Imágenes de página

bloody man, that in derision he called him Mr. sins to God, and offered up an earnest prayer ; theti Speaker. The articles objected to him respected having read over the account, as narrated by the evanauricular confession, the real presence, and the mass. gelists and by St. Paul, of the institution of the sacraTo these he replied, that he did not allow the necessity ment, he said, "O Lord, thou knowest it, I do not this of confession to a priest, or the body and blood of to derogate authority from any man, or in contempt Christ to be corporally present in the sacrament; and of those which are thy ministers; but only because I that the mass was full of idolatry and abomination, cannot have it ministered according to thy word." And and against the word of God. And when the bishop then he received the bread and the wine with giving began to read his sentence, and was endeavouring to of thanks. But of mere bodily food he would take persuade him to recant, " I will not forsake mine none ; for when some of his friends advised him to opinions,” said he, "except you, my lord, can refell eat meat, No, he replied, he would not eat that which them by Scriptures: and I care not for your divinity; should do others good, that had more need, and had for you condemn all men, and prove nothing against longer time to live than he. them.” Neither would he lose the opportunity of And now the bridal feast was over, and the joyous warning the people that stood by. For the Church,” wedding guests were separating; and then came the said he, “ whereof the pope is supreme lead, is no

sherifts with their guard to carry George Tankerfield to part of Christ's catholic Church ;” and pointing to the stake. It was his bridal; and shortly he knew Bonner, “ good people,” he added, " beware of him, that he should sit down at the marriage. banquet of the and such as he is; for these be the people that deceive Lamb. With a cheerful spirit he went to his death; you." Then he was delivered over to the secular and when he had kneeled down and prayed, he said, power, and afterwards conveyed to St. Albans.

that although he might have a sharp dinner, yet he As he was on his road to that place, a certain school- hoped to have a joyful supper in heaven. While the master came to him, urging him with the authority of faggots were putting about him, a priest came to urge the doctors in favour of popery; but he was answered

him to believe the mass. But the martyr cried veheout of the Scriptures: and as he would not allow mently from the stake," Fie on that abominable idol ! Tankerfield's allegations from the Bible unless inter- good people, do not believe him-good people, do not preted by the opinions of the fathers, so neither would believe him.” On this, the mayor of the town coinTankerfield credit any position of his, except he could

manded fire to be immediately put to the heretic; and confirm it by the Scriptures. In the end, they parted

said that if he had but one load of faggots in the whole in amity, the schoolmaster protesting that he meant

world, he would give them to burn him. But there the martyr no more hurt than his own soul.

were some there who breathed a different spirit. A Among the crowd which I described as gathered certain knight took him by the hand, and said softly, round the Cross-Keys Inn, there were various opi

Good brother, be strong in Christ." And Tankerfield nions uttered. Some grieved to see such a godly man

replied, “ O sir, I thank you ; I am so, I thank God.” brought thither to die a painful death, and others

When the fire was set to him, he desired the sheriffs praised God for his constancy in the faith. Some,

and people to pray for him; and many of them did again, said it was a pity he should hold such heretical Then embracing the flame, he bathed himself, as opinions; and others reviled him, and declared he was

it were, in it; and, calling on the name of the Lord unworthy to live. But he spoke kindly and convin- Jesus, was quickly out of pain. So patiently indeed cingly to them all, and sent away several with even

did he endure, that some superstitious papists said, weeping eyes.

that it was the devil, who was so strong in him as to As the host of the inn seemed inclined to shew him

keep him, and such heretics as he was, from feeling good-will, Tankerfield requested that he might have a

pain. fire in the chamber. This was granted him; and then

Tankerfield was, I believe, the only one who died in sitting on a form before it, he took off his shoes and the Marian persecution at that place, celebrated as the hose, and stretched his leg into the flame. But when

scene, many hundred years before, of the death of he felt the pain, he quickly drew it back, thus

Alban, the proto-martyr of England.

