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the evening, the English army occupied Mount St. Jean with its centre, and was in purition before the forest of Soigne: it would have required three hours to atta' k it, we were therefore obliged to postpone till the next day. The head-quarters of the Emperor were established at the farm of Caillon, near Planchenoit. The rain fell in torrents. Thus on the 16th, the left wing, the right, and the reserve, were equally engaged, at a distance of about two leagues.
BATTLE of MoUNT St. JEAN.—At 9 in the morning the rain having somewhat abated, the 1st corps put itself in motion, and placed itself with the left on the road to Brussels, and opposite the village of Mount St. Jeau, which appeared the ceno e of the enemy's position. The second corps ieant its right upon the road to Brussels, and its left upon a small wood within cannon ..shot of the English army. The cuirassiers were in reserve behind, and the guards in reserve upon the heights. The sixth corps, with the caval w of General d'Aumont, under the order of Coao looau, was destined to proceed in rear of oo right, to oppose a Prussian corps, which appeared to have escaped Marshal Grouchy, and to intend to fall upon onr right flank, an intention which had been made known to as by our re. ports, and oy the letter of a Prussian General, inclosing an oader of battle, and which was taken by our light troops. The troops were full of ar. dour We estimated the force of the English army at 80,000 men. We supposed that the Prussian corps which might be in line towards the right imght be 15,000 men. The enemy's force , then was upwards of 90,000 men. Our's less nuhiero's. At noon, all the preparations being te, in othted, Prince Jerome, commanding a di. yision of the second corps, and destined to form the extreme left of it, advanced upon the wood of which the enemy occupied a part. The can. nomalie begau. The enemy supported with 30 pieces of cannon the troops he had sent to keep the wood. We made also on our side dispositions of a tillery. At one o'clock Prince Jerome was master of all the wood, and the whole English army fell back behind a curtain. Count d'Erlon then attacked the village of Mount St. Jean, and supported his attack with 80 pieces of cannon, which must have occasioned great loss to the English army. All the efforts were made towards the ridge. A brigade of the first division of Count d'Erlon took the village of Mount St. Jean ; a second brigade was changed by a corps of Engh h cavalry, which occasioned it much loss. At the same moment a division of English its right, and disorganised several pieces ; but
the cuirassiers of General Milbaud charged that division, three regiments of which were broken and cut up. It was three in the afternoon. The Emperor made the guard advance to place it in the plain upon the ground which the first corps had occupied at the outset of the battle this corps being already in advance. The Prussian division, whose movement had peen foreseen, then engaged with the light troops of Count Lobau, spreading its fire upon our winole right flank. It was expedient, before undertaking anything elsewhere, to wait for the event of this attack. Hence, all the means in reserve were cavalry charged the battery of Count d'Erlon by ready to succour Count Lobau, and overwhelm the Prussian corps when it should be advanced. This done, the Emperor had the design of lead. ing an attack upon the village of Mount St. Jean, from which we expected decisive success; but by a movement of impatience, so frequent in our military annals, and which has often been so fatal to us, the cavalry of reserve having perceived a retrograde movement made by the English to shelter themselves from our batteries, front which they had suffered so much, crowned the heights of Mount St. Jean, and charged the infantry. This movement, which, made in time, and supported by the 1eserves, must have decided the day, made in an isolated manuer, and before “flairs on the right were terminated, became fa. tal. Having no means of eountermanding it, the enemy shewing many masses of cavalry and in. fantry, and our two divisions of cuirassiers being engaged, all our cavalry, ran at the same moment to support their comrades. There, for three
hours, numerous charges were made, which enabled us to penetrate several squares, and to take six standards of the light infantry, an advantage out of proportion with the loss which our cavalry experienced by the grape shot and musket firing. It was impossible to dispose of our reserves of infantry until we had repulsed the flank attack of the Prussian corps. This attack always pro
longed itself perpendicularly upon our right flank. The Emperor sent thither General Du. hesme with the young guard, and several batteries of reserve. The enemy was kept in check, repulsed, and fell back—he had exhausted his forces, and we had nothing more to fear. It was this moment that was indicated for an at. tack upon the centre of the enemy. As the
