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The mighty contest has begun. The new crusade against France and against liberty has commenced. The Times newspaper says, that the campaign has opened with “a great and glorious vic“tory; that Bonaparte's reputation has “been wrecked, and his last grand stake “has been lost in this tremendous con“ flict; the fabric of rebellion is shaken “to its base.” The Morning Chronicle, that pink of hypocrisy, tells us, that it has been a “brilliant and complete victory, “which will for ever exalt the glory of “the British name; that it is the grandest “ and most important victory ever ob“tained.” The Courier, in the height of

its frenzy, declares, that there could not

have been “a greater victory in point of “glory, more vital to the real interests “ and safety of Europe, big with more im“ portant political consequences.”—Of course, as this same Courier says, “the “city is a scene of complete confusion; “business is entirely neglected; the im. “mortal Wellington is the universal “ theme; the streets and Exchange are “crowded to excess—all anxious to hear “ the details of the glorious victory ob“tained by our noble countrymen.”— While this delinium continues at its height, it would be useless in me to attempt to bring the public back to reason. I might as well think of reaching conviction to the

minds of the inhabitants of St. Luke's; I

might as well expect that a drunken man could discuss, with calmness and perspi

cuity, an argument in mathematics or.

moral philosophy. That I may not, how

ever, be charged with partiality, I shal here insert the official details, which have been published respecting the first batsie, or rather series of battles, that have been fought for the purpose of determining, whether France is, or is not, to be permitted to exercise the right of choosing her own government?—When the phremzy, which has seized the public mind, has somewhat subsided, and we are in possession of the French official accounts of the opening of the campaign, without which correct ideas cannot be formed, it may then be useful to make some remarks on these interesting events. I shall begin with the London Gazette Ertraordinary, containing the particulars of what the Courier calls, the “Complete Defeat of “Bonaparte.”

Dow NING-street, JUNE 22 —Major the Hon. H. Percy arrived last night with a dispatch from Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington, ić. G. to Earl Bathurst, his Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the War Department, of which the following is a copy :

Waterloo, June 19.

My Lord—Bonaparte having collected the 1st, 2d, 3.1, 4th, and 6th corps of the Freuch army, and the Imperial Guards, and nearly all. the cavalry on the Sambre, and between that. river and the Meuse, between the 10th and 14th of the month, advanced on the 15th, and attacked the Prussian posts of Thuin and Lobez, on the Sambre, at day-light in the morning. I did not hear of these events till the evening of the 15th, and I immediately ordered the troops to prepare to march; and afterwards to ntarch to their left, as soon as I had intelligence from other quarters to prove that the enemy's movement upon Charlcroy was the real attack. The enciny drove the Prussian posts from the Sambre on that day ; and General Zeiten, who commanded the corps which had been at Charleroy, retired upon Fleures; and Marshal Blucher concentrated the Prussian army upon Sombref, holdiug the villages in front of his position of St. Amand aud Ligny. The enemy continued his march along the road from Charleroy towards Bruxelles, aud on the same eveniug, the 15th, attacked a brigade of the army of the Netherlands, under the Prince de Weimar, posted at Frasne, and forced it back to the farm house on the same road, called Les Quatre Bras. The Prince of Orange immedi. ately reinforced this brigade with another of the same division, under General Perponcher, and in the morning early regained part of the ground which had been lost, so as to have the conjunand

