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captive Jews, drowned even the wail of those that the Terrumungalum Talook of Madura. On the east were enduring the agonies of death. Two thousand by Ramnad, on the south by the sea-coast, and on the Hebrews perished in that fire.
west by the great chain of mountains, covered with From the time of this terrible execution, no Jew
forest, which separates it from Travancore.
The extreme length of this province from north to was allowed to live within the walls of Strasbourg. south is 110 miles, and its average breadth from east They might enter the city in the daytime; but every to west 40 miles, exclusive of the hills and forest. It evening, at a fixed hour, a horn was blown from the contains 4403 square miles. The country is diversicathedral-tower as a signal for their departure into
fied with paddy, cotton, and dry-grain fields, and is the suburb appropriated to them. Now, however, their
exceedingly fertile, especially the lands dependent on
the Taumbrapurney, Sittar, and other rivers; these condition is changed, and they live in wealth and
furnish two abundant harvests in the year. honour where their forefathers were massacred. I The great chain of hills denominated the Ghauts retired slowly from the Brand Strasse, musing on the traverses more than 100 miles, in dividing the profuture destinies of that remarkable people. For vinces of Tinnevelly from Travancore. Cape Como
rin, the southernmost point of this province, separates doubtless God will visit again his inheritance, and
the coast of Coromandel from the coast of Malabar: yet will ransom Israel. " Thou shalt arise and have
the eminences are covered with clouds for eight or mercy upon Zion; for the time to favour her, yea, nine months in the year. Tinnevelly is considered a the set time, is come. For thy servants take plea- hot country; but yet it has its advantages, as it partisure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof. So cipates of the monsoons of the Malabar coast partially, the heathen shall fear the name of the Lord, and all
so as to render the heat moderate, compared with that
In the kings of the earth thy glory."
other adjacent districts to the north and east. summer, the inequality of the soil makes these two provinces very unequal in their seasons : on the Tra
vancore side of the mountains the inhabitants are TINNEVELLY.
often reaping in the months of June and July; while (Concluded from No. CXCVIII.)
tliose in the Tinnevelly district then commence pre
paring the soil by ploughing and sowing, on account There are 1073 charitable edifices, distinguished by
of the advantage which the S.W. monsoon affords. different designations, such as Sanniassy-muddum,
The dews are very heavy from the latter end of DeTiru-mailigei inuddum, Pandara-muddum, Sandigei
cember to February, which promotes the growth of muddum, and Muntapum, besides which, there are 80
vegetation, such as horse-grain, pulses, and other Chuttrums, and 527 Choultries ; besides some few
small grain called paspalum ferment, pannicum italicum, shattered old muntapums, that are found on the high
and pannicum millaccum, which are usually obtained roads, which appear to have been originally dedicated
before the Peeshanam harvest of paddy. But during to some deity or other, there are scarcely any ancient
the latter part of this period, the season becomes unaccommodations for travellers in the Tinnevelly dis
favourable; fevers and agues prevail. As the lands trict. But the greater part of the charitable buildings
soon become parched, after the harvest the water in are in large towns, and in the suburbs of a city, and
the canals and tanks dries up, the heat increases prowhere there is a great pagoda for the accommodation
gressively till it becomes intense, particularly towards of Bramins, pilgrims, and devotees, that resort to per- the hills, where there is scarcely any breeze, except form their vows and offerings to the temple, especially
the disagreeable whirlwind which commences about on the anniversary festivals that occur. At these
the end of March. The sca-coast at this season often festivals the above classes are fed, to a limited number
attracts the collectors, residents, and other gentlemen in each, by private munificence in some, and supported
in Tinnevelly and Palamcottah, from the months of by voluntary contributions, or by corporate bodies of
February or March to the middle of May or June. tradesmen, weavers, &c., in others. In many places During these months, the weather about the hills is where other public accommodations are wanting, re
intolerable, as well as in the open tract of the black servoirs, wells, and resting-stones, on the high roads
cotton soil, where there is scarcely a vestige of vegeand by - paths, refresh the weary traveller of every
tation to afford a shelter, and the sensation caused by denomination.
