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its anxiety to preserve the integrity of the monarchy, would have compelled it to identify itself, with the hard fate under which our fellow-countrymen in the other provinces are suffering, and to afford them those succours which they so justly solicit, and which is demanded by their distresses, and the necessity of our united exertions for the salvation of the country, the only wish of all good and loyal Spaniards.--Notwithstanding these were, and are, the principal objects attended to by the Junta, whilst it did not at the same time lose sight of the points by which the enemy might met:ace us, or attack us with the intention of making a coinbined diversion, or to try the effect of a bold movement, there have not been wanting ignorant or disaffected persons, who have imputed to it the intention of retaining in Andalusia that army which had so gloriously effected the destruction of Dupont, whereas all its efforts were directed towards the object of expelling our enemies from the Castiles, in combination with the disposable forces of the other provinces, after concerting such a system of combined movements as should ensure a happy issue to our operations. With this view, the Supreme Junta, on the 8th of September, among other particulars, wrote to the general in chief as follows.- This Supreme Junta has long since manifested the high confidence which it reposes in your excellency. You will therefore act as prudence directs, making such movements and marches with the army as you shall judge expedient for delivering Spain from the French ; and making it

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employ all our forces in defence of the country.—Repeated orders have been issued to the newly-raised troops to march for Castile, and place themselves at the disposal of your excellency. They will be furnished with clothing ; and we will also make every exertion to forward some for the divisions under your command, whose naked condition we deeply regret, though hitherto unable to remedy it, notwithstanding the clothes now making already annount to eleven million of reals. We shall also cause the 10,000 flasks, or canteens, presented to us by the English, to be forwarded with all expedition to Madrid–Having just learnt the arrival at Cádiz of several English transports, with about 33,000 muskets, and other military implements, we instantly resolved to send your excellency 10,000 of them, to be disposed of as may be thought necessary, leaving the distribution of them to the determination of your


