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footstool of that Almighty Being whom all assurance that afterwards he will receive us have grievously offended, and from whom all to glory, for Jesus Christ's sake. real blessings are received? How shall we, with this petition just escaped from our lips, “ forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them MASSACRE OF ST. BARTHOLOMEW'S DAY that trespass against us,” rush from the family

AT PARIS.-A.D. 1572. altar to enter into quarrels, or to gratify the

No. II. spirit of revenge? “ Where envying and The king, it is stated, speedily felt the most violent strife is”—and these grow luxuriantly enough remorse for permitting the massacre. From the in the natural heart—" there is confusion evening of the 24th Aug. he was observed to groan

much when informed of the cruelties that had been and every evil work;" but religion inculcates

perpetrated; and at length, after some conversation order, and introduces peace. The God whom with Ambrose Pare, his surgeon and a Huguenot, he we worship “ is not the author of confusion, forbade the continuance of the deed of blood. He but of peace.” But the aspect which family hoped to exculpate himself; for in letters sent by him worship bears on the everlasting interests of

into the provinces, he threw the blame of the whole the members of our households, this — this, proceeding on the members of the house of Guise.

But in eight days he changed his tone, declaring that beyond every other consideration, should the whole affair took place by his express command. weigh with us for the due observance of it.

It is certain that he was himself seen with a caraHeads of families should often consider the

bine in his hand during the massacre, which he is

said to have fired on the Huguenots. It is not less responsibility that attaches to them for, as far

so, that he went with his court to view the body of as practicable, the religious education of their Coligny while suspended at Montfaucon; and that households. If any one, whether child or when one of his courtiers observed that it smelt ill, servant, perish through our neglect or indif

he replied, " The body of a dead enemy always smells

well." The number of Protestants massacred in ference, shall not God in righteous judgment eight days, over the kingdom, amounted to 70,000. require his blood at our hands? The Lord "The last ferocious act of Charles, which grew imhas said, All souls are mine ; and he has com- mediately out of the St. Bartholomew," says Mr. Smedmitted them (of our servants and children) for ley," was a mock trial, instituted against the deceased

admiral and his adherents in the pretended conspiracy. a time to our keeping; and does he not say

The sentence passed against Coligny, as a traitor, inin effect to us, Keep this child or servant; and volved confiscation of all his property, perpetual inif by any means he be missing or lost, then famy, and the suppression of his name. His body, if it shall thy life be for his life? O let us begin, could be found (and if that were not possible, his effigy), or continue in, the important duty of family- gibbeted, first in the Place de Grêve for six hours,

was to be drawn on a hurdle through the streets, and worship: let us no longer consider it as a

afterwards on a loftier spot at Montfaucon. His duty only, but also as an inestimable privi- armorial bearings were to be dragged at a horse's lege. Let us remember that it is a silent

tail through every town in which they might have

been set up, and to be defaced and broken in pieces proclamation to our households of the truth

by the common executioner; his statues, busts, and of the religion we profess-a “still small portraits, were to be demolished in like manner. His voice," which the most wayward and careless chief seat at Châtillon was to be razed to the ground; cannot always be deaf to, calling them off from no building was ever again to be founded on its site; a world that lieth in wickedness, to the con

the trees in the park were to be cut down to half their

natural height; the glebe was to be sown with salt ; templation of those things which make for

and in some central spot a column was to be erected, their everlasting peace. How many a first bearing on it this decree engraved in brass. His impression has it pleased God to make whilst children had escaped the fury of the king during the around the family-altar, which all life's devi

massacre ; but they were now proscribed, degraded

from their nobility, declared incapable of bearing ous wanderings failed to obliterate, and which

witness in courts of law, stripped of all civil priviat last, through the infinite mercy and grace | leges, and the power of holding any public office, or of Him who began the good work, was of enjoying any property within the limits of France brought to perfection!