S. evidencing the conflict betwixt the flesh and spirit, which the martyrologist has described with graphic effect. “ The flesh said, O thou fool, wilt thou burn,

EMIGRATION.. and needest not? The spirit said, Be not afraid ; for

At present labourers are suffering from a too great this is nothing in respect of fire eternal. The flesh depreciation in the price of labour. The supply of said, Do not leave the company of thy friends and labour is greater tban its demand. How can this evil acquaintance, which love thee and will let thee lack be rectified ? It may be alleviated in many ways by nothing. The spirit said, The company of Jesus Christ,

the kind consideration of the rich. But it rests in a and his glorious presence, doth exceed all fleshly

great measure with the labourers themselves to remove

the evil. Provident habits, and a proper independfriends. The flesh said, Do not shorten thy time ; for

ence of spirit, will lead them to prefer any act of thou mayest live, if thou wilt, much longer. The spirit self-denial or hard labour to an abject and degraded said, This life is nothing unto the life in heaven, which dependence on others. lasteth for ever." By and by, as the time drew on

Improvident habits are the ruin of the labouring when he should suffer, Tankerfield, with that simple

classes. Idleness, drunkenness, and waste, bring woful

“Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; heartedness which seems to have been so peculiarly

open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with characteristic of him, asked for a pint of malmsey wine and a loaf of bread. And then, when these were

• From A Letter to the Labouring Classes, in their own

behalf.” By Herbert Smith, B.A., chaplain to the New Forest brought, he kneeled down, and humbly confessed his Union-Workhouse. Rivington,

[ocr errors]


bread" (Prov. xx. 13). Again, “ the drunkard and a deficiency of funds. Then when it is further conthe glutton shall come to poverty; and drowsiness sidered, that this large sum would come in weekly, shall clothe a man with rags" (Prov. xxiii. 21). | how large a number of emigrants would it send out Every kind of vice is ruinous, and many young per- with a comfortable independence, to enter on their sons by leaving the path of virtue are brought into a work and toil, which they must expect in their new melancholy state of degradation and dependence. On abode! Were this plan carried on with spirit, and the other hand, provident and virtuous habits are the the contributions became general, the labourer at greatest safeguard to the independence and respect- home might calculate that for every penny he so conability of the labouring classes. Make them provident tributed, he would have a return of a shilling by a and virtuous, and you will make them independent proportionate increase of wages. And when it is and respectable.

borne in mind how small a superabundance of laTo remove the evil of a too-great depreciation in bourers tends to lower the rate of wages, the number the price of labour, what more can be done by the of emigrants required to raise the rate of wages will labouring classes ? They suffer from the supply of not be so great as might be imagined. Some such labour being greater than its demand. How can this plan must be resorted to, if the labouring classes are evil be rectified ? Remove the labourers, and the to be raised to that respectable independence, which is supply of labour will be lessened; consequently its so requisite for the promotion of the general welfare, value will be increased- wages will rise. But where prosperity, and happiness of the country. are the supernumerary labourers to be removed to ? The low rate of wages at which men, women, and Does not reason answer, To the place where their children in this country are positively slaving to services are wanted and their labour would be valued. obtain a scanty subsistence, and which enables the Emigration is nothing new; it is the means by which rich to live in an undue excess of luxury, is as prethe different parts of the world have been peopled. judicial to them and to the country as the excess of Every flourishing country of which we have any poverty is to the labouring classes. The state of account in history, has had its colonies, to which the society which the prayer of Agur would uphold ought inhabitants of the mother-country have emigrated. to be encouraged for the general good : "Give me The East and West Indies have long been resorted to neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food conby the youth of the nobility and gentry of our own venient for me ; lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, country. Why should not our colonies also be made Who is the Lord ? or lest I be poor, and steal, and in like manner advantageous to our labouring classes ? take the name of my God in vain" (Prov. xxx. 8, 9). Let emigration be regarded by labourers, not as a sort At present the rich enjoy more than their proper of unjust transportation from home to an inliospitable share of the produce of labour, and the labouring distant country, but as an enterprising expedition, classes less. Religion, morality, charity, wisdom, and which is to deliver them from the degradation of justice, demand that this state of things should be pauperism, and raise them to the exalted position of altered. The method pointed out in this letter has, it independent members of society.