a scorching glow which prevails is scarcely supportThere are about 703 Tamil dav-schools, beside a
able. Most of the cattle from the open country are few Hindu colleges for Bramins. The Rev. J. Hough, driven to the hills for pasturage (for two or more late Chaplain at Palamcottah, opened in the year 1817
months), where they find a sort of herbage that is very in Tinnevelly a few schools connected with the Church
nourishing for them; sheep and goats are said to grow Missionary Society. (We need not inform our readers
fat upon it. In the months of March and April, the that many more have been opened since the time of
casual rains (called Koddei marei) are looked for. It Mr. Hough. The Church Missionary Society has 112
is at this season that they often find hail after a heavy schools, and 3:397 scholars in the Tinnevelly district :
shower of rain, and the weather becomes more favourand the Society for Propagating the Gospel, 364
able. Any failure of rain in these months renders it scholars.)
otherwise. From the middle of May or June to OctoThe collectorate of Tirunelveli at present comprises ber, the atmosphere becomes clouded, owing to the 11 Talooks and 25 Zemindaries; and 3 Mittahs--from
proximity to the S.W. monsoons in Travancore and the original number of Peshcush Pollums, six have
Malabar. Westerly winds prevail at this season, been annexed to the Zemindaries of those chiefs who
which not only abate the heat in a great measure in served with fidelity in quelling the rebellions of the
the open country, but render it very temperate and refractory Poligars in the year 1801.
salubrious in the vicinity of the Hills; particularly at This province is bounded on the north partly by the
Courtallum, Pappanassuin, Shevagherri; and beyond Shuddragherry mountains, between the portion of the
the hills of Tallamallay in the Dindigul valley, where Dindigul valley over Wursanaad, and partly by the
nothing can be more delightful, particularly to Euroridge of hills dividing Dociapanaick's Zemindary and peans, than the summer months. The climate resem• In the year 1323 it was in contemplation to have bungalow
bles that of the Neilgherries, and is almost equal, it is Arcommodations for travellers built on the regular stayes on the said, to that of the Cape of Good Hope. In the times high road from Madura to Palamcottah and Travancore; these of the reign of the ancient princes, that resided then edifices were to be erecied under the superintendence of the civil engincer of estimates and taok repairs. [These have all
at the seat of government in Madura, it appears that been built.)
they were in the habit of resorting to the Hills, to enjoy the summer season at Pappanassam, where there statement prepared by J. Cotton, Esq., then collector, are pavilions built on the verge of the Taumbrapurney the population amounted to 629,350. But, by a better river, contiguous to the water-fall called the Kallian. and more diligent inquiry, instituted by recommendniteertum. There are also evident remains of a ation of Colonel Mackenzie, with the sanction of gopalace at Pappanassam. This country, towards the vernment in the year 1821, the result from the tables, hills, is subject to almost incessant rains, called drawn up according to the division of people into Shonay. But the land-winds prevail, and are very castes and professions, gives the whole population of violent in the months of July and August. The period Tinnevelly, including the Zemindaries, as 788,710 inof summer in Courtallum is generally considered habitants ; exclusive of the garrison, consisting of one beneficial to health, on account of the refreshing battalion of native infantry, and its dependents. showers which abound on this range of the mountains The town of Tinnevelly is of considerable antiquity. and its neighbourhood for 10 or 15 miles. Bathing It is situated upwards of a mile from the west bank of under the falls of the cataracts of the Taumbrapurney the Taumbrapurney river, at the distance of 35 miles and Sittar rivers, is supposed to be beneficial. The from the sea (where that river disembogues), and the principal times observed by the Hindus for bathing in town consists of six principal villages, viz. Ist, Nelleithe Courtallum water-fall are on the days of the Ar- yambalam ; 2d, Ettucunnarie : 3d, Tenputtee; 4th, pisse vissuvu, Chettri vissuvu, and Chettri púrrunúm, s'autaputtu; 5th, Candiapary, and Palliaputtadapetor the days of the full moon in April. The latter tah: these, with their subordinates, are so united originates from a tradition they have of its being the as to form one chief town, which bears the come anniversary of the saffron rain. The people who re- mon name of Tinnevelly, and contains 6857 houses, sort here for bathing on that day ascend to the first of which there are 142 upper-roomed and terraced, fall of the stream, called Tháne arrivú, or the Honey- 323 low-terraced, and 741 tiled buildings, and the refall. Besides the above-mentioned days of bathing, mainder thatched, giving 3.35 to each family, and the Addi and Tie ammavassies, solar and lunar 23,026 inhabitants. It is on a low site, surrounded eclipses, are in general days for their ablutions. But by paddy-fields: the streets are under water during the inhabitants of the neighbouring villages resort to the rains. The town is advantageously situated on it twice a-week, that is, on Mondays and Fridays: the the Shutá Mallay, and Arnapuram canals, which form last Friday in the month, especially, is considered a two fine branches of irrigation. There are 12 princi. very auspicious day for it.
