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appears, that there actually are, in the House Keeper of the Records in the Exchequer, of Communs, 78 members, who are place for which he receives £400 a year; and men or pensioners ; that ihey enjoy amongst next, his younger son, Mr. Willian Siart them 112 places and pensions ; that these | Rose, has a sinecure place in the Exchequer, places and pensions amount to £178,994 a for which he receives £2.137 a y'ar. year, which sum, if it were equally divided, | Which sums put togellier, make €10,130 a would give to each member of the whole year, which Mr. Rose, and his sons receive House, £272 a year ; and, I am convinced, out of the taxes annually raised upon us ; that, if all the emoluments had been annexed, and, he having, upon an average, received and all the names brought into view, the sum about five thousand a year for office salary, woulu have been double what it now ap besides ginecures, since the year 1783, I pears. What, then, would you say, if you, am far within the compass when I assert, could behold the long list of places and pensions that he and his sons alone have received out enjoyed by the relations of the ditlerent of the taxes of this back-broken coontry members ? - Suffer me now to state some THREE HUNDRED THOUSAND particulars from this list; because they very | POUNDS STERLING.–Such, Gente. nearly concern ourselves. First, Gentlemen 1 men, is, in part at least the co
men, is, in part at least, the company, into of Romsey, there is your noble neighbour, which we are going to send cither Mr. Hermy Lord Palmerston, who receives 21.000 bert or Mr. Heathcote. Does it not, then, be. a year. Secondly, Gentlemen of Bishop's hove us well to consider, what sort of map that Waltham, there is your neighbour, Mr. is, whom we thus send? We are about to serd, Sturges Bourne (who was standing amongst according to the language of the constitution, some tall men in the crowd, at the time) a person to be the guardian of our money, receives £'1,500 a year. Thirdly, Genile a check upon the minister in all things, but men of the Isle of Wight, there is your | more especially to be a check upon his conGovernor, my Lord Fitzh:rris, who, as go. ' duct as an expender of our money ; does it, vernor of the Island, receives 81,379, and, ( noi, therefore, hecome us to be as sure as observe, le bas taken care to have a grant i we possibly, in such a case, can be, that of this place for bis lifi', sick or well; this guardian whom we choose, will not him. ! though, I must say, that in all probability, sell receive any of this money froni the mic he is as able to command a military force, i nister ; and is it not to be guilty of the grus. being bed-ridden, as it be were actually on sest self-abuse to pretend to believe that he the back of his charger. This lord will be a check upon the minister, if he himhas, besides, secured a further grant of the self be permitted to receive a share of what public money to the amount of €1,200 a the minister may choose to expend or give year for life, to commence after his father's, ' away? But, Gentlemen, there would be, Lord Malmsbury's, death, and Lord Malms in such conduct, on our part, something a bury has received fortifieen years past, and great deal worse than folly. There would is to receive for his life, a pension of £2,300 be in it the basest treachery towards the real a year. This, Gentlemen, is the new Lord of our countrymen ; for, you are to remem. Lieutenant of our county. A pensioner, ber, that there is not one man in fire hulipaid out of the fruit of our labour, industry, dred who can, as things now stand, vote for ingenuity, and economy. Fourthly; and members of parliament. With the interests now I must beseech you to enlarge your of persons, of this description, in this coun. mindsin a degree proportioned to the increas. ty, we are charged, as well as with our own; ing magnitude of my subject : He that hus and, therefure, if, in choosing a mence, ears to hear, let him hear; for I am about to we consider only our individual interest, we speak of the suns enormous, which Mr. are guilty of dishonesty ; and, if we, from George Rose and his sons have received negligence, choose an improper person, we and do receive and are to receive one of the are guilty of a flagrant and shameful want of pockets of this taxed nation. First, as duty towards our neighbour.--The way, Treasurer of the Nary, he receives, .£4,324 Gentlemen, in which I think I shall besi a year ; next, as Clerk of the Parliameris, discharge my cury, is, to 'tender to the canwhich place he has for life, and in which didates the pledge, of which I have already he has never performed an hour's duty, spoken, for the requiring of which I have, he receives, and lias received ever since with your great patience and indulgence, the year 1783, the sun of £3,278 1 given my reasons, apd the words of which, a year ; next, this place is granted to with the confident hope, that they will his son, Mr. George Henry Rose for life, meet with the approbation of every truly who is also a member of parliament ; next, honest and independent man who hears me, Mr. G. Ruse has another sinecure place, as I will now conclude with reading : " That
- he will never, either directly or indirect. 1 “ for ; but I know of no services which con * Jy, either by himself or by any person "i be performed by a memler of parliament, * related to him or dependent upon him, " which ought to be paid for.” " receive a single shiling of the public MR. HEATHCote said nothing that could " money, in any shape whatever, so long l be heard, except as to the proposed pledge, " as he shall live ; and that he will use the which he refused to give, though he said, 4 utmost of his endeavours to obtain for that “if he knew his own mind, he never “ this burthened people a redress of all " should receive a furthing of the public *s their manitold grievances, and especially “money as long as he lived" " of that most crying grievance of having Mr. BARHAM. perceiving that Mr. Her. * their money voted away by those, bert's explanation as to his conduct, in res*s anjongst whom there are many who re | pect to the petition from Lancaster, had not 46 ceive part of that money."
