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tions, without the least benefit to France, or, ws, and you shall meet with valour, generoany other people. Spain, your constant sily, and true honour. We tender the ally has contributed you know, by a variety same rewards to you as to the French; and of means, to your triumphs; and yet she | we trust, you and your posterity will enjoy has been despoiled of her laws, her mo them in happiness and peace.--DON JUAN narch, and her greatness, her very religion Bautista ESTELLER, First Secretary:~Don is threatened ; and all this has hitherto been | JUAN BAUTISTA DE PEDRO, Second Secre. achieved, not by gallantry and valour, but tary.-Seville, May 29, 1808. by treachery and fraud, in which you are
VALLADOLID. forced to co-operate; your valiant arnis are Noble Castilians! -The common foe defiled; you are made to assist in deeds of of mankind was the traitor who tore from infamy, inconsistent with your generous our boson our amiable Ferdinand VII, and character and with the name of the great na the whole of the royal family. He carries tion, which you have acquired.--French bis audacity the length of holding out to us nen, the Spanish nation, your ally and offers of happiness and peace, while he is generous friend, invites you to withdraw laying waste our country, pulling down our from banners, which are destined to enslave churches, and slaughtering .our brethren. all nations, and to enlist under our's, which His pride, cherisbed by a set of villains are raised for the best of causes, to defend who are constantly anxious to offer incense our laws and our king, whereof we have on his shrine, and tolerated by numberless been robbed, not by force of arms, but by victims, who pine in his chains, have caused fraud, treachery, and ingratitude of the him to conceive the fantastical idea of prodeepest dye. We all will die, and you claiming himself lord and ruler of the should die with us to wipe off the stain whole world. There is no atrocity which which will otherwise indelibly disgrace your he does not commit to attain ibat end. The nation. The Spaniards tender you the just respectable name of the great emperor of reward for such an action ; with open arms Russia ; the political dissimulation of the will they receive you, and fight by your side; German emperor ; the timorous condescen. and when the war shall be terminated with sion of the holy father of the church; the that success, which they have every reason opinion of true Frenchmen, exposed more to expect, land shall be given you, which than others to the severity of their iron scepyou may cultivate unmolested, and pass your tre; in short, the most sacred laws of huremaining days amidst a nation, which loves manity have been trampled under foot with and respects you, and where impartial justice the utmost conteinpt, to pronounce the deshall incorruptibly protect all your fair enjoy testable sentence of the extirpation of the ments. -- Italians, Germans, of all the pro house of Bourbon. Shall all these outrages, vinces of that great nation, Polanders, Swiss, I all these iniquities, remain unpunished, and ye all who compose the armies called while Spaniards, and Castilian Spaniards, French, will you fight for hiin, who oppressed yet exist? No, it cannot be Your minds and despoiled you of what you held most sa glowing with generous ardour for your relicred? For him who has dragged you from gion and your country, bave resolved to reyour families and homes, robbed you of new the heroic scenes, in which Castilian your property, your wives, your children, 1 valour shone with inmortal lustre, saved your native country, which he has enslaved ? | the country, and consolidated our religion. and will you fight against a nation, generous The stratagems which hitherto secured viclike the Spanish, from whom you experienc. tories to the tyrant, vanished the moment ed the kindest reception, which loves you when Europe saw with her own eyes the with i he tenderest attachment, and which at artful spares and devices by which he sed the zenith of its glory and dominion respect ed the unwary, until he had bent their neck ed your rights, because it looks upon all | under bis yoke. Let us shed the last drop to as brethren. Will you fight against a 1 resist that dominion, Let us all become galnation, which it is intended to subdue and lant soldiers, full of discipline and subordienslave, not by dint of arms, as brave men | nation. Let us breathe but obedience and would do, but under the cloak of alli | respect for the great man by whom we are ance and friendship, by fraudulent treache-| governed, one of the best generals of Spain, ry, detestable and horrid beyond any prece- his excellency Den Gregorio de le Cuerta. dent in history, even among barbarous na- | To arms, Castiliaus, to arm; let us die for tions. We hope you will not. Come to our country, our religion, and our king.
To le continued.).
Printed by Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street ; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydes Street, Covento .. Garden, where former Numbers may be had: sold also by J, Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pallball..