known to all, that our firm resolution is to

* excellency.’—Although such have been, and are the genuine views and wis!es of this supreme junta, joined to that of the speedy convocation of the Central Junta ; and although it has not omitted, nor will omit, any means of accomplishing them, as the general defence of the kingdom imperiously dictates, malevolence has nevertheless altempted to confound the impossibility of more promptly realizing their desires, with the nature of those desires themselves. But with what acute pain has this supreme junta learnt, both from verbal and written cointhunications, the prevalence of a malicious report, that its members had assigned to themselves, and are now enjoying large salaries Calumny could not have been carried to a greater pitch. Far from any of the members having any appointment, or receiving a single maravedi, it will be seen, when the list of donations is published, that they have contributed, as well as the rest, according to their respective means, in supplying funds for the glorious defence of our be. loved king Ferdinand VII. our liberty, and our most sacred rights. Indefatigable in the important duties of this great undertaking, the junta have devoted every day, since their first meeting, to public business exclusively, to the neglect and contempt of their private affairs, abandoning their homes and interests, and having incessantly two of their body on duty during the night, to attend to any emergency which might occur in the critical circumstances wherein we were placed.—Such is a brief sketch of the conduct of this supreme junta. It will more fully explain it, in a manifesto which shall contain a true and more particular account of all its proceedings. In the meantime, it hastens to submit to the public this short and frank statement, in .. to give a check to malignity, and to retnove those sinister impressions which malice, false. hood, and ignorance, are making every effort to propagate. This supreme junta has not known, nor will it know, any other principles than those of constantly ap. proving and supporting the truly patriotic views and efforts of all the provinces, in defence of the most just cause of any recorded in the history of the world—the united exertion of all our energies to expel. the satellites of despotism from every part of the kingdom—the integrity of the monarchy, and a complete concert in all our plans and operations, in order to plant upon the Pyrendees the triumphant standards of our king, as harbingers of the deliverance of Europe, forerunners of the destruction of the tyrant who endeavours to subjugats. it, and monuments of the immortal glory of the Spanish nation.—JUAN BAU's 1st A Estels. ER, Chief Secretary. Manifesto to the Inhabitants of Sarragossa. Dated Head Quarters, Sarragossa, Sept. 20, 1 SOS. The heroic defence of Sarragossa, which has been made by the magnanimous inhabitants of that city, and its vicinity, is the object of admiration to all parties, and will be so to future ages. The constancy, inflexibility, and calmness, with which they resisted the incessant assault of an enemy, who every day attacked, and who every day was conquered, shew that their hearts are animated by the most noble sentiments, and evince, that those virtues which best secure the independence of a people, are not lost to Spain, and at the same time teach us what may be dore by a people resolved to be free ; of their resolution and valour, I have been a constant witness, and have ever seen them as great in their resolves, as noble in their deeds ; the happiest of my days will be that in which I shall inform our beloved king, Ferdinand the VII., what they deserve for their fidelity, their valour, their loyalty, and the ardent affection with which they adore him ; but till that day arrives, what they have done shall not remain without a distinguished mark to perpetuate its memory: therefore, reserving to myself to distribute particular rewards to such individuals as may have merited them by eminent services, as soon as I shall have received accounts sufficiently accurate to enable me to make a just distribution, I have resolved to grant as I do grant, in the name of our august sovereign, Ferdinard VII. to all the inhabitants of the vicii.ity of this city and its districts, that they now and here after shall always enjoy the privilege never to be ad. judged by any tribunal in any case, except for treason or blaspheny, to any disgraceful punishment ; which privilege shall be perpetual, invariable, and peculiar, to all the citizens of whatever class, sex, age, and condition, they may be without any person offering to contradict or act contrary to its tenor; but, on the contrary, all shall be careful punctually to fulfil and execute it ; for which end an edict shall be passed, authorised by the royal audience, and transmitted to the ball of justice, and magistracy of the city. And that it may be known unto all, it shall be published on the vigil of the city's most sacred protector, our Lady of Pilar, by proclamation, with trumpets, &c. in the accustomed form, and shall be fixed up in the public places, and airculated besides in all the cities, towns,

