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O'Farril, the best soldier in Spain, has been exposed to public sale. The pi operty of Campo Alanje, respectable for his virtues, his rank, and his fortune, the proprietor of 00,000 Merinos, and of three millions of income, has been the prey of these it, furiated men.—Another measure determined upon by the emperor, is the confiscation of all the goods of English manufacture, and of all the colonial produce which has been disloaded in Spain since the period of the incurrection. The merchants of London have thus done very well in sending their goods to Lishon, to Oporto, and to the Spanish ports. The more they shall send, the greater will be the contributions which they will pay us.— The city of Palencia, governed by a worthy bishop, has received our troops with affection. That city suffers none of the miseries of war. An honest bishop, who, animated by Christian charity, fulfils the precepts of the gospel, and from whose lips nothing but Honey distills, is the greatest blessing which Heaven confers upon nuan. An intermperate, odious, and infuriated hishop who preaches up nothing but rebellion, uproar, disorder, and war, is a curse whom God in his anger gives to mankind, to mislead them in the very source of morality itself. --There is a great number of monks confined in the prisons of Burgos. The peasants throw stones at them. —“ Wretches ' " said they to them : “It is “ you who have plunged us into this Abyss of miseries. Perhaps we shall never again behold our unfortunate wives, our dear children. Wretches a just God will pu. nish you in I fell for all the miseries which you have caused to our families, and our native country.” Fourth Bulletin of the French Army of Spain, dated Burgos, Nov. 15. Yesterday his majesty reviewed the divison of Marchand, filled up the vacancies with the most deserving ohcers, and distributed rewards to the soldiers who had distinguished themselves. His majesty is extremely well satisfied with those troops who have cheerfully marched, without halting, from the Banks of the Vistula.The duke of Flchingen has marched from Burgos. This morning his majesty reviewed his guards on the plains of Burgos. His majesty afterwards inspected the division of Desselles, and made appointments to all the vacancies in that do ision, Important events *re at hand; all the troops are in motion. Nothing can be done in war without following a well concerted plan Among the prisoners there were some who had engraved
on theit buttons a fallen eagle, pierced by .
the conqueror of France." In this ridiculous gasconade the countrymen of Don Quixote may be recognized.—Worse troops cannot be found, whether employed on the mountains or in the plains. Clownishly ignorant, foolishly obstinate, cruel towards the weak, mean and cowardly towards the strong. Such is the spectacle they exhibit to us. The monks and the inquisition have bewildered this nation.—Ten thousand light cavalry and dragoons, with 24 pieces of cannon, marched on the 11th, to fall upon the rear of the English division, which was said to be at Valladolid. These brave troops advanced 34 miles in two days, but our expectations were frustrated. We have entered Palencia and Valladolid, and have pushed on six miles further—still none of the English, but prospects and assurances of finding them.–In the meantime, it appears certain, that a division of their troops have been disembarked at Corunna, and that another division entered Badajos in the beginning of this month. The day on which we shall meet them, will be a festival for the French army. May their blood dye that Continent which they have desolated by their intrigues, their monopoly, and their horrible selfishness. Would they were, instead of 20,000, 80 or 100,000 strong, then would the English mothers learn what are the miseries of war, and the English government would no longer continue to sport with the blood and the lives of the eople of the Continent ' The greatest falsehoods, the basest means, are practised by English machiavelism, to mislead the nation ; but the great body of the people is good; Biscay, Navarre, Old Castile, and even the greatest part of Arragon, are animated by an excellent spirit. The nation in general views with profound sorrow the abyss into which it has been endeavoured to plunge it, and will therefore curse the cause of so many evils—Florida Blanca, who was at the head of the insurgents, is the same who was minister under Charles the Third : he has always been the sworn enemy of France, and a zealous partizan of England. Jt is to be hoped that in his last days he will acknowledge the errors of his political life. He is an old man, who, to the blindest attachment to England, joins the most unbounded religious superstition. His confidents and fiends are fanatics and stupid monks,—Tranquility is restored in Burgos and its environs. The first moment of fur has been succeeded by confidence. The peasants have returned to their villages and resumed their labours—His majesty the
