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A memoliai is said to have been presented by the French Ambassador Talleyrand, in which it is declared, that France having returned to her boundaries in 1792, can ecognize none of the aggran-" disements of the other great Powers of Europe. since that period, although not intending to oppose them by war, These circumstances indicate that the new basis for the political system of Europe, will not be so specdily settled as had been expected. The principle thus assumed by France is very extensive in its effects, and opens a field for negociation much wider than had been anticipated. We think it does not promise an aspect of immediate tranquillity to this Continent, and that it will disconcert particularly the measures which Great Britain has been taking with regard to the future destination of this country, among others, and to which she has attached apparently much importance. We have the honour to be, with great respect, Sir, your very humble servants, Jon N QUIN cy AdAMs, J. A. BAY ARD, H. CLAY, Jo NA. Russell, ALBERT GALLATIN.

No. ix–NOTE foom the British to the American

Ministers.-October 21, 1814.

The undersigned have had the honour of receiving the note of the Am...ican Plenipotentiaries, of the 1 ts, instan, comunicating the acceptance of their **ticle, which the oudersigned had prepared on the subject of the pacification and rights of the Indian Nations. The towersigned are happy in being * * relieved from the necessity of recurring to several topics, which though they arose in the cour* of their discussions, have only an incidental connection with the differences remaining to be adjusted between the two countries. With a view to this adostament, the undersigned preferring, in the present state of the negotiation, a general statement to the formal arrangement of articles, are willing so far to comply with the request of the American Plenipotentiaries, contained in their last note, as to waive the advantage to which they think they were fairly entitled, of requiring from them the first projet of a treaty. The undersigned havving stated at the first conference the points, upon which his Majesty's Government considered the discussions between the two countries as likely to turn, cannot better satisfy the request of the American Plei:ipotentiaries than by referring them to that conferenee for a statement of the points, which in the opinion of his Majesty's Governument, yet remain to be adjusted. With respect to the forcible seizure of marines from on board merchant vessels on the high seas, and the right of the King of Great Britain to the allegiance of all his native subjects, and with respect to the maritime rights of the British Empire, the undersigned con

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vernment of the United States, a more satisfactory proof of the conciliatory spirit of his Majesty's Government cannot be given, than by not requiring any stipulation on those subjects, which, though most important in themselves, uo longer, in consequence of the maritime pacification of Europe, produce the same practical results. On the subject of the Fisheries, the undersigned expressed with so much frankness, at the couference already referred to, the views of their Government, that they consider any further observations on that topic as unnecessary at the present time. On the question of the boundary between the dominions of his Majesty and those of the United States, the undersigned are led to expect from the discussion which this subject has already undergone, that the North Western boundary, from the Lake of the Woods to the Mississipip (the intended arrangement of 1803) will be adinitted without objection. In regard to other boundaries, the American Plenipotentiaries, in their note of August 24, appeared in some measure, to object to the propositions then made by the undersigned, as not being on the basis of uti possidetis. The undersigned are willing to treat on that basis, subject to such modification as mutual convenience may be found to require; and they trust that the American Plenipotentiaries will shew, by their ready acceptance of this basis, that they duly appreciate the moderation of his Majesty's Government in so far consulting the honor and fair pretensions of the United States, as in the relative situation of the two countries, to authorise such a proposition. The undersigned avail theinselves of this opportunity to renew to the American Plenipotentiaries the assurance of their high consideration. (Signed) GAMBIER, HENRY Goulbor N, WILLIAM ADAM,

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The undersigned have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of the Note of the British Plenipotentiaries of the 21st instant. Amongst the general observations which the undersigned, in their Note of the 24th August, made on the propositions then brought forward on the part of the British Government, they remarked that those propositions were founded neither on the basis of uti possidetis, uor on that of status ante bellum. But so far were they from suggesting the uti possidetis as the basis on which they were disposed to treat, that in the same Note they expressly stated, that they had been instructed to conclude a peace on the principle of both parties restoring whatever territory they might have taken. The undersigned also declared, in that Note, that they had no authority to cede any part of the territory of the United States, and that to no stipulation to that effect would they sub

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scribe; and in the Note of the 9th September, after
having shewn that the basis of uti possidetis, such
as it was known to exist at the commencement of
the negociation, gave no claim to his Britannic
Majesty to cessions of territory founded upon the
right of conquest; they added, that even if the
chances of war should give to the British arms
a momentary possession of other parts of the terri-
tory of the United States, such evedts would not
alter their views with regard to the terms of peace
to which they would give their content. The un-
dersigned can now only repeat those declarations,
and decline treating upon the basis of * possidetis,
or upon any other principle involving a cession of
any part of the territory of the United States. As
they have uniformly stated, they can treat only upon
the principles of a mutual restoration of whatever
territory may have been taken by either Patty'
From this principle they cannot recede; and the
undersigned, after. the repeated declarations of the

