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worth nothing, if it is incapable of withstanding Ridicule.-Phillips's Va.,

nity the Cause of his Fall
Letter to Lord Ellenborough upon the Liberty of the Press, as the Doctrine of it

was illustrated in the Trial of Carr against Hood.-Doctrine restricted to
Authors and their Works.-Analysis of Carr's Case. Who is to settle tbe -
Point as to what is candid and what is not !Why should Authors alone be
exposed to free Criticism ?-Who is to determine what is ridiculous ?
Why should not any other Person as well as an Author be ridiculed? Of
what Use is the Press if it be to censure nothing but its own Works?_The
Liberty of the Press does not consist in the being able, unpunished, to
print a Book on Gardening, but to ridicule or censure Persons, by the
Means of the Press.--The Injury to Individuals is not to be considered, if
the Public be benefited. - The grave fat Cuckolds, in and about London,

great Enemies to the Freedom of the Press
Conventions in Portugal.- What the Nation had a Right to expect.-What have

we? -Disgraceful Terms.-Miserable Excuses for accepting of them. '
We wanted a decisive Victory. --Shameful Acknowledgment of the Em-
peror and the Duc d'Abrantes. More disgraceful than the Conduct of
Whitelocke.-Defence of Sir Arthur Wellesley by the Morning Post.
Old Defence.-High Wellesley compared to a Banker or Attor.
ney's Clerk.-Further Extract from the Morning Post about the Protest.

-Utter Improbability of any such Protest.-Morning Post the Property of
East Indians. The Armistice published in the French Language
-General Feelings of the Nation upon this Subject.-Necessity of Petition-
ing the King.--I am resolved to do it.--Notice to Hampshire Freeholders
to join me if they choose. -- Portuguese dissatisfied.-Ill treatment of them
by our Generals. The hoisting of the Flags.- Protest of the Portuguese
General Freire.-Discontents in Portugal. The Convention not binding
upon the Portuguese --Wellesley's Letter to the Bishop of Oporto.--The
pretended “ French Trick" Wellesley the Person most concerned...
Generals ought to be recalled-A Trial ought to take place as soon as po-si-
ble. - Contrast in the Conduct of Lord Cochrane and Sir Samuel Hood.
Base Falsehood in the Morning Post, imputing the Censure of Sir Arthur
Wellesley to Party Spirit .

- What Share of Blame is due to the Ministers.--Pretensions of the Com.
manders, Cause of their Appointnient.-No Measures taken to do us jus.
tice.-The Answer to our Censure is, that we bate che Wellesleys because

they were staunch Friends of the late Pitt.—The Protest agaln . .
Spanish Revolution. The Constitution of that Country. - Former Efforts in the

Cause of Freedom.Fears about the Disposition of the Nobles and Priests.
-Difference between the Case of America and that of Spain. We ought
to thiok betimes of wbat we ought to do, if King Joseph should be seated
upon the Throne.--The talking so much about Ferdinand is a bad Sign.
Our Writers seem to hate Napoleon only as a Conqueror, and not at all as
a Despot.We conquer Nizams, &c. - We give Praises and Honours and
Money to those who conqner for us.—Opinion clearly expressed as to

the Result of the War .
Conventions in Portugal. -Wellesley arrived in England. - The News of the

Convention reached the Ministers along with that of the Battle of
Vimiera.- New Defence of Wellesley answered.--Vile Slanders upon
the Portuguese. -- But, what are the People doing ?-They can address
wben tbe Ohject is to flutter.- Baseness of the ministerial Creatures in
Hampshire. --But too general.--The Cause of this slavish Dependence.
The World will regard us as Slaves, or as Hypocrites'. i

| Spanish Revolution.---Mr. J. Hookhan Frere appointed Envoy to Ferdinand VII.

-Doctrine of cashiering Kings.--If the War be for Ferdioxind it is an

Object of little comparative Interest." Cevallos's Exposition " exposed
Conventions io Portugal.-Sir Hew Dalrymple's Arrival at Portsmouth. -- Sir

Arthor Wellesley came Home more snugly.-No Calcutta Entries. ,
Why not hasten lö Spain, instead of coming Hunie on Leare of Abstrace ? "
--Address and Petition of the City of London delivered to the

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King's Answer.---The kissing Scene.--Answers of the late King upon
similar Occasions.--The wretched Slaves of the City deserve the Treat-
ment they received.-Abject Language of the Morning Chronicle re-
specting Doctrine of " No Wrong."-Proceedings in Berkshire respecting
the Convention.--Addresses of the Corporation and City of Winchester.

