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proclamation, ly the British and Fench Commissioners, for seeing carried into Effect the Convention agreed upon between the respective Commanders-in-Chief. Datral Liston, 10th Sept. 1808. For the fulfilment of the stipulation made n the Convention agreed upon for the evauation of Portugal by the French army,
oat property of every kind confiscated, or
cized, from the subje. ts, or other persons
esiding in Portugal, whether of the royal alace, royal and public libraries, and mu
oms, and from individuals bat are still
xisting in Portugal, should be restored :We, the commissioners for seeing carried nto execution the said treaty, as his exceloncy the commander of the French as my as already notified to his army, think it so right to make public the same for the wformation of all concerned, and for facitating the restitution, or the receiving back
ich property, we have judged expedient to ppoint a committee of three persons, iz lieut.-colon, l Trant, O. Sr. Antonio,
todrigues de Oliviera, and Mr. Dubliur,
ommissaire des guerres, to meet at No. 8, jargo de Loretto, who are appointed to eceive, inquire into, and judge of all re| imations on this head, and whose orders Jr the restitution of property, to whomsower addressed, are to be obeyed. And it directed that keepers shall have charge of equestrated or se zed property in every louse to which it may have been removed, o assure the conservation of objects or noveables transported from royal or public louses, or others, for the use or conveni
once of such general, admixistrator, or ther subject of the French army. These teepers will make the description of all meubles with the name of the owners, and pe accountable for whatever is therein, and hey will be delivered only on legal proof of wnership, to the possessors of such articles is above described, who will transmit to his committee a return of what each may have in his possession of the property designated. And all persons may with safety apply to this tribunal.—We think it necessary also, to make known to whom it may concern, that any purchase made of articles taken from the public arsenals or stores since the 30th of August, or whatever shall on trial, be proved to have been illegally sold or disposed of at any time,
even previous to the 30:h August, shall
be buil and void, the articles seized and the persous purchasing subject to what the law may further direct.—The committee assembled to receive reciamations, and faci
litate the restitution of property, hold its sittings at the house of St. Antonio Rodriguez de Oliviera, No. 8, Cargo de Loretto.— W. C. Be Resforn, Maj. General, PR ory, Lieutenant-Colonel, British commissioners.” —Le Général KELLERMAN, Le commissairFrançais pour l'extution de la Convention, du 30 Août. Address of the Officers of the British Army, to Sir Arthur Wellesley, on presenting him a Piece of Plate.—Camp at St. Antonio de Tugal, Sept. 6, 1808. S1 a 3–The commanding officers of corps, and field officers, who have had the honour of serving in the army under your command, anxiously desirous of expressing the high opinion they entertain of the order, activity, and judgment, with which the whole of that force was so ably and successfully directed, from the time of landing, to the termination of your command in the action of Vimeira, request you will accept from them a piece of plate, as a testinomy of that sincere esteem and respect which your talents and conduct have so justly inspired.