been clearly understood, cine to the winAfter this, a person, whose name was said | dow, and, in a very clear and satisfacto be Brown; who was stated to have been | tory". manner, showed, that Mr. Herbert's a purser, or something of that sort, under | conduct, upon the occasion referred to, was LORD KEITH ; and who now lives, it was not only blamele,s but deserving of the said, at Purbrook-Heath, having began to highest prajie. Having completely remoyed speak below, wa; called up to the window, the impression produced by the erroncous were, having read from the report of the construction of Mr. Brown, Mr. Barhain Debates in the sizort parliament, a passage | said, that he had a test, whereby to try the wherein Mi. Herbert was represented as candidates, to whom he put this question : having proposed the disfranchisement of the ! " Will you, if the inquiry, now going on, borougla of Lancaster, on account of their “ respecting the Convention of Cintra, conduct relating to their member, COLONEL | " should end in a blank report of merely CAWTHORNE, he, Mr. Browni, inferred | “ all's well, bring forward, or support, in that Mr. Herbert had proposed to distran " parliament, a motion for another and chise the said borough, merely lecause the " more satisfactory mode of Inquiry?" the voters had presented a petition disugree- Mr. Herbert answered distinctly in the affire able to the House.
mative; Mr. Heathcote gave no answer at all. MR. HEREERT then canie forward, and The Sherifi now put the question to the began by dcfending bimself against the | Freeholders, which of the two candidates charge preferred by Mr. Browr ; but, owing they chce to put in nomination; and the to the inarticulate suuad of his voice it was , majority appeared in favour of Nir. Heathe impossible to catch more than a very sınail I cole. part of what he said. He defended the con
*** I 13t put off, till next week, what duct of himself and lois friends; stated that
I intinded to have said, respecting the Inhe had never, in any siagle instance, shown
come of the Duke of York; the proceedings himself dependent upon the ministry, and
of vie Court of Inquiry; and the conduct challenged any one to prove the contrary. He
of the Mayor of London. condemned the conduct of the present ministry, with regard to the Inquiry now going 0.1, and complimented the country upon the
NEW EDITION OF THE STATE TRIALS. syrit it had shown, in seconding the laud. On Monday, the 2d of January, 1800, able and constitutional efforts of the City of ! will be published to be cumpleted in London. With respect to the proposed Thirty-six llonthly Parls, forming ?welve pledge, he said, he would promise, in the very large Polumes in koyal Octavo), Most distinct terms, that he neper would, as Part the first, Price 10s. Od. of loog as he lived, accept of sinecure or pinion,
COBBETTS and that he would reject, with scorn, the oiter of either; but, that he would give no
COMPLETE COLLECTION OF piedge, that, if the king should, at any
STATE TRIALS, time, think his services useful to the country, he would not accepi of a proper compensa
AND PROCEEDINGS FOR HIGH TREASON, tion for such services; and this, he trusted,
AND OTHER CRIMES AND MISDEMEANORS, would be satisfactory. lpon perceiving,
FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD DOWY TO the: B1r. Cobbeit signified his disent from
THE PRESENT TIME. this proposition, Mr. Hurbert asked, what In proceeding with the Parliamentary His. objection he had to it? 10 wbich Mr. Cob toiv, which it has been, and is, one of the belt answered, “ Those servires I have no ! principal objects of my life to lay complete “ objection to, nor to their being well paid before the public of the present day, and,
in that state, to have the satisfaction of leave | them into a separate Work, to be published ing it to posterity, I have for some time during the same time, and in the same manpast, perceived, that there would still bener, as to paper and print, with the Parliawanting a Work like that above-described. | mentary History. In putting to myself this question : " How Besides the consideration of uniformity. “ shall I go to work to secure the best chance there were others which had great weight « of rendering a son capable of accomplish- in this determination. The State Trials are « ing great things ; fit to have a share in now to be found only in an edition of Elaen “ guiding the minds of others ; of weight | Volumes in folio, a form so unwieldy that it • sufficient to make him an object of reso is impossible they should ever be much read, “ pect with good and of dread with bad, to say nothing of their incomplete state, or
