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nious sounds, though to our grosser ears they more wretched than the state of that man's are as yet inaudible, and will only then be mind, who, in his last hours, has to look back perceived by us, when we have put off' this upon the misapplication of distinguished tarobe of mortality, and are admitted to the lents; who, having received high natural ensociety of the blessed. But whatever there dowments, or (we should rather say) high may be in this idea---whether it be only a gifts from God, has wickedly prostituted them fond imagination of the enthusiast, or in any to the worst of purposes, by ministering to measure correspondent with the reality of the evil and sensual affections, and supplythings as yet unheard and unperceived—there ing fuel to the worst passions of our fallen is surely something pleasing in the thought; nature. Do not the minds of many of my something also, which might be turned to our readers instantly recur to one affecting inadvantage, if we could infer from it that this, stance of this kind of exquisite poetic genius and every other faculty which we possess, basely squandered, nay, impiously sold to the ought to be devoted to the honour of Him service of the enemy of God and man! How who endowed us with them ; and particularly great the misery of reflecting (if reflect he that this art and science of music can never did) that for ages to come he might be instrube employed so worthily, as in promoting the mental, by the malignant influence of his glory of God and the benefit of man. When, beautifully beguiling stanzas, in perverting as upon those well-known public occasions the principles and corrupting the morals of which annually take place in the metropolis, his fellow-men!

his fellow-men! How feelingly does one of its liighest efforts are directed to the great the greatest of our poets lament such abuse object of awakening devotion and exciting of his transcendent powerssympathy-how have we been delighted and

O gracious God, how far have we affected by such an application of it! how

Profan'd thy heavenly gift of poesy,

Whose harmony was first ordain'd above, have we rejoiced that this refined and noble

For tougues of angels and for hymns of love !" science should have thus administered to the Woe be to the man who thus degrades it from most exalted purposes, should have become its noble destination, who, by connecting subservient to the honour of God, and the sweet sounds with profane, impure, licentious relief of the distressed! These are, indeed, language, drags down this excellent faculty ends most worthy of its excellence.

from the province which Heaven had allotted We should scarcely be speaking too highly it, and turns the gift of God against the giver! of it, when viewed in the exercise of this its But the young have especial reason to guard more elevated employment, were we to apply against imbibing poison from such sources of to it the language of the admirable Hooker, moral mischief. If at any time their ears are and say, that “its seat is the bosom of God, assailed, and their approbation solicited, by its voice the harmony of the world ; that all such evil agents, let them resolve to “have things in heaven and earth do it homage, both no fellowship with such unfruitful works of angels and men, and creatures of what con- darkness, but rather reprove them,” saying, dition soever, admiring it as the mother of How can ye, like Belshazzar, profane the contheir peace and joy." Well might the royal secrated vessels of God's house ? or saying of Psalmist exult in the consciousness that he such talents, as God said unto Moses respecthad dedicated his talent to the honour of his ing the censers of Korah and his company, God, and address it, in connexion with his “They offered them before the Lord, therefore vocal powers, as his glory : “My heart is they are hallowed." Honour and blessing be fixed, O God, my heart is fixed ; I will sing upon the head of him who consecrates supeand give praise. Awake up, my glory; awake, rior musical powers to the service of that lute and harp; I myself will awake right God from whom they are derived, and to the early. I will give thanks unto thee, O Lord, promotion of that religion which is the only among the people ; I will sing unto thee foundation of our present and future hapamong the nations." The possession of such piness! Talents thus exercised, are truly a talent, when it is exercised in imparting in- honourable to their possessor; the charms of nocent delight, but especially when directed music thus directed may be productive of the to inspire devotion, to awaken pity, to excite happiest effects. It was for this the Author benevolence, is really an high and enviable of our being made man susceptible of the distinction. Alas, that an art in itself so most refined and exquisite pleasure from pure, so dignified, so heavenly, should ever musical sounds, and, as it were, attuned his be otherwise employed; that it should ever frame to barmony, that delight and duty become the handmaid of vice, should be per- might go hand in hand; that here below he verted to the diffusion of seditious sentiments, might have some anticipation of that ecstatic to the excitement of unchaste desires, to the enjoyment, which the songs of angels will in encouragement of brutal intemperance ! another state afford him. And doubtless it