cuirassiers suffered by the grape-shot, we sent
four battalions of the middle guard to protect
the cuirassiers, keep the position, and, if possible
disengage, and draw back into the plain a part
of our cavalry. Twe other battalions were sent
to keep themselves en potence upon the extreme
Heft of the division, which had maneuvred upon on r flanks, in order not to have any uneasiness on that side—the rest was disposed in reserve, part to occupy the potence in rear of Mount St. Jean, part upon the lidge in rear of the field of battle, which formed our position of retreat.— In this state of affairs the battle was gained; we occupied all the positions which the enemy oc•upied at the outset of the battle: our cavalry *iaviorg been too soon and iH employed, we could ine longer hope for decisive success; but Marshal Grouchy, having learned the movement of the IPrussian corps, marched upon the rear of that corps, which insured is a signal success for next day. After eight hours fire and charges of infantry and cavalry, all the army saw with joy the battle gained, and the field of battle in onr power. At half-after eight o'clock, the four battalions of the middle guard, who had been sent to the ridge on the other side of Mount St. Jean, in order to support the cuirassiers, being greatly annoyed by the grape-shot, endeavoured to carry the bat. terics with the bayonets. At the end of the day, a charge directed against their fluk by several English squadrons put them in disorder. The fugitives recrossed the ravin. Several regiments near at hand seeing some troops belonging to the guard in confusion, believed it was the old _guard, and in consequesne were thrown into disorder. Cries of all is lost, the guard is driven back, were heard on every side. The soldiers pretend even that on many points ill-disposed persons cried out, sawre qizi peut. However this may be, a complete panic at once spread itself throughout the whole field of battle, and they threw themselves in the greatest disorder on the line of communication; soldiers, cannoneers, raissons, all pressed to this point; the old guard, which was in reserve, was infected, and was itself hurried along. In an instant, the whose army was nothing but a mass of confusion; all the soldiers of all arms were mixed pel-mel, and it was ntterly impossible to rally a single corps. The enemy, who perceived this astonishing confusion, immediately attacked with their cavalry, and increased the disorder, and such was the confusion owing to right coming on, that it was impossible to rally the troops, and point out to them their error. Thus a battle terminated, a day of false manouvres rectised, the greatest success insured for the next day, all was lost by a moment of panic terior. Even the squadrons of service, drawn up by the side of the Emperor, were overthrown aid disorganised by these tumultuous waves, and there was then nothing else to be done
the baggage which had not repassed the Sambre, in short, every thing that was on the field of battle, remained in the power of the enemy. It was impossible to wait for the troops on our right ; every one knows what the bravest army in the world is when thus mixed and thrown into confirsion, and when its organisation no longer exists. The Emperor crossed the Sambre at Charleroi, at five o'clock in the morning of the 19th. Phillipeville and Avesnes have been given as the points of re-union. Prince Jerome, General Morand, and other Generals have there already rallied a part of the army. Marshal Greuchy. with the corps on "the right, is moving on the Lower Sambre. The loss of the enemy must have been very great, if we may judge from the number of standards we have taken from them, and from the retrogade movements which he made;—our's cannot be calculated till after the troops shall have been collected.—Before the disorder broke out, we had already experienced a very considerable loss, partieularly in our cavalry, so fatally, though so bravely engaged.—Notwithstanding these losses, this brave cavalry constantly kept the position; it had taken from the English, and only abandoned it when the tumust and disorder of the field of battle forced it. In the midst of the night, and the cbstacles which encumbered their route, it coald not preserve its own organization. The artillery has, as usual, covered itself with glory. The carriages belonging to the head-quarters remained in their ordimary position; no retrograde movement being judged necessary. In the course of the night they fell into the enemy's hands. Such has been the issue of the battle of Mount St. Jeae, glorious for the French armies, and yet so fatal.
PRUSSIAN ACCOUNT OF THE BATTLE OF THE 18th.