public men ?" In putting this question of the expense; which dotter alone, owing to myself, the answer my mind suggested to the scarceness of even this imperfect ediwas: “ Suffer not his time to be wasted in tion, must be a serious obstacle to general " learning sounds instead of sense ; suffer circulation. So that this Work, though ab. “ not his body and mind to be debilitated by | solutely necessary to the lawyer and the pro" continual confinenient and continual con fessed politician, very curious, interestiog, " troul and correction. Give himn, God and instructive, in itsell, and, in a high “ being your helper, a sound body and I degree, illustrative of the legal, politicai, " strong limbs ; habituate him to bear fa- and constitutional history of the country, is "tigue ; to move with confidence and rapi to be met with in but very few private "o dity in the dark ; to fare and to sleep ! libraries, those of counsellors and solicitors " hard ; and, above all other things in the not excepted. The mere reduction of size, "s world, to rise with the lark, thus making from the unmanageable folio of former edi. " his year equal to eighteen monilis of his tions to that of the royal octavo, double " effeminate contemporaries. Next lead page, which unites economy with conte. " him into the paths of knowledge, not , nience, will, in itself, be no inconsiderable
minding whether pedants call it learning, improvement. But, the proposed edi on “ or not; and, when he arrives at the pro will possess the following additional advao. “ per age for acquiring that sort of know tages : ]. The series will commence mo e “ ledge, make him acquainted with every than two hundred years before the time of " thing material, as to public affairs, that has the earliest transaction noticed in the formes " really occurred in his country, from the editions. Many very important Trials and " earliest times to the present day. Open curious matters, omitted in the former edi. or to him the book, not of speculation, but of tions, though occurring within the period “ unerring experience. That he may be which those edicions embrace, will be " able to judge of what is, as well as of supplied; and the series will be continued “ what ought to be, shew him, in detail, down to the present time : 2. Many useless "o all the political causes and effects, to be repetitions, ceremonials, &c. will be omi" found in our history; make him see ted, but every Trial wilí be scrupuloso « clearly b. W this nation has come up, and preserved: 3. Many unmeaning and a * now ibis government has grown together." structive pleadings will be omitted; yet all
From these or such like reflections, I those, which are either curious in themsprano ibat arduous undertaking, the Parli-| selves, or upon which any question aruse, ameniary History of England ; and, from will be carefully retained : 4. The different the une source arises the work, which I articles, relative to each case, will be placed now submit 10 the judginent of the public. together, so that the trouble of frequent Asi proceeded wirh the History, I found, that ritorences backwards and forwards, alterd. to read disci#100s, relating to Trinis for bigh ing a perusal of the former editions, will be Treason and torotler high Crimes and Misde | avoided; and, where references fion one mladors, and 101 10 Le able to refer imme part of the Work to another necessarily occup, diately to those Trials, they being so intimate. the paging of the present Work wili alore le ly connected with the history of the parlı I regarded ; so that the confusion arising from ament, and being a detailed relation of some libe various pagings of the former editions of the most important and most interesting will, in no case, arise to teaze and retard events in de recorded, could not fail to be the reader: 5. The Trials, instead of being greatly disadvantageous to the student : yet, placed in the vexatious disorder of the 10! to bring into the History such a mass of legal mer editions, will stand in one regular chro. proceedings, which admitted of little abridge nological succession, unless where a different nient, was, for several reasous, not to be arrangement shall be dictated by some spes hought