and villages in the kingdom, that to all may be known the just reward of the valour” fidelity, and constancy of this capital, which has given me the most heartfelt pleasure.— Josf pH PALA Fox y Melzi. Proclamation by Brigadier-General Count de San Roman, Colonel of the Regiment of Infantry of the Princess, and Provisional Commander-in-Chief of the Division of the North, lately arrived in Spain ; add essed to the Troops who compose it, drawn up in Line, in Celebration of the Birth-Day of our august and beloved Sovereign, Ferdinand J1s. the 14th of October, 1808. Soldiers, The general-in chief, marquis de la Romana, on his departure from Gottenburgh, committed to me the honourable charge of commanding you; and as he has not yet been able to rejoin us, I think it right not to delay any longer stating to you, what, I am convinced, he would have done under the present circumstances —Absent from your country upwards of 700 leagues, and kept in complete ignorance of its fate, your loyalty was tried by seduction, and exposed to acts the most arbitrary, oppressive, and unjust ; but faithful to your banners and your lawful sovereign, you knew how to re sist then) with unshaken firmness, and to live and die, united with your country, was the sole wish you unanimously entertained and expressed.— Under these circumstances, through the interposition of Divine Providence, direct intelligence reached us of the situation of our country, and of her anxious desire to obtain our assistance. You immediately united all to afford her your aid; but obstacles, almost insurmountable, obstructed the attainment of that end. Nothing, however, was capable to make you shrink from your firin resolve. Great were the privation, fatigues, and incessant dangers, with which you had to struggle, in order to attain your purpose, but you bore up under then a 1 with that heroic perseverance and kind of satisfaction, which the most exalted patriotism alone can inspire.—Divine Providence could not but favour a cause so just ; and guided by that Providence, we succeeded, under the powerful and energetic protection of a great and generous nation, now our irtimate ally, to surmount all obstacles, and tread again our anxiously desired native soil. When you set foot on it, you all expressed the most lively emotion of heartfelt joy ; and corresponding demonstrations of your countrymen, convinced you of their joyful feelings on the bappy occasion. A truly memorable day, warranted by the public expression of sentiments worthy of trus Spanish patriotism, the memory of which will, no doubt, be handed down to the latest posterity with the glorious history of its name. — We have already ioined in his temples to offer up thanksgivings to the Most High, who vouchsafed to dispose this, and to implore with fervent Prayers the continuance of his support.— ‘Now we are under arms, enjoying the bliss. ful destiny of celebrating in our native land the birth day of our sovereign Ferdinand VII to restore him to his throne, and to reign full of splendour, prosperity, and glory. Your anxious desire to march for that purpose, and to share in the laurels of our gallant companions in arms, who have covered themselves with glory, shall socm be fulfilled.—But, soldiers, in order to secure the attainment of your wish, you should constantly bear in mind, that order and discipline must be scrupulously observed, and unremitting vigilance displayed in the service. The least fault or omission on this head would no longer prove injurious to those unfortunate people with whom you formeryl acted, and who still groan under the heavy oppression of the perfidious enemy who endeavoured to impose his iron yoke also on our country, but hurts and distresses your worthy conntrymen, your brethren, in fine, those who so generously step forward to share our fatigues and alleviate them. Every offender shall therefore be promptly punished with the utmost severity, and deserves, besides, to be turned out of your ranks, as unworthy of the Spanish name, because he could render himself guilty of misconduct in circumstances so interesting and important.—But I feel perfectly satisfied that a case so disgraceful will never happen; my conviction on this head, arises from your good conduct and fervent patriotism. Fhave merely to add, that when the day so much desired shall come, to front our enemy, you shall always find me by your side; I will share all your dangers, and, jointly with the gallant and distinguished officers by whom you are commanded, we will shew the world, that if a glorious death, in the field of bonour, be : at all times the darling object of the wishes of Spanish soldiers, how much more so must it be for those who are fighting for a cause the most just and most sacred; a cause in which the defence of our holy religion, and of our beloved lawful sovereign, Ferdi

mand VII, and the dignity and independence

of our untive land, are equally concerned
—CouxT DE SAN Rox: A N.
Address of the Central Junta to the Spanish
-Vation. Dated Nov. 21, 1809.

Spaniards !—The Central Junta of Government of the kingdom, after having taken all measures in its power to defeat the enemay, who, continuing his attacks, has alvanced into the neighbourhood of Samozierra, addresses you, for the purpose of putting you upon your guard against the intrigues with which the perfidious agents of Napoleon endeavour to alarm and deceive you, by increasing the number of the enemy's troops, who hardly amount to eight thousand men, according to the reports made by the Generals whom the Junta has charged with the defence of the important pest of Guadarrama.-Inhabitants of Madrid l—The country stands in need of your exertions; vour circumspection, and patriotism, are the bulwarks on which it chiefly rests its defence. The Junta trusts that you will know how to support the dispositions of your Captain General, and of the tribunal of vigilance, in order to discover and deliver to the inexorable arm of the law, all traitors, who will now exert themselves more than ever to introduce disorder, and paralyse the activity with which you must be present at all parts, which will be pointed out to you; bearing in mind the 2d day of May, when, deprived of all assistance, and even of the liberty to defend yourselves, you struck the whole nation with astonishment by your layalty and valour.—The Central Junta sees at a loss to express to you the considence which the enthusiasm, with which the sodiers of the nation prepare themselves to beat the enemies of our beloved Sovereign Ferdinand VII, of our country, and curroligion, inspires them ; our allies, the English, convinced of the justice of the cause we defend, and, animated by the same enthusiasm, are invited, and ready to march to Escurial, where they are at present to reinforce the position chosen by our wise Ge. neral, and support the operation of our van, which must already have commenced to en

gage the slaves of the tyrant who oppresses

all nations. Spaniards ! cowardice, inspred by treason, will, no doubt, try means to augment the dangers, exaggerated by the ill-disposed, in order to frustrate the messures pursued by the Junta, which places implicit confidence in your unexampled fide lity and obedience.—Royal Palace of Aranjuez, Nov. 21, 1803. By order of the Supreme Junta.-MARTIN De GARAY.