is hoped, come claim to attention, as being that by The next questions for consideration are, how can which it may be done fairly and peaceably. The two the expenses of emigration be provided for ? and what scales of society ought to be kept as equally balanced inducements can be offered to the persons who emi. as possible-each in the state the good providence of grate, so that it may be advantageous to them as well God has appointed; for it is clear, it could never as to those who remain at home? The lessening the have been his intention, nor can it meet with his number of labourers at home, by emigration, would approval, that one class of society should be living in have the effect of raising their wages, improving their an undue excess of luxury, whilst many of the other circumstances, and placing them in a condition to class are almost destitute of the necessaries of life. assist the emigrants. And as the improvement of the In conclusion, my dear friends, I exhort you not condition of those who remain at home arises from the to despond; your present circumstances are most departure of those who go abroad, wisdom and justice distressing, but they are not beyond relief. Fear seem to dictate the formation of a plan by which the God, and honour the queen, and you will yet do well. emigrant may also be benefited. This may be done You have still many friends among the affluent, who, by ihe formation of a sort of mutual assurance or regarding this world's riches in the light they ought, benefit society, to which labourers generally should are ready to distribute, willing to communicate for the subscribe, and the fund so raised should be expended supply of your necessities, if they only knew how they for the benefit of those who leave their native country could effectually relieve you. . to earn their livelihood in a far-distant land.

I look to the influence of true Christian charity for The great objection of the poor to emigrate is, that accomplishing all that has been proposed : it is that they have to go to a country to which they are entire alone which will turn the heart of the rich to the strangers, without friends to receive them, or money poor, and the heart of the poor to the rich ; relieve to enable them to enter upon their new sphere of life the distresses of our country, and unite all classes in with advantage. To give the emigrant spirit and the closest bonds of affection. It is the Spirit of heart at landing on a foreign shore, he ought to be Christ which will lead his followers to bring forth secure of meeting with friends, and immediate employ- the first and most important fruit of the Spirit—love, ment on such terms as will compensate for the change or deeds of charity. “For ye know the grace of our he has made. This friendly provision should be made Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for by those who stay at home, reaping the advantage of your sakes he became poor, that ye through his the emigration of others. And this might be done

poverty might be rich" (2 Cor. viii. 9). with ease, if a just and generous and contiding spirit one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ" could be disseminated amongst the labouring classes (Gal. vi. 2). “ Look not every man on his own generally, so that every labourer would contribute things, but every man also on the things of others" regularly his weekly pence. This would raise a fund (Phil. ii. 4). amply sufficient to fit out a numerous band of emigrants on a liberal scale, because the labouring classes can number their thousands and tens of thousands ; and when it is considered that a thousand pence is above H., and ten thousand pence is above 401., and that this might easily be multiplied to an immense extent, proportionate to the large number who form the labouring classes of this country, we need not fear


nothing about?

You throw it away-you A Sermon,

break it against the wall — you tread it under

foot. So, if people care nothing about the By The Rev. GEORGE BRYAN, M.A.

soul of another, they will care nothing about Minister of Huttoft, Lincolnshire.

slandering his character, injuring his proPsalm cxlii. 4.

perty, maiming his person, yea, and tread"No man cared for


ing his life down to the ground. This David The Psalm, in which we find the text, declares, knew ; he knew that the man who would do in pitiable terms, the loss and destitution to him a greater evil would not care about doing which David was on one occasion reduced. him a less; he knew that they who cared not David, it may be observed, was at that time for his soul would not care about shedding his the elect king of Israel; but he had to go blood; and therefore fear and trembling gat through innumerable troubles in his way to hold of him, and, as he says in another the crown