At break of day the Prussian army again began to move. The 4th and 2d corps marched by St. Lambert, where they were to take a position, covered by the forest, near Frichemont, to take the enemy in the rear, when the moment should appear favourable. The first corps was to operate by Ohaim on the right flank of the enemy. The third corps was to sollow slowly, in order to afford succour in case of need. The battle began about ten o'clock in the morning. The English army occupied the heights of Mont St. Jean ; that of the French was on the heights before Plachenoit ; the former about 80,000 strong;
but to folbw the torrent. The parks of reserve,
the enemy had above 130,000. In a short time,
the battle became general along the whole line. It seems that Napoleon had the design to throw the left wing upon the centre, and thus to effect the separation of the English army from the Prussian, which he believed to be retreating upon Maestricht. For this purpose, he had placed the greatest part of his reserve in the centre, against his right wing, and upon this point he attacked with fury. The english army fought with a valour which it is impossible to surpass. The repeated charges of the Old Guard were baffled by the intrepidity of the Scotch regiments; and at every charge the French cavalry was overthrown by the English cavalry. But the superiority of the enemy in numbers were too great ; Napoleon continually brought forward considerable masses, and with whatever firmness the English troops maintained themselves in their position, it was not possible but that such heroic exertions must have a limit. It was half past four o'clock. The excessive difficulties of the passage by the defile of St. Lambert had considerably retarded the march of the Prussian columns, so that only two brigades of the fourth corps had arrived at the covered position assigned to them. The decisive moment was come ; there was not an instant to be lost. The Generals did not suffer it to escape. They resolved immediately to begin the attack with the troops which they had at hand, General Bulow, therefore, with two brigades and a corps of cavalry, advanced rapidly upon the rear of the enemy's right wing. The enemy did not lose his presence of mind; he instantly turned his reserve against us, and a murderous conflict began on that side. The combat remained long uncertain, while the battle of the English Army still continued with the same violence. Towards six o'clock in the evening, we received the news that General Thielman with the third corps, was attacked near Wavre by a very considerable corps of the enemy, and that they were already disputing the possession of the town. . The Field Marshal, however, did not suffer himself to be disturbed by this news ; it was on the spot where he was, and no where else, that the affair was to be decided. A conflict continually supported by the same obstimacy and kept up by fresh troops, conla alone insure the victory, and if it were obtained here, any reverse near Wavre was of little consequence. The columns, the efore, continued their movements. It was half an hour past seven, and the issue of the battle was uncertain. The whole of the 4th corps and a part of the 2d under General Pvish had successively come up. The French troops fought with desperate fury : however, a
some uncertainty was perceived in their movements, and it was observed that some pieces of cannon were retreating. At this moment the first columns of the corps of General Ziethen arrived on the points of attack, near the village of Smouhen, ou the enemy's right flank, and instantly charged. This moment decided the defeat of the enemy. His right wing was broken in three places; he abandoned his positions. Our troops rushed forward at the pas de charge, and attacked him on all sides, while, at the same time, the whole English line advanced. Circumstances were extremely favourable to the attack formed by the Prussian army; the ground rose in an amphitheatre, so that our artillery could freely open its fire from the summit of a great many heights which rose gradually above each other, and in the intervals of which the troops descended into the plain formed into brigades, and in the greatest order; while fresh corps continually unfolded themselves, issuing from the forest on the height behind us. The enemy, however, still preserved means to retreat, till the village of Planchenoit, which he had on
his rear, and which was defended by the guard,