“ The examples in history, wherein subjugation and tyranny have been introduced from abroad, under the " mask of friendship and detence, are infinite : and, the domestic examples of freedom destroyed by sur" rendering the sword to the sovereign, in hopes of being thereby defended, are precisely as many in num" ber as the instances of that insane policy." MAJOR CARTWRIGHT. Agis, Vol. I. page 36. 05]
[66 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
| any national purpose ; a people sunk even SPANISH REVOLUTION.- Major Cart. 1 in their own eyes, and appearing to retain, wright, from whose work upon national de | under their late government, not the de fence my motto is taken, has for a long i sire to be free, and, of course, not the time most earnestly endeavoured to produce, smallest desire to defend their country in the public mind, a conviction, that there against an invader. In this state of abject can be no sure and sate defence but that subjection, they quietly see their governwhich arises from a general arming of the mert introduce a foreign army into their people. His work is very elaborate, and, country and even into its metropolis; the therefore, I sha11 not attempt tố dip into commander of that army is, by the act of the detail: but these are the positions it their own king, constituted the Lieutenant maintains : that the whole of the people,' . of the kingdom, and they are commanded capable of bearing arms, onght to have arms to obey him upon pain of death; all the put into their hands, and ought, at all times, passes and out-posts of their country are, to be fit to use those arms; that there might beforehand, placed in the hands of the in. be a standing army for foreign service, but | vader ; all thosé, at whose names they have that the defence of the country should rest | long been accustomed to tremble, go over solely upon the people; that a country de to that invader, espouse his cause and enfended by a standing army is, in fact, a | dorse his proclamations ; the people have eoantry enslaved with means furnished by no sovereign, no constituted authority, no itself ---Amongst those who are not de acknowledged chief, no leader, no known sirous of keeping the people in a state of point round which to rally, while they are virtual slavery, the scheme of Major Cart: 1 hourly plied with threats of punishment, of wright has been objected to only because towns sacked and inhabitants exterminated, they doubted of its practicability ; only be and that, too, by those who have given to cause they feared, tbat, as opposed to stand. the world numerous proofs, that, in this ing armies, to regular and well-disciplined ! respect, they never fail of being as good as troops, under experienced commanders, an their word. Were there ever disadvantages armed population would be as chat before so great ? And, if this people (which God the wind ; and such, I confess, was my grant!) should succeed in defending their opinion, though I always approved of put country against those very armies who have ting arns into the hands of the people; I walked over the fortresses of Germany, because, after all is said and done, the coun: 1 Italy, and Flanders, and who have hoisted try is the people's, and, if shey cannot be their fag at Vienna, Berlin, and almost at trusted with its defence, for whose sake, I Petersburgh; if this should be the case, would ask, is that defence to be undertaken? who will say, that 'martello-towers, in
But, the events in Spain do really trenchments, lines of circumvallation, deseem to promise a complete practical proof pôts, barracks, and standing armies are of the soundness of the doctrine of this ve- | necessary for the internal defence of a coun. nerable patriot, who, I should think, must I try ? --- It has, of late, been said, in anbe thereby not a little gratified Ourswer to those who have expressed their dise: eyes are now directed, in the most sorcible like of the new system of an immense manner, towards a people, who bad been so standing army and numerous military depots long oppressed, that they had apparently lost and stations, that " the circumstances of the very notion of freedom; a peopleamongst “ Europe are totally changed." In other whom there existed scarcely the forms of words, that, because the French have great rights andimmunities; a people who possessed standing armies' to attack us with, it is nenot any ground-work for a general arming; | cessary for us to have standing armies for a people completely disarned, and cut off our defence; but, this argument will, if from all association with one another for the Spanish Patriots succeed, be no longer