It is scarcely possible to conceive any thing was for this that God has gifted some men with more distinguished talents than others, and stir our affections; there is that draweth that they may exert those in the cause of to a marvellous grave and sober mediocrity, virtue, and may make his public worship to there is also that carrieth as it were into be more frequented by rendering it more at- ecstacies, filling the mind with a heavenly joy, tractive. He who planted the ear made it and for the time in a manner severing it from capable of conveying to the soul the sub- the body. So that, although we lay altogether limest and most affecting sentiments of piety aside the consideration of ditty or matter, the to God and charity to men. He chose that very harmony of sounds being framed in due these feelings should be excited not by arti- sort, and carried from the ear to the spiritual culate language only, but also by musical faculties of our souls, is by a native puissance modulation, and the sweet accord of sacred and efficacy greatly available to bring to a sounds. Hence, to cultivate and improve the perfect temper whatsoever is there troubled, taste for sacred music, is but to discharge a apt as well to quicken the spirits as to allay debt of gratitude to Him who hath inspired that which is too eager, sovereign against that taste, to correspond with His gracious melancholy and despair, forcible to draw forth purpose who designed this holy and delight tears of devotion, if the mind be such as can ful exercise to be a preparation for the still yield them, able both to move and to moderate diviner harmonies of another and a better all affections. state of being.

The prophet David having therefore sinI shall conclude the present paper with the gular knowledge, not in poetry alone, but in following beautiful extract from the judicious music also, judged them both to be things Hooker:

most necessary for the house of God; left “ Touching musical harmony, whether by behind him to that purpose a number of instrument or by voice, it being but of high divinely indited poems, and was further the and low in sounds a due proportionable dis-author of adding unto poetry melody in public position, such notwithstanding is the force prayer, melody both vocal and instrumental, thereof, and so pleasing effects it hath in that for the raising up of men's hearts, and the very part of man which is most divine, that sweetening of their affections towards God. some have been thereby induced to think that In which considerations the Church of Christ the soul itself by nature is, or hath in it, har- doth likewise at this present day retain it as mony. A thing which delighteth all ages, and an ornament to God's service, and an help to beseemeth all states ; a thing as seasonable in our own devotion. grief as in joy; as decent being added unto "In church music, curiosity and ostentaactions of the greatest weight and solemnity, tion of art, wanton, or light, or unsuitable as being used when men most sequester them- harmony, such as only pleaseth the ear, and selves from action. The reason hereof is an doth not naturally serve to the very kind and admirable facility which music hath to express degree of those impressions which the matter and represent to the mind, more inwardly that goeth with it leaveth, or is apt to leave, than any other sensible mean, the very in men's minds, doth rather blemish and disstanding, rising, and falling, the very steps grace that we do than add either beauty or and inflections every way, the turns and va- furtherance unto it. On the other side, these rieties of all passions whereunto the mind faults prevented, the force and efficacy of the is subject; yea, so to imitate them, that whe- thing itself, when it drowneth not utterly, but ther it resemble unto us the same state wherein fitly suiteth with matter altogether sounding our minds already are, or a clean contrary, we to the praise of God, is in truth most adare not more contentedly by the one con- mirable, and doth much edify, if not the firmed, than changed and led away by the understanding, because it teacheth not, yet other. In harmony the very image and cha- surely the affection, because therein it worketh racter even of virtue and vice is perceived, much. They must have hearts very dry and the mind delighted with their resemblances, tough, from whom the melody of psalms doth and brought by having them often iterated not sometimes draw that wherein a mind into a love of the things themselves. For religiously affected delighteth.” which cause there is nothing more contagious

[To be concluded in the next Number.) and pestilent than some kinds of harmony; than some nothing more strong and potent unto good. And that there is such a differ- SKETCHES FROM A TRAVELLER'S ence of one kind from another, we need no