was, after several bloody attacks, carried by. storin. From that time the retreat became a rout, which soon spread through the whole French army, which in its dreadful confusion, hurrying away every thing that attempted to stop it, soon assumed the appearance of the flight of an army of barbarians. It was halfpast nine. The Field Marshal assembled all the superior officers, and gave orders to send the last horse and the last man, in pursuit of the enemy. The van of the army accelerated its march. The French being pursued without intermission, was absolutely disorganised. The causeway presented the appearance of an immense shipwreck: it was covered wirh an innumerable quantity of cannon, caissons, carriages, luggage, arms, and wrecks of every kind. Those of the enemy who had attempted to repose for a time, and had not expected to be so quickly pursued, were driven from more than nine bivouacs. In some villages they attempted to maintain themselves; but as soon as they heard the beating of our drums or the sound of the trumpet, they either fled or threw themselves into the houses, where they were cut down-or made prisoners. It was moonlight, which greatly favoured the pursuit, for the whole march was but a continued chace, either in the corn fields or she louses. At Genappe the enemy had entrenched himself with cannon and overturned carriages; at our approach we suddenly heard in the town a grea;
noise and a motion of carriages; at the entrance we were exposed to a brisk fire of musketry; we replied by some cannon shot, followed by an hurrak, and in an instant aster the town was oars. It was here that, among other equipages, the carriage of Napoleon was taken; he had just left it to mount on horseback, and in his hurry had forgotten in it his sword and hat. Thus the affairs continued till break of day. About 40,000 men, in the most complete disorder, the remains of the whole army, have saved themselves, retreat. ing through Charleroi, partly without arms, and carrying with them only 27 pieces of their numerous artillery. The enemy in his flight has passed all his fortresses, the only defence of his fromtiers, which are now passed by our armies.—
At three o'clock, Napoleon had dispatched from the field of battle, a courier to Paris, with the news that victory was no longer doubtful: a few hours after, he liad no longer any army left. We have not yet any exact account of the enemy's - loss; it is enough to know that two-thirds of the whole army are killed, wounded, oroprisoners: among the latter are Generals Mouton, Duhesme, and Compans. Up to this time about 300 cannon, and 1000 cassions, are in our hands. Few victories have been so complete, and there is certainly no example that an army two days after losing a battle, engaged in such an action, and so gloriously maintained it. Honour be to troops capable of so much firmness and valour! In the middle, of the position oecupied by the French army, and exactly upon the height, is a farm called La Belle Alliance. The march of all the Prussian columns was directed towards this farm, which was visible from every side. It was there that Napoleon was during the battle; it was thence he gave his orders, that he flattered himself with the hopes of victory, and it was there that his ruin was decided. There, too, it was, that by a happy chance Field Marshal Blucher and Lord Wellington met in the dark, and mutually saluted each other as victors. In commemoration of the alliance which now subsists between the English and Prussian nations, of the union of the two armies, and their reciprocal confidence, the Field Marshal desired,
very wretched state; and that, in addition to its losses in battle and in prisoners, it is losing vast numbers of men by desertion. The soldiers quit their regiments in parties, and return to their homes; those of the cavalry and artillery selling their horses to the people of the country. The 3d corps, which in my dispatch of the 19th I informed your Lordship had been detached to observe the Prussian army, remained in the neighbourhood of Wavre till the 20th; it then made good its retreat by Namur and binant. This corps is the only one remaining entire. I am not yet able to transmit your Lordship returns of the killed and wounded in the army in the late actions. It gives me the greatest satisfaction to inform you, that Colonel Delancy is not dead: he is badly wounded, but his recovery is not
doubted, and I hope will be early.
Joncourt, June 25, 1815. Finding that the garrison of Cambray was not very strong, and that the place was not very well supplied with what was wanting for its defence, I
sent Lieut.-General Sir. Charles Colville there, on
the day before yesterdax, with one brigade of the
Colville took the town by escalade yesterday evening, with trifling loss, and from the communications which he has since had with the Governor of the citadel, I have every reason to hope that that post will have been surrendered to a Governor sent there by the King of France, to take possession of it, in the course of this day. St. Quenten has been abandoned by the enemy, and is in possession of Marshal Prince Blucher; and the castle of Guise surrendered last night. All accounts concur in stating that it is impossible for the enemy to collect an army to make head against us. It appears that the French corps which was opposed to the Prussians on the 18th inst. and had been at Wavre, suffered con
England, alas! the hostile league has join'd
*riuted and Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addessed to the Editor, are requested to be forwarded,