—(Signed). W. W. Blake, major 20th light dragoons, Wm. Robe, lieut. colonel commanding royal artillery, James Viney, major royal artillery, H. Elphintone, captain commanding royal engineers, Edward Gopson, major 5th regiment, and lieut. colonel Thomas Eames, major 5th regiment, Henry Bird, captain 5th regiment, and major, Thomas Carnu, major 6th regiment, Arthur Miller, major oth regiment, J. Cameron, lieut. colonel coinmanding 1st bat. 9th foot, II. Craufurd, major 1st bat. 9th foot, and lieut. colonel, D. White, major, 29th regiment, foot, and lieut. colonel, G. Way, major 29th regiment, Thomas Egerten, captain 29th regiment, and major, Andrew Creagh, captain 29th regiment, and major, Samuel Hinde, lieut. colonel commanding 32d regiment, H. Johnson, major, 32d regiment, John Wood, majors 32d regiment, Robert Coote, captain 32d regiment, and major, Robert Burne, col. commanding the 30th regiment, Lewis Davis, major 38th regiment, J. Grevell, lieut.col, commanding 38th regiment, J. W. Deane, major 38th regiment, and lieut. col. E. Miles, major 38th regiment, David Ross, captain 38th regiment, and major, James Kemmis, lieut. col. commanding 40th regiment, and colonel, Henry Thornton, niajor 40th regiment, Richard Archdull, major 40th regiment, Edward Hull, major 2d battalion 43d, Daniel Heane, major 43d, William Greard, It, col commanding 45th regiment, Andrew Pattun, mojo: 43, a reg-, ment, Wm. Gwynn, major 43, n regiment, D. Lecky, bre, et-major 45th regiment, A. Coghlan, brevet-major 42 h regiment, G. J. Walker, col. commanding 90th r giment, J. Ross, lieut. col , colonianu.11g 2d battalion of 52d reg, onent, H. itedwo d, major 52d regiment, W. G. Davy, mojo. 5:h bat talion 00th regiment, W. Woods - e, inoor 5th battalion 30th regionant, John Gasse, brevet-major 90th regiment, D. Pack, lieut. col., commanding 71st regiment, D. Campbell, major 71st regionen, Harry Eyre, major, countilanding $2d regiment, Chichester M. Donail, major 82d regiment, J. Robinson, lieut. col., commandin o' at legitnett, J. Douglas, major 91st regiotai, B Is Otley, in jor 91st regiment, and lieut colonel, D. M. Donneli, captain 91st regiment, and major, Robert "I ravers, majo", coln, nonding 95th regiment. --STAFF : Henry 'i orrens, lieut. col. and military secretary. Geo Tucker, lieut. col. and deputy adjutant ge. neral, Thomas Arbuthnot, major and deputy assistant-general Andrew Pattan, do. do. do., Wm. Gunn, do. do. do., D. Leeky, do. do. do., A. Coghlan, do. do. do., James Bathurst, lieut. Col. and deputy quarter-mastergeneral, J Paiuy, assistant deputy quartermaster-general.--To which, by their particular request, are added the names of lieutenant-co!. Walsh, and the field officers of the 2d battalion of the 9th regiment, which arrived previous to the 21st of August and served in that action. Camp at St. 1nna, near Lisbon, Sept. 18, 1808.-Sír, it has happily fallen to my lot as the eldest field officer in your army, to have the honour of presenting the inclosed address, from the commanding officers of corps, and field-officers serving in it; we have but one sentiment on the occasion, admiration of your talents and considence in your abilities.—James Keminis, iieut. col 40th and colonel.--To the right hon. Sir Arthur Wellesley, K. B. &c. &c. &c. September 18, 1803.−Sir, –I have had the honour of receiving your letter of this day's date, in which you have transmitted an address, from the officers commanding corps, and the field officers who served under my command in the late operations in Portugal.—I have had more than one occasion of expressing the satisfaction which I had derived, from the state of discipline and order in which we were employed ; and Iny sense of the assistance which I had derived from the officers belonging to the different departments of the army. These advantages rendered our operations easy and certain ; and we were enabled to meet the enemy on fair terms in the field of battle.—I beg you
to convey to the field officers of the arm: the assurance that I shall not lose the rec. lection of their services; that I am for sensible of their kindness towards me; or: that I value highly their good opinionjave the honour to be, Sir, &c. ARTH 1 WFiles LEY.-Colonel Kemmis, 10th Resment.