PORTFOLIO. proof but our own experience, inasmuch as

No. XI.-The Exile. we are at the hearing of some more inclined

I met him first upon the sea-shore. It was a raw and unto sorrow and heaviness, of some more

gusty day; and the waves were dashing their white mollified and softened in mind; one kind crests with a hoarse murmur against the base of the apter to stay and settle us, another to move long ledge of rock, that I had climbed to see more


distinctly a distant vessel, which, tossing and heaving banks of the Rhine ; and one morning I sallied out on the waters, was vainly endeavouring to enter the to take a long ramble amid that lovely scenery. It harbour. While I intently viewed it through my tele- was from Bingen that I started, and I sometimes kept scope, I was startled by a deep low voice just beside close by the margin of the noble stream, and somemc; for I had supposed myself far from any living times climbed the terraced heights that girded in its being : “You seem much interested in that solitary

I frequently paused to contemplate the probark: is it so new to you to look at a thing labouring spect around me, with, I trust, something of the Chrisin troubled waters? You may see that sight else- tian aspiration, “My Father made all this." I know where." I instantly apologised to the stranger for scarcely any country, in ils particular kind, to be blocking up his path ; for I stood in the narrowest classed with this. It is true that the hills are not part, where no one could pass me, and this had caused high enough to deserve the name sometimes given his address. Ile bowed haugintily and went on; and I them of mountains, neither are the prospects asto• could hear him say in a tone of suppressed feeling, as nishing for their magnitude, or sublime for their wildhe slowly paced along, " Ay, am not I too like yon ness; but there is a varied succession of rich and heaving vessel, the sport of the wild winds ?" and then, picturesque scenery, and as the traveller glides down changing his humour, he laughed a sarcastic laugh. the river, he may imagine himself traversing a fairyI saw him two or three times more during my stay at land. The vineyards thickly clothe in successive tiers Boulogne, but he was always alone, and treading some the sides of the hills ; every height is crested with unfrequented path. He shewed no inclination to speak, some fantastic ruin; and in every nook is seated some but merely greeted me with a cold and somewhat stern rural village or fortified town. History lends her aid bow.

to throw a charm over the scene, as she testifies of I afterwards learned a few particulars of bis his- the deeds of fame heretofore enacted on these spots ; tory. He was the younger branch of a noble family, and imagination can almost repeople then with the and had possessed an estate suitable to his rank. In fierce warriors that once here struggled for booty or early life he had married an amiable lady, who bore him for fame. It was a lovely morning when I set out on one fair daughter. To the world's eye he was happy, my excursion. I strolled along the river-bank till i the object of envy or respect; but, alas, one fatal vice came just opposite to Rüdesheim, with its three old soon blighted the pleasant prospect. He was addicted castles. Then I climbed the pretty hill which is to gaming; and after the usual fluctuations of fortune, crowned by the white chapel of St. Roch, glistening he found himself reduced to a pittance of what he had in the bright sun. It was St. Roch's day, and multiformerly enjoyed. Still the baneful passion preserved tudes of pilgrims were assembling to pay their vows its ascendency. Ile carefully collected the wrecks of there. But it was too melancholy a spectacle to conhis property, and staked them at one desperate throw. template their superstitious ceremonies; and therefore He was unsuccessful; when, roused almost to madness, I cast only a hasty glance upon the magnificent Rhine he offered to play for, as it is called, double or quits. | laving the square tower of Bishop Hatto, and rushing This, with similar bad fortune, he twice or thrice re- over the rocks which stud its bed at the base of the peated, and Mr. left the den of iniquity that castle of Ehrenfels, and then I resolved to explore the night, not merely stripped of every thing, but under valley of the Nahe. I followed for a long time the engagements to pay besides more than he bad ever course of this stream, and after traversing a considerowned. His wife was acquainted with his calamity able extent of country, I came to a small town, where only by the wild countenance with which he returned I purposed to remain all night. Here the master of home that miserable night; and early in the morning, the inn informed me that there was a countryman of with a brief adieu, he left her and his child for ever. mine lying at the point of death. He was in, he said, She sunk under the struke; and the child was soon a lodging close by; and his situation, as he appeared after laid by her side in the quiet grave. The news, to have no friends, had excited some notice in the it was said, had somewhat affected his hard heart ; but place ; for his illness was brought on by an accidental he had imbibed infidel principles, and the sources of fall while exploring a neighbouring ruined castle. the best feelings were well-nigh dried up within him. This account was quite enough to awaken my symHe was now living, an outcast from society, on a small pathy; and therefore, sending in a message with my pension, just sufficient for his wants, granted him by a name and profession, I intimated that, if not disagreewealthy relative.