An annual public religious service and As to any difficulties which may appear to

procession was at the same time instituted, to com

memorate the mercy of Heaven, which had so signally lie in the way of our practising the great duty averted calamity from the kingdom on the festival of of family-worship, let us ever bear in mind St. Bartholomew. that God's grace is sufficient for us. Imbued

"It was not, however, on the dead only that the

vengeance of the court was content to wreak itself in with the spirit of true religion, every obstacle

these moments of subsidence. Two living victims which the world, the flesh, and the devil, can also were provided for sacrifice. Cavagne, a counthrow in the way will speedily be overcome,

sellor of the parliament of Toulouse, and Briquemaut, and we shall be made “more than conquerors profession of arms, in which he had long served with

who at seventy years of age had retired from the through Him that loved us.” Then, of a truth, honour, were arrested as Huguenots a short time God will bless us, for “he blesseth the habi- after the massacre. The escape of Briquemaut during tation of the just.” The dew of his grace, we the Parisian carnage was attended with remarkable

circumstances. may hope, will descend upon every member

Perceiving that every outlet was of our family; and whilst he guides us by his pursuit, he stripped off his clothes, and throwing

blockaded, and that the murderers were in close counsel here, we may rest in the delightful himself among a heap of bleeding corpses, lay upon

for ever.

his face and counterfeited death. His nakedness prevented examination and discovery by the wretches who followed in the train of the assassins to rifle their fallen victims; and at night, wrapping round hin such rags as were near at hand, he stole away unobserved, and took refuge at the house of the English ambassador. There he found employment in the stables; and he was dressing a horse at the moment in which he was recognised and arrested.

"The charge brought against him and Cavagne, was participation in the admiral's conspiracy; with the exception, therefore, of the merely personal clauses, their sentence was similar to that which we have just recited; and De Thou, who heard it read to them, notices the fortitude with which Briquemaut listened notwithstanding the usual ignominy with which one nobly born was adjudged to the gallowstill he found that in some of the penalties his children also were included. What have they done to merit this severity?' was the inquiry of the heart-broken veteran. Between five and six in the evening of the 27th of October, the sad procession quitted the Conciergerie for the Place de Grêve. In the mouth of the straw effigy, by which the admiral was represented, some heartless mocker had placed a toothpick, to increase the resemblance by imitating one of his common habits. At the windows of the Hôtel de Ville, which commanded a near view of the scaffold, were assembled Charles (to whom his consort on that morning had presented her first-born child), the queen mother, and the King of Navarre, who had been compelled to attend. A considerable delay took place; and some proposal appears to have been made, by which, even at the last moment, the condemned might have purchased their lives, if they would have debased themselves by treachery and falsehood. When at length the hangman had thrown them from the ladder, Charles ordered flambeaux to be held close to their faces, in order that he might distinctly view the variety of expression which each exhibited in his parting agony. Suetonius does not record a more fiend-like anecdote of the worst of the Cæsars. The populace imitated the brutality of their sovereign. During the long and fearful pause which had occurred on the scaffold, and the many hours through which the bound and defenceless prisoners endured that lingering expectation far more bitter than death itself, their suffering was heightened by cruel outrages inflicted by the rabble; who, when life was extinct, dragged the bodies from the gallows, and savagely tore them in pieces."

at Lyons? What did the sucking-children and their mothers at Rouen deserve? at Caen? at Rochelle? What is done yet, we have not heard; but I think shortly we shall hear. Will God, think you, still sleep? Will not their blood ask vengeance? Shall not the earth be accursed that hath sucked up the innocent blood poured out like water upon it?"

In the general dispersion which succeeded these massacres, the Huguenots took refuge in England, in the Palatinate, and a part of them in Switzerland. A remnant, however, still remained behind.

