« AnteriorContinuar »
and populous tract of this country lies much to their houses, and raised the drawbridges. | half of the proceeds of its territory, provided below the level of the sea, and is only pre- The Spaniards' remained for a time gazing the half did not exceed 300,000 maravedies : all served from inundation by the maintenance of with admiration at this amphibious village, beyond that amount was to go to the crown. A embankments. Though these suffice to keep when a squadron of canoes entered the harbour principal reason, however, for granting this out the abrupt influx of the ocean, they cannot from the sea. On beholding the ships they government and those privileges to Ojeda, was oppose that law of nature, by which Auids, in paused in mute amazement; and on the Spa- that, in his previous voyage, he had met with seeking their level, insinuate themselves niards attempting to approach them, paddled English adventurers on a voyage of discovery through the pores and subterraneous channels swiftly to shore, and plunged into the forest. in the neighbourhood of Coquibacoa, at which of a loose sandy soil, and keep the country in a They soon returned with sixteen young girls, the jealousy of the sovereigns had taken the constant state of infiltration from below up whom they conveyed in their canoes to the alarm. They were anxious, therefore, to estawards. To counteract this tendency, as well ships, distributing four on board of each, either blish a resolute and fighting commander like as to get rid of the rain water, which has no as peace-offerings, or as tokens of amity and Ojeda upon this outpost ; and they instructed natural outlet, pumps worked by windmills are contidence. The best of understanding now him to set up the arms of Castile and Leon in established in great numbers, on the dams and seemed to be established ; and the inhabitants every place he visited, as a signal of discovery embankments, which pour out the water, as of the village came swarming about the ships and possession, and to put a stop to the intrufrom a leaky ship, and in effect preserve the in their canoes, and others swimming in great sions of the English.” country from submersion, by taking advantage numbers from the shores. The friendship of Ojeda's whole career is beyond a romance ! of every wind that blows. To drain the the savages, however, was all delusive. On a Proceeding as above directed, he landed on the Haarlem lake would seem a hopeless project sudden, several old women at the doors of the coast of Carthagena ; and “ when the friars to any speculators but those who had the houses uttered loud shrieks, tearing their hair had read a pious manifesto, Ojeda made signs steam-engine at their command, or had learnt in fury. It appeared to be a signal for hos- of amity to the natives, and held up glittering in Holland what might be accomplished by the tility. The sixteen nymphs plunged into the presents. They had already suffered, however, constant agency of the desultory but unwearied sea and made for shore; the Indians in the from the cruelties of white men, and were not powers of wind. But the Dutch engineer canoes caught up their bows and discharged a to be won by kindness. On the contrary, they measures his surface, calculates the number of fight of arrows; and even those who were brandished their weapons, sounded their conchs, his pumps, and, trusting to time and his swimming, brandished darts and lances, which and prepared to make battle. Juan de la Cosa experience of the operation of the winds for they had hitherto concealed beneath the water. saw the rising choler of Ojeda, and knew his the success of his undertaking, boldly forms his Ojeda was for a moment surprised at seeing fiery impatience. He again entreated him to plans to lay dry the bed of an inland sea, of war thus starting up on every side, and the abandon these hostile shores, and reminded which those who stand on one shore cannot see very sea bristling with weapons. Manning his him of the venomous weapons of the enemy. the other.”
boats, he immediately charged amongst the It was all in vain : Ojeda confided blindly in In treating of light and colour, Mr. Herschel thickest of the enemy, shattered and sunk the protection of the Virgin. Putting up, as remarks
several of their canoes, killed twenty Indians, usual, a short prayer to his patroness, he drew " That two lights should in any circum. and wounded many more, and spread such a his weapon, braced his buckler, and charged stances combine to produce darkness, may be panic among then that most of the survivors furiously upon the savages. Juan de la Cosa considered strange, but is literally true." Aung themselves into the sea and swam to followed as heartily as if the battle had been
And leaving this as a bait to induce our less shore. Three of them were taken prisoners, of his own seeking. The Indians were soon scientific readers to seek the explanation, we and two of the fugitive girls, and were con- routed, a number killed, and several taken bid this excellent volume good bye.
veyed on board of the ships, where the men prisoners ; on their persons were found plates
were put in irons. One of them, however, and of gold, but of an inferior quality. Flushed The Family Library, Vol. XVIII. Voyages, the two girls, succeeded in dexterously escaping by this triumph, Ojeda took several of the pri
&c. of the Companions of Columbus. By the same night. Ojeda bad but ‘five men soners as guides, and pursued the flying enemy Washington Irving. 12mo. pp. 327. Lon wounded in the affray, all of whom recovered. four leagues into the interior. He was fol. don, 1831. Murray.
He visited the houses—but found them aban- lowed, as usual, by his faithful lieutenant, the In a hasty note in our last Gazelle we charac. doned and destitute of booty; notwithstanding veteran La Cosa, continually remonstrating terised this volume ; and we have now only to the unprovoked hostility of the inhabitants, he against his useless temerity, but hardily sesustain our opinion by examples of its most spared the buildings, that he might not cause conding him in the most hare-brained perils. interesting features. The period embraced is useless irritation along the coast.
