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Now, reader, is it any worder, that
the French should call in question our
sincerity as to the noise we make about the abolition of the Slave Trade? And, is it worth while for us to run the risk of another war, in order to make other nations abolish it Surely, it will be asked, why we have not been able to induce Portugal to abolish it? But, the ground of our anxiety becomes but too. plain, when we hear this author say, that the Portuguese and Spanish colouies have gained upon ours in prosperity ever since we abolished it. It is very true, that we can have no right, and that we can have no reason to plead in justification of our interfering thus with the affairs of other nations; but, we make a sorry figure, indeed, in prating so much about our humanity, while we are doing what is recorded in this pamphlet.—In short, our real objects are known, and the consequences will be, that we shall not sucteed.
PROPERTY TAX AND FINANCE.
The Parliament have met, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer tells us, that the Property Tax is not to be retired or continued ; but, we are given to understand, that other tares are to be imposed in its stead. The Property Tax produces fourteen millions annually. The revenue eanfict be reduced at all, unless the army be wholly disbanded, or unless the fundholders be ruined, or unless Hoans are to eontinue to be made; and especially if prices continge low.—— For, how are "other tares to be raised ? They talk of doubling the assessed taxes. That is to say, of doubling the rate; but, that will not add to, but will dialinish, the receipt." These taxes have been kept up by the high prices. Witheut any addition to them, one half of the payers would lay down seme of the taxed articles; and, if the rate be doubled, or augmented in any considerable degree, one half of the 3rticles will be laid
down. Not only will people lay down
iows to meet the addition; bat many
be made to my assessed taxes, away go ALL the pleasure part of my establishment. I shall keep one good horse to carry a person expeditiously in case of j. and about fire or six dogs; and that shall be all. These are necessaries. of life; and these only will I keep, if one penny of additional expence be put upon me, in assessed taxes, in that of land, malt, salt, soap, candles, leather, sugar, or tea; and I will shut up windows, leaving myself only just light enough to enable me to move about the house without hitting my head against the door posts. In this way, I shati be able to make up
the taxes on the necessaries of life. And will not this be done by others ? The 'Tax Office will see what is going to take place by the Notices that they will receive within this month.--—The remedy is, therefore, as I said before, to disband
their just due in half-pay: reduce the navy to the state of 1783, when France and Spain, and Holland and Demmalk had fleets; reduce the Civil List to its state of 1788; reduce all salaries in proportion; cut off all pensions granted during pleasure ; dispose of that public property which is calied crown land; curtail the expences in every department; let the fundholders see, that there are solid taxes to meet the interest due to them ; them cease to raise money on account of
bills.-Aad why should not this remedy be adopted 2 What do we want with an army constantly on foot? Our ancestors lived very safely, many hundreds of years without a standing army in time of peace.' We are at peace now with all the world. What, then, do we want with an army 3 And, if we are to keep up these great military and naval establishments, we have really lost by the overthrow of Napoleon and the consequcht peace; because, we have all the expenses without the profits of war.
Colts BILL. No. H.
the House of Lords, upon the presenting, by Lord Hardwicke, of a Petition: from the County of Cambridge, in which | the Petitionel state, that they are wholly
corn, in countries where the fainers pay
for what I shall be compelled to pay in
the whole of the army; pay the officers
the Sinking Fund; and we shall be able to go on without Heaus and without corn
unable to contend with the growers of