able, I would visit the invalid that evening. The re. I saw him a second time in a city in the south of ply was a hearty expression of thankfulness and pleaEurope, in which I happened one Sunday to perform sure. Accordingly I proceeded to the lodging pointed a service for the English at the hotel where I was out to me; and on entering the sick-room was astostaying. I perceived him glide in and take his seat nished to recognise, stretched upon the bed, Mr. in a corner, az if he wished to escape notice; but there I was yet more surprised to perceive an animated was no mistaking his lofty brow and commanding smile light up his faded features, and to see him figure. He told me afterwards that it was mere eagerly stretch forth his hand to welcome me.

" Do curiosity, for which lie hardly could account, that drew you then recullect me?” he said in a faltering voice ; him that morning to our assembly. But I had no com- "if you do, you will perhaps wonder to hear me say munication with him then, for the instant the service that you, of all other persons, I have most wished was concluded, with a cold haughty look, he walked to see."

He added, “ You cannot have forgotten out of the room.

the service you conducted some years back at Years rolled away, and I had almost forgotten When I remind you that I was there, and assure you the exile. At last I was spending a summer on the that that service left an impression on my mind which

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has never been effaced, you will easily comprehend the the symptoms of his disease, and be bad lain for a delight I feel in your visit." This was indeed a de- month where I found him, gradually but surely sinklightful assurance to me; and though unwilling to ing beneath the rayages of consumption. But as the press the invalid beyond his strength, I could not help outward man decayed, the inward man was day by day begging him to give me some further account of the renewed, and he was calmly expecting with blessed change which appeared to have been wrought in him. hope the hour when, absent from the body, he should

His narrative was simple and consistent. He had be present with the Lord. strolled into the hotel on the occasion alluded to from It may easily be supposed that I did not gain all an undefined curiosity; he had left it feeling merely these particulars at one interview: his weakness perthat he had listened to the specious argument of a mitted him to say little at a time; and his unaffected partisan. But in his solitary moments the truths then humility caused me to infer, rather than to learn from stated came again and again to his thoughts. The bis lips, the advances he had made in vital godliness. sure consolation of the Gospel in a dying hour had It will also be anticipated that I did not leave him to been dwelt on, when worldly supports must fail; and the care of strangers. I felt it a duty, and I am sure he could not help reflecting, that if such a steady hope it was a gratification, to tend the few failing hours of were really to be found, it was well worth securing his life. I have never witnessed a frame of mind more And then by degrees a doubt occurred to him whether contrite; I never saw a childlike trust in the Saviour he had examined with sufficient care the claims of more beautifully exemplified; I never had a surer revelation. Ile had imagined that he had detected hope that the once-dead soul was quickened into spiinconsistencies in the Bible, enough to overthrow its ritual life. One afternoon, as I sat by his bedside, authority. But had he not adopted this notion too

he asked me,

you remember our first interview ? rashly? and might there not be stronger proofs, which You were watching a solitary vessel, trying in vain to he had not properly and fully weighed ? He had stem the opposition of a stormy sea.

I know not leisure enough : he would therefore employ it in the low it was," he added, “but a thought came then inquiry. Accordingly he procured a Bible, and began powerfully across my mind, that I resembled that wavecarefully to peruse it. In this perusal he was affected tossed bark. And, indeed, it was so; for I was a with a majesty he had never before perceived in it; lonely being, cast off equally by God and man - a he was convinced that its descriptions of the corrup- living exemplification of the Scripture declaration, tion of the world were true. He admired the remedy that there is no peace to the wicked; they are like proposed in it for the moral wretchedness of man. the troubled sea, whose waters cast up mire and dirt.' And when he considered the character of Christ, his Even in the time of my worldly prosperity I was a meekness under suffering, the sublime tone of his in- miserable man, the prey of disquieting apprehensions. structions, his fulfilment of the things predicted of The pleasures I sought after never satisfied me; and him, he came to the conclusion of the Roman officer, I constantly felt an aching void in my soul, which “ Truly this man was the Son of God.” He sought in neither rank nor riches could fill up.” Then, halfearnest prayer the guidance of God's Holy Spirit, and raising himself in his bed, he cried, with unwonted endeavoured to become more and more acquainted energy, 0, carry forth the testimony of one who with what he now felt to be the great power of God speaks from experience-a testimony from my grave, unto salvation. But it was long before he arrived at that to seek happiness in the world is to seek the any peace and joy in believing. His conscience, once living among the dead, to spend money for that which awakened, terribly condemned his past transgressions, is not bread, and labour for that which satisfieth not." and for a while he was tormented with the apprehen- He paused, exbausted by his earnestness, and in a few sion that he had committed the unpardonable sin. It moments continued : “ But I obtained mercy. I was was not, therefore, till after much bondage of spirit, driving a desolate wreck upon the billows; and He that he was brought into the glorious liberty of the hath brought me into the haven, where my soul would sons of God. But as he contemplated the finished be. How can I worthily praise him for it?"