• Having penetrated far into the forest, they from the very close of the fifteenth century " It is worthy of particular mention, that came to a strong hold of the enemy, where a (1499) to about the first quarter of the next'; Ojeda, in his report of his voyage to the sove- numerous force was ready to receive them, and the chief voyagers are Alonzo de Ojeda reigns, informed them of his having met with armed with clubs, lances, arrows, and bucklers. (with whom Amerigo Vespucci sailed), Vicente English voyagers in the vicinity of Coquibacoa, Ojeda led his men to the charge with the old Yañez Pinzon, Diego de Nicuesa, the cele. and that the Spanish government attached Castilian war-cry, “Santiago!' The savages soon brated Vasco Nuñez, Juan Ponce de Leon the such importance to his information, as to take took to flight. Eight of their bravest warriors discoverer of Florida, and a few others. The measures to prevent any intrusion into those threw themselves into a cabin, and plied their adventures, the disasters, and, generally, the parts by the English. It is singular that no bows and arrows so vigorously, that the Spamelancholy fate of these daring bucaniers and record should exist of this early and extensive niards were kept at bay. Ojeda cried shame their companions, form a striking drama in the expedition of English navigators. If it was upon his followers to be daunted by eight naked history of mankind, from which we shall ex. undertaken in the service of the crown, some men. Stung by this reproach, an old Castilian tract a few passages. The discovery of the document might be found concerning it among soldier rushed through a shower of arrows and Gulf of Venezuela, by Ojeda, is a curious spe- the archives of the reign of Henry VII. The forced the door of the cabin, but received a cimen.
English had already discovered the continent shaft through the heart, and fell dead on the “ Proceeding along the coast, he arrived at of North America. This had been done in threshhold. Ojeda, furious at the sight, ordered a vast deep gull, resembling a tranquil lake; 1497, by John Cabot, a Venetian, accompanied fire to be set to the combustible editice ; in a entering which, he beheld on the eastern side a by his son Sebastian, who was born in Bristol. moment it was in a blaze, and the eight warvillage, the construction of which struck him They sailed under a license of Henry VII., riors perished in the flames. Seventy Indians with surprise. It consisted of twenty large who was to have a fifth of the profits of the were made captive and sent to the ships, and houses, shaped like bells, and built on piles voyage. On the 24th June they discovered i Ojeda, regardless of the remonstrances of Juan driven into the bottom of the lake, which in Newfoundland, and afterwards coasted the con- de la Cosa, continued his rash pursuit of the this part was limpid, and of but little depth. tinent quite to Florida, bringing back to Eng. fugitives through the forest. In the dusk of Each house was provided with a drawbridge, land a valuable cargo and several of the natives. the evening they arrived at a village called and with canoes, by which the communication This was the first discovery of the mainland of Yurbaco; the inhabitants of which had fled to was carried on. From these resemblances to America. The success of this expedition may the mountains with their wives and children the Italian city, Ojeda gave to the bay the have prompted the one which Ojeda encoun- and principal effects. The Spaniards, imagin. name of the Gulf of Venice; and it is called at tered in the neighbourhood of Coquibacoa." ing that the Indians were completely terrified the present day Venezuela, or little Venice : The jealousy of the Spanish government on and dispersed, now roved in quest of booty the Indian name was Coquibacoa. When the this occasion, led to the grant of much greater among the deserted houses, which stood distant inbabitants beheld the ships standing into the powers to Ojeda when he sailed on his second from each other, buried among the trees. While bay, looking like wonderful and unknown ap- voyage in 1502.“ He was to colonise Coqui. they were thus scattered, troops of savages paritions from the deep, they fled with terror bacoa, and, as a recompense, was to enjoy one rushed forth, with furious yells, from all parts
of the forest. The Spaniards endeavoured to doors by the exasperated Spaniards, and either “ So you and Mr. Foscolo, &c. want me to gather together and support each other, but slain on the spot, or driven back into the fire. undertake what you call a great work?'-an every little party was surrounded by a host of Women Aed wildly forth with children in their epic poem, I suppose, or some such pyramid. foes. They fought with desperate bravery; but arms ; but at sight of the Spaniards glittering I'll try no such thing I hate tasks. And fur once their valour and their iron armour were in steel, and of the horses, which they supposed then seven or eight years !' God send us all of no avail; they were overwhelmed by num- ravenous monsters, they ran back, shrieking well this day three months, let alone years. bers, and sank beneath war-clubs and poisoned with horror, into their burning habitations. If one's years can't be better employed than in arrows. Ojeda on the first alarm collected a Great was the carnage, for no quarter was sweating poesy, a man had better be a ditcher. few soldiers, and ensconced himself within a shewn to age or sex. Many perished by the And works, too !-is Childe Harold nothing ? small enclosure, surrounded by palisades. Here fire, and many by the sword. When they had You have so many divine' poems, is it nothing he was closely besieged, and galled by flights of fully glutted their vengeance, the Spaniards to have written a human one ? without any arrows. He threw himself on his knees, co-ranged about for booty. While thus employed, of your worn-out machinery. Why, man, Í vered himself with his buckler, and being small they found the body of the unfortunate Juan could have spun the thoughts of the four cantos and active, managed to protect himself from de la Cosa. It was tied to a tree, but swoln of that poem into twenty, had I wanted to the deadly shower ; but all his companions and discoloured in a hideous manner by the book-make; and its passion into as many mowere slain by his side, some of them perishing poison of the arrows with which he had been dern tragedies. Since you want length, you in frightful agonies. At this fearful moment slain. This dismal spectacle had such an effect shall have enough of Juan—for I'll make fifty the veteran La Cosa, having heard of the peril upon the common men, that not one would cantos. of his commander, arrived, with a few follow. remain in that place during the night. Having “ Now to business;
I say unto ers, to his assistance. Stationing himself at the sacked the village, therefore, they left it a you, verily it is not so; or, as the foreigner gule of the palisades, the brave Biscayan kept smoking ruin, and returned in triumph to said to the waiter, after asking him to bring a the savages at bay until most of his men were their ships.