-he was every where persecuted, Psalm, my heart in me is desolate.” afflicted, hated. Now, we think this a true But when David says, “No man cared formy representation of the Christian's condition in soul,” does he speak forth the words of truth this life. If you believe, you are destined to and soberness? We think not; we think he wear a crown, a brighter crown than David's, spoke unadvisedly with his lips; we think a crown of glory that fadeth not away ; but fear got, for a time, the mastery of his faith; until you come into possession of it, expect we think that, so far from no man, we can more or less of trial and trouble. The Scrip- | point out two men that cared for his soul. tures deal fairly with us, and tell us the na- First,—He cared for his soul himself. He ture of religion, and what we may expect from might not know its full value ; but he knew it hereafter, and what we shall have with it so much of it, that he wished it to be safe in the present time. In the covenant of and happy; he would not for worlds have it grace, it is determined that the cross shall cast away, or hurt, or betrayed in any way. take precedence of the crown, and that it is How do I know this? I know, because I see even through much tribulation that we must in the Psalm, that he had put his soul under enter the kingdom of heaven. The world Divine protection; and this done, prayed and Satan will not allow the believer rest | God to take care of it and him. He knew and quietness ; and his own heart will give he could not safely be his own keeper; therehim as much trouble to keep it in order as fore he begs God to keep him, and, says he, either of them. And God will often see it“ bring my soul out of prison.” Here, then, needful to lay stripes on his children, to shew there is proof that one man cared for his them their errors, and to lead them in the good soul. and the right way. For these reasons, many

Secondly,--The man Jesus Christ cared for are the afflictions of the righteous.

him. Christ shews that he cared for David, The thing which seems most of all to have by giving him life, and breath, and all things distressed David in his difficulties is that richly to enjoy-an earthly crown, and a stated in the text—"No man cared for my crown of glory. Of these tokens for good, soul.” And it is no wonder that this cir- | David might be insensible for a season; but cumstance should harass his mind greatly. when the sun broke out afresh upon him, it There is much more implied in the words gave him light to see his favourable position, than can be seen at a glance —"no man and he exclaims, " Bless the Lord, O my cared for my soul.” Then, what care men soul, and forget not all his benefits; who for any thing that I have or am? My soul redeemeth thy life from destruction, and is a treasure of more value to me than a crowneth thee with loving-kindness and tenthousand worlds, and they care nothing about der mercies; who satisfieth thy mouth with it. Then, what care they about me in any good things, making thee young and lusty as way? He that despises my best possession an eagle" (Ps. ciii.). will have no regard for those things of mine Thus David's complaint, “No man cared which are of less value, and common. He for my soul,” is proved to have its foundathat cares nothing about my soul, cares in tion rather in despondency than in fact. He reality nothing about my interest in this life walked in darkness; but he was all the time or in the next; yea, all I have is in his esteem on safe ground. Enemies gathered round as a wind that passeth away and cometh not him; but he had at his right hand a Friend again.

that sticketh closer than a brother, And But there is another reason why the cir- this is what we wish further to shew, cumstance, "no man cared for my soul,” dis- I. That Christ careth for our soul; and tressed David. He felt sure, after this, that II. To inquire whether we have a care for no man would hesitate to do him the worst our own soul. injury. What do you do with that you care I. The man Jesus Christ careth for our