The Right of Petition.--Essex about to meet, though the two Factions
have, by the Means of a Compromise, long rendered the elective Fran-
chise a perfect Nullily in that County. The Scots and a Yorkshireman
disclaim Sir Hew.-Wellesley gone to Ireland.--Has he his Salary still?
Mr. Canning is suspected not to join in the Views of others respecting the

Major Hogan's Appeal . .
Letter to the Freeholders and Inhabitants of Hampshire.-Hope the approaching

Meeting will be well-attended. --Importance of the Subject -We call
the French Slaves, because they dare not complain.-Our competence to
decide upon the Subject.-We are told that there is no Necessity for
Petitioning now that ihe King has answered the City of London. What
are the Grounds of our Reliance, founded upon recent Events? -The Minis-
ters rejoiced at the Convention, they advised the Answer to the City of
London.-Did any Inquiry take Place with regard to the Helder?- The
Expulsion of King James 11.-Right of Petition again urged.-Insolence
of the Partizans of the Ministry.- One great Object is to support the

City of London.- Let us keep clear of Party, that Bane of the Country -
Letter to the Freeholders and Inhabitants of Hampshire.- Remarks on the Pro-

ceedings of the County Meeting. Party.--Mr. Garnier.-Let us laugh

at the Accusation of being Jacobins and Levellers.--A Dawn of Hope Conventions in Portugal.-Court of Inquiry ordered.-Not so in the Case of Sir.

Robert Calder, or that of Colonel Cochrane Johnstone.- What the Court
of Inquiry will prove to be. --The Ground of Opposition in Berkshire.
What the French Writers say of our Complaints.-- The Discontents in .
Portugal attributed to our Complaints here.-This is an old Trick of Pitt.
-The Wellesleys and Hopes, of ardent nind, knew well how to induce
a City to rejoice.- We are afraid to leave Portugal to itself. The probable
Effect, in Spain, of our Conduct in Portugal. Of the Gratitude and
Forbearance due from the People to the Army. What are become, then,
of all the Preachings about strict Discipline?- Poor Encouragement fo .
us still to make Sacrifices. To get the French out of Portugal was not the
" main Olject." Paragraph Puffs in behalf of Wellesley. The Address
of ine Officers to Wellesley..Better beat the French than waste their

Time and Money in addressivg, and giving Plate to their Commanders -
Letter to the Reverend Edmund Poulier, in answer to his Defence of Mr. Garnier
Court of Inquiry. This, then, is the due" Investigation that was promised...

It will produce a Mass of Print that no Man will read. --Wellesley now gives the Lie direct to all his Friends who talked about the Protest, What Honour and Justice called upon him to do the Moment he landed in England. ---Sir Hew was ordered by Lord Castlereagh to consult WelJesley: -The whole of the Documents were sent to Lord Castlereagh in French.-Magnified Numbers of the Enemy --Provisions for the Army.

Lord Castlereagh's Brother is a General in Spain and Under Secretary of Stite at the same Time.-The Persons examined are all, more or less, Parties concerned

. Spanish Revolution.- Central Junta seem to lose their Time in Measures for

" keeping the People in Order."-Is Napoleon to be resisted by any but
revolucionary Means ? - The Junta has been passing Decrees against is the
Licentiousness of the Press."- Bad Sign. No Proof that our Ministers

bave been to blame in their Plans. - Portuguese do not seem to thank us
.? much
Ainerican States -
Corn against Sugar. -Price of Rørley
Major Hagan, .. .

... .

.. . Duke of York's Income . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Hampshire Nomination Meeting - Mr. Heathcote's Answer to Ms. Barham...

Indifference as to who shall be elected ·

Major Hogan's Appeal

Letter to the Editor of the Salisbury Journal, relative to the Pensions of Lord

Fitzharris - -

Spanish Revolution. The Central Junta not disposed to make much of a .,

Change. - Fears that we have been instrumental in making it a War for

Ferdinand.-Never make Peace but upon Condition that Ferdinand is pat

on the Throne.-Bad Policy in this. The People will hardly bleed in

such a Cause.-Mr. J. Hookham Frere is received in Spain, Envoy " near

the august Ferdinand."- Always think of the Decrees against “the Li-

centiousness of the Press."-Opinion given by one of our Officers in

Spain, that the French must do the miserable People of that Country

Good.-Spanish Cause may yet triumph, if it become the Cause of the



Davison-Famed for Loyalty.--Most of the detected Peculators very loyal Men.