two arrows, with the inscription—“ To emperor is with his guard at Burgosi
General Milhaud is marching with his division upon Palencia, General Lasalle has taken possession of Lerma —Thus, in an instant, have the armies of Gallicia been defeated, dispersed, and partly annihilated, notwithstanding that all the corps of our army have not yet come up. Three fourths of the cavalry, and almost one half of the infantry, remain behind.—The army of the insurgents exhibited the most singular contrast. In the pockets of the officers who were killed were found lists of companies, having some of them the name of Company of Brutus, and some of them Company of the People. There were companies of students, and others that had the names of saints. Such were the military bands that composed the insurgent army of the peasants. Anarchy and confusion—these were what England sowed in Spain. What will she reap from them : The batred of this brave people, when they are once enlightened, and under a good government ; for the rest, the extravagance of the leaders of the insurgents is every where notorious-Among the standards that have fallen into our hands are some bearing a representation of the lion of Spain tearing in pieces the imporial eagle. And who are they that have indulged in such emblems? The worst troops that are in Europe.—The cavalry of the army of Estremadura could not even so much as face us. The instant the 10th regiment of chasseurs came in sight of them, they were put to the rout, and were no longer to be seen —The emperor reviewed the corps of the duke of Dalmatia previous to its marching from Burgos in pursuit of the rear of the army of Gallicia. His majesty has made various promotions, dis. tributed rewards, and is extremely well satisfied with the conduct of these troops. He has expressed his satisfaction to the conquerors of Medina, Rio Seco, and Burgos, the marshal duke of Istria, and generals Merle and Mouton. Fifth Bulletin of the French Army of Spain, dated Burgos, Nov. 16. The fate of the army of Estremadura has been decided on the plains of Burgos. The Gallician army, beaten in the battles of Durango, Guenes, and Valmaseda, has been dispersed in the battle of Espinosa. This army was composed of the ancient Spanish troops which were in Portugal and Gallicia, and which quitted Porto towards the end of June, the militia of Gallicia, Asturias, and Old Castile, of 5000 Spanish prisoners, which the English had clothed and armed at their expence, and disembarked at St. Andero, of the volunteers of Gallicia, &c. of
the regiments of artillery, and of the troop, which the traitor Romana had carried away from the north. This army had the pe. sumption to attempt cutting off our commu. nication with Biscay. For ten days it was driven from post to post; at last, on the 10th of November, it arrived at Espino, where, in order to save its artillery, maga. zines, &c. it formed in order of battle, as it believed, in a situation not to be forced. At three o'clock in the afternoon, marshal Belluno arrived in front of the enemy; general Paethod was ordered to carry a small battery occupied by the troops of the traito: Romaha. This position was excellent, and defended by their best troops, but general Paethod, with his corps, fell upon these troops, who had abused our confidence, and broken their oaths. in an instant they were buoken, and precipitated down the pre ipices. The princess's regiment was destroyed. The enemy made several attacks, in all of hich they were defeated. Doing the night both armies remained in their positions.—Whilst this was taking place, the duke of Dalmatia marched toward; Reynosa, the only retreat of the entity, At break of day the eaemy were attacked, both on the right and lett, by the dukes of Dantzic and Belluno, while general M on advanced against his centre; the enemy fled, throwing away his arms and colou's ; and abandoning his artillery. The doe & Dantzic took at Reynosa their artileo, magazines, and baggage, and made Soe
not only in Reynosa, but at Puencia : 0 pieces of cannon have been taken, 2010 men killed or prisoners; two Spanish gene. rals killed. All the succours in arms, so sent by the English, have fallen into of hands. Blake saved himself by taking to the Asturian mountains. Romana, with a few thousand men, is marching towo St...Andero. Our loss is trifling in thes’ consbats, not exceeding 80 killed, and 300 wounded.—We have not lost any officero distinction. Sixth Bulletin of the French Army of Spain. dated Burgos, Nov. 18. Of the 40,000 men who composed th: army of Gallicia, part has been killed mt taken, and the rest is dispersed. The so mains arrive daily at our posts. The gener of division Debelle has taken 500 prisonen in the environs of Vasconcelles.—Col. To chen, who commands the 1st regiment o chasseurs, attacked the escort of the Spanio Gen. Acevedo ; the troops who com the escort having inade some resistant, they were all put to the sword—Geneo