British Plenipotentiaries, that Great Britain had.

no view to acquisition of territory in this negocia-
tion, deem it necessary to add, that the utility of
its continuance depends, on their adherence to this
principle. The undersigned having declared in
their Note of the 21st of August, that
although instructed and prepared to enter
into an amicable discussion of all the points,
on which differences or uncertainty had existed,
and which might hereafter tend to interrupt. the
harmony of the two countries, they would not make
one conclusion of the peace at att depend-upon a
successful result of the discussion; and having since
agreed to the preliminary article proposed by the
British Government, had believed that the negotia-
tion, already solong protracted, could not be brought
to an early conclusion otherwise than by the comi-
munication of a projet, embracing all the other
specific propositions which Great Britain intended
to offer. They repeat their request in that respect,
and will have no objection to a simultaneous ex-
change of the projets of both parties. This course
will bring fairly into discussion the other topics
embraced in the last note of the British Plenipoten-
tiaries, to which the undersigned have thought it
unnecessary to advert at the present time. The
undersigned renew to the British Plenipotentiaries
the assurance of their high consideration. (Signed)

John Quincy ADAMs, JAM Es A. BAY ARD,
HEN Ry Clay, Jo NATHAN Russel L. A. GAL-
1. ATIN.

No. XI.---Copy of a Letter from the American
Commissioners to the Secretary of State, dated
Ghent, October 31, 1814.
SIR,---The detention of the Chauncey at Ostend,

enables us to send the inclosed Note from the

British Plenipotentiaries, which we have just re

JANUARY 28, 1815–State Papers." .* “[126

ceived. We have the honour to be, with perfect respect, your obedient servants, John Quincy ADAMs, J. A. Bavard, H. Clay, Josa. Russett, A. Gallaris."

.*.

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No. XII.--NOTE from the British to the American Ministers—October 31, 1814.

The undersigned have the honour to acknowledge

the receipt of the note addressed to them by the
American Plenipotentiaries on the 24th instant, in
which they object to the basis of uti. possidetis pro-
posed by the undersigned, as that on which they
are willing to treat in regard to part of the bounda-
ries between the dominions of his Majesty and those
of the United States. The American Plenipotentia-
ries in their note of the 13th instant, requested the
undersigned to communicate to them the projet of
a treaty, embracing all the points insisted on by
Great Britain, engaging on their part to deliver
immediately aster a contra projet as to all the
articles to which they might not agree, and as to all
the subjects deemed material by the United States,
and omitted in the projet of the undersigned. The
undersigned were accordingly instructed to waive
the question of etiquette, and the advantage which
might result from receiving the first communication,
and confiding in the engagement of the American
Plenipotentiaries, communicated in their notes of
the 21st instant, all the points upon which they are
instructed to insist. The American Plenipotentia-
ties, have objected to one essential part of the pro-
jet thus communicated, but before the undersigned
can enter into the discussion of this objection, they
must require from the American Plenipotentiaries
that, pursuant to their engagement, they will deli-
ver a contra-projet containing all their objections
to the points submitted by the undersigned, toge-
ther with a statement of such further points as the
Government of the United States consider to be
material. The undersigned are authorised to state
distinctly, that the article as to the pacification
and rights of the Indian nations having been accept-
ed, they have brought forward their note of the
21st instant; all the propositious they have to offer.
They have no further in demands to nake, no other
stipulations on which they are instructed to insist,
and they are empowered to sign a Treaty of Peace
forthwith in conformity with those stated in their
former note. The undesigned trust, therefore,
that the American Plenipotentiaries will no longer
hesitate to bring forward, in form of anticles or
otherwise as they may prefer, those specific propo-
sitions upon which they are empowered to sigu a
Treaty of Peace between the two conntries. The

undersigned avail themselves of the present opportunity to renew to the Plenipotentiaries of the United States the assurance of their high consideration.

(Sighed) GAMBIER, H. Goulbs an, YWM. ADAM, “G, Houstos : No. 192, Stroud; where all Communications addressed to the Editor are requested to be forwarded.

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tar to England, removed the prisoners, set her on

cease firing, when I hailed and asked it he had

every thing for another action, and awaited his - • * *

Capt. Blakeley's official Account.

Copy of a Letter from Jonssos B1 are ov, Esq. Counander of the United States sloop of war Wasp, to the Secretary of the Navy, dated United States' ship Wasp, Scptember 11, 1814, lat. 40. N. long. 16. W.