AMERICA.— Mr. Jofferson's Answer to * so, hat "tants of Boston, who prayed : Hoveal of the Embargo. Dated Augu: 26, 1808. Your representation and request were ceived on the 22d instant, and have be considered with the attention due to ever expression of the sent onents and feelings o so reso-, table a body of my fellow-citize: No person has seen, with more concern sir myself, the inconvenience brought enco coun rv in general, by the circ; oistances? the times in which we happen to live; to: to which the history of natio is pre-ents or parallel. For years we have been looking: spectators on our bro threa of Europe, afo. ed with all those evils woreh necessarily solow an abandonment of the moral ruies wit. bind men and nations ogeth 1. C tonec & with them in friendship and commerce, v. have happily so far kept aloof from to calamitous conflicts, and by a steady obso vance of justice to wards ai, by auci, to bearance and multiplied sacrifices. length, however, all regard to the rich's others having been thrown aside, he brent powers have beset the highway of curmercial intercourse with evicts, which, take: together, expose our con merce and murice's under almost every destination, a prey is their fleets and armies. Each party indo' would admit our count, it rce with themselves, with the view of associating us in their was against the other. But we have wished war with neither.—Under these circumstance, were passed the laws of which you complain by those delegated to exercise the power of legislation for you, with every sympathy of a common interest in excrcising them faithfully. In reviewing these measures, therefore, we should advert to the difficulties got of which a choice was, of necessity, to be made. To have submitted our rightful commerce to prohibitions, and tributary exactions from others, would have been to surrender our independence—to resist them by arms was war, without consulting the state of things or the choice of the nation. The alternative preferred by the legislature of suspending a commerce placed under such unexampled difficulties, besides saving to our citizens their property, and our man
ners to their country, has the peculiar adintage of giving time to the belligerent naions to revise a conduct as contrary to their interests as it is to our rights – In the event 5f such peace, or suspension of hostilities between the belligerent powers of Forone, 2r such change in their measures affecting leutral commerce, as may render that of the United States sufficiently safe in the judgment of the president, he is authorised to suspend the embargo. But no peace or sussension of hostilities, no change of meaores affecting neutral commerce, is known o have taken place ; the orders of Frgland, and the decrees of France and Spain, existng at the date of these laws, and still unreo!ed, as far as we know. In Spain, infeed, a contest for the government appears to have arisen ; but of its course or prospects, we have no information, on which prudence would undertake a hasty change in our poli‘y, even were the authority of the executive ‘ompetent to such decision.—You desire hat, in this defect of power, congress may he specially convened. It is unnecessary to oxamine the evidence, or the character of he facts, which are supposed to dictate such call ; because you will be sensible on an otention to dates, that the legal period of heir meeting is as carly as, in this extenive country, they could be fully convened y a special call.—I should, with great wilingness, have executed the wishes of the inhabitants of Boston, had peace, or a reof the obnoxious edicts, or other hanges, produced the case in which alone he laws have given me that authority ; and 9 many motives of justice and interest lead o such changes, that we ought continually 5 expect them.—But while these edicts remain, the legislature alone can prescribe the ourse to be pursued.—THos. JEF FEsso N.
- The President Jefferson's Answer to the Dissent of the stepublicans from the Proceedings of the Town of Boston, relative to the Enlargo. I have duly received the address of that wortion of the citizens of Boston who have eclared their approbation of the present susyension of our commerce, and their dissent rom the representation of those of the same lice who wished its removal. A division if sentiment was not unexpected ; on no losion can a perfect unanimity be hoped, # certainly it would have been between war to embargo, the only alternatives presented o our choice; for the general capture of Yur vessels won!! have been war upon one ide, which reason and interest would repel 2) war and reprisal on our port.—Of the
several intercers comprising those of the United States, that of manufactures would of
* Cottroe prefer to was a state of non-inter
course so favo.rat. to their rapid growth and prosperity.—Agriculture, although sensibly f org the loss of market for its prodece, w old find many aggravations in a state of war. – Commerce and navigation, or that portion which is foreign, in the inactivity to which they are reduced by the present state of things, certainly experience their foil share in the general inconvenience; but whether war would be to them a prefera','e alternative, is a question their patriotism would never hastily propose. It is to be regretted, however, that overlooking the real sources of storings, the British and French edicts, which constitute the actual blockade of oor foreign commerce and navigation, they have, with too little reflection, imputed them to laws which have preserved.