Sir Francis Walsingham was at this time the resident ambassador from England. His interview with Catherine after the massacre was truly interesting. He concealed not the disgust which would be felt by his royal mistress, Elizabeth, at such outrages; and his despatches notice the brutal sportiveness with which the Parisians spoke of them as "a Bartholomew breakfast, and a Florence banquet." The detestation in which the name of the French court was held in England, is thus described in a strain of rude, yet powerful eloquence, by his friend and correspondent, Sir Thomas Smith, the queen's secretary:

"What warrant can the French make now, seals and words of princes being traps to catch innocents and bring them to butchery? If the admiral and all those murdered on that bloody Bartholomew - day were guilty, why were they not apprehended, imprisoned, interrogated, and judged? But so much made of as might be, within two hours of the assassination! Is that the manner to handle men, either culpable or suspected? So is the journeyer slain by the robber; so is the hen of the fox; so the hind of the lion; so Abel of Cain; so the innocent of the wicked; so Abner of Joab. But grant they were guilty, they dreamed treason that night in their sleep; what did the innocent men, women, and children do

"When intelligence of the massacre," adds Mr. Smedley, "was first announced at Rome, the Vatican gave loose to unbounded joy. The pope and cardinals proceeded at once from the conclave in which the king's despatches had been read, to offer thanks before the altar, for the great blessing which Heaven had vouchsafed to the Romish see and to all Christendom. Salvoes of artillery thundered at nightfall from the ramparts of St. Angelo; the streets were illuminated; and no victory ever achieved by the arms of the pontificate elicited more tokens of festivity. The pope also, as if resolved that an indestructible evidence of the perversion of moral feeling which fanaticism necessarily generates should be transmitted to posterity, gave orders for the execution of a commemorative medal. He had already been anticipated in Paris; and the effigies of Gregory XIII. and of Charles IX. may still be seen in numismatic cabinets, connected with triumphant legends and symbolical devices, illustrative of the massacre.

"The Cardinal of Lorraine presented the messenger with a thousand pieces of gold; and unable to restrain the extravagance of his delight, exclaimed that he believed the king's heart to have been filled by a sudden inspiration from God when he gave orders for the slaughter of the heretics. Two days afterwards he celebrated a solemn service in the church of St. Louis, with extraordinary magnificence; on which occasion, the pope, the whole ecclesiastical body, and many resident ambassadors, assisted. An elaborate inscription was then affixed to the portals of the church, congratulating God, the pope, the college of cardinals, and the senate and people of Rome, on the stupendous results and the almost incredible effects of the advice, the aid, and the prayers which had been offered during a period of twelve years."


A Sermon,

Vicar of St. Oswald's, Chester.

MARK, iv. 3. "Behold, there went out a sower to sow." THERE are few parables which are more familiar to us, and few which have been more frequently discoursed upon, than that of which these words form the commencement-the parable of the sower. It is particularly valuable, because it is one of those which our Saviour himself condescended to explain; and it contains much of warning and much of instruction, to pay serious regard to which it behoves us all.

The parable itself is simply this: A sower goes out to sow, and his seed is received by four different kinds of soil. The seed means the word of God, and the soils represent the different dispositions of those who hear it.

Whenever the word of God is read, whenever consider—you who feel that this description the word

of God is preached, then is the seed comes home to you-whether it can be safe sown. This day has that seed been sown thus to despise and neglect that word by which might spring up to life eternal, which which you will be judged. has had this blessed effect on thousands who But to proceed to another description of are gone to the world unseen, and on many hearers. Some seed fell on stony ground, who are not yet called to their account. The where it had not much earth, and immepassage of Scripture upon which I am now diately it sprung up, because it had no depth discoursing, and whatever I am saying upon of earth; but when the sun was up, it was it in accordance with Scripture, are the seed; scorched ; and because it had no root, it and ye, brethren, are the soil. But observe withered away. Our Saviour's explanation what a difference there was in the soil. First, is, “ These are they which are sown on stony there is the way-side : on this the seed has ground, who, when they have heard the word, scarcely fallen before the fowls of the air immediately receive it with gladness, and came and devoured it up: of this hear our have no root in themselves, and so endure but Lord's explanation :~"These are they by for a time: afterward, when affliction or perthe way-side, where the word is sown; but secution ariseth for the word's sake, immewhen they have heard, Satan cometh imme- diately they are offended." These bearers diately and taketh away the word that was are at first sight more promising than those sown in their hearts." And are there not first mentioned, but in the end they prove some in this congregation (are there not, no better : they are persons of unfixed prinalas! in every congregation), of whom this is ciples, if, indeed, they can be said to have a striking picture ? "The seed falls on the any principles: they are fickle in mind ; and way-side-it remains on the surface-it does this very fickleness makes them more hasty not penetrate. Are there not some who have in embracing the truth, and more zealous paid but little attention to that portion of the for it at first, than persons of a firmer and seed which has already been sown—those more steady character. Many there are chapters of God's word which have this day such ; many who, as long as religion appears been read? Are there not some who can easy, and its profession brings credit, are scarcely remember what those chapters are ? zealous and forward in every good work; they And of those who do hear, some listen with are willing and eager to bask