work of Christ upon the cross, he began gradually to *He had long been anxious, as far as his means would

perceive that it must be commensurate with the whole | allow, to make reparation to those whose just claims extent of human guilt. He discovered, therefore, that upon him were unpaid ; and he gave me some directhere was no bar to his reconciliation with the Father, tions how I might best fulfil his wishes. “I know," he and adoption into God's family. He perceived that said, “ that God has, for Christ's sake, forgiven me an open door was before him, which no man could my sins; but I desire, if possible, to undo some of shut. He approached the Saviour with a simple faith the evil I have done; I desire at least to shew my in the promises of the Gospel ; he found acceptance hatred of injustice." And the greatest sorrow that and salvation, and that kingdom of God which is he felt was, because his power herein fell short of his righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost wishes. was set up in his heart. And now his study became The closing scene was near.

I watched him one to live to the glory of Him whom he had formerly dis- afternoon as he slept a quiet sleep. After a time le owned; and ever since, in a meek, unostentatious awoke, and I perceived a marked change in his feamanner, he had been endeavouring to lead a life of “ All is well,” he softly said ; " the everlastholy devotedness and active zeal. His health having ing arms are beneath me.” Then turning to me, he declined, he was advised to make an excursion for uttered a few faltering words: “God repay to you change of air and scene; and it was in the course of your love to me. I trust to be in the eternal world this journey that he had met with the accident referred one part of your joy and crown." He lay silent a few to. This, the breaking of a rib, had aggravated all moments, and then breathed forth his humble aspira


tion," Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. I come, most some grievous sin, from which they will not easily reguilty in myself, but washed, I trust, in thy blood, and cover their footing. It appears, then, that the difficlothed in thy righteousness.” And after one or two

culty of overcoming sin is often a reason for persons

yielding to its influence. convulsive pangs, he passed from a bed of suffering to

But there is sometimes yet another incorrect notion a throne of glory. Farewell, my friend! I trust to formed of the spiritual life; namely, that it is secure meet thee in that day when the nations shall be from sorrow and affliction. This idea determines some gathered before the tribunal of Christ, and to spend to profess themselves Christians. They begin the heawith thee a blissful eternity in the kingdom of our

venly course with joy and alacrity; and while the sun

shines upon them, they are pleased and gratified: but exalted Lord.

when, as our Saviour says, " tribulation or persecution A hillock in the burial-ground of

- marks the

ariseth because of the word, immediately they are ofspot where the mouldering dust of Mr. reposes. fended :" they are, in fact, the stony-ground hearers. He lies far from the splendid sepulchre of his noble They have formed incorrect notions of the Christian ancestors; and in a little while it will be forgotten on course; they suppose that it is all peace, and joy, and earth that such a man has lived. But in my breast I

satisfaction; they forget, in fact, the unerring word of

Scripture, that through much tribulation we must love to cherish his memorial, and to recall in gratitude

enter the kingdom.” When, therefore, they find that to God the circumstances of my acquaintance with the religion does not exempt them from the ordinary trials Exile.

