwine, turkeys, ducks, and other poultry ; they cultivate tobacco, rice, Indian corn, potatoes, beans, peas, cabbage, melons, and have plenty of peaches, plums, grapes, strawberries, and other fruits. · They are faithful friends, but inveterate enemies ; hospitable to strangers, and honest and fair in their dealings. No nation has a more contemptible opinion of the white men's faith in general than these people, yet they place great confidence in the United States, and willi to agree with them upon a permanent boundary, over which the southern States shall not trespass.

The country which they claim is bounded northward by about the 34th degree of latitude, and extends from the Tombeckbee, or Mobile river, to the Atlantic ocean, though they have ceded a part of this tract on the sea coast, by different treaties, to the State of Georgia. Their principal towns lie in latitude 32°, and longitude 11° 20' from Philadelphia. They are settled in a hilly but not mountainous country; the soil is fruitful in a high degree, and well watered, abounding in creeks and rivulets, from whence they are called the Creek Indians. * · The Chacaws, or flat heads, inhabit a very fine and extensive tract of hilly country, with large and fertile plains intervening, between the Alabama and Millillippi rivers, in the western part of this State. The nation had, not many years ago, forty-three towns and villages, in three divisions, containing twelve thousand one hundred and twenty-three souls, of which four thousand and forty-one were fight. ing men.

The Chickafaws are settled on the head branches of the Tom. beckbee, Mobile, and Yazoo rivers, in the north-west corner of the

Gencral M Gillivray, the celebrated chief of the Crecks, is a half-blooded Indian, bis mother being a woman of high rank in the Creck nation. He was so highly eftcemed among them, that they in a formal manner elccted him their sovereign, and vefted him with confiderable powers. He has several lifters married to lcading men among the Creeks. This gentleman would gladly have remained a citizen of the United Stares; but having served under the British during the late war, his property in Georgia, which was considerable, was confiscated. This circumstance induced him to reire among his friends the Creeks, fincc which he has been an active and zealous partisan in intercfis ad police.


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State. Their country is an extensive plain, tolerably well watered from springs, and of a pretty good soil. They have seven towns, the central one of which is in latitude 34° 23', and longitude 14° 30' west. The number of souls in this nation have been formerly reckoned at one thousand seven hundred and twenty-five, of which five hundred and seventy-five were fighting men.

WE have now withi canclour and a fincere attachment to truttito fketched the history of the several States in the federal union. In order to keep within the bounds proferibed in the plani first proposed; the accounts are restrained as far as possible to those subjects which we considered of the greatest importance, and we have aimed so to arrange the various subjects as we trust will afford a satisfactory anfwer to every question which the European inquirer may put respecting the government, commerce, society, learning, &c. of the United States. To have entered into a minute detail of every object that presented itself to our view would have been comparatively useless, it might have gratified the curiosity of a few, but the benefits would have been comparatively small to the public. To this we may add, that many of the scenes would have been shifting while under description, and the ob. ject in itself impracticable with respect to some of the States. In futther pursuing our plan; we fhall endeavour,

ist. To point out a few of the many advantages which America possesses over the different countries of Europe.

2d. What the advantages and prospects are which an European settler has presented to his view. Under this latter head we shall aim to convey all the information we can obtain that may prove advantageous in the passage to, or on the arrival at, what we must call a LAND OF LIBERTY.


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y, in New York Virginia


217 136 371 CORRECTED AND IMPROVED, 281 Shewing the DISTANCES between the PRINCIR 521 1451 206

- 802 592 970 N. B. The distance in British miles, between two places, il {quare at the interfection of the lines, drawn both ways, as for example, the distance from Boftoi to Williamsburg

832 766 695 Charleston to nebec 1390 miles

442 283 583 314 61 458

between two places, il 3081 537| 140

473 702 303

141 120293

298 55 452 458 667 2701 438 328 692! 10 133 264

102 3541 124

192 464 170

· 22 265 140 Falls of Niagara, P: 580 496 42

Oswego, 1 380 622 22
· PENSACOLA, Welt-F "447|12371605
PHILADELPHIA, Pennsylvania
Prince-Town, West New-Jersey

QUEBEC 626 668 608 837 440
ST. AUGUSTINE, Eaft-Florida 17261100105

Savannah, Georgia 220 1506 880831_911702 1066 WILLIAMSBURGH, Virginia 534 754 972 346 30

Winchester, Virginia | 174 708 9281351 3591162911 861.

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HILE the governments of most countries in Europe are per. fectly despotic, and while those which are not actually such, appear to be verging fast towards it, the government of America is making rapid strides toward perfection; it being contrary to all the old go. vernments, in the hands of the people, they have exploded those principles by the operation of which civil and religious disqualifications and oppressions have been inflicted on mankind, and rejecting MERE TOLERATION, they have, with a small exception, placed upon an equal footing every church sect, and society of religious persons whatsoever.

Their laws and government have for their basis the natural and imprescriptible rights of man: liberty, security of person and property, resistance against oppression, doing whatever does not injure another, a right to concur, either personally or by their representatives, in the formation of laws, and an equal chance of arriving to places of honour, reward, or employment, according to their vir. tues or talents. These are the principles of their constitution; and laws grafted upon these simple, but substantial principles, and a system of legal jurisprudence organized, and acting accordingly, form the essence of their government; and if ever the government swerves materially from these fundamental principles, the compact is diffolved, and things revert again to a co-equal state. By this plain definition of the nature of laws and government, every capa. city, and every individual of the community, can judge with precision of the purity of legislation ; this produces the most entire conviction in the minds of all men, of the necessity there is of acting, in every instance, according to the code of reason and truth. Every Vol. III.

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