soul. You cannot doubt of this, when you of people. Of the young he says,

• Suffer consider that Christ is man. It is true, that the little children to come unto me;" and of you cannot so conclude of men in general; the old, "To your hoar hairs I will carry but if you know a certain person to be a you." If people are in trouble, he bids them, good man, you may always expect from him • Come unto me, and I will give you rest;" considerate and kind offices. A good man if under conviction of sin, “ I will abundantly is merciful to his beast ; will he be any thing pardon you;" if in fear, “ All things shall less to a fellow-creature and a fellow-Chris- work together for good to them that love tian? Now, we know Christ to be man, a God;" if resolved to do wickedly, "Hearken good man, the best of men. We know him unto me, ye stout-hearted, I bring near my to be a man of God, and the man after God's righteousness." Certainly, if these passages own heart, yea, God-man and God. Now, prove any thing, they prove Christ's care if good men are kind to their fellow-men, for us. what may we not expect from the first and But there is this further proof to the same best of men, from a Divine man, of care and effect-a proof and evidence which as far outlove; who being man, can be touched with a shines all others together as the sun outshines feeling of our infirmities, and being God, the stars - Christ died for us. He gave his can supply all our wants out of his riches in life to save us from death, and to exalt us to grace and glory?

everlasting life. Am I sure of this? Then And, perhaps, some of us have experienced it is impossible for me any longer to doubt the care of Jesus over us. We have been in Christ's care for my soul. I may doubt that trouble. In the trouble we have spread out, man's regard who gives me a good word or by the prayer of faith, our desires before God money, because he may expect as much again. to be kept in the trial, or delivered out of it. Self-interest may be the sole ground of his In time we have the experience of both generosity ; but I can have no such misgiving mercies ; and we have therefore in that ex- when a man yields his life for me. This perience an inward, and, it may be too, an sacrifice settles the point at once; and by outward witness of Christ's regard for our this we prove Christ careth for us. He interests and for our soul. If he had meant us careth for my soul; and my body and cirill, he had left us in trouble ; but, inasmuch cumstances are no less under his care. The as he interposes at the needful moment to same hand that takes care of my chief treadeliver us out of evil, we can doubt of his sure will duly regard my inferior affairs; and care no longer; only it is to be regretted, He who gave himself for us will with himself that when good cometh in this way, people freely give us all things. do not always see the hand that brings it. And thus, we think, it is made to appear on They look at second causes, not at the first; good evidence that Christ careth for us. His they praise the medicine which promotes a care of us began at our creation, and did not cure, but forget the mercy out of sight by cease on the sad miscarriage of the human which the cure is performed. The proper race in Paradise. After that, the kindness spirit to be of, is that which actuated the and love of God toward man appeared in Jesus Psalmist : “ Not unto us, O Lord, but unto Christ our Saviour (Tit. iii. 4), and continues thy name be the praise.”

to this day, and will continue for ever, over Again; if Jesus has had a care for us in them that love him. Happy, surely, are the the past and at the present, it is our hope people which are in such a case. They find that he will extend his care for us into the that the true way of taking care of themselves time to come ; for, whether we see them in is to accept the Saviour to take care of them. the distance or not, dark and dismal days are his care is their shield and bulwark, their approaching upon us. There are the days consolation, their exceeding great and everof old age, when a man shall say, I have no lasting reward. And we leave them in his pleasure in them; days of sickness, when hands, to inquire whether we are of their every bone in our skin and every atom of number, i. e. in other words, flesh shall cry out for pain ; days of disap- II. Whether we have a care for our pointment over ourselves and our children, soul? Alas, that there should be a doubt on when we shall lament that we have spent this point in respect to any of us ! Yet we money for that which is not bread ; days of fear that it is with thousands not a doubt, but dying, when we shall stand on the borders of a certainty, that they care not for their soul. two worlds, bidding farewell to the one, and How do I know this? I answer, What do

lunging into the eternal joy or woe of the people care for the ing which they never other. Now, what is our comfort in these un- think of? If I were to tell you of certain tried emergencies? Simply this, that Christ common occurrences which took place in a careth for us. In the holy Scriptures we

distant land a thousand years ago, possibly find him addressing and encouraging all sorts you would not think of them. Why? Because

