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The music and the mirth of kings

attributable to the number of respectable persons who Are out of tune, unless she sings.

had arrived on its shores, bringing with them the Then close thine eyes in peace, and sleep secure

moral restrictions and principles

of their native land, No sleep so sweet as thine, no rest so sure.

thus infusing life through the body of the population. The number of ministers who had come had also

tended, in a remarkable degree, to a change, which Miscellaneous.

was converting the land to a land of the living. AnoMANNERS AND Customs or the Cutchees. They

ther cause was the establishment of schools for youth. are simple in their habits of life; their common food

The great proportion of the inhabitants who, until

within a few years, were given up to matters connect. is rice, parched grain, or a few vegetables cooked with a little ghee, and eaten with cakes of coarse flour;

ed with their physical existence, now seemed more

devoted to the cultivation of their moral faculties, to the better sort of people sometimes indulge in curry and sweetmeats.

which good effect the press had, no doubt, by its influ. They profess themselves water

ence, in some degree contributed.–Sydney Gazette, drinkers, but are really addicted to the use of intoxi

Oct. 6, 1838. cating liquors, which they distil in all the villages from various vegetable productions. They drink also St. ETUELDREDA'S CHAPEL, ELY PLACE, Holfreely of toddy, which is procured in large quantities BORN. -- This beautiful chapel, which was formerly from the date and the cocoa-nut palm. Opium is attached to the palace of the bishops of Ely, in Holprepared by them, and used, both as kusumba and in born, has been an important place of worship for its simple state, in large quantities. It seems less upwards of five hundred years, the date assigned to injurious, however, than the Turkish drug, and its the building being the year 1320. It is still in effects are less perceptible. The men carry the opium excellent preservation, and has remarkably rich eastin little boxes about their persons, and take it at all ern and western windows. Several distinguished times. With this means of refreshment they are prelates have preached in the chapel, and some have capable of great fatigue, and can journey long and

been consecrated within its walls. The last consecrarapidly without food, smoking as they go, and stopping tion which took place here was that of Dr. Edirund only for a draught of water from the numerous wells. Keene, bishop of Chester, on March 22, 1752. He The Cutchees appear to feel respect for the European

afterwards became bishop of Ely; and during his character, and are obliging in their intercourse with us. time, in the year 1772, the estate, including the Amongst other notions of our superiority, they believe chapel, was alienated from the see for a certain conus all to be astrologers and doctors. In both astrology

sideration, taken into the hands of the crown, and sold. and medicine, however, they have their adepts; and

Until the reign of King George III, the bishop's great meu never hazard a journey without choosing a palace, which stood on the site of Ely Place, had been favourable conjunction of the planets for their de- the constant town-residence of the bishops of Ely. parture. There are no fewer than thirty-five hakeems Several of these prelates died here. Hollinshed states, or medicos in the city of Bhooj; but, unluckily for that John of Gaunt, after the destruction of his palace their fever-patients, not one Sangrado amongst them

in the Savoy by the mob, resorted to Lly Palace, all. In this strait the sufferers apply to a carpenter,

Holborn, where he died in 1399. The garden, where who has somewhere learned the art of phlebotomy, and

Hatton Garden now stands, produced the fine straw. operates on them with a phleme. They are equally at berries praised by the tyrant Richard, who asked a loss for dentists; and the absence of a polished key Bishop Morton for a "mess" of them on the morning is remedied by the use of a bent and rusty nail, urged of Lord Hastings's murder. It also abounded in against the offending tooth by an unskilled practi- roses in the reign of Elizabeth, who bestowed it on tioner. Not one of the sciences, either curious or Christopher Hatton, her chancellor, much to the conuseful, is known, even in its simplest elements, to cern and annoyance of the bishops; they losing therethese poor people; yet they shew a desire for infor- by a comfortable residence in the metropolis, at a time mation, when one wiser than themselves excites their when their state duties, as well as those of an ecclecuriosity, which might, ably directed, prove a channel siastical nature, required a near attendance on the for their general improvement. As ii is, they evince court. The exemplary and gifted John Evelyn rethat simple result of ignorance so common in uncivil- cords his satisfaction at witnessing in this chapel, on ised minds, the confounding of great and small things the 27th of April 1693, the marriage of bis beloved with reference to the superior dignity of the former. daughter Susannah to Mr. Draper. The service was The remains of many specimens of great beauty prove performed by Dr. Tenison, bishop of Lincoln, afterthe Cutchees to have early possessed considerable wards archbishop of Canterbury. Evelyn, after deproficiency in some of the arts, especially those of cribing her as beautiful, learned, accomplished, and carving, sculpture, and design. I have already re

good, says,

" This character is due to her, though marked on the delicate skill of the goldsmithe, armo

coming from her father." Good Queen Anne, when rers, and embroiderers; and it is calculated to excite Princess of Denmark, wrote to Dr. Turner, bishop of surprise, that, uninformed as the Cutchees are, and Ely one of the seven bishops), requesting him to unacquainted, by reason of their local position, as they secure her a place in his chapel on the following must be, with the arts practised in other more civil- Sunday afternoon, that she might hear Bishop Ken (of ised provinces, they should yet prove such excellent