in the sunshine so little attention, so little desire to improve, of religion, and they imagine, probably, that that Satan, their spiritual enemy, finds but they are settled Christians; but the least aplittle difficulty to wipe it away, in a very short pearance of a cloud will be sufficient to reveal time, from their minds and recollections : to them their real character. And there is perhaps even now the minds of such persons much in the present age to bring such perare wandering upon other things; they hear sons forward, and much to keep them in not, they heed not what I say--their bodies, ignorance of their own character ; many indeed, in this holy place, but their thoughts benevolent undertakings, many religious soand their hearts are elsewhere.

cieties, which bring with them much credit, O, that God would more deeply impress and enable men at once to discharge a reliupon my mind whose word I am delivering, gious duty, and to obtain the favour and and upon this people whose word they are respect of mankind. Great good is effected hearing! It is not man's word, it is God's by such societies, and much do they merit word, which you are rejecting, against which encouragement; but among their supporters you are stopping your ears ; that word which will be found characters such as are reprecannot be heard without either advancing us sented by the stony ground. It is natural that in holiness, or plunging us more deeply in guilt; it should be so ; and by saying this, let me that word which, if duly received, would spring not be supposed to discourage the promotion up unto life eternal. We may come to God's of such institutions, much less to depreciate house--we may listen one moment, and forget those who support them. My object is, to the next what we have heard --we may return caution persons from supposing that, because to our homes, and enjoy without thankful- they are zealous and forward upon such ocness, without gratitude, the blessings he has casions, they are necessarily, for that reason, bestowed upon us; and thus we may hear, living branches of Christ the true vine. This and thus we may forget, Sabbath after Sab- alone does not prove it; for when affliction bath, month after month, year after year, and or persecution for the word's sake has arisen, think that all is well

, that we need not be many such have fallen away. They who are afraid, nay, think that we have done even wise will endeavour to discover their chaan acceptable service by coming to God's racter, that their falling away may not be house at all. But consider, I beseech you, the first thing to reveal it to them. For this whether all can be well with such persons : l purpose, let them pray that God will enable


them to understand that heart which is de- much taken up with other things, that your ceitful above all things, but which God can, good resolutions and serious impressions have and will, make known to those who seek that been completely-I do not say neglected, knowledge in prayer, with faith in his Son. but forgotten; so much so, that the very cirIt may aid our self-examination to mention cumstance of having formed them would some symptoms which should lead us to dis- never have been recollected, unless it had trust our character in this respect. Such are been recalled to your minds by some cointhese :--perceiving ourselves unduly elated cidence or association of ideas? And under by human applause ; an anxiety to make the such circumstances, can we be surprised that most of what we say or do; a fondness of tak- the word should become unfruitful ?