pal streets and 142 lanes, several of which have names The gardens at Courtalluma bound with all sorts of descriptive of the various professions, castes, and emexotic vegetables and fruits, such as cabbages, turnips, ployments of the inhabitants: the eastern and southern carrots, lettuce, Sc., &c.; as well as oranges, limes, parts of the town are occupied chiefly by Bramins, and lemons, pumpelnoses, which are reared in abundance those to the north and west of the temple are lined in the gardens of gentlemen. But the inhabitants of with bazaars, and the houses of the Sudra part of the the country are rarely known to cultivate them. The population. Except a few of the principal streets, that N.E. monsoon commences here about the middle of are wide and airy, they are intricate, and thickly October; previous to which time the European visi- crowded with houses: the greatest part have thatched tors abandon the place, and the wild animals of the roofs and mud walls; amongst these, however, are hills often resort to shelter round their deserted build- several edifices, as above enumerated, with attic floors, ings. In the months of December and January, fever, flat-terraced with sloping verandahs; and a few very fluxes, and agues, prevail among the inhabitants; and handsome buildings. A commodious and extensive the ravages by small-pox in February and March are upper-roomed house, near the S. E. angle of the great often very alarming.
car street, is the dwelling of a respectable and opulent The mountains of Courtallum are the highest on Goozerat Bramin, of the name of Tocki. His resithat range of the Ghauts, but the summits are well dence is adorned with splendid furniture of British cultivated in some parts, and abound with spice and manufacture. Scarcely a year is said to pass without coffee plantations. The persevering efforts of Mr. fire making some ravages among the thatched buildCasamajor on the part of government in the year ings. But the most dreadful calamity that ever hap1800, bave spread fertility over a small part of the pened to Tinnevelly was in the year 1779, when the mountains, which nature seemed to have consigned to fire reduced two-thirds of the town to ashes. Besides everlasting barrenness. Besides the indigenous pro- the bazaars, which are well furnished with commodiductions of cardamums, the nutmeg-tree, and the coffee. ties, there are several granaries, where paddy, dry shrub, grow exuberantly in these gardens; and the grain, and other kinds of pulse, are sold.. A market annual expense to government in the year 1821, is held every Thursday in the western suburb, called amounted to rupees 1,224, for the establishment of Pallia Pettay, which was established in the reign of gardeners; but the production (of late), both in coilee Mungamaul (the Queen of Madura), where several and nutmeg, has abundantly repaid the expense, and articles of consumption, such as grain, onions, yams, is said to add considerably to the revenue of that vegetables, cotton, yarn-cloths, nuts, salt fishi, and salt collectorate.
(the two latter being brought from the coast), are exThe census of Tinnevelly was obtained from the re- hibited for sale. spective village Kurnums, as they stood in the years The great Shiven temple, which is dedicated to the 1821-22 and 23, during the collectorship of the late goddess Candimadeammin, and her consort NelliapJ. B. Hudleston, Esq., for the greater part, and con- pen, bears marks of great antiquity and former grancluded in the time of J. Munro, Esq., who issued strict deur. It is said to have enjoyed many privileges, injunctions to the several Tassildars, Zemindars, and which are found recorded in the numerous inscriptions Mittahdars, &c., enjoining them to advance the object on the walls and the inner apartments of the pagoda. of such inquiries by every means that lay in their The pagoda is composed of three square enclosures, power; in the hope of producing an accurate account one within the other; the outward wall is 770 feet by of the population.
550, 27 feet high and 4 feet thick. It has five spires It appears, that an inquiry was instituted in the or gobrums, that is, two on the east, facing the sunnayear 1811, requiring collectors of different districts to dee; and the remaining three front the other cardinal give their opinions on the population of their respec- points : six poojals are daily performed, commencing tive collectorates, in consequence of the prevalence of from the dawn of day till midnight. Besides whichi, an epidemic fever which raged in the southern pro- there are numerous other acts of private devotion vinces, and caused a great mortality. The collector, performed. J. Hepburn, Esq., furnished an estimate which con- The expense of the above ceremonies, conferred by tained 690,696 ; and in October 1817, according to a government, amounts to 404 rupees per diem. There
are twelve festivals, celebrated periodically; two of these are grand festivals, viz. the one which happens in the month of June, and is held in commemoration of the birth of the god; and the other in the month of October, commemorating his nuptials: these are usually solemnised in all the Shiven temples; on those two occasions five cars are highly decorated, and drawn in procession through the streets of the town. The expense on these occasions for the latter is 1554 rupees, and for the former 1550. At the season of the festivities the large muntapums on the east gate of the temple are decorated for the reception of the idols, when they are taken out in solemn train through the principal streets that surround the pagoda. The expenses of the other festivals are defrayed by government, and vary from 74 to 375 rupees for each on the whole, the expenses for the great Shiven temple annually amount to 17,871 rupees, 9 annas, and 1 pice.