Bath and Wells) “expound." In the year 1820 the workmen. A view, however, of the general policy of chapel was presented to tlie National Society by the Indian rulers, which has its influence in Cutch as treasurer of that institution.-Ecclesiastical Gazette. elsewhere, explains this apparent difficulty. It was originally decreed, that only particular castes of men should practise particular arts, and that the exercise

TO CORRESPONDENTS. of these vocations should descend from generation to All Parnassus is in motion. We must entrent our poetical generation. In obedience to this law, the members friends to give us a little respite. of each family are trained to one art, in which they gain unusual expertness, and are enabled to produce

London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, articles of unequalled beauty.---Mrs. Postans's Sketches. Portman Square; W. F.DWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. AUSTRALIA.—Persous acquainted with the colony

Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town

and Country of New South Wales twelve or fourteen years ago could not but remark, at the present time, a great change in its aspect. This was, in a great measure,



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require the teaching of the Son of God to ALL MEN.

raise the sentiments of true honour between

man and man? Let men appeal to facts BY THE Rev. Thomas ENGLAND, M.A.

and experience for an answer; and if we Chaplain of Parkhurst Institution, Isle of Wight.

appeal to facts, and look to experience, we Among the many and inestimable blessings shall find it too true, that it did require such which Christianity affords, I regard as not teaching when St. Peter pronounced, “Honour the least the new sentiments with which it all men ;" and that even in the advanced teaches man to look upon his fellow-beings; period in which we live, it does yet require the new light in which it places each indi- such teaching to enable men to live in true vidual in the eyes of his fellows; the new honour and respect one towards another. interest which it awakens in us towards It is true that we are partakers of a comevery thing human; the new information mon nature; but it is a ruined and debased which it gives to the soul and the body: nature. We are creatures of the same God; and this beneficial change is to be accom- but it is only to turn away from him, to forplished in no small measure by revealing to get him, and virtually to deny bim. We are men their own nature and prospects, and intelligent and highly gifted beings; but it teaching them to honour all who partake is too often only to turn those things which them. But, it may be asked, Is it the fact should have been for our good into an occathat it is the character of the disciples of sion of falling. Hence the things which we Jesus Christ, and of those only, that they possess in common, so far from breeding a hold in true honour their fellow-men? Is common bond of esteem and honour, only the sentiment of respect and love for man serve to bring our race under one broad confined to the recipients of the Gospel? Is and universal charge of sin and ungodliness. not the belonging to a common nature; is Those countries, which have always been not the being creatures of the same God; is nearest to what we are accustomed to call not the being exposed to the same wants- a state of nature, are not in the state in the being oppressed with the same infirmi- which man was first created, but that to ties—the being inhabitants of the same un- which he has been reduced by sin. If we certain and trying world,-an effective bond look at these heathen nations, what shall we of union, a sufficient source of honour and find? We shall see that their life, instead respect among mankind? Is not the fact, of being a life of mutual honour, is a life of that they are all intelligent, and sometimes constant enmity and bloodshed. Their fel. bigbly gifted, beings, endowed with reason, low-men, instead of being the objects of and intellect, and imagination, itself a source their affectionate interest, are objects of of constant friendship and honour? Surely their hostility, their cunning, their deceit, men need not be commanded to put on that and their cruelty. The Scripture faithfully character, which we should expect would be describes them, when it says, " They are their habitual distinction ; surely it did not without natural affection, implacable, unVOL. VII.-30, CXCI.