of the communication leading from Nivelles and Bruxelles, with Marshal Blucher's position. In the mean time I had directed the whole army to march upon Les Quatre Bras, and the 5th division under Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Pic. ton, arrived at about half-past two in the day, followcd by the corps of troops under the Duke of Brunswick, and afterwards by the contingent of Nassau. At this time the enemy commenced an attack upon Prince Blucher, with his whole force, excepting the 1st and 2d corps; and a corps of cavalry under General Kellerman, with which he attacked our post at Les Quatre Bras. The Prussian army maintained their position with their usual gallantry and perseverance, against a great disparity of numbers, as the 4th corps of their army, under General Bulow, had not joined, and I was not able to assist them as I wished, as I was attacked myself, and the troops, the cavalry in particular, which bad a long distance to march, had not arrived. We maintained our position also, and completely defeated and repulsed all the enemy's attempts to get possession of it. The enemy repeatedly attacked us with a large body of infantry and cavalry, supported by . - a numerous and powerful artillery; he made se-, veral charges with the cavalry upon our infantry, but all, were repulsed in the steadiest manner.— [Here his Lordship praises his troops and offi, gers.]—Our loss was great, as your Lordship will perceive by the enclosed return; and I have particularly to regret his Serene Highness the Duke of Brunswick, who fell fighting gallantly at the head of his troops. Although Marshal Blucher had maintained his position at Sambref, he still found himself much weakened by the severity of the contest in which he had been engaged, and as the fourth corps had not arrived, he determined to fall back, and concentrate his army upon Wavre; and he marched in the night after the action was over. This movement of the Marshal's rendered necessary a corresponding one on my part ; and I retired from the farm of Quatre Bras upon Genappe, and thence upon Water loo the next morning, the 17th, at ten o'clock. The enemy made no effort to pursue Marshal Blucher. On the contrary, a patrole which I sent to Sambref in the morning, found all. quiet, and the enemy's videttes fell back as the patrole advanced. Neither did he attempt to molest our march to the rear, although made in the middle of the day, excepting the following, with a large body of cavalry, brought from his right, the cavalry under the *arl of Uxbridge. This gave Lord Uxbridge an opportunity of charging them with the 1st Life

Guards, upon their debouché from the village of Genappe, upon which occasion his Lordship has declared himself to be well satisfied with that regiment The position which I took up in front of Waterloo, crossed the high loads from Charleroy, and Nivelle, and had its right thrown back to a ravine near Merke Braine, which was occupied; and its left extended to a height above the hamlet Teria Haye, which was likewise occupiedIn front of the right centre and near the Nivelle road, we occupied the house and garden of Hougoumont, which covered the return of that flabk; and in front of the iest centre we occupied the farm of La Haye Sainte. By our left we communicated with Marshal Prince Bluciler, at Wavre through Ohaim; and the Märshal bad promised me that in case we should be attacked he would support me with one or more corps, as might be necessary. The enemy, collected his army, with the exceptical of the third corps, which had been sent to observe Marshai Błucher, on a range of heights in our front, in the course of the night of the 17th and yesterday morning, and at about ten o'clock he commenced a furious attack upon our post at Hougoumont. I had occupied that post with a detachment from General Byug's brigate of Guards, which was in position in its rear; and it was for some time under the coinmand, of Lieut. Col. Macdonald, and afterwards of Colonel Home ; and I am happy to a ki that it was maintained throughout the day with the utmost gallantry by these brave troops, notwithstanding the repeated efforts of large bodies of the enemy to obtain possession of it. This attack upou the right of our centre was accompanied by a very heavy cannonade upon our whole line, which was destined to support the repeated attacks of cavalry and infantry occasionally mixed. "but sometimes separate, which were made upon it. In one of these the enemy carried the farmi: house of La Haye Sainte, as the detachment of the light battalion of the legion whici occupied it had expended all its ammunition, and the enemy occupied the only communication there was with them. The enemy repeatedly clarged our infantrywith his cavalry, hut these attacks were uniformly unsuccessful, and they afforded opportunities to our cavalry to charge, in one of which Lord E. Somerset's brigade, consisting of the lifeguards, royal horse guards, and 1st dragoon guards, highly distinguished themselves as did that of Major-General Sir W. Ponsonby, having taken many prisoners and an eagle. These attacks were repeated till about seven in the evening, when the enemy made a desperate effort with the cavalry and infantry, supported by the fore of artillry, to force our left centre, near the farm of La Haye Sainte, which atter a severe contest was defeated; and having observed that the troops retired from this attack in great confusion, and that the march of General Bulow's corps by Enschermont upon Planchenoite and La Belle Alliance, had begun to take effect, and as I could perceive the fire of his cannon, and as Marshal Prince Blucher had joined in person, with a corps of his army to the left of our line by Ohain, I determined to attack the enemy, and imme. diately advanced the whole line of infantry, supported by the cavalry and artillery. The attack succeeded in every point; the enemy was forced from his position on the heights, and fled in the utmost confusion, leaving behind him, as far as I could judge, 150 pieces of cannon, with their ammunition, which fell into our hands. I continued the pursuit till long after dark, and then discontinued it only on account of the fatigue of our troops, who had been engaged during twelve hours, and because I found myself on the same road with Marshal Blucher, who assured me of his intention to follow the enemy throughout the night; he has sent me word this morning that he had taken 60 pieces of cannon belonging to the Imperial Guard, and several carriages, baggage, &c. belonging to Bonaparte, in Genappe. I pro. pose to move, this morning, upon Nivelles, and not to discontinue, my operations. Your Lordship will observe, that such a desperate action could not lave been fought, and such advantages could not be gained, without great loss; and I am sorry to add, that ours has been immense.— {Here his Lordship praises his officers and men ; —I should not do justice to my feelings or to Marshal Blucher and the Prussian army, if I did not attribute the successful result of this arduous day, to the cordial and timely assistance I re." ceived from them. The operation of General Bulow tipon the enemy's flank, was a most decisive one; and even if I had not found myself in a situation to make the attack, which produced the final result, it would have forced the enemy to Jetire, if his attacks should have failed, and would have prevented him from taking advantage of them, if they should unfortunately have succeeded. I send, with this dispatch, two eagles, taken by the troops in this action, which Major Percy will have the honour of laying at the feet of his Royal Highness. I beg leave to recoin. mend him to your Lordship's protection. I have the honour, &c. (Signed) WELLINGTON. LIST OF THE BRITISH OFFICERS KILLED AND WOUNDED. - K I L LED. IXuke of Brunswick Oels.