glass of water, to which the man answered, lain, and he himself was severely wounded. But at last the bold adventurer fell into I will, sir,'—You will! -G-dd-n, - I Just then Ojeda sprang forth like a tiger into distress, and died at St. Domingo, his death say, you mush! And I will submit this to the midst of the enemy, dealing his blows on serving as a wholesome comment on his life. the decision of any person or persons, to be apevery side. La Cosa would have seconded him, “ He died so poor, that he did not leave pointed by both, on a fair examination of the but was crippled by his wounds. He took re- money enough to provide for his interment; circumstances of this as compared with the fuge with the remnant of his men in an Indian and so broken in spirit, that, with his last preceding publications. So, there's for you. calin; the straw roof of which he aided them breath, he entreated his body might be buried There is always some row or other previously to throw off, lest the enemy should set it on in the monastery of San Francisco, just at the to all our publications : it should seem that, on fire. Here he defended himself until all his portal, in humble expiation of his past pride, approximating, we can never quite get over somrades, but one, were destroyed. The subtle that every one who entered might tread upon the natural antipathy of author and bookseller, poison of his wounds at length overpowered his grave.
and that more particularly the ferine nature of him, and he sank to the ground. Feeling death We must reserve a portion for our next. the latter must break forth. at hand, be called to his only surviving com.
“ You offer fifteen hundred guineas for the panion. Brother,' said he, since God hath Letters and Journals of Lord Byron. new canto: I won't take it. I ask two thou. priterled thee from harın, sally forth and fly,
[Second Notice: conclusion.]
sand five hundred guineas for it, which you and if ever thou shouldst see Alonzo de Ojeda, Some of Lord Byron's letters to Mr. Murray will either give or not, as you think proper. tell him of my fate!' Thus fell the hardy are very amusing, and place his liberality, or It concludes the poem, and consists of 144 Juan de la Cosa, faithful and devoted to the rather, perhaps, his sense of justice, in a very stanzas. The notes are numerous, and chiefly very last ; nor can we refrain from pausing to favourable light; though, in general, we think written by Mr. Hobhouse, whose researches par a passing tribute to his memory. He was there are few names introduced into these pages have been indefatigable, and who, I will venacknowledged by his contemporaries to be one (not excepting the author's own) which are ture to say, has more real knowledge of Rome of the ablest of those gallant Spanish navigators not deteriorated and lowered by the light in and its environs than any Englishman who has who first explored the way to the New World. which they appear. Speaking of a proposed been there since Gibbon. By the way, to But it is by the honest and kindly qualities bargain with Galignani, he says,
prevent any mistakes, I think it necessary to of his heart that his memory is most endeared " Recollect that I will have nothing to do state the fact, that he, Mr. Hobhouse, has no to us; it is, above all, by that loyalty and with it, except as far as it may secure the copy- interest whatever in the price or profit to be friendship displayed in this his last and fatal right to yourself. I will have no bargain but derived from the copyright of either poem or expedition. Warmed by his attachment for a with the English booksellers; and I desire no notes, directly or indirectly; so that you are Dore youthful and a hot-headed adventurer, we interest out of that country. Now, that's fair not to suppose that it is by, for, or through se this wary veteran of the seas forgetting his and open, and a little handsomer than your him, that require more for this canto than t2sual prudence and the lessons of his expe- dodging silence, to see what would come of it. the preceding. No: but if Mr. Eustace was Tience, and embarking heart and hand, purse You are an excellent fellow, mio caro Moray, to have had two thousand for a poem on Eduand person, in the wild enterprises of his fa- but there is still a little leaven of Fleet Street cation ; if Mr. Moore is to have three thousand Fourite. We behold him watching over him about you now and then—a crumb of the old for Lalla, &c.; if Mr. Campbell is to have ax a parent, semonstrating with bim as a coun- loaf. You have no right to act suspiciously three thousand for his prose on poetry-I don't telor, but tighting by him as a partisan ; fol- with me, I for have given you no reason. I mean to disparage these gentlemen in their lowing him, without hesitation, into known shall always be frank with you ; as, for in- labours — but I ask the aforesaid price for and needless danger, to certain death itself, stance, whenever you talk with the votaries of mine. You will tell me that their productions and shewing no other solicitude in his dying Apollo arithmetically, it should be in gineas, are considerably longer : very true, and when Domenis, but to be remembered by his friend.” not pounds — to poets, as well as physicians, they shorten them, I will lengthen mine, and Ojeda alone escaped ; and afterwards being and bidders at auctions.
ask less. You shall submit the MS. to Mr. juced by Nicuesa, took a terrible revenge on “ With regard to the price, I fixed none, Gifford, and any other two gentlemen to be the unfortunate natives.