them from greater, and have saved for our
own use, our vessels, property, and seamen, instead of adding them to the strength of those with whom we might eventually have to contend.--The embargo, giving time to the belligerent powers to revise their unjust proceedings, and to listen to the dictates of justice, or interest and reputation, which equally urge the correction of their wrongs, has awaiied our conntry of this only honourable expedient of avoiding war; and should a repeal of these edicts supersede the cause for it, our commercial brethren will become sensible, that it has consulted their interest, however against their own will. It will be unfortunate for their country, if in the meantime these their expressions of impatience should have the effect of prolonging the very sufferings which have produced them, by exciting a fallacious hope that we may, under any pressure, relinquish our equal rights of navigating the ocean, go to such ports as others may prescribe, and there poly the tributary exactions they may impose; an abandonment of national independence and essential rights revolting to every manly sentionent. While these edicts are in force, no American cat, ever co::sent to a return of peaceable intercourse with those who maintain them. I am in the approach of the period when the feelings and the wisdom of the nation will be collected in their representatives assembled together. To them are committed our rights, to them our wrongs are known, and they will pronounce the remedy they call for ; and I hear with pleasure from all, as well those who approve as those who disapprove of the present neasures, assurances of fin implicit acquiescence
in the annunciation of the general will. I
beg leave, through you, to communicate this answer to the address, on which your signature had the first place, and to add as surances of my respect—(Signed) THoMA's Jefferson.—To Col. Edward Proctor.
Petition of the Subscribers, Officers of Merchant Ships, belonging to the Port of Philadelphia, to Thomas Jefferson, Esq. President of the United States of America : Respectfully Sheweth, that in consequence of the present embargo laws, the situation of your petitioners is grievous and atäicting ; that they have been engage i in the Rhercantile service since their infancy, with few exceptions, and accustomed only to conduct ships or vessels across the ocean ; that from the operation of the present restrictive laws, they find themselves cut off from their usual employment, and of course the aneans of subsistence are gone.—Your petitioners are well acquainted with the duties of conducting ships from port to port—well versed in naval tactics, but unable to handle the harrow or plough.-Your petitioners have for a long time borne with patience the
without murmur or complaint ; but when imperious necessity compels them to disclose the cause of their giievances, they husuily suppose they have a right so to do in a decent and respectful manner.—Your petitioners, therefore, pray that your excellency will take their case into consideration, and adopt such measures as will relieve the wants of your petitioners; or, if there are vacalcies in the navy to give to your petitioners, or some of them, an opportunity of serving therein, as they think themselves capable of performing services of that nature. They, however, submit their whole cause to your consideration, hoping your excellency will adopt such measures as wisdom and justice may point out, and as in duty bound will pray, &c –Philadelphia, August 10th 1808. The President's Answer.
SIR.—In answer to the petition which you delivered me from the officers of merchant vessels belonging to Philadelphia, I must premise my sincere regret at the sacrifices which our fellow citizens in general, and the petitioners in particular, have been obliged to meet, by the circumstances of the times. We live in an age of affliction, to which the history of nations presents no parallel; we have for years been looking on Europe covored with blood and violence, and seen ra
pine spreading itself over the ocean. On this element it has reached us, and at length in so serious a degree, that the legislators of the nation has thought it necessary to withdraw our citizens and property from it, either to avoid or to prepare for engaging in the general contest. But for this timely precat. tion, tire petitioners and their property might now have been in the hands of spoilets, wu. have laid aside all regard to moral right. Withdrawing from the greater evil, a lesser has been necessarily encountered ; and cer. tainly, could the legislature have made pro
great pleasure as the instrument of its execution ; but it was impracticable by an general and just rules to prescribe, in even
veniences of this new situation. The diffi. culties of the crisis will certainly fall wilt greater pressure, on some discription of ci. tizens than others, and on none perhaps with greater than on our seafaring brethrer. Sould any means of alleviation occur with a the range of my duties, I shall with certain.
aid them with a substitute for their former occupation. I solute them and yourself wit. sentiments of sincere 1egard. “TH. JEFFersos." Ho LLAND.—Dutch Cornmercial Decree. dated 18th October, 1 SOs. Louis Napoleon, by the grace of Go and the constitution of the kingdom, kir; of Holland, and constable of France, he decreed and decrees as follows:–Art. I The exportation, by sea, of the produce c’ the kingdom, hitherto permitted to be exported to neutral ports, is provisionally suspended until further orders.—Art. II. The superintendance of the coast shall be divided into three grand precincts ; the first extending from the Helder to the Isle of Walcheren, inclusive ; the second from the Helder, inclusive, to Harlingen , and th: third from Harlingen to the Jahde, inclusive —Art. III. The commanders-in-chief sha be personally responsible for the executics of the dispositions that relate te the comples: shutting of all the ports of the kingdom, ari the prevention of all communication wità the enemy, and likewise of all that we may hereafter decree. They shall daily transmit a report to our ministers of what relates to their respective departments. (To be continued.)