that, in getting rid of tythes and taxes, they have really been, upon the whole, benefited Do they confess, that we are come otit of the contest worsted f How does this agree with all the bonfires, and bell-ringing, and ox-roasting, and Serpentine River, and Green Park rejoicings 2 What I do they confess, after all, that we have lost by the 22 years “truggle —But tythes; why do they mame tythes, unless to ask for their abolition ? Nay, unless to ask for the sending 30f the Bishops and Parsons to grass? If, now, any one were to write against religion, and to say, that it was useless, how these persons would grind their teeth at him, and grin with delight at seeing him sent to starve and rot in a jail. How they would bellow forth Atheist, Blasphemer, and all sorts of vile appellations. If anyone were to ridicule the rites and ceremonies of marriage, baptism, churching of wo— men, confirmation, visitation of the sick, the Lord's supper, absolution, consecration of church-yards, burial of the dead, how they would stare at him; how they would rejoice to see him ruined, and killed by inches. And yet, they aim a much more direct blow at all these things by insinuating, that they cannot sell bread so cheap as they would be able to sell it, if the tythes, which support the Church, glid not exist. We are upon the eve, | imagine, of some great change in public matters. The war has left all its heavy load behind it, and has lost ail its profits. 'To raise the means of supporting that }oad, the government must adopt $91]\e
measure to keep up prices. The farmer who grows 100 quarters of wheat can get on if the government demand 50 quarters towards the payment of the debt expences, and the army, navy, and royal family and other things; but, if the government demand 90 quarters of it, the farmer cannot go on. And, it is quite useless to “Exchequer him”; for, dreadful as the fulmination may be, it cannot make him pay that which he has not.—Let me make this matter as clear as day-light.—Farmer Gripeum pays, in all sorts of taxes, direct and indirect, 200 pounds a year to the government. He grows 50 quarters of wheat. If his wheat be 120 shillings a quarter, the government demand about 32 quarters of it, but, if his wheat be 60 shillings a quarter, the government demand about 64 quarters of it, which is 14 quarters more than poor Gripeum grows, who is obiiged, therefore, to sell cows, pigs, sheep, and every thing else before the year is out, to make up the deficiency, to pay his rent, labour, and to find him clothes. It is manifest, therefore, that Gripeum must be ruined if he cannot sell his wheat at a high price as long as the demand of the government continues to be heavy. But, theu, if he sells his wheat dear, the baker must sell his bread dear; so that it comes, at last to this: heavy taxes make dear bread: it is the loaf that is taxed, and the consumer pays the tax.--—If it be resolved, that the taxes shall not be reduced, a Corn Bill must be made; for, without it the taxes cannot be collected. I, for my part, expect to see wheat, before next harvest, 6l. a quarter; and this ought to be co subject of complaint with those who are for the army's not being disbanded. They wish for the army to continue, and, really, I am for no dispute with them about the matter, but, then, they cannot suppose, that our ministers, liberal as they are, can keep up the army out of their own pockets. The question is this: are you for a standing army, or Cheap Bread. —Both you cannot have. There are no petitions against the former, and, therefore, it would be unreasonable and unjust to expect the latter. it appears, that a county meeting in Kent has been held for the purpose of petitioning for a Corn Bill.—The people (for the people they are) overset the Meeting, and committed some violences. The Courier blames
them; but did not this man, last year promulgate the very errors, upon which these people have acted? Now he has found out, that the government cannot collect the taxes without a Corn Bili: and therefore, now he is for a Corn Bill! —There is one precious confession in this paper. It is as follows: “The devision g, “property in France, however disastrous “ its ultimate offects, has created a far “greater and more universal tillage than “eristed before the Revolution.” Pray, reader, mark well these words; and, pray do recollect, that this same man a thousand times told us, and swore to the fact, that Bonaparte took away all the able men, and left none but old men, women, and children to till the land | But, the main fact is: France grows more food in consequence of her revolution; her land is tilled better in consequence of her revolution : revolutions which put down aristocracy, and priesthood produce cheap brea by causing more corn to be grown. This is what we are now told in the “ loyal” newspapers. I am glad, at any rate, if the measure is to be adopted, that such men as Mr. Color, Mr. Weston, and Mr. J%hitbread, mean to leave it 1o the GOVERNMENT. It is, as I said last year, their affair, and not the affair of the farmers and landowners. Not-a-word would-I say, if 1 were Asr. Coke; not a vote would I give, for the measure. It is a question which lies wholly with the government, the army, and the fundholders. If prices are very high, all these may yet be supported ; if prices are not very high, they cannot.—Where now is the famous OLD GEorg E. Rose, “ the friend of “the people 2" Why does he not now come forward? Wheat is dearer than
it was when he opposed the bill before.'