AMERICA.—Message of the President of the
United States to the Senate and House of
Representatives. November 8, 1808
It would have been a source, fellow-citi-

zens of much gratification, if our last coo

munications from Europe fad enabled me to inform you, that the belligerent nations, whose disregard of neutral right has been so destructive to our commerce, had become awakened to the duty and the policy of revoking their unrighteous edicts That no means might be omitted to produce this salutary effect, I lost no time in availurg myself of the act authorising a suspension in whole, or in part of the several embargo laws. Our ministers at London and Paris were instructed to explain to the respective governments there, our disposition to exercise the authority in such manner as would withdraw the pretext on which the aggressions were originally founded, and open the way for a renewal of that commercial intercourse, which it was alledged, on all sides, had been reluctantly obstructed. As each of these governments had pledged its readiness to concur in renouncing a measure, which reached its adversary through the incontestible rights of neutrals only, and as the measure had been assumed by each as a retaliation for an asserted acquiescence in the *ggressions cf the other, it was reasonably expected that the occasion would have been

seized by both, for evincing the sincerity of

their professions, and for restoring to the United States its legitimate freedom. The instructions to our ministers, with respect to the different belligerents, were necessarily modified with a reference to their different circumstances, and to the condition annexed by law to the executive power of suspension, requiring a degree of security to our wommerce, which would not result from a repeal of the decrees of France. Instead of a pledge, therefore, for a suspension of the embargo as to her, in case of such a repeal, it was presumed that a sufficient inducement might be found in other considerations, and particularly in the change produced by a compliance wish our just demands, by one belligerent, and a refusal by the other, in the relations

United States. power on the ocean is so ascendant, it was deemed rot inconsistent with that condition, to state, explicitly, that on her rescinding

her orders in relation to the commerce of the Uuied States, their trade would be opened . with her, and retain shut to her enemy, in case of his failure to rescind his decress also.

rom France no answer has been received,

between this other asd, the To Great Britain, , whose

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, the part of the United States, no longer to be pretended; but as the arrangement proposed, whilst it resisted the illegal decrees of France, involved, moreover, substantialiy ` the precise advantages professedly aimed at by the British orders. The arrangement has, nevertheless, been rejected.— This candid and liberal experiment having thus failed, and no other event having occurred on which a suspension of the embargo by the executive was authorised, it necessarily remains in the extent originally given to it. We have the satisfaction, however, to reflect, that in return for the privations imposed by the measure, and which our fellowcitizens, in general, have borne with patriotism, it has had the important effects of saving our mariners, and our vast mercantia property, as well as of affording time for prosecuting the defensive and provisional measures called for by the occasion. It has demonstrated to foreign nations the moderation and firmness which govern our councils, and to our citizens the secessity of uniting in support of the laws and the rights of their country; and has thus long frustrated those usurpations and spoliations which, if resisted, involved war; if submitted to, sacrificed a vital principle of our national inde. pendence.—Under a continuance of the beiligerent measures, which, in defiance of laws which consecrate the rights of neutrals, overspread the ocean with danger, it will rest with the wisdom of Congress to decide on the course best adapted to such a state of things; and blinging with them, as they do, from every part of the Union, the sentiments of our constituents, my confidence is strengthened that in forming this decision, they will, with an unerring regard to the essential rights and interests of the nation, weigh and compare the painful alternatives out of which a choice is to be made. Nor should I do justice to the virtues which on other occasions have marked the character of our fellow-citizens, if I did not cherish an equal confidence that the alternative chosen, whatever it may be, will be maintained with all the fortitude and patriotism which the crisis ought to inspire.—The documents containing the correspondences on the subject of the foreign edicts against our commerce, with the instructions given to our ministers at London and Paris, are now laid before you.-The communication made to Congress at their last session explained the posture in which the close of the discussions relating to the attack by a British ship of war on the frigate Chesapeake, left a sub. ject on which the nation had manifested so