(London : Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lane.]



merciful.” Among them the helpless child- shall find that practical and effectual benevoren and the aged parents are often exposed lence still remains the peculiar property of in the wilderness to perish with hunger, or those who are personally influenced by Chrisbecome the prey of wild beasts.

tian motives and Christian love. Or, if we leave such degraded beings, and There is, indeed, some degree of honour take our specimens of human nature from and esteem among worldly men-some degree countries more happily circumstanced, which of benevolence exerted by mere nominal have made some progress in the arts that Christians; nor could it be well otherwise adorn humanity, and in the knowledge which than that beings, fitted by moral feelings and ennobles it,- here we see, that verily there correct worldly motives, endowed with reason, is a power and a wisdom in man; and we and a strong principle of imitating what they notice the extent of the understanding which see in others, should do many acts of Christhe Almighty hath given him; we admire tian duty, when they are surrounded by those the exercise of his reason, and the vivacity who live under the influence of the Holy of his imagination, and the extent of his in- Ghost, although they themselves are tellectual powers; we acknowledge that there influenced by Christian motives. And even are, indeed, remnants left of the image of should it be instanced, that there are many God wherein he was originally made; but beautiful and lovely specimens of our imperstill, alas, we cannot fail to perceive, that fect nature, who are of high and honourable amidst all this mental richness the pure affec- character, of manly elevation, and also of tions of the soul are still wanting, the foun- lovely and amiable dispositions, who do good tains of real charity remain still dried up; to their fellows, and mingle their compassions and that all the glorious qualities of the and their charities with the unfortunate, and human mind fail to bring their possessors to yet do not come under the appellation of the esteem of their fellows, to the exercise of saints, --it will be acknowledged, that the pure and practical benevolence.

amiability and humanity of these people, Let those who would disparage the influ- their honour, and respect, and kindly feelings ence of Christianity over the human mind, for their fellows, extend no farther than to consider the public histories of the civilised their bodies and minds, look not beyond the nations of antiquity ; let them study the cha- present life, have no regard to the souls of racter of the old Greeks and Romans, before their fellows. Alas! these fine specimens of they say, that man, with his own powers and our race scarcely look to their own souls: faculties, is sufficiently endowed with all he they esteem and pamper their bodies; they wants to enable him to fulfil his duty both to make gods of their minds ; but for their souls his God and to his neighbour. The civilised they have little concern. nations of antiquity,--high as they were in I have now instanced the most beautiful mental cultivation; splendid as are the fruits specimens of the unrenewed man to be found of their genius, in oratory, in poetry, and in in society. If we look at the great mass, we the arts,—form a striking contrast, even in shall see multitudes who are constantly on the outward appearance, to the state of a Chris- watch to ensnare and to ruin ; who entrap tianised land. They had laws, truly, to pro- the unwary for their fortunes, and yet maintect society against some crimes and offences; tain their stations of honour in worldly they devised means for the punishment of society; who in all cases of mutual intersome criminals-for otherwise the bonds of course consider only how their neighbours all society would have been loosed; but they may be made useful to their private interests; possessed no effective institutions for the who pursue all those tolerated artifices, and prevention of wickedness and vice. How, that legalised system of fraud, which pervade indeed, should they, when they had no ade- almost the whole mass of mercantile society. quate conception of what wickedness was, If we regard, in a word, the every-day transwhen they knew not the true nature of sin? | actions of life, as they are commonly carried The whole of their land's population, from on in the world, we shall see whether he who the philosopher to the slave, dealt in prac- sees the world, sees it actuated with good tices the most revolting, in inconsistencies motives, and glowing with true social affecthe most gross.

So true is it, that, after all tions ; or whether he beholds it wrapt up in that philosophy had disclosed, after all that selfishness, and dead to the real welfare of learning had achieved, it still remained for others. the Son of God himself to gather around him Men of the world generally value others a peculiar people, whose very distinction it in proportion as they may be benefited by should be, that they should have love one to them, or may have their own interests and another, as he had loved them; and if we convenience promoted. Beyond that point, appeal to facts and experience in this our they are careless and indifferent to them, own day, even in this Christian land, we thinking little of their present good, and still

less of their never-dying souls, and their | the senators of the College of Justice, by the title of eternal salvation.

Lord Whitehill. The elder of the two daughters, On these grounds it may be said, that how- Catharine, married Alexander Scrogie, bishop of ever reasonable it might seem, however it Argyle; and the younger was united to Patrick Sibmight be expected, that they who are endowed bald, one of the ministers of Aberdeen. Henry

From his childhood with a common understanding, and gifted Scougal was the second son. with intellectual faculties, and dwell in one

he made great progress in learning of every kind; common habitation, should universally be

and at the age of fifteen went to the university for influenced by mental respect and honour,

the usual course of four years' study. So high was --such is not really the fact : and we see

his reputation as a scholar, that he had scarcely thereby the indescribable benefits of the

finished his duties as an academical pupil, when he

was summoned to the honourable station of a problessed Gospel. The disposition which man

fessor, the functions of which he discharged for four so utterly wanted in himself; and the immor

years, until he entered holy orders, to serve God in a tality which would make him precious in the

more immediate relation than he had hitherto done. eyes of his fellows, Christ has given him ;