but left it to Mr. Kinnaird, Mr. Shelley, and named by you (Mr. Frere, or Mr. Croker, or - The two governors, no longer rivals, landed yourself, to arrange. Of course, they would whomever you please, except such fellows as Lour laundred of their men and several horses, do their best; and as to yourself, I know you your *s and **s), and if they pronounce and set off with all speed for the fatal village. would make no difficulties. But I agree with this canto to be inferior, as a whole, to the preThey approached it in the night, and, dividing Mr. Kinnaird perfectly, that the concluding ceding, I will not appeal from their award, their forces into two parties, gave orders that five hundred should be only conditional; and but burn the manuscript, and leave things as wat an Indian should be taken alive. The vil- for my own sake, I wish it to be added, only in they are. 12:27 was buried in deep sleep, but the woods case of your selling a certain number, that “ I once wrote from the fulness of my mind Erre filled with large parrots, which, beiug number to be fixed by yourself. I hope this is and the love of fame (not as an end, but as a sakened, made a prodigious clamour. The fair. In every thing of this kind there must means, to obtain that influence over men's lodians, however, thinking the Spaniards all be risk; and till that be past, in one way or minds which is power in itself and in its condestroyed, paid no attention to these noises. the other, I would not willingly add to it, par- sequences), and now from habit and from It was not until their houses were assailed, ticularly in times like the present. And pray avarice; so that the effect may probably be as aid wrapped in flames, that they took the always recollect, that nothing could mortify me different as the inspiration. I have the same start. They rushed forth, some with arms, more—no failure on my own part—than having facility, and indeed necessity, of composition, we weaponless, but were received at their made you lose by any purchase from me. to avoid idleness (though idleness in a hot
country is a pleasure), but a much greater in any work, to excite his vein by the perusal of | Michael Angelo, to Raphael, to a petit-maître, difference to what is to become of it, after it others, on the same subject or plan, from which to Diogenes, to Childe Harold, to Lara, to has served my immediate purpose. However, the slightest hint caught by his imagination, the count in Beppo, to Milton, to Pope, to I should on no account like to - but I won't as he read, was sufficient to kindle there such Dryden, to Burns, to Savage, to Chatterton, go on, like the Archbishop of Granada, as I a train of thought as, but for that spark, had to . oft have I heard of thee, my Lord Biron," am very sure that you dread the fate of Gil never been awakened, and of which he himself in Shakspeare, to Churchill the poet, to Kean Blas, and with good reason. Yours, &c.” soon forgot the source. In the present in the actor, to Alfieri, &c. &c.”
We select the following for their variety, as stance, the inspiration he sought was of no Speaking of Hunt: well as throwing much light on Lord Byron's very elevating nature; the antispiritual doc “Now, do you see what you and your character.
trines of the sophist in this romance being friends do by your injudicious rudeness ? . “ In writing thus to him," says Mr. Moore, what chiefly, I suspect, attracted his attention actually cement a sort of connexion which you “I had more particularly in recollection a fancy to its pages, as not unlikely to supply him with strove to prevent, and which, had the Hunts of this kind respecting 'myself, which he had, fresh argument and sarcasm for those depre- prospered, would not in all probability have not long before my present visit to him at ciating views of human nature and its destiny, continued. As it is, I will not quit them in Venice, taken into his head. In a ludicrous, which he was now, with all the wantonness of their adversity, though it should cost me chaand now perhaps forgotten, publication of mine, unbounded genius, enforcing in Don Juan.” racter, fame, money, and the usual et cetera. giving an account of the adventures of an En. The following is an odd expression of Byron's My original motives I already explained in glish family in Paris, there had occurred the taste.
the letter which you thought proper to shew): following description of the chief hero of the “ I wish you good night, with a Venetian they are the true ones, and I abide by them, as tale:
benediction, 'Benedetto te, e la terra che ti I tell you, and I told Leigh Hunt, when he • A fine, sallow, sublime sort of Werter-faced man, fara !'May you be blessed, and the earth questioned me on the subject of that letter. With mustachios which gave (what we read of so oft) The dear Corsair expression, half savage, half soft,
which you wiń make'-is it not pretty? You He was violently hurt, and never will for. As hyænas in love may be fancied to look, or would think it still prettier, if you had heard it, give me at bottom; but I can't help that. I A something between Abelard and old Blucher.'
as I did, two hours ago, from the lips of a Ve- never meant to make a parade of it; but if On seeing this doggerel, my noble friend, netian girl, with large black eyes, a face like he chose to question me, I could only answer as I might, indeed, with a little more thought, Faustina's, and the figure of a Juno ; tall and the plain truth: and I confess I did not see have anticipated, --conceived the notion that í energetic as a Pythoness, with eyes Aashing, any thing in the letter to hurt him, unless I meant to throw ridicule on his whole race of and her dark hair streaming in the moonlight, said he was a bore,' which I don't remember. poetic heroes; and accordingly, as I learned - one of those women who may be made any Had their journal gone on well, and I could from persons then in frequent intercourse thing. I am sure if I put a poniard into the have aided to make it better for them, I with him, flew out into one of his fits of half hand of this one, she would plunge it where I should then have left them, after my safe humorous rage against me. This he now told her, - and into me if I offended her. I pilotage off a lee shore, to make a prospeconfessed himself, and, in laughing over the like this kind of animal, and am sure that I rous voyage by themselves. As it is, I can't, circumstance with me, owned that he had even should have preferred Medea to any woman and would not if I could, leave them among gone so far as, in his first moments of wrath, that ever breathed."
the breakers. As to any community of feel. to contemplate some little retaliation for this The following are miscellaneous extracts from ing, thought, or opinion, between Leigh Hunt perfidious hit at his heroes. * But when I his lordship's letters and journals.