U. and afflictions of life, and that, so far from doing this,

it not unfrequently brings upon them trials and troubles

peculiar to itself, they hastily give up the spiritual life THE PREDISPOSING CAUSES AND SYMP- in disgust, as being so very different from what they TOMS OF RELAPSE IN RELIGION. had fondly anticipated. Here, then, may be traced a

cause, by no means uncommon, of declines or relapses A Decline in religion may be sometimes traced to from religion. How necessary, then, is it to receive incorrect notions formed of the spiritual life. Some, proper impressions of the spiritual life in the first init is believed, look for sensible evidences of the Divine stance, as it would save so much chagrin and disapfavour. This is not unfrequently the case with young pointment to the professor himself, and avert so much Christians; their language is not unlike Philip's, who discredit from the sacred cause in the eyes of a scoffing said, “ Lord, shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us” and ungodly world! How necessary to remember our (John, xiv. 8). They expect unprecedented enjoyment Saviour's admonition (Matt. xvi. 24), " If any man in prayer, and perhaps look for miraculous answers ; will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up they forget, in fact, that the new life upon which they his cross, and follow me!" have entered is not a life of sense, or of sensible evi- But there are many causes tending to produce a dence, but a life of faith. They forget that it is their relapse, which are unconnected with the era of conpart to believe the promises of God, even though they version, or any incorrect notions formed immediately see no prospect of their fulfilment; that they must of the spiritual life. I may mention gradual entanglewait upon God, even when he makes as though he ment in the shares or cares of life. The youthful conheareth not; and that they must be content to forego vert is of course in danger from the snares of life, -by the manifestations of his love, whenever he chooses to which I mean the pleasures, allurements, and tempwithdraw them. It is the Christian's part to hope and tations of this present evil world. Alas, how many believe; but hope implies that the object of his wishes has a love of sensual pleasure seduced from the stedis not in sight: “ for what a man seeth, why doth he fastness of their Christian walk! The ancient moral. yet hope for ?" His belief, too, implies that there is ists would allow no young men to become their hearers not at present any perceptible substance or reality in or disciples, fearing that, at that early age, the love of heavenly things, but what they derive from the strength pleasure would break through all moral restraints. and energy of his faith ; “ faith being the substance Now, though the Saviour is willing to take by the of things hoped for, and the evidence of things not hand the youngest disciple that comes to him, yet it seen.” Now some persons, on making these disco- cannot be denied, that many of his professed followers veries, renounce their religious profession, or become among the young have been drawn away from him careless about it. This disappointment, we think, is by the corruption that is in the world through lust." no unfruitful source of relapses from the spiritual St. Paul's epistles to Timothy are peculiarly worthy

the study of young men, as it respects the warnings Others, again, expect that there will be a freedom which he gives him against these fatal fascinations. from all spiritual conflict. They enter on their Chris- This love of pleasure, however, never reigns in the tian course with a determination to destroy every sin, heart of any growing Christian, even though he may not doubting that in time inbred sin will be destroyed ; be young in years; and if it be allowed to seize hold but sin still survives all their efforts to annihilate it- of the affections, there is undeniable evidence of a they still feel that “the flesh lusteth against the spirit, decline from the good ways of God; and the professor as well as the spirit against the flesh.” Perhaps, after becomes, as the result, “ a lover of pleasure more than a time, they become disheartened; since their efforts a lover of God.” How wise, and how worthy of uniare not wholly successful, they will cease to make any versal imitation, was the conduct of Moses,“ in efforts at all; when they ought to console themselves choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of as Paul did, “ so then it is no more I that do it, but God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season !" sin that dwelleth in me” (Rom. vii. 17), they foolishly But not only the snares, but the cares of life are a give up the contest -- they sbrink from their posts in predisposing cause of a decline in religion. There is the day of battle--they allow their spiritual enemies probably no situation without its trials; but it is unto subdue them. It is thus that the perversity of our deniable, that those who are contented with a liule, fallen nature shews itself; because these persons can- are more secure from them than the covetous and ambinot do every thing, therefore they will do nothing. tious. If the Christian, having food and raiment, and This carelessness of walk will soon plunge them into a convenient habitation, would therewith be content, • From “ The Backslider's Manual." By the Rev. James

what heartaches and what heartburnings might he Whytt, M.A., curate of St. Peter's, Colchester. Colchester, J. frequently escape ! “But they that will be rich fall Taylor; London, latchards, &c. - This is a very excellent little work, from the perusal of which much important encou.

into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish ragement and spiritual improvement may be obtained.

and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction subject of backsliding is handled in an experimental inanner, and perdition.” How much better to have a mode,




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