i honourable a sensibility. Every view of what

had passed authorised a belief that immediate steps would be taken by the British government for redressing a wrong, which, the more it was investigated, appeare the more clearly to require what had not been provided for in the special mission. It is found that no steps have been taken for the purpose. On the contrary, it will be seen in the documents laid before you, that the inadmissible preliminary which obstructs the adjustment is still adhered to ; and, more. over, that it is now brought into connexion with the distinct and irrelative case of the orders in council. The instructions which had been given to our ministers at London, with a view to facilitate, if necessary, the reparation claimed by the United States, are included in the documents communicated — Our relations with the other powers of Europe have undergone no material changes since your last session. The important negociations with Spain, which had been alternately suspended and resumed, necessarily experience a pause, under the extraordinary and interesting crisis which distinguishes her internal situation.—With the Barbary powers we continue in harmony, with the exception of an unjustifiable proceeding of the Dey of Algiers towards our consul to that regency. Its character and circumstances are now laid before you, and will enable you to decide how far it may, either now or hereafter, call for any measures not within the limits of the executive authority.—With our Indian neighbours the public peace has been steadily maintained. Some instances of individual wrong have, as at other times, taken place, but in no wise implicating the will of the nation. Beyond the Mississippi, the Ioways, the Saca, and the Alibanas, have delivered up, for trial and punishment, individuals from among themselves accused of murdering citizens of the United States, on this side the Mississippi : the Creeks are exerting themselves to arest off-nders of the same kind, and the Choctaws have manifested their readiness and desire for amicable and just arrangements, respecting depredations committed by disorderly persons of their tribe. And generally from a conviction that we consider them as a part of ourselves, and cherish with sincerity their rights and interests, the attachment of the Indian tribes is gaining strength daily, is extending from the nearer to the more remote, and will a.m ply requite us for the justice and friendship practised towards them ; husbandry and household manufacture are advancing among


them more rapidly with the southern than the northern tribes, from circuitstances of soil and climate : and one of the two great divisions of the Cherokee nation have now under consideration, to solicit the c tizenship of the United States, and to be identified with us in laws and government, in such progressive manner as we snail think best.-in consequence of the appropriations of the last session of Congress for the security of our sea port towns and harbour-, such works of defence have been erected as seeined to be talled for by the situation of the several places, their relative importance, and the scale of experce indicated by the amount of the appropriation. These works will chiefly be finished in the course of the present season, except at New York and New Orleans, where most was to be done; and although a great proportion of the last appropriation has been expended on the former place, yet some further views will be submitted to Congress for rendering its security entirely adequate against naval enterprize. A view of what has been done at several places, and of what is proposed to be done, shall be communicated as soon as the several reports are received.—Of the gun boats authorized by the act of December last, it has been thought necessary to build only 103 in the present year ; these, with those before possessed, are sufficient for the harbours and wateis most exposed, and the residue will require little time for their construction, when it shall be deemed necessary.—Under the act of the last session, for raising an additional military force, so many officers were immediately appointed as were necessary for carrying on the business of recruiting; and in proportion as it advanced, others have been added, We have reason to believe their success has been satisfactory, although such returns have not been received, as enable me to present you a statement of the numbers engaged.--I have not thought it necessary, in the course of the last season, to call for any general detachments of militia, or of volunteers, under the laws passed for that purpose ; for the ensuing season, however, they will be required to be in readiness, should their service be wanted. Some small and special detachments have been necessary to maintain th: laws of embargo, on that portion of our northern frontier which offered peculi: facilities for "vasion; but these were replaced as soon as it could be done, by bodies of new recruits. (To be continued.)

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