and me, there is little or none. We meet recollected,' said he, 'what pleasure it would Why, at the very height of desire and rarely, hardly ever ; but I think him a good. give the whole tribe of blockheads and Blues human pleasure, — worldly, social, amorous, principled and able man, and must do as I to see you and me turning out against each ambitious, or even avaricious, does there would be done by. I do not know what world he other, I gave up the idea.' He was, indeed, mingle a certain sense of doubt and sorrow has lived in, but I have lived in three or four ; a striking instance of what may be almost in- a fear of what is to come-a doubt of what is but none of them like his Keats and kangaroo variably observed, that they who best know - a retrospect to the past, leading to a prog- terra incognita. Alas! poor Shelley ! how we how to wield the weapon of ridicule them- nostication of the future ? (The best of pro. would have laughed had he lived, and how we selves, are the most alive to its power in the phets of the future is the Past.) Why is this ? used to laugh now and then, at various things hands of others. I remember, one day,-in or these? I know not, except that on a pin- which are grave in the suburbs !" tlıe year 1813, I think, -as we were convers. nacle we are most susceptible of giddiness, and “Of Hunt I see little - once a month or so, ing together about critics, and their influence that we never fear falling, except from a pre- and then on his own business, generally. You on the public, . For my part,' he exclaimed, cipice- the higher, the more awful, and the may easily suppose that I know too little of I don't care what they say of me, so they more sublime; and, therefore, I am not sure Hampstead and his satellites to have much don't quiz me.' 'Oh, you need not fear that, that Fear is not a pleasurable sensation ; at communion or community with him. My -I answered, with something, perhaps, of a least, Hope is ; and what Hope is there with whole present relation to him arose from half-suppressed smile on my features, no- out a deep leaven of Fear ? and what sensation Shelley's unexpected wreck. You would not body could quiz you.' You could, you vil. is so delightful as Hope ? and, if it were not have had me leave him in the street with his lain!' he replied, clenching his hand at me, for Hope, where would the Future be ? - in family, would you ? and as to the other plan and looking, at the same time, with comic hell. It is useless to say where the Present is, you mention, you forget how it would humiliate earnestness into my face.
* for most of us know; and as for the Past, what him--that his writings should be supposed to “ On the day preceding that of my depar- predominates in memory ?-Hope baffled. Er- be dead weight! Think a moment - he is ture from Venice, my noble host, on arriving go, in all human affairs, it is Hope-Hope- perhaps the vainest man on earth, at least his from La Mira to dinner, told me, with all the Hope."
own friends say so pretty loudly; and if he glee of a schoolboy who had been just granted " I have been thinking over, the other day, were in other circumstances, I might be tempta holyday, that, as this wa. my last evening, on the various comparisons, good or evil, which ed to take him down a peg; but not now,the contessa had given bim have to make a I have seen published of myself in different it would be cruel. It is a cursed business ; night of it;' and that accordii cly he would journals, English and foreign. This was sug- but neither the motive nor the means rest not only accompany me to the op 'ra, but that gested to me by accidentally turning over a upon my conscience." we should sup together at some afé (as in foreign one lately,—for I have made it a rule Curious idea of constancy. the old times) afterwards. Observing a volume latterly never to search for any thing of the “ Six-and-twenty years ago Col.
then in his gondola, with a number of pay er marks kind, but not to avoid the perusal, if presented an ensign, being in Italy, fell in love with the between the leaves, I inquired of him what it by chance. To begin, then: I have seen my- Marchesa •*, and she with him. The lady was? Only a book,' he answere', 'from self compared, personally or poetically, in Eng- must be at least twenty years his senior. The which I am trying to crib, as I do v 'herever lish, French, German (as interpreted to me), war broke out; he returned to England, to I can; and that's the way I get the c iaracter Italian, and Portuguese, within these nine serve—not his country, for that's Ireland—but of an original poet.' On taking it up and years, to Rousseau, Goethe, Young, Aretine, England, which is a different thing; and shelooking into it, I exclaimed, 'Ah, .ny old Timon of Athens, Dante, Petrarch, an ala- heaven knows what she did.
In the year friend, Agathon!" What! he cried archly, baster vase, lighted up within,' Satan, Shak- 1814, the first annunciation of the Definitive
you have been beforehand with 'ne there, speare, Buonaparte, Tiberius, Æschylus, So- Treaty of peace (and tyranny) was developed have you ?' Though in thus imput'ng to him- phocles, Euripides, Harlequin, the Clown, to the astonished Milanese by the arrival of self premeditated plagiarism, he was, of course, Sternhold and Hopkins, to the phantasma- Col. who, flinging himself full length but jesting, it was, I am inclined to think, his goria, to Henry the Eighth, to Chenier, to Mi. at the feet of Madame murmured forth, practice, when engaged in the composition of rabeau, to young R. Dallas (the schoolboy), to in half-forgotten Irish Italian, eternal vows of
indelible constancy. The lady screamed, and Great labour appears to have been bestowed | The Year-Book. By William Hone. Part I. exclaimed, Who are you ?' The Colonel on the astronomical division of the work, which cried, · What! don't you know me? I am so may be recommended to the youthful astrono- A very entertaining miscellany, with a mul.