of. I, therefore, resolved to form cial reason; as, for instance, where mule Trials than one concern the same party, or for a moment; and, I am convinced, that the same transaction; for, in such cases, it the very first Part will satisfy the reader, may sometinies be thought adviseable to break that it has not been undertaken without through the order of time, for the sake of 1 means of every kind suiticient to carry it on exhibiting together all the particulars relating to a conclusion, in a manner worthy of t the saine matter or the same person : watter so generally interesting and highly 0. Brief historical notices of the conspicuous important. In the publication of the Hispersons mentioned in the Work, or refer tory, I relied upon the sound sense of the ences to published accounts of them, will public, rather than upon the prevailing lite. be occasionally inserled: 7. Where points rary taste of the times; and fiom the sucof law arise, riferences will be made tocess of that work, lam convinced that sucthose parts of the Law Dirests, or Treatises cess will attend this also. I am convinced, on Criminal Law, in which the principles that there are readers, and readers enough, and cases, relating to such points, are laid who wish to know, froni authentic sources, dow, or collected: 8. In like manger, what the facts of our history are; how our references will be made to my Parliamentary | government really was adininiziered hereta. History for any Parliamentary Proceedings fore ; what sort of men our forefathers really connected with any Trial, and to any other were, and how they really acted; and who work calculated to elucidate any part of this will not be satisfied with ibe vague notions Collection of Trials: 9 Some Trials before which alone can be collected from historical Courts Martial, but those only of the magic lanthorns, like that of Home for greatest importance and most general inter- instance, in which no one single object is est, and illustrative of the history of the plainly or distinctly presented to us, but times, will be preserved in this work : | where a multitude of images are made 10. To each volume there will be prefixed rapidly and confusedly to pass before our a full and clear Table of Contents ; and in eyes, distorted and discoloured according to the last Volume there will be a General the taste of the showman Index to the whole Work, so complete that Nov. 20, 1808.
W. COBBETT. I hope it will be found to leave nothing of *** The First Part will be published on any importance difficult to be referred to. | Monday the 2d of January, 1809; and as the
It is computed, that the Eleven Volumes number of copies of the succeeding parts of the last edition of the State Trials will must, of course, be regulated by the degree be comprized in Nine Volumes of the New of success that can reasonably be counted Edition, and that the Additional Matter to upon, Subscribers are respectfully requested bring the Work down to the wesent time, to send in their Names as early as possible. will make three Volumes more. The whole The Work will be published by R. Bage Work, therefore, will consist of Twelve shaw, Brydges Street, Covent Garden ; very large Volumes. The paper and print 1 mnd will be sold by J. Budu, Pall-Mall; J. will be, in every respect, similar to those of | Faulder, New Bond Street; H. D. Sythe Parliamentary History. In the mode of monds, Paternoster Row; Black, Parry, and publication only there will be this difference; Kingsbury, Leadenhall Street; J. Archer, that, while the History is published in Dublin; and by every Bookseller, Law. Polumes, the Trials will be published in Stationer, and Newsman in the United Purts, one Part coming out on the first day Kingdom. of every nionth, in the same manner as the Magazines and other monthly publications;
Courts of INQUIRY, and will, like those publications, be sold by | SIR, -The observations of Major Cart. ail the Booksellers, Law-Stationers, and wright at the Middlesex county meeting, as Newsmen in the kingdom. Three Parts given in the Times of yesterday, to shew will make a volume, and it will be optional that ccurts of inquiry are pot only illegal, with the Subscribers, to take the Parts sepa but political weapons which are dangerous rately, or quarterly to take the Volumes to the constitution, having ibrown new light bound in boards, in a way exactly similar to on the conduct of ministers relative to the that of the History.