Łieutenant-General Sir Thomas Picton.

Major-General Sir W. Ponsanby. Colonels.-Du Plat, K. G. L.; Omteta, ditto ; Morrin, 69th Regt.; Sir W. Ellis, 23d. Lieutenant-Colonels.-Macara, 42d Regt., Cameron, 92d Regt. ; Sir Alex. Gordon, K. C. B. Aidde-Camp to the puke of Welliugion; Canning ; Currie, Lord Hill's Staff. Majors.-The Hon. Fred. Howard, 10th Hussars George Bain, Royal Artillery; Norman Ramsey, ditto; Cairnes, ditto; Chambers, 30th Regt. Brevet-Majors. — Creflon, 5th Division; Rosewiel, 2d Light Regiment. Captains.—Bolton, Royal Artillery; Crawford, Guards; the Hon. Curzon, A. D. C. to his Royal Highness the Prince of Orange; Chambers, A. D. C. to Lieut.-Gen. Pictou ; Charles Ellis, 95th Regt. ; Robertson, 73d Regt. ; Kennedy, ditto; Schauman, 2d. Lt. Bat, K. G. L. ; Holyco wan, 1st ditto ; Henry Marshal, 1st ditto.; Goeben ditto . Gunning, 10th Hussars; Grove, 1st. Guards. Lieutenants. -- C. Manners, Royal Artillery ; Lister, 95th Regt. Ensigns.—Lord Hay, Aid-de-Camp to General Maitland; Brown, 1st Guards. - Wounded, General his Royal Highness the Prince of Orange, G. C. B. severely. Lieut-Generals.-the Earl of Uxbridge, G. C. B. right leg amputated ; Sir C. Alten, K. C. B. severely. Major-Generals —Cock, right arm amputated; Sir E. Barnes, K.C. B. Adjut.-Gen. severely; Sir J. Kempt, K. C. B. slightly ; Sir Colin Halkitt, K. C. B. severely ; Adams, severely; Sir W. Dornberg, K. C. B. severely. Colonels.-Sir J. Elley, K. C. B. slightly; Harris, 73d Regt. ; Quentin, 10th Hussars, slightly ; the Hon. Fred. Ponsonby, severely; Sir W. De Lancey;