-Loyalty is not to be expected for nothing.–Poet Fiizgerald for that.'--'
Excellent Character given of Davison by Lord Moira, Messrs. Wellesley
Pole, Charles Long, William Huskisson, &c. -- Famous Dinners given
at Davison's hospitaile board," to great Personages.-Source and Effects
of this Sort of Hospitality .


Major Hogan's Appeal .. * . -


- - 936

Poor Watch maker's Letter

Court of Inquiry.--The Question between Sir Harry Burrard and Sir Arthur



Spanish Revolution --Answer to a Correspondent, who accuses the Editor of

Lukewarmness in the Cause of Spain
Portugal. Sad discontented and unsettled State -
King's Declaration, with regard to the Overtures of France and Russia, from

: Erfurth ..

Duke of York's Income

Spanish Revolution. Accusations of the Courier against Mr. Waithman, the

Edinburgh Reviewers and the Editor.--Mr. Cobbett, truly instigated by
the Devil, steps forth, with a hellish Spirit, to throw the Apple of
Discord amongst us.-The Ministers have carried on a War for Ferdinand
- And are still at it-" Great Luck" to them.- Who are the Enemies

of the Constitution.-Peculators and Plunderers the best Friends of Buona-

parte.---Don Cevallos's lying Publication ably exposed by the Edinburgh



Portugal.--The Intendant's Proclamation.-Our Troops an Object of Dislike with

the Portuguese.-The Mass of the People of Portugal feel little Concern

about the ejecting the French-What is the Cause? --Detestable Falsehood

of the Courier . -



Janjaica, Black Regiments, Mischiefs and Dangers attending them .

Lotteries. ---Reports to the House of Commons relating to them
Libel Law.-Abridgment of the Trial in the Case of Carr against Hood. . 432
Convention.-Extract from the Times Newspaper
Hampshire Meeting, Proceedings at


London City.- Proceedings in consequence of the King's Answer to them



Hanipshire Meeting for the Nomination of a Member in the Room of Sir Henry
- - - - - -

Edinburgh Revicwers.--Excellent Passages relating to Spain, extracted from

their Work - - - -
Duke of York.-The Act of Parliament containing the Grant to him of National

Lands, or Crown Lands, in Surrey - -
Table of the Number of Christenings and Burials; of the Prices of the Quattern

Loaf; of the - Prices of Meat, Sugar, Salt, and Coals; of the Prices of
the English- and French Stocks; and of the Number of Bankruptcies, .
fr m June 10 November, 1808

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Table of the Number of Christenings and Burials within the Bills of Mortality, from June 1808, co

November 1808, inclusive.

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Under 2 5110 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 to || Total Buried.
Male. F
Femalel toto to to to' to to to to to 100,

Years. 5. 10. 20. 30. 40. 50. 60. 70. 80.' 90. &c. Males Females June ........ 898 868 378 | 181 69 51 90 136 158 98 83 88 32

731 685 July ........ 886 854 | 421 202 54 50 93 132 179 135 104 84 34 6 747 747 August ...... 859 780 506 | 168 39' 45 86 118 126 104 87 69 26 4 September .... 968 928 | 729 230 85 70 105 164 180 141 114 78 37: 6 9771 962 October ...... 768 6911 145 50 49 85 138 140' 89 91 83: 34 6 6721 635 November .... 807 730 | 173 67, 44 199 129 126, 121.111 89 22 5 696 718

' 5186 4851 | 2831 1099 364309 658 817 917 688 595 491 175 34 | 45491 4398 ! Total Christenings. . 10037

Total Burials. .8947

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per Stone of
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| Day.

Table of the Prices of Meat, Sugar, Salt, and Coals, iu

Table of the Prices of the Quartern
London, from June to November, 1808, inclusive.

Loaf in London, from June to

Noveinber, 1808, inclusive,
J une July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov.

| June | July Aug. ! Sept. | Oct.
s. d. s. d. s. d s. d. s. d. s.
Beef .. 5 6 505050485
Mutton 54 54 54 54 50 5
Pork ..54 58 60 64 586

Is. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. Sugar.. 39 7841 0 36 10 36 11 38 5 54 54 Cwt. 60 11 41 04 11 08 51 05 31 271 31

131 0 111 of 81 04.121 14 10 1 2 141 311 Salt.... 10010010010 010 01 o o Bushel 201 07181 04 151 04.19'1 1317 1 21 211 311

271 0 251 01 221 04261 24 241 31 28 1 3i Coals ..51 6 151 6 152 0 51 9 155 0 55 o Chald.