How, ing the lead ; and, what is the worst symptom then, is this to be remedied? By setting of all, less anxiety for the discharge of those apart each day some portion of our time for duties which are more private, and which reading the word of God, and for meditating come not before the public eye. The spi- with prayer upon what we read and hear. ritual horizon is yet, thank God, clear ; there Riches, indeed, are deceitful; but if we thus is no open persecution for righteousness'sake: allow the good seed to grow up, they will be but there are passing storms, there are slight a blessing; a blessing to ourselves, and a clouds, in our families and domestic concerns, blessing to all around us. The cares of this which, by the effect they have upon us, may

world are, indeed, too apt to engross men's discover to us, unless we wilfully close our minds, and to take up all their thoughts; but eyes, the instability of our religious charac- this world's necessary and useful employ

Should any of us discover such to be ments will not be neglected, but, on the conour case, may we be humbled at the dis- trary, will be well and conscientiously percovery, and may we seek strength, whence formed, by those who still keep them in their alone it can be obtained, from the fountain of proper place, and make religion their first God's

's grace. By means of that grace, which and principal concern. is withheld from none who ask for it with It remains for us now to consider the cheerfaith, out of weakness we shall be made ful part of the picture. The seed which fell strong," strong in the Lord, and in the power on good ground, and yielded fruit that sprang of his might" (Eph. vi. 10).

up and increased, and brought forth some "And some fell among thorns, and the thirty, some sixty, and some an hundred fold. thorns sprung up and choked it, and it “ These," our Saviour tells us, “are they yielded no fruit." This our Lord thus ex- which are sown on good ground : such as plains : “ These are they which are sown hear the word of God, and receive it, and among thorns: such as hear the word; and bring forth fruit, some thirty fold, some the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness sixty, and some an hundred.” Observe, that of riches, and the lusts of other things, en- these not only hear the word, but receive it, tering in, choke the word, and it becometh and so receive it, that it brings forth fruit

. unfruitful." This, too, is a picture which of the excellence of the seed, there can be comes home, I am sure, to some among us. no doubt: the word of God is quick and The word of God, which we read and hear, powerful, and sharper than any two-edged was intended to have an effect upon our con- sword ; it maketh wise the simple, it conduct and behaviour. Our Sabbath exercises verteth the soul, it maketh wise unto salvashould give a tone to our daily conduct; tion. The seed then is good; and if the soil whereas, in too many instances, the good be but properly prepared for its reception, it effect produced in the Church is gradually cannot fail to bring forth fruit. Do we desire worn away by the cares, the employments, to know whether our hearts are prepared and the pleasures, not to say the sins of the fit for its reception? How are we to discover week; so that by the next Sabbath the im- this? Is it enough that we hear the word ? pression is entirely effaced; and the next No; for those persons represented by the Sabbath a similar impression is again made, way-side heard the word, but with such slight to be, during the following week, in a similar attention, that the evil spirit had no difficult manner stifled and choked. Has it never hap- task in taking it away, in destroying the impened to any of you, that you have in God's pression made by the word on their hearts. house been powerfully struck and affected by Is it enough to hear the word with gladness, something that you have heard ; that God's and

and to shew a momentary zeal for it? No; good Spirit has softened the ground of your for thus much did those persons represented heart; that the seed bas entered it; that it by the stony ground. Is it enough to hear has already given symptoms of springing up, the word, and yet take no pains so to arrange as it were, in the good resolutions which you our worldly business and our amusements have formed; but that in the course of the that the word of God may have free course, succeeding week your minds have been so may have its due place in our thoughts, and


its proper share of our time? No; for this but rarely, pray over it but coldly? Hence was the case of those imaged by the ground it is that the seed produces no fruit ; nor will in which, when the seed sprung up, it was it, nor can it, as long as we feel satisfied and choked by the cares of this world, the de- easy in our minds, when, coming from God's ceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other house, we return with eager minds—perhaps things, and rendered unfruitful. Then it is the more eager for our involuntary restraint that we may feel assured that our hearts are -to the world and the things of the world. prepared for the seed of God's word, when Blessed are they that hear the word of that word, being heard and being received, God and keep it; blessed in this life, for it bringeth forth fruit; when it is our study to will be a lamp unto their feet and a light do what it commands, to abstain from what it unto their paths; it will make them pure, forbids ; when it makes us abhor that which and holy, and lovely, and happy here ; and is evil