Sin, --After a protracted and tedious stay at L'Orient, I had at last the pleasure of leaving that place on Saturday the 27th August. On the 30th captured the British brig Lettice, Henry Cockbain, master, and 31st August the British brig Bon Accord, Adam Durny, master. In the morning of the 1st September discovered a convoy of ten sail to leeward, in charge of the Armada, 74, and a bomb ship ; stood for them, and succeeded in cutting out the British brig Mary, John D. Allen, mas. ter, laden with brass cannon taken from the Spaniards, iron cannon and nilitary stores, from Gibral

fire, and endeavoured to capture another of the couvoy, but was chased off by the Armada. On the evening of the same day, at half-past six, while going tree, discovered tour vessels nearly at the saine time, two on the starboard, and two on the larboard bow, hauled up for the one most on the starboard bow, being tarthest to windward. . At seven the chace (a brig) commenced making sigmals with flags, which could not be distinguished for want of light, and soon after made various ones with lanterns, rockets and guns. At 26 minutes atter nine, having the chare under our lee bow, the 12 pound cartonade was directed to be fired into him, which he returned ; ran under his lee to prewent his escaping, and at nine minutes after nine cominenced the action. At 10 o'clock believing the enemy to be silenced, orders were given to stirrendered. No answer being given to this aud his fire having recommenced, it was again returned. At 12 minutes after 10, the enerny having suifered greatly and having made no return to our two last broadsides, 1 hailed him the second time, to know if he had surrendered, when he answered in the affirmative. The guns were then ordered to be secured, and the boat lowered to take possession. In the act of lowering the boat a second brig ** as discovered a little distance a-stern and standing for us. Sent the crew to their quarters, prepared

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* (128 iro , it compelled to forego the satisfaction of prize. Our braces having been. out * **, we kept of the wind until others could * **, *, with the expectation of drawing the * :ond m his companions, but in the last we were Gisariointed. The second brig continued

to approach us until she came close to our stern, when she hortled h- the -ind, fired her brea-----

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her steps to join or censort, wher. . . were set sitated o abdoton the prize; he apocored every - spect a total wreck. It co, some time firing guns of distress, until probably" delivered by the two last vessels who made their appearance. The second brig could have engaged us if he had thought proper, as he neared us fast, but contented himself with firing a broadside,' " ' and immediately - returned to his companions. . . . It is with real satisfaction I have again the pleasure; of bearing testimony to the merits of Lieutenant Reilly, Tillinghurst, Baury, and sailing-naster Carr: and to the good conduct of every officer and man- ; on board the Wasp. Their divisions and depart-o. meuts were attended and supplied with the utmost regularity and abundance, which, with the good order maintained, together, with the vivacity and precisión of their fire, reflects on them the greatest credit. Our loss is two killed and one slightly woulided with a wad. The hull received four round siut, and the foremast many grape shot. Our rigging and sails suffered a great deal. Evety damage was repaired the day atter, with the exception of our sails. Of the vessel with whom we were engaged, nothing positive can be said; with regard to her name or force. While hailing him previous to his being fired into, it was blowing, fresh (and then going ten knots) and the name was not distinctly" understood. Of her force, the four shot which struck us are all thirty-two lbs, in weight, being a pound and three quarters heavier, than any we had From this circumstance. . the number of men in her tops, her general appear-ance and great length, she is believed to one of the largest brigs in the British navy—I have the hououi, &c. &c. - . . .

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belonging to our vessel.

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J. Blax Flex, o - - so. P. S. I am told the enemy, after his surrender, asked for assistance, and said he was sinking. The probability of this is confirmed by his firing signalguns for some time after liis capture. The actio # took place in lat. 47. 30. N. long, 11 W.

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Vol. XXVII. No. 5.] LoNDoN, SATURDAY, FEB. 4, 1815. [Price 1s. great clearness and eloquence; but, generally speaking, there was nothing new in it, which the report here inserted does not contain :

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Press.

HAving taken a part personally at this Yneeting in my own county, it was not my intention to have made its proceedings a subject of observation in print, because it seems rather unfair to avail Inyself of an advantage, not possessed by those gentlemen, from whom I had the misfortune to differ in opinion. But, I am compelled to do this, on the present occasion, in my own defence, seeing that the London daily news-papers have wholly misrepresented the proceedings; have garbled every thing that they have touched; have suppressed the Petition which I moved; have exhibited me as guilty of the most glaring inconsistency, and as having behaved in a disorderly and even ridiculous manner. I shall, I trust, therefore, be excused for giving an account of the Proceedings, through the only channel that I have access to, especially as the discussion embraced some great political principles, in which the nation are, of course, deeply interested. When I have given an account of the Proceedings, I will give an account of the Trick of the London daily Press, and endeavour to open the eyes of the public tö the true character of that veonal instrument of all that is hypocritical and corrupt.