transactions in Portugal, it is now to be For me to pretend to undertake, unassist hoped the intended course of proceeding ei, a Work of this sort, which, to execute will bo changed to that which is alone conwell, requires the pen of a person not only sistent with the administration of justice. possessed of great legal knowledge, but also | The case is one that admits of no possible well versed in the history of the law, would doubt; the law is plain ; the path to be walked be great presumption. Without such assist- l in perfectly straight. There can be no deviaance the Work was not to be thought of tion without criminal design. Ao act so
atrocious as to bave shocked the whole na. | tended with some nije and difficult circumtion, and givell cuse of deep diya?lisfaction stances, nothing short of the powers of a reto our allies, has beea perpetrated in open gular court, will fall authority for compel. day, in the presence of two armies, in the ling attendance, and all the powers of saw face of Europe. The nation deniani, a over witnesses, Cali extract the truth, and trial, and justice. “You are premature, I give the party bis acquittal. If such a party says the minister, 'von prejudge the parties is to be called before such a inock trilepa! concerned, but you shall have " due in- | as I have described, and there, for the wait quiry."! " Dhe inquiry," Sir, is legaline of due means of legal investigation, is quiry; and, by the converse of the propo. I judged a proper subject for trial before sition, that which is not legal inquiry, is court martial, will this circumstance have NOT " due inquiry." It is in the mouth no effect to his prejudice? Is not this a crue! of every despicable quibbler, that calling the prejudging of his case? ---How, again, Armistice and Convention a crime, is to pre may it be in the case of a guilty person ? judge. If to acouse, be to prejudge, and on May not niceties and dificulties in the case that account is not to be listened to, now is so embarrass the meinbers of a “court o) any criminal to be brought to justice ? AC: inquiry," conscious of the extreme de. cording to this doctrine, I may see one man fects of their appointment in all its parts, kill another, and apparently without autho- and not bound by the sanction of an oath rity, without accomplices, without provoca. to administer justice, when attended with tion, but I am not to accuse him of murder, severity, that they may not venture to because that is prejudging. He may have say the accused person ought to be put been doing his duiy, or acting under a legal upon bis trial? And would not this be à authority, or on self-defence. Is such rea- prejuilging favourable to guilt? To prisoning to prevail, and the trial of crimes to judge, is to pronounce upon any act, as 10 be stayed, until guilt is first proved? or its being criminal or not criminal, lefcre il what else is the meaning of this quibbling? has been decided on by the proper court
That I might not, Sir, be niisled by the law. To accuse, and to pronounce upoo, assertions of the Major, I have consulteil the are very distinct things. But mini ters authorities be quoted, namely, Blackstone sharply rebuke those who only accuse, ar. and the Mutiny Act, and find him perfectly call it prejuusing; while they themecko correct. Blackstone, 6.3, c. 3, says, “the first assume the arbitrary power of inen " LAW hath appointed a' prodigiouz varie- | posing, between accusation and trial, an a'). co ty of courts,"--" all these in their turns ( surd and manastrous species of tribuni rs will be taken notice of in their prep:r which it is NOT "lowful for his Majesty! " places,” which he accordingly puitorcs. " erect and contiwe," and a tribu The Mutiny Act now in existence, hicrein whicis Cannot possibly do otherwise thai copying, as I believe, the very worus of prej up the case at issue. Is this, Sit, ti every preceding mutiny act, $. 31, says, I hendred? li the nation can tamely sa «for bringing offenders againstylch articles i intulf opetus insulted, I will not sir il “ of war to justice, it sail ieluit'tul lor is prepared for slavery, but it is alreauses “ his Majesty io eiect and constitute courts showed, for none but slaves could sienio “ martial, with power to try, hear, and di subojit to such iudignity.---To wake i “ termine, any crimes or ortences by sich slew of impartiality, and in ward off' from
rticles of war, and to inflict, &c.” Dit ihn av the suspicion of packing a com the act no where siy's “it shall be lauljic for skreening their colleagues, ministers are " for his Majesty to erect and constitute'-- Suid to have put upon their court of inge. courls u intuiry; in which neither mem Ta certain poble lord, and to have orderin bers ncr witnesses are to be upon vat, in that the court shall be an open court. E.!! which a winners may vi may not answer a Sir, when a court is not only illegal, but question, at his pleasure, and before which I the minist is sile appointment, I am l . no persuni can be brought as a witness, unu s to know how it can be otherwise ** less be think fit to a tead, and the sun! ons | Scribi, tin is a packed court; and is dit to whicii Even the accused muy treut with a p chodcourt as odious and revoltin, as : contempt. The law, sir, bus ant Une asi y packtil try, to the feelings of Englismes. thing so absurd and monstrous as wil this. And ------ Noir, Sir, those who would liken 3 shall, iben, auy minister be permirted io do court of inquiry to a grand jury, and pre: so absurd and monstrous a thing without tend to recommend it on that account, og til law ? ----Now, Sir, let us see who are the į to recolect that a grand jury is not an open, prejudgers. Au innocent officer is accused court; and ibat it can examine no witnesses of a very serious crime, which, being at. but on the side of the prosecution. Here,