The festivals for Permaul, or Vistnu, happen twice a-year, in the months of September and March, when cars are drawn equal to the expense allowed them, which must not exceed 210 rupees. Independently of these, there are 21 lesser temples within the precincts of the town; to each of which an allowance of one rupee per diem is conferred to defray the expenses of their respective establishments, &c. There are besides several substantial edifices, built of granite, dedicated to the use of the idols; and here food is usually served out to a limited number of Bramins alone, by funds arising from donations, and other charitable offerings: besides the muntapums, there are muddums appropriated for the dwelling of sanniassics, and chuttrums for the reception of Bramin travellers. In Tinnevelly there are no less than 60 private schools, chiefly Tamil, and a few Sanscrit, Hindoostanee, Arabic, &c. In these schools an average of from 30 to 40 pupils each gives 2100 children that receive education. Besides these, four mission schools were opened in the year 1817, by the Reverend J. Hough. The missionaries have a meeting of the school-boys on every Wednesday evening, in the town, where the Hindus, both men and women, often give their attendance, to hear a portion of Scripture read and explained. Of Mahomedan places of worship there are ten principal mosques, four of which are designated by the term Musjeeds, and fourteen Pu'ly wassils or lesser ones, together with several other inferior kinds, known by the name of Fakeers Faikal: the whole of these are supported by mohins, or small sums in money conferred by government, according to the former usages of these institutions. There are two Romish churches, and a few chapels: the one at Palliapettay is the largest, where a Goa priest resides; and the other is on the north side of the town, called Candiapary, built in the year 1786. The tassildar holds his cutcherry in the outward apartment of the great pagoda, so as to give access to the lower classes of the inhabitants in general.
The police administration of the Talooks and Zemindaries is vested in the tassildars, since the office of darogahs was abolished in 1820. A commissioner's court is held here for the recovery of small debts; the former under the control of the magistrate, and the latter subject to the authority of the judge at Madura. [Now it is subject to the auxiliary court.]
The zillah of Tinnevelly was established in the year 1808, when the court of Ramnad was incorporated with Madura. This court was abolished in August 1822, and annexed to the zillah of Madura. The court-house and its dependent buildings are surrounded by a high wall, on the south side of the temple; since the appointment of James Munro, Esq. collector, in June 1823, this building was devoted to the establishment of the Huzzoor cutcherry. [An auxiliary court was established in Tinnevelly in 1827.] Tinnevelly (the town) cannot claim any consider
able share of manufacture for itself, so much as its neighbourhood. Besides the common long-cloths, &c. manufactured by the Kykolar weavers, used for the dress of the common people, reed-mats are made by Moormen or lubbays, and the puttay arrack is distilled by the Elavers, who are also the venders of that article: they also carry on a small manufacture of cloths. There are two paper-mills for the manufacture of coarse brown paper, which, in texture and colour, is much inferior to that made at Madura. In no country to the southward are there more carts known to be employed than in Tinnevelly; they afford employment to a great number of the inhabitants in conveying grain, cotton, cloths, straw, tobacco, and especially firewood, bamboo, and timber, &c. &c., from the hills, which are situated from forty to fifty miles on the west.
JOY AT THE SAVIOUR'S BIRTH:
BY THE REV. FRANCIS JOHN STAINFORTHI, M.A.
"Fear not; for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day, in the city of David, a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger. And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men."