* - *
Printed by Cox and Davis, Great Queen Street; published by R. Bags a w, Brydges Stre-t, Covent
vision against this also, I should have had
• case, the best resource against the inton. :
ty advert to the situation of the petitioners,
privations incident to these restrictive laws, and in availing the nation of their service,
Vol. XIV. No 21.) LONDON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 19, isos. (Price iod.
Without any waste of time or room or the sake of ceremony, I shall, at once, md following the order you have pursued, ‘ndeavour to answer every part of the letter, which you did nie the honour to send me in Thursday evening last, which should, f I had had it three hours sooner, have
ppeared in the Register of the last week,
nd which I now an about to send forth to he public. First, then. Sir, you complain of the artiality of the gentlemen, by whom the leport of the Proceedings was taken and rublished. I really did not, when I read he Report, perceive in it any marks of artiality. It appeared to me to be as neart correct as such a report could be expected be. You cite, however, a particular Istance; and, in this you are unfortunate; or, I myself am ready to take my oath, hat you, in speaking of Mr. Garnier, escribed him as your “ near and dear refa* tion.” I have, since I have received our letter, put this question to six gentlewen, who were present, two of thern lergymen : “What was it that Mr. Poul"ter called Mr. Garnier, when he gave his reasons for not having called me to order when I was going into that sub"ject " The answer of every one has been: he called him his near and dear refa* tion.” Besides this, I well remember, hat, while you were speaking, a gentieman upon my right hand, asked me how ou were the relation of Mr. Garnier ; and, while at dinner, the same day, there being lone present but persons of the county, here arose a conversation upon this very Mestion of relationship. To be at issue, hus, upon a point of fact, is not pleasant ; but, it is generally true, that no one remembers so imperfectly what a speaker Rys, in the heat of disputation, as the peaker himself. Ask any of your friends, Sir, who were near you, in the Hall ; and I am satisfied, that you will find reason to doubt your own accuracy, in this respect, At least. That you should forget what you taid, in the haste of the moment, is not
only probable, but it is what one would naturally expect ; but, that you should now give us, as the very words ; that you should now lay before the public, marked by inverted commas, words which you did not utter, does, I must confess, greatly surprize me; and my surprize is not diminished by the reflection, that it is a matter of no importance, as far as I can conceive, what the words were ; for, what difference could it possibly make, as to the merits of the case before the meetitig, whether Mr. Garnier was your relation, or not 2 What possible inducement could the reporters have to misrepresent you in a thing of this sort Supposing their partialities to have been against you, what end could they propose to themselves in making the world believe that you were the relation, instead of the friend and admirer, of the person of whom mention had been made 2 As to my being out of order, in introducing the subject of Mr. Garnier and his immense emoluments, that I now deny, as I denied at the time. To talk over again the deliverits of the Convention appeared to me to be quite useless ; but, nothing seemed more proper, in addressing one's self to a meeting of tar-payers, than to show the cases of the friendship and support. with the Convention-makers found ; and, the particular instance in question was a very striking one of the interest which son e persons had, and must naturally have, in a continuation of the war, at all events, and to which continuation the Portugal Convention was so manifestly a friend. The people want to be unade acquainted with facts. They have so long been bandied about from faction to faction, that they cannot know what to think. They cannot know their friends from their enemies. The way is to give them some facts ; names and dates and sums. Fix their attention to things, and not amuse them with sounds. The corrupters and the nothing more than to keep facts from the people. Neither faction exposes, or attempts to expose, the other, in those points where the public are really interested. They quarrel; they hate one another most sincerely ; but, their hatred is that of rivals; that of o: for 2