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severely. Lieutenant-Colonels.—Lord Fitzroy Somerset, right arm amputated; Hay, 16th Light Dragoons, severely ; Vigoureau, 30th Light Dragoons; Abercrombie, A. Q. M. G. slightly ; Hamilton, 39th regiment; Cameron, 95th, severely ; Wyndham, 1st Foot Guards, severely ; Bowater, 3d Foot Guards, slightiy; Macdonell, Coldstream, slightly ; Dashwood, 3d Guards, severely; Sir R. Hill, Royal Horse Guards Blue, severely ; Norcott, 95th, severely ; Hill, severely ; Schreider, 8th Line battalion; Adair, 1st Guards, severely ; Miller, 1st Guards, dangerously; Sir George Henry Berkeley, A. A. G. Majors.-Maclean, 73d ; Beckwith, 95th, severely ; Jessop, Assistant Quarter Master General; Bush, 1st Light Batt. K. G. L. right arm amputated, Parkinson, 73d, severely; Parker, R. H. Arlislery, leg amputated; Robert Ball, Royal Artillery, severely ; Hamilton, Aid-de-Camp to MajorGeneral Sir E. Barnes; Watson, 69th regiuent,

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rights of France. They have commenced the most unjust of aggressions. Let us march, then, to meet them. Are they and we no longer the same men?, Soldiers, at Jena, against thcse same Prussians, now so arrogant, you were one against three, and at Montmirail one against six Let those among you who have been prisonors of the E*nglish, detail to you the hulks, and the fright. ful miseries which they suffered The Saxons, the Belgians, the Hanoverians, the soldiers of the Confederation of the Rhine, lament that they are compelled to lend their arms to the cause of Princes, the enemies of justice and of the rights of all nations; they know that this coalition is insatiable ! After having devoured twelve millions of Poles, twelve millions of Italians, one

• million of Saxons, six millions of Belgians, it must

devour the states of the second rank of Germany. The madmen' a moment of prosperity blinds them. The oppression and humiliation of the French people are beyond their power. If they enter France, they will there find their tomb. Soldiers' we have forced marches to make, battles to fight, dangers to encounter; but with steadiness, victory will be our's; the rights, the honour, the happiness of the country will be reconquered To every Frenchman who has a heart, the moment is arrived to conquer or perish. (Signed) NA Poleon. (A true copy) The Marshal Duke of Dalmatia, Major-Gen. Charleroi, June 15.

On the 14th the army was placed in the follow. ing manner:—The Imperial Head-quarters at Beaumont. The 1st corps, commanded by Ge. neral D'Erlon, was at Solre on the Sambre. The 2d corps, commanded by General Reillé, was at Ham-sur-Heure. The 3d corps, commanded by General Vandamme, was on the right of Beaumont. The 4th corps, commanded by General Gerard, had arrived at Philippeville On the 15th, at three in the morning, General Reillé attacked the enemy, and advanced upon Marchienngs-ag-Pont. There were various engagements, in which his cavalry charged a Prussian battalion,

and made 300 prisoners. ... At one in the morning,

the Emperor was at Jamignon-sur-Heure. General Daumont's division of light cavalry sabred two Prussian battalions, and made 400 prisoners. General Pajol entered Charleroi at mid-day. The sappers and marines of the guard were with the advance to repair the bridges. They were the first to penetrate into the town as sharp-shooters. General Clari, with the 1st Hussars, advanced upon Gosselies, on the Brussels road; and Gene1al Pajol upon Gilly, on the Namur road. At three in the afternoon General Vandanume debouched with his corps on Gilly. Marshal Grouchy arrived with the cavalry of General: Excelmans. The enemy occupied the left of the position of Fleurus; at five in the afternoon the Emperor ordered an attack. The position was turned, and carried. Four squadrons of the Guard, commanded by General Letort, the Em. peror's Aids-de-camp, broke three squares; the 26th, 27th, and 28th Prussian regiments were routed. Our squadrons sabred from four to 500 men, and took 150 prisoners. During this time General Reillé passed the Sambre at Marchiennes. au-Pont, in order to advance upon Gosselies with the divisions of Prince Jerome and General Ba. chelu, attacked the enemy, took from him 250 prisoners, and pursued him on the road to Brus.

sels. We thus became masters of the whole position of Fle urus. At eight in the evening the

t - - Fmperor e-entered his head-quarters at Charleroi. | the evening. We are still in pursuit of the enemy, who has experieuced a terrible overthrow.