a care

you care nothing about them. Is not this the to secure its interest and happiness. And, case with many thousands of mankind in our 2dly, that men care not for the soul when they day? People do not think of their soul. continue to do wickedly. Why? Because they care nothing about it. But a man may say, Christ cares for it. They know of its existence, and believe it will That is enough, quite enough, we answer, if exist for ever ; but they do not consider its you have by faith committed your soul to his interests, and destiny, and happiness. They care. If not, you have no part in Christ. take all the care they can of their body, their Christ's care for us was never intended to character, their health, their estate : they make us careless of ourselves ; rather it was leave their soul, as if to take care of itself. intended to make our care of ourselves effecThe soul is a precious jewel; but they never tual to our peace and salvation. If Christ set a guard about it to keep it safe, nor had not cared for us, our care of ourselves polish it to make it bright, nor wash it to would do us no good. Also, Christ's care of us make it pure. This, then, is our rule: if now will do us no good, if we have no care people do not seriously and perseveringly, for ourselves. They that have knowledge of and after a scriptural manner, think of the Christ's care for us all, are required, each in soul, you may be sure they care nothing for his own person, to accept his care of them, it. And this is a lamentation, and shall stand and to shew they accept it, by working out for a lamentation.

their salvation. But we have another rule at hand on this And now, having shewn who have no care subject. If you disregard a thing, we suppose for their soul, it is easy, and this, we think, you care nothing about it; but if we see you is the proper place, to declare who has such injure it, we are sure on good evidence. --the man of faith, the man of religion, Thus, if in your journey, you see and pass the man of God. We set aside the impeniunnoticed a garment in the way, we presume tent transgressor, and the mere professor of you care not for it; but if we see you take it godliness, as having no part nor lot in this and tear it in pieces, we are sure on that point. matter, and declare the whole field of grace Just so, some people prove that they care not on earth to be in the occupation and the profor the soul by their neglect of it; other perty of those who know and obey the Gospel people, by their direct insults and injuries of of our Lord Jesus Christ. These men shew it. They lie, they swear, they steal; they that they have a right understanding of their make a mock of religion and of sin; they state, when they own their own care of themslight the Bible and Prayer-book, the house selves insufficient for their safety and happiof God, and the sacramental table. Now, ness, and freely, and without reserve, accept these acts are the damage of the soul ; these Christ's, to deliver them from evil, and to acts are so many stabs in the heart and wounds.

preserve them to his heavenly kingdom. And And we conclude that if people continue to repeat those stabs, to renew iniquity, 1. Tell these people, they are indeed in a delight in evil-doing, they do not care for good way. You are come to great estate ; the soul. You cannot, it is true, read their and it will not be long before you


pos. mind ; but their actions read their mind to session of an inheritance incorruptible and you, in language which you cannot misunder- that fadeth not away. On your way to the stand or mistake. Silence speaks much, land of promise, a thorn may now and then words more, works most of all. And when pierce into your feet; trials from within and you see a man indulging in sin of any kind, from without may overtake you : but you you may justly conclude, “ whatever that man

know Him who has engaged io overrule all cares for, he cares not for his soul.” And

things for your good, and to give medicine this, we may repeat, is a lamentation, and shall to heal your sorrows.

You have begun a stand for a lamentation.

life which shall never end ; you are under a We might further put the same subject in sun which shall never go

down; you

have in other different positions, which would lead to the Saviour one that careth for you—a resuge the same conclusion. Thus we might tell in the stormy wind, and a perpetual home. you, that what is first should be first served ; | Only go on in this way; let faith be your and that if you do not serve it first, you may guiding star, and it will lead you straight be said to have no true regard for it. Now, home to the land where the inhabitants never the soul is our first and best possession ; but say, “I am sick," and where the people which if we give our best thoughts to other things, dwell therein are forgiven their iniquities. and our secondary to that, we do in reality | Let me shew that we care not for it at all. But we 2. Advertise the people who care not for have not time for that consideration. We the soul a few words. Your conduct differs have done what we could to shew that, 1st, widely from that of the persons mentioned in men care not for the soul when they neglect | Isaiah ii., who cast their idols to the moles

let me,

« AnteriorContinuar »