Table of the Prices of the English Table of the Prices of the French Five
Three per Cent. Consols, from

per Cent. Consolidés, from June
June to November, 1808, inclusive.

to November, 1808, inclusive. June July Aug. Sept. | Oct.

Day, June July Aug. Sept., Oct. Nov.

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Table of the Number of Bankrupicies in Eng

land, from June to November, 1808, inJune | July | Aug. Sept. 1 Oct. | Nov.



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14 87.0 85.10


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17 86.70 - 81.40
18 -
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20 - 85.0 81.25 -
21 86.50 -




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VOL. XIV. No. 1:} :' - LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1808.

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“I wonid have no exneditions against the Americans. I would securely stop their holes, and leave them to “ quarrel and fieļit amongst theinselves, which they would soun infallibly do."-POLITICAL RegisTER, Vol. XI, p. 31. ono

SUMMARY OF POLITICS. -“ der a right which the great majority of the AMERICAN STATES. On the 24th ".country has ever considered as essential instant, Mr. WHITBREAD made, in the "to its dearest interests. 'Sir, I may boldHouse of Comneons, a speech, which "Jy appeal to the country to determine formed a sort ut recapitulation of the sub-' w whether from the correspondence on the jects of debate daring the session, which is “ table of the house any such disposition on now upon the point of closing. Amongst other or the part of his majesty's ministers has topics, he revived that of the dispute with “ appeared through the whole transaction. the Ainerican States. “With respect 10 " That the rupture of the negotiation on " America," said he, I wish to know, as " this subject was not attended with any "far as it can be disclosed with discretion, 1.“ hostile feeling on either side, is an in."! what is the real situation in which the « controvertible trarh.' The reparation was “ British and the American governments 1 " not accepted by America, because Ame" stand with regard to each other, If, Sir, " rica would not fulfil the condition on "I may trust that channel of information * wbich alone it was tendered, namely, " which is alike open to every man, the " the revocation of that proclamation by " pablic papers, I see that Congress has " which British ships were not allowed to " been prorogued for the session, but that " enter the harbours of America, while " the embargo, still continues. Thus it " those of the enemy visited them at plea“appears, that one of the etfects autici " sure. But, sir, the manner in which " pated from the Orders in Council has " the British reparation was tendered to "failed. England holds out; America " America by a special mission, was, to all " holds out; nor does there appear any " the feelings of nice honour, , an effective “ probability of a relaxation on the part "reparation, although not accepted ; and " of tbe latier." Mr. CANNING's answer " so in fact we have every reason to believe was as follows. “ Nearly all that has “ that it was considered by the American " passed, between this country and Ame “ government. With respect, sir, to ** rica, the house and the public have been " the embargo, and to the probable effects 6. parin possession of by the publication of " of the Orders in Council in prod:acing its " the American government. I presume “ abandonnent, the hon. geot. has min " that the hon. gent. does not intend to it stated my right hon, friend's propositions, " blame his majesty's ministers for not 1 « The hon. gent. declares my right hon. " having inade similar communications 10 « friend to have predicted, that the Orders * parliainent; for it be bad thought such “in Council would do away the embargo, * communications necessary, he would so whereas my hon. friend only argued in

doubress have moved for them. With- “ opposition to the bon. gentlemea on ihe ** out censuring their production by the “ other side, that the Orders in Council did * American government, his majesty's " pot produce the einbargo; that they

5 finisters have felt that the transaction, | 6 were not substantively koown in Amca * being pending, any appeal froni govern “ rica when the embargo took place; and **. ment to parliament would look as if it | " tlaat they were not included in the com" were concluded. I shall only state, that “ plaint made by the American government " in the whole conduct of the British go. " to Congress, on which complaint thie 's verament, with respect to the artdir of embargo was founded. Nor, sir, do I “ The Chesapeake, we have endeavoured to " think that the Orders in Council them “ keep iu view the principle upon which "selves conld have produced any irritation * we set outnamely, 10 make ainple

" in America. If I were not disposed on " reparation for that which was decidedly " this occasion to avoid nahing any obser" a wrong act; but to make that reparation

" rations that might be suspected of a party * opon a tiro de!eratination not to surren. “ feeling, I would say, what do do wina

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