This day cost the enemy five pieces of cannon aud

Fleurus, June 17,4 o'clock in the morning. The battle of yesterday lasted till ten o'clock in


3,000 men, of whom 1,000 are prisoners. Our loss have hitherto 8,000 prisoners, 20 pieces of cannon,

is 10 men killed and 80 wounded, the greater part belonging to the squadron of the guard who made the charges, and to three squadrons of the 20th dragoons, who also charged a square with the greatest ini repidity. Our loss, though trifling in amount, has been sensibly felt by the Emperor, from the severe wound received by General Letort, "is aid de-camp, in charging at the lead of the squadrons. He is an officer of the greatest distinction : he was struck by a ball in the lower part of the beilv, but the surgeons give hopes that his wound will not be mortal *. We have found some magazines at Charleroi. The joy of the Belgians it would be impossible to describe. There were some villages which, on the sight of their deliverers, formed dances; and every where there is a movement which proceeds from the heart. In the report of the Major-General of the Staff the names of the officers and soldiers who distingui-ho do themselves will be inserted. The Emporor has given the command of the left to the Prince of Moskwa, who, in the evening, had his head-quartels at Quatre-Chemins, on the road to Brussels.

Jhas 1 enrained at Beaninont, ill of the rheumatism. which has forced him to keep his bed. corps, commanded by General Gerard, arrives this evening at Chatelet. General Gerard has stated, that Lieut.-General Botirmont, Colonel Clouet, and the chief of squadron Villoutreys, Have passed over to the enemy. A lieutenant of the 11th Chasseurs has also gone over. The *{ajor-General has ordered that these deserters shall be immediately sentenced conformably to the laws. It would be impossible to describe The good spirit and ardour of the army. It views the desertion of this small number of traitors who thus throw off the mask, as a fortunate Event.

In rear of Ligny, half past 3 in the evening

of the 16th of June, 1315. The Emperor has just obtained a complete victory over the Prussian and English armies, united, under the orders of Lord Wellington and Marshal Blucher. bouches by the village of Ligny, in advance of

Fleurus, to pursue the enemy.

* A letter of the Emperor, of the 16th, ends with these words, written with his owu hand— f he is going on well.”

The Duke of Treviso, to whom the Fmperor gave the cominand of the young guard,

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The army at this moment de- |

Marshal, Minister of War, Prince of Eckmuhl.

and several standards, many officers of rank, among others Count Lutzow. We expect at day break to collect a great number in the villages of St. Amand, and others who were cut off by the movement which the Emperor caused his guard to make. The grenadiers and chasseurs of the old gnard massacred entire masses, and have lost very few men. It appears that it was a charge of bayonet by the Imperial Foot Guards which decided the battle. The enemy have been extremely numerons. I never saw such enthagiasm in our soldiers. The columns which marched to battle, the wounded who returned from being dressed, never ceased to exclaim “Live the Eulperor!” copy of A LETTER FRoof THE MAJOR-GENEit AL to The WAR. M. NISTER, Fleurus, June 17, 1815.

Monsieur Marshal,—I aunounced yesterday, from the field of hattle of Ligny, to his Imperial Highness Prince Joseph, the signal victory which the Emperor has gained. I returned tiere with his Majesty at 11 o'clock in the evening, and it was necessary to pass the night in attetiding to the wounded. The Emperor has rentounted his horse, to follow the success of the battle of Ligny. It was fought with fury, and the greatest enthusiasm on the part of the troops. We were one to three. At eight o'clock in the eveuing, the Emperor marched with his guard : six battalions of the old guard, the dragoons, and horse-grenadiers, and the cuirassiers of General Delort, debonched by Ligny, and executed a charge which separated the enemy's line. Wellington and Bincher saved themselves with difficulty: the effect was theatrical. In an instant the firing ceased, and the enemy was routed in, all directions. We have already several thousand prisoners, and 40 pieces of cauuou. The 6th and 1st corps were not engaged. The left, wing fought against the English army, and took from it cannon and standards. At night I will give you further details; for every instant prisoners are announced. Our loss does not appear enormous; since, without screening it, I do not reckon it, at more than 3000 men.

Marshal, Major-General Duke of DALMATIA.
(A Copy) -

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