Bonnett, with his division, fell in with the head of a column of fugitives, consisting of 2,000 men; they were partly taken and partly destroyed.—The mashal duke of Istria, who commands the cavalry of the army, entered Aranda on the 10th at noon : our advanced parties of horse go on the left as far as Soria and Madrid, and on the right to Leon and Kamora.-The enemy evacuated Aranda with the utmost precipitation, leaving behind them four pieces of cannon. A considerable magazine of biscuit, 40,000 quintals of grain, and a large quantity of clothing, were found in that town.—At Reynosa numerous English effects were found, and a considerable quantity of provisions of every description.— The inhabitants of Montana, and of the whole plain of Castile, which extends to Portugal, and of the province of Leon, detest and curse the authors of this war, and earnestly demand peace and repose: 20,000 bales of wool, worth from 15 to 20 millions, which were seized in Burgos, have been sent to Bayonne. Seventh Bulletin of the French Army of Spain, dated Burgos, Nov. 20. By the 16th the van of the Marshal Duke of Dalmatia entered St. Andero, and found there a large quantity of flour, ammunition, and British goods,The bishop of St. Andero, animated r ther with the spirit of the devil than that of the gospel, is always marching with a cutlass by his side ; he has taken shelter on board the English frigates. The cavalry of Gen Lasalle has pushed its advanced posts as far as Sorne Sierra. The regiments of Zamora, and of the Princessa, which formed part of Romana's divi. sion, are almost entirely annihilated Some Spanish officers, of the regiments of Zamora and Princessa, who were in the north, and who escaped from Zamora, were made pri soners. “You took an oath of allegiance to the king,” said some one to them. They acknowledged they did. “You have violated your oath.” “We only acted in obedience to our general.” “You formed a part of the French army, and you recompensed the kindest treatment by the most infamous treachery.” They again replied : “ That they were under the orders of their General, and that they had only obeyed him.” “You might have been disarmed,” it was observed, “ and perhaps that measure ought to have been adopted. But reliance was placed on your oaths. It is more to the glory of the emperor to have to fight you, than to have been induced to a step which might have
been censured for too much mistrust. You i
Eighth Bulletin of the French Army of Spain, dated Burgos, Nov. 22. The Duke of Dalmatia is following his successes with the utmost activity. A convoy of artillery, ammunition, and English muskets was taken in the port of Cunillar, the very moment the ships were on the point of getting under weigh —Gen. Surrat, at the head of his brigade, continues vigorously to pursue the enemy. He has passed Montuna, and entered Asturia. The light companies of the 36th regiment have seized, in the port of Santillana, an English convoy, laden with sugar, coffee, cotton, and other colonial commodities. The number of English vessels, richly laden, which have been taken on this coast, amounts, already, to twenty-five. The 7th corps of the army of Spain, commanded by Gen. Gouvion St. Cyr, has also begun preparations. On the 6th of November, the place of Rosas was invested by Generals Reille and Peno, and the heights of St. Pedro were carried by the Italians. A large number of Miquelets and English occupied the port of Silva; they were attacked by General Fontana, at the head of three battalions of light infantry, and dashed into the sea, with the loss of ten 24 pounders, four of which were English, which they had not time to embark. On the 8th, the garrison of Rosas made a sortie in three columns, protected by the guns of the English ships. General Marechelli killed 600 of them, and repulsed the rest. It is supposed, that the head-šuarters will be removed from Burgos in the course of the night. Ninth Bulletin of the French Army of Spain, dated Aranda, Nov. 25. The military system seems to have been as follows:—On the left was the army of Gallicia, one moiety of which was composed of troops of the line, and of all the resources of Gallicia, Asturia, and Leon. In the centre was the army of Estremadura, which the English corps had promised to support, and which was composed of all the resources of Estremadura, and the neighbouring provinces.—The army of Andalusia. Valentia, New Castile, and Arragon. stated to amount to:80,000 men, occupied, on the 20th November, Calahoria, Tudela, and the borders of . Arragon. This army supported the right of thic cnemy, and was composed * of the troops who formed the camp of St. Roch, and of the whole force of Andalusia, Valentia, Carthagena, and Madrid. It is against this artny the French troops are now manoeuvring: the rest having been dispersed and destroyed in the battles of Espinosaand Burgos.