THE birth of a child is, under any circumstances, an event of the highest interest. Expectation has at length given place to reality; another being has come into the world, to fill our place when we are gone, and to run his course of joy or suffering, till he is called on in his turn to make room for those beneath him. At such a season every heart beats high with expectation, and every countenance is lighted up with pleasure. The cheerful tones of congratulation, the light step of innocent gladness, the pressure of the friendly hand, are there, till the father's heart is softened with the consciousness of his happiness, and the mother feels her pangs requited for joy that a man is born into the world. We gaze on the new-born infant, as he sleeps all careless of the interest he has excited; and hope, with fond credulity, will image forth many a scene of usefulness and delight in which he may live to share. Yet there are sadder thoughts which crowd into the reflecting mind in spite of all its efforts. Is he indeed destined to survive the perils of infancy, and the adventurous rashness of youth? Will he be one of those whom good men delight to honour, serviceable in his generation, and leaving a bright example to all who follow him? or will he be one whose track is stained with guilt, and whose end is pointed at by shame? What hardships and trials, what buffetings and afflictions, may be
the lot of this unconscious slumberer! What I of love. But will God indeed dwell with furious passions may one day tear this help- men—with men benighted in ignorance and less bosom! What vain hopes, and ardent depraved by sin ? Behold, the heaven of projects, and bitter disappcintments, may heavens cannot contain him; and how shall disturb his peace! And will he repay our he stoop to enter this the meanest and most present anxiety by soothing the infirmity of polluted region of his unmeasured dominions ? our declining years ? or will he bring our Or, if he come among us, in what guise grey hairs in sorrow to the grave ? Alas, shall he appear that is suited to his dignity? we cannot tell. Years may pass away before With what awful terrors might we expect his character and destiny are determined ; him to come armed, the heavens bowed beand we niay never live to see the result, to neath his feet, the earth shrinking from his comfort him in his troubles, or to rejoice in presence, the guilty sons of men calling on his success.
the rocks to fall on them, and the mountains And then Christianity, where it exists at to cover them from his wrath.
Fear not, all, will always give birth to a new train of brethren; for God sent not his Son into the sentiments. We see before us a heir of immor- world to condemn the world, but that the tality, a candidate for heaven, one whom God world through him might be saved. He has loved, one for whom Christ has died, one came, not to plague us for our offences, but to whom the Holy Spirit will not be denied, to help our infirmities ; not to call us to our one whom we are privileged to bring to the account, but to provide a remedy for our holy font of baptism, and dedicate with sins. He came to make a way of reconciliagrateful hearts to the service of his Maker. tion with his Father; to sacrifice his life as Yet will he rightly improve these means of man, that men might live immortally; that, grace? Will he pursue these hopes of glory by virtue of his sufferings, we might be rewith all the fervour and perseverance which leased from the fears and penalties of guilt; they merit? Will the life he has derived that, through his intercession, our prayers from us prove ultimately a blessing or a might be heard on high ; that, by his doctrine, curse ? for on the right use of it depends the our nature might be purified, and our feet be happiness or misery of an immortal soul. guided into the way of peace ; that, by his It is not the mere fleeting existence of a pattern, we might be modelled to every creature that is crushed before the moth; Christian virtue, and adorned for his eternal but the beginning of an endless life, with all society and love. When the light of heaven the responsibilities of those whom God has first shines into our hearts, like the shepherds called to a knowledge of his truth, and who of old, we are sore afraid ; but the voice of have the awful alternative of heaven or hell mercy still cries to us, Fear not; for, behold, set before them in the Gospel. Well may I bring you glad tidings of great joy. Glad the parent tremble for the fate of his new- tidings of great joy indeed, that God has not found treasure, and pray that that God who cast off his people, but has remembered the has been the guide and support of his own promise that he made to the forefathers of pilgrimage, may continue to vouchsafe un- our faith, to Abraham and his seed for ever. diminished mercy to the children that are Glad tidings of great joy indeed, that unto given him.