Where is the worthy old man now His creatures at Sonthampton, too, are quiet as mice, though they have felt such henefits from the imports of whgat from France.—It would provoke almost any man but me to see himself robbed as I am by these newspaper writers. All that they now say in the way of argument to shew the necessity of high prices, was said by me, last year, in my address to the pcople of Southampton. They have absolutely nothing new ; no, not a single thought. I, in that one article, furnished them all with the arguments that they are now fiiling
their columns with. But, they always “void the point at the heart. They always avoid the exposition of this great fact: that high prices are necessary to farmers only because the tares are high. ! hey always avoid this point; this thrust at the left side.—H have shewn before that all other expenees keep pace with the price of corn; and that, as far as they go, cheap corn is as good as dear corn to the farmers. It is the fares, the tares, the tares, the tares, the taxes. They do not keep pace with the priee of corn. They fall upon cheap corn with the same weight as upon dear corn. Soap, salt, leather, sugar, tea, candles, tobacco, malt, land, horses, windows, houses, property, and many other things, are all taxed as heavily now as when wheat was 40 l. a load of five quarters. It is not the farmer who wants a Corn Bill: it is the Government, that it may be able to get taxes.—I now wonder what the City of London will do. Consistency calls imperiously on it for a petition against the threatened Bill; . or, will it, too, like that fine, venerable old scientific placeman, Mr. Rose, find out a reason for not doing, this year, what it did, under similar circumstances, last year.
--THE - P. Ei.ory Ed FER1) is A N D.
Mr. Cobb str–Since roy last letter, I see by the public newspapers, that Lord Proby has made a motion in the House of Commons, for the names of all the English officers in the Spanish service, which he called, as it is reported in the Times newspaper, odious, and , detestable. He spoke in terms of the utmost indignation on the subject, and the whole house appeared to enter into lis feelings. Mr. Vansittart, it is said in the same journal, named Generals Whittingham and Roche, as being in the Spanish service. Now this was by no means 'treating these officers with fairmess. General Whittingham is at this moment in England, having resigned his employment; General koche is on the point of doing so; only two British, officers remain at present in the service of Ferdinand, Sir John Louie who is a forigadier General, and Col. ișoyle of the 87th. regiment, who is a Lieut. General. The latter has werer been emphoyed in any service, but that of dril– ling the Spanish recruits at a depot which
he has in the Isla De St. Leon, nea: Cadiz. He has for years resided there, and during all the various changes, he has still continued in his cecupation, 0. finding arms and clothing from Fngland for the Spanish forces; in which arduous employment, report says, he has a massed a large fortune. Of Sir John Dounie perhaps the following little history (of the authenticity of which you may rest assured) may not be unacceptable.He possessed early in the peninsular war, a very inferior appointment in the commissariat department, and gained a great deal of money, by sending home Merino sheep. Finding he had but little chance of promotion in the commissariat, he entered a volunteer into the Spanish service, at the time whem the provincial junta, gladly gave any thing to all adventurers who offered. He proposed to the junta of Estremadura to raise a legion, which being of course accepted, he came to England,and succeeded in obtaining from the British Government, either clothing for them, or money to purchase it with. About this time, the French broke up from before Cadiz, and, in the month of July or August, 1812, he accompanied Colonel Skerrett, (who was unfortunately killed in the late affair at Bergen op-Zoom)
city an engagement took place in which Colonel L. unie was wounded. He then returned to England, and, as it is said, at the request of Lord life, the Prince
legent knighted him. On his return to Spain, the Cortes gave him the cross of the third class of Charles the 'i hird, and the rank of Prigadier General. After which he went up to the alloy then in the Pyrenees, but as he did not obtain employment, he went to Madrid, where he remained until the retion of f criinand. We hear no more of him, until the newspapers in England, produce some long paid for poff paragraphs, of his having Teen “selected by the king,” to act under the Inquisitor General, in conveying the members of the Cortes to the prisons of the inquisition. Ferdiliard, perhaps not well pleased with the plan, who he might think would do any thing, soon neglected him, and he “ obtainew “permission to retire,” to Seville,where he
held an appointment as a sort of gealer in
a little prison in that city, which he pompously designates with the high sountil g title of “inspector of the royal palace.”