The preparation so necessary for him, who is to "seek and the Holy Ghost waits to engraft it in the

for Christ's sheep that are scattered abroad in the hearts of all those who accept the gist, and midst of this naughty world," had been fully gone come unto the Father by Christ. By the through by Mr. Scougal. From his very infancy he divine plan, founded by the triune Jehovah manifested a character suited to the sacred office he for the redemption of mankind, we observe, was to hold. His father, having from the first inthat not only new feelings, new tempers, and tended him for the ministry, had watched the progress new dispositions, are implanted in the hearts of his disposition, and had the happiness of discoterof our race ; but also that men are placed ing a growing meetness for the sacred station bis son before the eyes of their fellows in a new light. was to occupy. As a lad, he was singularly grave In his natural state, there is little in man to and thoughtful, and little addicted to those pursuits, lead his neighbour to honour and respect

which, however harmless, most children are taken up him ; but Christianity comes in and alters his

with. Boyish diversions had little charm for him; and whole appearance, both by renewing his heart,

when other lads were taken up with them, he would

withdraw himself from them, and engage in reading, and bringing forth to the view of his fellows

prayer, and serious reflection. This abstraction of his never-dying soul. Those whom God so loved, " that he

himself from puerile pursuits did not proceed from ill gave

humour or dulness, but from a peculiar solidity of his only-begotten Son, that all who believe in him should not perish, but have

disposition, which made trifling pursuits uncongenial

everlasting life;" those whom Christ so loved, “ that he

to the bent of his disposition. A Christian poet has

said, that left the bosom of the Father, and the glory which he had enjoyed from the beginning, that he might know and save them who were lost, Such was the tribute which this excellent man preand give his life a ransom for many;"- these sented to the “ God of his life" in his youth, the early appear to the eye of a renewed creature in a

beginnings and first blossoms of which, no less than most important and interesting light.

its more mature periods, were tinctured with pitty. Christianity gives us the true reason why He evinced at an early period an inquisitiveness men should be loved; for He hath loved them about sacred things; sometimes expressing his wonder who is the source and fountain of all love : (as children are wont to say, " I wonder”) why altars, we are to love one another because He hath and sacrifices, and other ceremonies, were not still in first loved us.

use as in the days of the Mosaic law; at other times, he would employ himself in imitations of various

parts of divine service - preaching, and such like, Biography.

which shewed how strong was his bent towards the THE LIFE OF THE REV. HENRY SCOUGAL, M.A.*

employments of the sanctuary. This childish fond

ness for the “outside" of religion was not all; he The father of the excellent man who is the subject of

read the Bible with interest; and when he was once the present memoir was Mr. Patrick Scougal, for some

seriously reflecting on his future course of life, what time minister at Salton, and subsequently Bishop of

it should be, and anxious that it might be of a sort Aberdeen, which station he held for more than twenty

that would advance his own salvation, while he was years from the Restoration. His wife was Margaret musing, he took up the Bible; and though he did Wemyss, the daughter of a gentleman in Fife : their

not allow himself in the practice (which is with some progeny was three sons and two daughters. John, the

persons a favourite one) of opening the Bible, and elder son, was commissary of Aberdeen; and was suc

fixing their minds on the first text that presents itself, ceeded in that office by his youngest brother James,

and then persuading themselves that that passage is who did not retain the commissariate, but sold it to

God's message sent expressly to them at that moment, Mr. Robert Paterson ; and then was appointed one of

a habit which savours of fanaticism and presumption; • See Bishop Burnets Preface to Scougal's Works; and a

yet he could not but take notice of the words on Sermon at his funeral, by George Gairden, D.D.

which his eyes first lighted, nor fail to be impressed

"A flower when offer'd in the bud

Is no mean sacrifice."

by them; they were the words found at Psalm cxix. rience of his own unprofitableness, or by the felt 9:“ Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? uncongeniality of the duties of the sanctuary to his by taking heed thereto, according to thy word.” His habits and faculties. Let every father shun the rememory was very remarkable; and its powers were sponsibility that will rest on his own head, if he thus shewn in his being able to repeat several verses that “ doom” the son to the Church, or the Church to rehad occurred in the daily reading of the Scriptures, ceive the son, if they be mutually unsuited: but when and in calling them to his remembrance some time he has carefully watched the gradual unfoldings of afterwards, when the passage was referred to; and he character; if, from what he sees of his heart and head, could give a general outline of any sermon he had he has good ground to perceive, with Eli of old, that heard, and describe its main drift; whereas most the “ Lord hath called the child," then, but not otherchildren can only carry away with them particular wise, let him, like the aged prophet, direct the child to sentences, without having any idea of the address of remain tranquil amid the studies appropriate to a the minister as a whole.