January. T. Tegg. and so,' &c. &c. &c.; till, at length, the Mar- mer, who finds so much in an ephemeris that titude of curious matters drawn up from the chesa, mounting from reminiscence to remi. is useless to him, or as yet above his compre- well of antiquity, and skilfully placed in juxtaniscence, through the lovers of the interme- hension; it is also a suitable companion to the position with subjects of the day. It is indeed diate twenty-five years, arrived at last at celestial globe, and a guide to the heavens, full of wise saws and modern'instances, and the recollection of her povero sub-lieutenant. when a serene sky admits of a survey from the well it plays its part among the periodicals of She then said, “Was there ever such virtue ?' lawn or observatory.
1831. It is further ornamented with clever (that was her very word) and, being now a widow, gave him apartments in her palace, Dr. Lardner's Cabinet Library:
wood-cuts, and is altogether highly deserving
Military of public patronage. reinstated him in all the rights of wrong, and Memoirs of Field Marshal the Duke of held bim up to the admiring world as a mi. Wellington. By Capt. Moyle Sherer. Vol. I. racle of incontinent fidelity, and the unshaken London, 1831. Longman and Co.
Waverley Novels, Vol. XX. The Abbot, Vol. 1. Abdiel of absence." We are not aware in what particulars this
Edinburgh, 1831, Cadell and Co. ; London, We quote the ensuing as an instance of that new monthly publication is likely to differ from
Whittaker and Co. moral perversion which was the great ingre- others already in the field; but we can assure lume. Less original than its predecessor, from
A NEATLY-WRITTEN preface precedes this vo. dient in all Lord Byron's faults.
our readers that the first volume is a concise “ You have given me a screed of metaphor. and spirited biography of the Duke of Welling- face to the Monastery is in reality also that of
having to go over the same ground, the preand what not about Pulci, and manners, and ton, from his first commission to the invasion "going without clothes, like our Saxon ancestors.' of Portugal by Massena. A second volume is the Abbot. . One of the notes we extract. Now, the Saxons did not go without clothes ; and, announced to complete the work.
“ All of the same clan are popularly consi. in the next place, they are not my ancestors,
dered as descended from the same stock, and as nor yours either; for mine were Norman, and The London University Calendar for the Year having a right
to the ancestral honour of the yours, I take it by your name, were Gael. 1831. Pp. 264. London, J. Taylor.
chief branch. This opinion, though sometimes And, in the next place, I differ from you about We have here collected into one convenient tion, that it may be observed as a national dif
ideal, is so strong, even at this day of innovathe "refinement which has banished the come volume all that relates to the history and dies of Congreve. Are not the comedies of management of the London University, such lish. If you ask an Englishman of good birth,
ference between my countrymen and the EngSheridan acted to the thinnest houses ? I know as, its first establishment, the course of studies whether a person of the same name be connected (as er-committed) that « The School for Scandal' pursued, and other matters connected with the with him, he answers, (if in dubio,) 'No-he was the worst stock piece upon record. I also institution. These are not only interesting is a mere namesake.' 'Ask a similar question know that Congreve gave up writing because to parties concerned in the design, but to the Mrs. Centlivre's balderdash drove his comedies public at large, and especially to those who of a Scot, (I mean a Scotsman,) he replies, off. So it is not decency, but stupidity, that meditate a resort to the University for the in
• He is one of our clan ; I daresay there is a does all this ; for Sheridan is as decent a writer struction of their children. The outlines of the relationship, though I do not know how distant.' as need be, and Congreve no worse than Mrs. lectures, &c. are full of sterling information.
The Englishman thinks of discountenancing a Centlivre, of whom Wilkes (the actor) said,
species of rivalry in society; the Scotsman's not only her play would be damned, but she
Tom Thumb; a Burletta, fc. Pp. 34.
answer is grounded on the ancient idea of too. He alluded to 'A Bold Stroke for a Wife.'
strengthening the clan." Bat last, and most to the purpose, Pulci is not A REPUBLICATIon of this mock-heroic drama, c. Heath, is a fine composition, though we do
The frontispiece by Chalon, and engraved by an indecent writer-at least in his first canto, with clever and whimsical designs by George not fall in love with the countenance of Queen as you will have perceived by this time.” Cruikshank. The tail-piece is a famous A principle which sets out so erroneously flourish.
Mary. The vignette by E. Landseer, engraved cannot but be false in its conclusions. It seems
by W. H. Watt, the dog Wolfe saving the child such a strange rule of action to say, “ Because The Library of Entertaining Knowledge.—The from drowning, is exquisite. others have done wrong, so will I.” Indelicacy Pursuit of Knowledge under Difficulties, ilwas the reigning fault in the ages to which he lustrated by Anecdotes. Vol. II. London, The Children in the Wood: with Engravings alludes : such is not the case with ours. It 1831. C. Knight.
by Thompson, Nesbit, S. Williams, Jackis, ce grant, unfair to try these our predeces-Our high opinion of the first volume descends son, Branston and Wright. Drawn on sors by our own rigid rules of decorum ; but to the second. The pursuit of knowledge is
wood by W. Harvey. pp. 15. London. tad must that taste be which would oppose the always difficult; and it is delightful to trace
Jennings and Chaplin. opinion of its own time, merely to recall the the means and the course of those by whom the The most popular of old and popular ballads is admitted errors of the past.
greatest difficulties have been overcome. It here adorned in a manner worthy of its inWe now close these pages. We cannot agree does honour to past generations, and acts as a terest.