This, Sir, is the real story of the only two British officers who are at present in the service of Ferdinand. Generals, coche, yer, Whittingham, and Carroll, have all quitted it; and General Boyle o, said to be on the point of doing so. i’hen Sir John Lounie will i,ave all the honors of that service to himself, and luuch good may tirey do hin. 'I here can be no deubt of the dreadful state, in which that delightful country is now plunged, owing to the tyrannical government, with which it is ai present officted. I erdinand is literałly without a single minister; he employs the priests who surround him, occasionally in the (tifiercut offees of state, but there is no (i.epartment regularly filled. The respousibility is all upon himself, and a dreadful one it is. His old friends have all Geserted him. The Luke of St. Carlos, to whom he owed his very life, who had followed him into captivity, and shaled it with him, is banished to a small country house in the Sierra Morena, a desolate mountainous waste, which separates Andalusia from Castile. 'I he 1}uke of Infantado, who was some time ambassador in this country, is also in disgrace, baitished to an estate he possesses about thirty leagues from the metropolis. 'File-Luke of jar, whose duchess is at present in London, and one of the best tricii's Ferdinand ever possessed, is also banished. In short, not a single mon of either rank, talent, or public consideration, remains about ifle court. The priests fill every department, and the lowest adventure is have caused the removal of every friend to the country. T bus “ the church " has been the cause of aii the evils which oppress this unliapjoy country. It is impossii, ie to describe the ruiserable state in which it is placed; distrust and suspicion, pervade ais ranks: no non is safe; the priests have so comPietely become masters of every thing, tirat not bug can be done but thro' their intervention. In an arbitrary govertiment, of the most despotic order, there is, of course no regular taxation; the king in poses what imposts he pleases by royal edict. Put affairs are
touriy getting worse; the loss of the Anciican colonies will ke a death blow
10 him. General Morillo has been for four months at Cádiz, endeavouring to assemble thore something in the spape
of an army, to reduce to GLedience the rebellious colonists. This officer was originally in the old marine; he served as corporal of that corps, in the battle of Trafalgar. When the revolution broke out, he joined a corps of guerillas in the south of Spain, and being a desperate soldier, shortly became a chief:-From having served in the regular army, his corps was known to possess a better state of discipline, than usually existed in those bodies. The Cortes, accordingly, at the recommendation of Lord Wellington, with whom he was a great favourite, gave him the permanent rank in the army of major general, and he was selected by General Elio, who was a principal agent in the restoration of Ferdinand, for the command of the South American expedition. He went to Cadiz in September last to arrange his little army which was to consist of 12,000 men. When he got there, he found only about half that number, without arms, ammunition, or clothing. 'No military chest, no means of support ; the men and officers quartered on the inhabitants, by whom they were supported, and the whole affair in a perfect state of confusion. He remonstrated; be demanded supplies and money. The former were promised him, and the governor of Cadiz, the sanguinary Willa Vicencia, was ordered to make a requisition on the merchants of that city for 2,000,000 of dollars for him : this money not being forthcoming, the expedition remains still in statu quo. In the mean time the revolutionists have obtained complete possession of the whole of Spainish America, and have razed the fortifications of Monte Video to the ground—thus, all chance," all possibility of success is totally out of question, and General Morillo's expedition is deferred “ad graecas calendas.” I have intruded upon you, Sir, I fear, at greater length than I ought to have done. I shall take the liberty of addressing you again next week, when I shall give you some interesting details 40f the secret measures, Ferdinand and his priests have adopted to enslave the country, which are known to very few persons here. I remain, yours, &c. - CIVIS.
INSPIRED WRITINGs. $1R—As your Register is open to coo and dispassionate discussions, either on
cise a manner as I possibly can, to place the subject in that light in which I view it. According to Dr. Lardner's chronological arrangement of the books of the New Testament, it appears that none of them were written 'till nearly 20 years after the death of Christ. The earliest of them were some of the Epistles. The Gospels were not written 'till more than 30 years after his death. They were written by different authors, at different times and places. Agreable to the Rev. Jer. Jones on the canon of the New Testament, the first collective form of those books was in the beginning of the third century. They must therefore have remained in detached books more than a century after the death of the authors. In the Gospel of St. Mark Chap. XII. verse 24. Jesus said to the Jews, “ Do ye not therefore err ber cause ye know not the Scriptures; ” in St. John, Chap. W. verse 39. He tells them to “search the scriptures; ” and in Chap. X. verse 35. “ and the scriptures cannot be broken. ” Here, in all these instances, Jesus appeals to the Jewish books or writings called scriptures, which were in common, and well known to all of them ; He must therefore have alluded to the Old Testament only, because no part of the New had any being at the time; consequently
he would not appeal to a nonentity; to a
thing that had no existence. In the
Acts of the Apostles, Chap. XVII.
verse 11. it is said of the Bereans that “ they searched the scriptures daily; ” Now as this book of the Acts of the Apostles was written after the accomlishment of those acts, and the scriptures of the Bereans were prior to those acts, it could not be any part of those holy scriptures which the Bereans were