you is born a Saviour. We looked for anger, These I suppose are thoughts which must and behold mercy; for vengeance, and bebe familiar to all at least who have rejoiced hold forgiveness. The Judge himself has in the name of a husband and a father ; stepped from off his throne to suffer for us, for these are such as the first sight of our and has resumed it to pronounce our acquittal. offspring is always calculated to excite. But This amazing tenderness towards his creawe are met together now to celebrate the tures, this earnest and intense desire for their birth of an Infant to whom we may all claim recovery to his likeness and his favour, shews relationship ; of that auspicious Babe on that we can never apply to him in vain, or whose appearance our eternal interests de- vainly seek the benefits of his redemption ; pended. In the fulness of time God sent shews, in fact, that we cannot be more anxihis Son into the world in form and fashion ous to receive salvation than he is anxious to as a man, and made under the law, that we bestow it. Thanks be to God, then, for this might be redeemed from its curse. This was unspeakable gift. Thanks for that surpass. the greatest event the world had ever wit- ing love which in fear, and in sickness, and nessed, the object for which all other events in grief, still points to the place where the had been directed by an overruling Provi- young Child lay, and gives us a comfortable dence. Prophets and righteous men had assurance that, as he did not abhor the virdesired in vain to see it ; nor could the very gin's womb, so he will not disdain to make angels of heaven anticipate the accomplish- his abode in the humble and contrite heart. ment of this mysterious act of wisdom and " And, behold, I bring you glad tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.” | tain men clave unto him, and believed ; Though the message of mercy was first de among the which was Dionysius the Areolivered to the shepherds, they were not to pagite, and a woman named Damaris, and entertain the selfish notion that they had many others.” And why, amongst many any exclusive interest in it; nor, on the other others, should Dionysius the Areopagite, hand, to be saddened by the thought that and a woman named Damaris, be specified ? any of God's creatures were overlooked in Why, but to bid you mark that the doctrine this visitation of his love. He would have of the apostle was such as no learning would us know that his goodness is as unlimited in be disparaged by confessing, and no feebleits operation as it is wonderful in its nature. ness of intellect should be incapable of reNot, alas, that we may hope that all will ceiving. Unto you, then, whatever be your profit by it; on the contrary, we have too age, or sex, or rank, the enormity or conmuch reason to believe that many will find tinuance of your guilt, the weakness of your their condemnation aggravated by the abuse nature, or the pressure of your temptations,of those privileges which were intended for upto you, we proclaim good tidings of great their blessing. To such we cannot say, joy, that there was this day born unto you a Fear not; for there is every thing for them Saviour. to dread. We cannot say that we bring And this Saviour is here called Christ the them good tidings of great joy, while they are Lord, that is, the anointed Lord,-a title immersed in worldly pleasures ; for we are which, you may remember, is frequently bound to proclaim that danger overhangs applied to our "Redeemer both in the Old them, and * a fearful looking for of wrath and New Testaments: and this is not withand fiery indignation.". We cannot speak out a meaning. There were three classes of thus to such as are hasting to be rich ; for to men whom it was customary to anoint when the poor is the Gospel preached, and hardly they were consecrated to their respective shall the rich man enter into the kingdom of offices, viz. prophets, priests, and kings; and God. We cannot speak thus to such as are in each of these relations does the blessed climbing the heights of ambition, and panting Jesus stand to all his true disciples. He is after the honours of the world ; for our lan- our Prophet; for he came to teach us the guage is, Except ye become as little children, things that belong to our peace; and without except ye become as this little child, ye shall his teaching we can know nothing as we in nowise enter into the kingdom of heaven. ought to know it. He has taught us our But the gift is spoken of according to the origin--that the body of man was formed out effects it is properly calculated to produces of the dust, and the spirit was an emanation It is justly called good tidings of great joy from God himself. He has taught us our to all people, that unto them is born a Sa- fallen condition our first parents having viour, if they will but close with his gracious offended their Creator, and transmitted an offer, and accept the salvation he came down evil nature to all their children, which renfrom heaven to bestow. There is no dis- ders them prone to sin, and liable to continction of persons in his system ; high and demnation. He has taught us the mode by low, rich and poor, ignorant and learned, are which we may become reconciled to God by equally invited and equally welcome. See looking to Him that bore our sins in bis own how from the first he called around his cradle body on the tree, and humbly, yet faithfully, men of opposite kinds--the poor shepherds claiming the promised imputation of his from the quiet innocence of their pasa merits. He has taught us to expect his tures, and the wise men from their studies Spirit to cleanse and sanctify our hearts, in the east ; and dear to him was the and to make us meet for that inheritance of simple homage of those rustics, who seemed glory which is prepared for them that love to typify him that came to seek the sheep him. And whence had this Man such knowthat were lost, and lead them to the green ledge to impart to us, but that he was that pastures and living waters of his love ; and anointed Prophet by whom the Father would dear to him was the high-born adoration of unfold the great mysteries of godliness? One those magi, as they cast their crowns before of his titles is “the Word.” This is the name his feet, and poured into his lap the abun- so often given him by St. John at the opening dance of their offering. Could any thing of his Gospel : “ In the beginning was the better teach us that no situation in life is so Word, and the Word was with God, and the exalted but what religion claims its defer- Word was God.” And he was so called in ence, and none so humble but what religion the opinion of the Fathers, because he wasproffers to it the riches and honours of im- the mode of commi