-The head-quarters were removed on the 22d from Burgos to Lerma, and on the 23d from Lei ma to Aranda. --The Duke of Elchingen marched on the 22d to Soria ; the town was disarmed, and a committee of well-disposed persons appointed for the administration of the province. The duke is now in Medina Celi, and his light troops scour the road from Saragossa to Madrid.—On the 22d the Dukes of Montebello and Cornegliano formed a junction near the bridge of Lodosa —On the 24th the Duke of Belluno removed his head-quarters to Vente Gorne z. Almost all the roads of communication between Madrid and the northern provinces are intercepted by our troops, whose light parties have picked up a great number of couriers and mails.--The utmost confusion seems to prevail in Madrid, and the whole nation anxiously desires the restoration of that tranquility and peace, of which Spain has been deprived by the puerile arrogance and criminal cunning of a few intriguers—it appears difficult for any army which forms the right of the enemy, and is now on the banks of the Ebro, to fall back on Madrid, and the south of Spain.-The events which are now preparing will probably decide the fate of this other moiety of the Spanish army.—For these three days we have bad damp and hazy weather. This season is more hurtful to the natives of the country than to men accustomed to the climate of the north.Gen. Goueson St. Cyr continues vigorously to push on the siege of Bosas. Tenth Bulletin of the French Army of Spain, dated Aranda de Duero, Nov. 20. It appears that the Spanish forces amount to 180,000 effective men.—80,000 effective men, imaking G0,000 men under artns, who composed the armies of Gallicia and Estremadura, and were commanded toy Blake, La Romana, and Galuzzo, have been dispersed and put hors de combat —The army of Andalusia, Valencia, New Castile, and Arragon, commanued by Castanos, Penas, and Falafox, and which likewise appeared to amount to 80,000 nen, that is, to CO,000 under arms, wiłł, in a few days, meet its sate. "I he marshal duke of Montebelio has received orders to attack it, in front, with
30,000 men, while the dukes of Elchingen and Beluro are already posted on its rearThe remaining 60,000 effective men may amount to 40,000 under arms, 30,000 of whom are in Catalonia, and 10,000 at Madrid, at Valencia, and in other garrison towns, or in notion.—Before he proceeded a step beyond the Doero, the emperor resolved to annihilate the armies of the centre and left, and to inflict a similar fate on that of general Castanos on the right.—This plan once executed, the march to Madrid will be but a pronenade. This grand design must, before the present moment, have been accomplished. With respect to the corps of Catalonia, which is composed, in a great neasure, of the troops of Valencia, Murcia, and Grenada, these provinces being threatened, will with:
draw their troops, that is, if the state of the
communications will permit. At any rate, the 7th corps, after the conclusion of the siege of Rosas, will give a good account of them.—At Barcelona, general Duhesme, with 15,000 men, and supplies for is months, answers for that important placeWe have said nothing of the English forces. It seems that one division is in Galicia, and that another made its appearance at Badajoz, about the end of last month. If the English have any cavalry, we must have perceived it ; for our light troops have almost reached the frontiers of Portugal. If they have infantry, they probably have no neotion to employ it in behalf of their allies, for it is now thirty days since the campogo was opened; three large armies have been destroyed; an immense quantity of artillery is taken ; the provinces of Castile, La Mootano, Arragon, Soria, &c. are conquered : in a word, the fate of Spain and Portugal is decided, and nothing is heard of any movement of the English troops —At the same time, one-half of the French army is not
yet arrived. Part of the 4th corps of the
army, the whole of the 5th and Sth corps, six regiments of light cavalry, many coinpanies of artillery and sappers, and a great
number of men belonging to the regimento
which are in Spain, have not yet passed the Bidassoa.—In truth, and without doing itjustice to the bravery of our soldiers, it mos be asserted tk at there cannot be worse troops than the Spanish. Like the Arabs, they colurk behind houses, but they have no diss
pline, no knowledge of manoeuvres, and it is in possible for them to make any resistance
in a field of battle. , (To be continued )
Pinted by Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street, Corent
Garden, where former Numbers may be bad : sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pali-Mafi
Vol. XIV. No. 26.) LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1808. [PRico. 10d.