, and cleave to that which is good. But it will secure to them in the world to come this is no easy task. For this, we must not those inestimable blessings and that eternal only hear, and read, and meditate upon God's kingdom which Jesus Christ has purchased, word, but we must pray for his grace to and promised to those who love him and keep soften our hearts to receive it; for the pre- his commandments. paration of the heart of man is with the Lord. With that


and with an earnest and persevering contest against the temptations which

ARCHDEACON WHITTY. assault us from within and from without, we IRWINE Wutty was a man, perhaps more calculated shall be able to bring forth fruit, even fruit than any human being you have known, to make reliunto holiness. But we must not be impa- and pain; he was gentle and indulgent to a degree

gion loved. He was tried with much bodily weakness tient. If we have hitherto been unfruitful; which would induce you to think a bold effort or a if hitherto we have framed neither

severe expression impossible to him; but whatever it thoughts, nor words, nor works, according to was his duty to do—and his duty prescribed some God's will and God's word,—the transition

arduous exertions—he was empowered to attempt and will be difficult, and may be slow. The fruit

to accomplish. I can remember well how, when one

among the proudest and most exalted in station of his does not grow up all at first : there is first countrymen had acted in a manner to deserve rebuke, the blade, then the ear, after that the full this humble minister of the Gospel faithfully and elocorn in the ear. Nor, when the word of God quently discharged his severe duty; and I can almost does bring forth fruit, does it bring forth to

fancy that I see hiin as, when two of the most distin

guished of his parishioners, who were known to be at the same extent in all : in some it produces variance, appeared at his communion-service, be overthirty, in some sixty, in some an hundred came the shrinkings of his modest nature, and defold. “In my Father's house," says our

scended on the mission, and with a face which was as Lord, "there are many mansions." There

the face of an angel, that in the sight of his little conis a place appointed for the lowest of the gregation the parties might be reconciled. And they

were reconciled ; for, were it not for the manner of his servants of God, for those whose progress in departing hence, I would say it was not in man's Christian holiness has been least. But, my

nature to withstand his gentle solicitation. I am the brethren, this we have reason to think, that

more sensible now of his worth, because I have to

confess that during his Christian life I did him one some of those Christians who rank the lowest injustice. His house was ever open to me, and his in their own opinions, and perhaps in the wise counsel and his engaging and instructive converestimation of others, shall be ranked among

sation. I never entered his doors without a feeling as the greatest and most eminent by Him who

if I passed where no profane thought should come,

nor returned from a visit to him without bearing with seeth not as man seeth; by Him who looketh

me an influence for good. For all this I am deeply on the heart; by Him who hath said, “he responsible. But I was about to speak of the injustice. that humbleth himself shall be exalted.” I saw that his habits of life were frugal, as far as conOn this occasion we may adopt our Sa

sisted with propriety; I saw that his broken health

needed reliefand recruiting; and I believed his income viour's emphatic words : “Who hath ears to

large enough to allow of the necessary relaxation, and hear, let him hear.” This day, brethren, we sometimes doubted whether it would not be well if he have heard God's word : is this day to be

allowed himself the benefit he might derive by proadded to those many days upon which God's curing the assistance of a curate. 'I was undeceived

as to the means at the disposal of my revered friend, word has been heard only to be forgotten ; or, when I learned that his dear family were left without if retained in the head, to be inoperative on any provision; but I had previously learned enough the heart? Whence is it that ungodliness,

to instruct me, that thus, in all human probability, it and carelessness, and profligacy, and mere

must have been. outward decency, are so prevalent among us,

In a year of scarcity almost amounting to famine

(one of those visitations by which Ireland has been but from hence, that we seek not God's grace not unfrequently scourged), my revered friend was left to prepare the soil of our heart for the recep- almost alone to succour the distressed within the tion of God's word; that we take no pains agency, what for himself and his family he almost

bounds of his parish, and incurred in this charitable to retain the impression which that word oc

superstitiously avoided, a debt, which he was dischargcasionally makes ; that we meditate upon it

From Rev. M. O'Sullivan.

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