future minister, until that more mature period of life, I alluded above to his habit of retiring from the when, if circumstances shall shew that God persists in company of the lads about him of his own age, for the summons, he may say with confidence, as Samuel more serious pursuits : and, as a proof that it did not was instructed to say, "Speak, Lord, for thy serrant arise from sullenness of character, he would not leave heareth.” When a fitness of this kind, spiritual, moral, their society for mere solitude, but for that of more ma- and intellectual, has grown with the growth of the ture minds. His father would often receive at his house possessor, no candidate need shrink from replying to ministers of serious piety; and he was seen to prefer the question which meets him at the threshold of his their society, and to listen with attention while they approach to the ministry—“Do you trust that you are were talking on religious and other weighty topics. | inwardly moved by the Holy Ghost to take upon you He also gave early symptoms of a greatness of mind, this office and ministration to serve God for the proand of a perception of what was grand in human cha- moting of his glory, and the edifying of his people ?" racter and accomplishment; for instance, in learning “But the path of the just' (writes his biograLatin and reading the Roman history, he would retire pher, Dr. Gairden,) is as the shining light, which with those of his sclioolmates who had the best abili- shineth more and more unto the perfect day. These ties; and having composed little orations, after the were the early dawnings of piety and goodness, which idea of those in the history, he would act the part of appeared in him in those first years of his age, before the Roman senator, and "speak the speech." In learn- he came to this corner of our land, and there became ing generally he made unusual progress. Of Latin he still more manifest and apparent. When his improvebecame master so as to read and write it with ele- ments had now fitted him for the university, he here gance; and in Greek, Hebrew, and some other east- gave further proofs of a pious disposition and a capaern languages, he became a considerable proficient; as cious understanding. He was far removed from those well as in history, geometry, and the other parts of levities and foolish customs, those little animosities and mathematical study. Logic, too, he studied with effect, strifes, which the inconsiderate youth are sometimes for he had a good head and clear judgment; and so guilty of; but was even then grave and staid in his early did his taste for that subtle but improving study deportment, as was observed by all, yet free and unafshew itself, that, when in his boyhood, be overheard fected. The learning that was then in fashion, though some young men, who had lately gone to the univer- he saw quite through it, yet it did not satisfy his undersity, discussing some points connected with that art, he standing; nor could he perceive its use, save to wrangle caught up quickly from their conversation the nature pro and con about any thing. He was desirous to dive of a syllogism, and could with ease construct one upon into the nature of things, and not be involved into a any subject that was given him.

strife of hard words, and a maze of nice distinctions: Such was his disposition, and such the development and therefore, by his own proper industry and priof bis mind and heart at that early period of his life ; vate study, he became, even then, master of that and, whilst we must refer this moral and mental pro. philosophy which has now got such footing in the ficiency to the blessing of God, sent in answer to the world; besides a singular proficiency he made in the prayers of his anxious parent; yet, as far as second several parts of mathematics, in history, and other causes were concerned, it was due to his father's human learning. But he was always careful to beware judicious care; and is calculated to animate any of any philosophy, or false knowledge, that was apt to parent in the discharge of his duty towards his child. have a bad influence on the mind, and debauch the Never let him “force" the character of a child; never spirit, as to a right sense of God and religion; and let him destine that child for a line of life requiring never suffered himself to be tainted in the least with qualities of mind and heart that do not seem to be pos- such. And there was nothing that more endeared sessed by the child; and least of all, let him resolve to any philosophical truths to him than when they gave "make a parson" of a boy that has but a dull capacity, / right apprehensions of God, and just thoughts of and furnishes no tokens of being a subject of God's morality and virtue. His mind being always comgrace. By such predestinings as these, our Church posed to a religious temper, he even then made it bis has suffered much, it is to be feared, in times past. business, by the frequent reading of the most pious Many a clergymnan has thus been inflicted on a parish and useful books, and a happy conversation, sanctified for a series of years, without one of the qualifications by a constant devotion and unprejudiced mind, to that belong to a "good minister of Jesus Christ;" and frame to himself, amidst the various opinions and disthe life of the individual thus thrust into the sacred tractions of Christendom, right apprehensions of reli"ice has been made unhappy, either by the expe- / gion, and accordingly to suit his practice; so that

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