The Honourable C. Stewart is serving as a Brigadier, or a Major, General, in Spain or Portugal, with, of course, the pay and allowances of that rank. He is a member of the House of Commons. He is also, according to a Report, printed by order of that House, an Under Secretary of State in the office of the war department, which office is kept in Downing Street, and, in which latter capacity, he receives two thousand
pounds a year. He is a brother of Lord Castlereagh.
SUMMARY OF POLlTICS.
Cov RT of IN aui RY. Since the arrival, and appearance, of Sir Harry Burrard, the objects of Inquiry have taken a new shape. This general is accused of having prevented Sir Arthur Wellesley from pursuing his victory on the 21st of August; that is to say, at the close of those proceedings, which constituted what has been called the Pictory of Pimiera. . It clearly appears, that Sir Harry Burrard was opposed to the advance of our troops, which advance led to the battle of that day; and, after the battle was put an end to by the retreat of the French, he, having then landed, and being upon the spot, was likewise opposed to a pursuit of the enemy. It is impossible for the public to be able to determine, whether this decision was right or wrong, unless they could come at an authentic statement of the force of the French. , Sir Arabur Wellesley now says again, that the whose of the effective force of the French was that day engaged. If so, and, if the roads and distances were as they are described in the published evidence; then it cer.
tainly does appear, that the enemy might,
by a pursuit of them, have been completely defeated ; and, of course, that Sir Harry Barrard was the sole cause of preventing that defeat. We must take it for granted, that the roads and distances have been accurately described; but, as to the force of the enemy, if that force did really consist of 27 or even of 25 thousand men, as the Conwention-makers would fain have us believe ; then the decision of Sir Harry Burrard was certainly wise ; for, in that case, is it at all probable, that our army would not have teen finally defeated, if not captured in great part or in whole, especially as it is acknowledged, on all hands, that the French were greatly superior to us in cavalry, and hat we could not get on our artillery Besides, it now clearly appears, that, though here was some confusion in the French army, that confusion was by no means general. Ine retiring corps formed in good order, not only in sight of our army, but within the ..each of our artillery. Now, if the French
army, which we fought with 17 thousand men, consisted of 14 thousand, and if the French had, as they had according to the Convention-makers' account, 13 thousand more, besides the Russians, in their rear, would it not have been madness to have attempted a pursuit of the 14 thousand, who were retiring upon their reserves and their forts : The enemy was not routed; he was in very little confusion ; we took some prisoners, but no standards that I have yet heard of; and, from the account given before the Court of Inquiry, it does not seem that much of a victory was, upon the whole, obtained, though there evidently was a good deal of bravery displayed, on the part of our troops. Thus, as to the conduct of Sir Harry Burrard, it appears to me, that the whole of the case turns upon the question, of what was the real strength of the French army, or the strength of which our people had information ? Upon this question will also depend, whether Sir Arthur Wellesley was right, or wrong, in advancing upon the 21st of August : for, if he was aware, that-the Fretich had au army of 27 or 25 thousand men, it was evidently faulty, and even criminal in him, not to wait for the arrival of Sir John Moore's division, which division was, at that time, actually landed in Portugal, and which could have been brought to the scene of action in the course of a few days. Nay, upon the ‘u position, that the 14 trousand in * Kendal Green " were the whole of the French army, and that the 13 000 rogues “ in Buckram ” have only been brought in for the purpose of justifying the Convention; even, upon this supposition, it does not