Before we come to the Meeting itself, we ought to notice the previous steps. A Requisition to the Sheriff, signed by 53 gentlemen, was left with Deputy Sheriff at Winchester. These gentlemen were, principally, land-owners as well as farmers, but none of them distinguished as belonging to either of the Parties, as they are usually termed. After this Requisition was set on foot, another was put in circulation by what is, ludicrously enough, called the Whigs; and, though the former petition was first in the hands of the Deputy Sheriff, the Meeting was called upon the latter, on the ground,

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that it first reached the High Sheriff, notwithstanding that, in all other cases, an application to the former is looked upon, and, in law, is an application to the latter. . These circumstances would have been almost unworthy of notice, if they had not had an effect upon the proceedings of the day; but, as will be seen presently, they had a very material effect upon those proceedings, and tended to shew, in no very amiable light, the character and real views of the party, by whom the second Requisition was urged forward. For my part, I signed neither of the Requisitions, and, until my arrival at Winchester, had had no communication with any one upon the subject. I had determined upon the course to pursue, and left co-operation to chance, being ten thousand times more anxious to inculcate a sound principle or two, as to the rights and liberties of my country, than to relieve myself from the Property Tax, and all the other taxes put together! - About eleven o'clock,that is to say,about an hour before the Meeting took place, some gentlemen joined me at the inn where I was. Sometime after this, I drew up a petition to offer to the Meeting, in case the one to be presented by the Whigs, should not be such as I approved of. So far was I from having time to copy the paper, I was drying the ink at the fire, when word was brought us, that the Meeting was begun. Cramming the paper into my pocket, without reading it even once over, I hastened to the Castle, and entered the Court-house in the middle of a speech of Mr. PortALL, who, I learnt, had opened the business of the day. The fairest way for me to act as to this Speech, is to insert the report of it as I find it in the Times newspaper of the 25th of January. The speech was an hour long ; but, really, the reporter has had the ability to bring into about ten minutes compass all the material points of it. The Speech * delivered with

“ Mr. Port ALL came forward to move for a petition to be presented to the House of Commons, against the revival of this tax. He, as being a Commissioner for collecting this tax, had many opportunities of considering the machinery of it, and witnessing its unavoidable oppression: on this account, he did not hesitate to put himself forward on this occasion, although there were many present of superior weight and property in the county. He should begin by entirely disclaiming all party motives, and therefore he should not consider who was the man who first proposed the tax, or who it was that increased it. If he felt any confidence that this most obnoxious tax would be suffered to die away of itself at the period which the legislature had marked out for its decease, he should not have thought it necessary to disturb its expiring moments. Ministers had, however, both by their demeanour and their language in the House, as well as out of it, by their refusing to answer questions, and by their sending private setters to their friends whom they supposed to have considerable local interest, shewed pretty clearly to the country, that it was their intention to propose the renewal of the tax. If this tax was really as good in itself as any other tax by which the necessary supplies were to be raised, he should not have such great objections to it. He was convinced, however, that this tax which professed to be equal and impartial, was in fact the most unequal and the most partial. It was said to be a tax upon profits, and yet no deduction was “made on account of the uecessary ex“pense of repairs. Was the expense “ that a landlord or farmer was obliged “to incur for keeping the premises in re“pair, to be called their profits Were “the three-fourths of the tax upon land “which the farmers are obliged to pay “to be called a tax upon their profits “When a lease was taken for 21 years,

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“who by their mental energy, and bodily
“health, were just in a condition to
“maintain their fanilies, and from whom
“much of the fruits of their industry
was torn by the operation of this tax.
“What could be more unjust, than that
“such men should be obliged to pay the
“same tax for an income so acquired, as
“if their income had been the regular
produce of large sums inrested in the
“funds 2 This was not like the other
“taxes which were paid indirectly or
“collaterally. It was a tar on the thing
“itself. If he had ten guineas on his ta.
“ble, the tar-gatherer took one of them.
“This appeared in its principle to be
“something of a highwayman's-tar. It
“was extorted, not by the means of a
“ pistol, but by the surcharges and sur-
“veyors. The surveyor administered to
“the party the oath of purgation, and
“then the inquisition followed. This
“tax went to destroy all confidence be-
“tween man and man. No man dared
“to speak of his circumstances, for fear
of being exposed to the surveyor. His
“this country there were men who wouli
“not be afraid to take a lion by the
“beard, but who trembled before the
“surroyor, who is, in fact, the greatest
“bug-bear in the land. It might be
“ asked, how came it that such a tax
“was ever suffered It was because it
“was then stated that the enemy was at
“our doors, and that every thing which
“we valued was at stake. Under such
“circumstances, the country was not
“very particular in enquiring into the
“means which were proposed for our
“safety. The Legislature had expressly
“stated those circumstances in the first
“act, the 36th of the King, and men-
“tioned in the preamble, “that the
“safety of his Majesty's Crown, the sc-
“curity of our holy religion, our laws,
lires, and properties, were at hazard.”
“If Ministers now wished to renew the
“ tax, it would be for thern to shew that
“the saine circumstances now exist. The
“Legislature, had always shewn the

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