We do not think the art of cutting in with their palliating sophistry; we think much stimulant to the living race and to futurity. wood can go beyond the six prints which so of their detail had better have been omitted ; This little volume is crammed with well-chosen happily illustrate this melancholy tale ; and but we must add, we know few biographical and well-digested examples, from remote anti- we rejoice to anticipate a series from the *ks so full of entertainment and interest. quity to the most recent period; and embraces Percy Relics of Ancient English Poetry," orIt is a great mental and moral study; but the many subjects truly interesting to the reader, namented in an equally beautiful and approinstruction drawn from it must depend on the in literature, in the fine arts, in sciences, an
priate style. We trust the good taste of the Teder.
in short, in all that can improve and adorn editor will induce him to abstain from facetious civilised mankind.
prefaces where the selections are of a pathetic Time's Telescope for 1831. 12mo. pp. 416.
nature, like the poor Babes in the Wood. It Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper. The Royal Lady's Magazine, and Archives of seems as if in ridicule of the finest sympathies Of this, the eighteenth volume of a most use the Court of St. James's. Dedicated, by per- of infancy and youth. ful and entertaining publication, we have to mission, to the Queen. No. I. W. Sams. give the same character as of its predecessors: We are not the best judges of Ladies' Maga- The Sunday Library, Vol. I. Edited by Dr. its entire three parts, viz. Almanac of Re. zines; but the namby-pamby and trash of the Dibdin. Longman and Co. markable Days, Astronomical Occurrences for old Lady's, rendered' it likely that any sort of Among the numerous libraries, family, naEvery Month, and Naturalist's Calendar, are new Lady's must be an improvement. The tional, and encyclopediastic, that periodically so well compiled, or originally written, as to portrait of the King is not, however, very good; issue from the press, for the purpose of putting, convey much instruction on these subjects, to- and the half-dozen other ornaments, together ignorance to the rout, and filling up the void gether with many curious and amusing vari. with the literary contents, are so common- with useful and economical information in the eles. In the present instance, we observe place, or in such bad taste, that we must come most agreeable form that knowledge can be also, with satisfaction, improvements in the to the conclusion of the ploughboy, that these conveyed, none are specifically dedicated to the paper, typography, and illustrations ; its ar- ladies, old and new, are much of a muchness. interests of the religious portion of the comFangement, too, is changed, and probably for Poor 'drivelling work; as if female readers munity. This, when we take into considerathe better, as the three series already men- were to be treated like idiots, void of under- tion the crying necessity of every effort for the lored may now be read together, without that standing. The editor sets up for a snappish furtherance of the sacred cause being strenuinterruption which occurred on the old plan. I critic too..oh dear!
ously put forth, has hitherto been no less to be
THE REBELLION IN STOCK POGIS.
wondered at than to be lamented. We are -Cavelly Vencata Lutchmiah, a Brahmin, architectural fragments, by Mr. Parris ; about happy to say, a work well calculated to incul. was elected a corresponding member of the sixty views on the coast of Great Britain, by cate and promote a right feeling, and provide Society. Mr. B. H. Hodgson's translation of a W. Daniell, R.A. ; miniatures of Lord Dur. much essential information on the subject of Budhist's confutation of the Brahmin doctrine ham and his son, from the paintings of Sir religion, has commenced its course, under the of caste was read. This is a very curious tract, Thomas Lawrence, by Mr. G. R. Ward; a name of the Sunday Library, and the auspices and is entitled a Disputation respecting Caste bust of Dr. Leonard Smith, by Mr. H. Behnes of Dr. Dibdin. The object of the work em. I by a Buddha, in the form of a series of propo. Burlowe ; two fine candle-light effects, by Mr. braces the selection of extracts on the most sitions supposed to be put by a Saiva, and re- Clater ; some sketches from the life, and two important topics, from the writings of our emi. futed by the disputant; who draws most of his highly finished portraits, by Mr. J. Wood ; a nent church men ; so that, by the judicions arguments against the divine institution of fine drawing in water-colours of Rebecca, and arrangement of these, a plan is struck out, the caste from the Vedas and other sacred books of a miniature of a child, by Miss Fanny Cor. pursuance of which cannot fail of being an the Brahmins themselves !
baux; five sweet drawings, from the tragedy of unerring guide, whether of personal edification
Juliet, by Mr. J. Hayter ; a portfolio of ori. or family instruction ;-on the one hand sup
ginal sketches from nature, particularly in the plying a corrective to cant, while it furnishes
vicinity of Hastings, by Mr. G. Sydney Shepon the other an antidote against infidelity.
herd ; a series of engravings (fac-similes) of Views in the East. From original Sketches by Flaxman's Acts of Mercy, by Mr. G. G. Lewis ;
Captain Robert Elliot, R.N. With Historical an exquisite fancy portrait, and a finely painted Pen Tamar ; or, the History of an Old Maid.
and Descriptive Illustrations. Part V. Fisher, head, by Mr. Boxall ; a picture in oils — the By the late Mrs. H. M. Bowdler. 12mo.
Son, and Co. pp. 244. London, 1830. Longman and Co. “ BENARES," of which it is stated that, as a folio of sketches, by Mr. Lewis. These were
Bitter Morning,—by Mr. R. W. Buss; a portWe cannot do better than quote part of the town to which there is no ruined portion be. principally the contributions of members, who, editor's preface, by way of review. “ There cannot, surely, be any one in the the most remarkable city of Hindoostan over sider the exhibition of their
works at the meetlonging, it is certainly the most interesting and we are glad to find, have been induced to conlarge circle of her acquaintance, to whom such which the English have any authority ; “ The ings of the Society an additional inducement a memorial of her amiable and pious mind will Cave of Karli, one of those magnificent exca- to labour. not be acceptable.” Few persons were more deservedly beloved which India is so celebrated ; and *“ El Wuish,” about to be formed in the City, and that many
vations, the results of pagan superstition, for We understand that a similar body is than Mrs. Bowdler ; and we need only add, the
a small harbour on the Arabian or north coast of the most wealthy and influential patrons of present volume is full of the piety and good of the Red Sea,-embellish the fifth Part of art, east of Temple Bar, have already ex. feeling that characterised her former writings. Captain Elliot's publication. They are from pressed a desire to be connected with it. Its
the pencils of Messrs. Boys, Cattermole, and results may, and we have no doubt will, be ARTS AND SCIENCES. Stanfield ; are engraved by Messrs. Heath, highly beneficial.
Bishop, and Goodall; and are all exceedingly On Thursday, J. E. Bicheno, Esq. in the chair. beautiful, especially the last. The descriptions Mr. Vigors read the usual monthly report. the Red Sea by the Arab trading vessels, are of the Cave of Karli, and of the navigation of
SKBTCHES OP SOCIETY, 2730 persons had visited the Society's gardens full of interest. during the month of December ; and the avail.
Answer to Mrs. Jones's Letter in Hood's Comic able balance on that month's proceedings, in Lancashire Illustrated, from original Drawings
Padinton third Janeary 1831.
Parts VI. and VII. DR. Mrs. JONES, -I take Pin in hand to
Fisher, Son, and Co.
Scratch you a few Remarks in return for your Major Carnac, Dr. Blundell, and a number These Parts complete the work, to which, in kind Pestle : it however gav me a sevear Blow of other individuals, were elected fellows ; conjunction with - Ireland Illustrated," "and to hear of my deer Friends Roofall Sitaway. Captains King, Franklin, and Walker, were “ Devon and Cornwall Mustrated," we have so shun: keep up your Spirits, doe my deer Frend, severally elected corresponding members.
frequently called the attention of our readers. I dout not in your next I shall hear you have Amongst the donations to the Society were a We certainly think that the proprietors are taken to your Old Rum again down stairs and variety of curious fishes. ..A very rare speci- justified in the assertion, that the number of its find the Windy-Pains in a Hole condishun men, the solea pegusa of Risso, a species inha. engravings, and the superior manner in which Yet what can you Relie on when the Country biting the Mediterranean, and occasionally they have been executed, shew that this is a Gernals is filled with sheets of Flams of Steaks taken on the southern coast of England, was
publication of no common character ; as well as and Bairns burnt to their foundhayshones. But presented by Wm. Yarrell, Esq. and was much in their expectation that the patronage which it let you and me Mrs. J, hop that these evil admired. Some parrots were also enumerated; has hitherto received will be considerably in. Doors may be sicured. I have a bit of Noose in the list of these, the ground parrot of Aus. creased, now the volume is complete.
for you Swing is taken and Lockt up-- let us tralia appeared to be the most peculiar. Unlike
hop then that Steps may be taken for capshining others of the species with which our ornitho.
The Duke of Wellington. Moon, Boys, his Canfeedrats—You enquier what our King logists are acquainted, this bird keeps entirely
and Manystirs think of Stuck Puggys I beto the ground. After auditors were appointed, the illustrious commander on horseback, leeve they think your Magasstearall Funkshun, one of the fellows gave notice that, at the waving his hat as a signal, from Sir T. Law-areas mite have shone more Hacktivity and following meeting, he should bring forward a rence's grand picture, and nobly engraved by Incision again armed Poplars and Incinders motion for the erection of a suitable museum. Bromley. It is, altogether, a splendid produce but its all owing to the March of Intellx – in. After a protracted discussion, of no interest, tion of art, and the likeness strong, though stid of mindin there work they are always the proposed new by-laws were ordered to be
runnin to heer some Seedishus Ourang or other bung up in the Society's meeting-room during treated with the President's usual taste.
on the Harrastocrazy - they now call themformed the meeting that the first fasciculus of artists' AND AMATEURS'Conversazione. selves the Industerious Classis, formally they
was called The Lore Ordurs. My Servint the proceedings of the Committee of Science The third meeting of this Society
was held on gal atends Love Feasts and Missinarea Meetins and Correspondence, attached to the Society, Wednesday, and was, as usual, very numer. and has the impidence to tell me she has a Soal was ready for publication. large collection of paintings, drawings, &c., as valleyable as iny own and actally aske if her
minnyster mite be aloud to come and prepair
me for Heavn ; but I told the uzzy to prepair
herself for another place and gav her a munths Sm WILLIAM OUSELEY in the chair.—Pro- brought with him a splendid painting of B6 warnin to soot herself – but about the parleyfessor Reuvens, of Leyden, presented a copy nington's, -one of the most exquisitely wrought meant-Hurl Grey the Primer has a load on
is Sholders wich I hop he will be able to dis. of his Letters to M. Letronne upon some works of this lamented artist. Many other bilingual and Greek papyri, with plates in folio; members contributed extensively to the assem- charg an all go off quiet: He bas pledgd him. and M. Adelung, director of the Oriental Insti
: Wage: among then we have to notice a study self for to the caws for Riform an says hell inte at St. Petersburgh, presented a copy of his for an infant Bacchus, by Rothwell,-a deli.
• Original. See L G., Review of the Comic Annual, Catalogue Raisonné of Sanscrit books and MSS. cious picture; sketches of female heads and No. 726.