of any force; if they beat the very armies, barracks, depots, and a standing armiy, there who have beaten all the standing arnies and is no reasonjug at all laigues well that all the inost (perienced generals in Europe, the Spanish Patriots bave taken possession of the question will be seuled at once, and i tbe French fl-et themselves. They thereby there will aut, I should think, be a single I discover confidence as to their final success; man in England bold enough to insist, that and, though their commander at Cadiz ve we stand in need of so feartol a military forcevonedly acts for Ferdinand, that may pro. in this kingdom, especially if the arming duce but little mischief. Indeed, it the plan of Major Cartwright were adopted, and Spaniards restore Ferdinand, their work will all the frippery of volunteering were tlorowo not be less a reconstion ; for, they thereby aside. The stand, which the Spanish cast off their old king, and, a new-modelPatriots have already made, does, indeed, ing of their government will necessarily be warrant the conclusion here aimed at ; for, | included. Indeed, it is possible, that they we are in a situation quite different from might, in one sense, baie a better bargain theirs. We have no invading army in the of Ferdinand thanot an entire new sovereign; beart of the country ; we have no irtache for he would be more dependant upon bis rous ministers gone over to the enemy; we people, than a chief of another descrip. have no want of arms and ammunition; wel tion miglii be ; fur, a new chief might thredhave no want of a settled system of govern- ! ten them with a restoration of ihe old desa nient; every man is in his place; and, above potism, and thus, with the aid of the name all, thereare here no passes cpen for the inroads of pretender, terrify them into submission of an invader. Should the Spanish Patriots to a sway even more tyrannical in fact, fil, therefore, after baling made a respecta- I though not in form, than that from which bie stand, their want of final success will be they had delivered themselves. They will no proof of our inability to defend ourselves, I and ought to do as they please as to this maiunder such a system as should, at once, putter ; but, I am glad to see, that whatever arms in the people's hands and inspire their formal acts are done, are done in the name minds with notives to use them. In this of the people. It is the “ deputy of the peoligbı, considered as affording lessons to our- i " ple'," who goes to treat with the French selves, the decds of ihe Patriots in Spain are admiral ; and, in ihe people's name the sea deeply interesting to every man in this king- ! veral juntas, or courcils, all act. A war dom. And, if it shouid become the gene- í for Ferdinand, avowedly for him and in his ral opinion, that our defence needs rot bar- name, would assuredly fail. Some of the racks, depots, fortresses, and standing armies, leaders seen very anxious to prevent the and that opinion gould prevail, what a bless- people from supposing, that they are en. ing it will be! That army now costs about gaged in a revolution; and, it is not only twenty millions of pounds sterling a year, possible, but probable, that they may not have raised in taxes upon the people. It employs, a design toivake a revolution; But, they musi in all ways, abouitbree hundred thousandable or they must submit to Napoleon; for, the e men. Not more than from 40 to 50 thou- nergy, the talents, the free discussions, the pub sand would be necessary for services abrord. lications, without which his power is not ti What a great relief it would be, if the rest be resisted, will and must produce a com of this vast number of men were to re- plete change of the government. The men turn to labour, and if, at the same time, who shall bave beaten the arijies of France fifieen millions of pounds sterling a year who shall have driven out the hordes of reso were saved! Why, the very boards and lute robbers, arnied with dukets, will be commissions, appointed to examine into the ver again submit to the insolent sway of accounts of our present ariny, cost the whole swarm of tame cheaters, ubo pillaged und amount of no iritling tax. The ramifica- | the sanction of what they called the lou lions of army connection and influence are who, having the jail and the gibbet uni! codless. We do not all wear red coats, but their command, will endless bands of algu ubo is there that can say, that he is quite zils and corregidors to assist weni, nct ou independent of the standing army? If any plundered the people, but made them assist code will say, that it is goud that it should the act of plundering one another. No: the ve so; that military rule is the beit sort of is but this one choice. Either the people. sule; and that all which has been writien and | Spain must be slaves to Napoleon, or u! sidio the collary is nonsense, such a nan | must be free; and, indeed, this is tbe o: is candid, and nay Le di-pured with, but, I choice that they ought to have; if they are viib the lyp riies, who keep crying out fighting for freedom, what are they tigbti Continution,"wi yetdolout winkethat means tor? It they are content with being sar:
dance may Lötvund uilier than those of what matters it who is their master? Jos
Napoleon may be scoundrel enough; but, this respect, co-operating with the ministry wbat could be possibly do worse, than sell of England. Napoleon has had to figlit thirty or forty thousand of the people to go against Protestants enough, upon the cor
| tinent of Europe, and has beaten them all, detestable government did ? How could he making their princes scamper before him disgrace the Spaniards more than they were like sheep. He has found the most Catholic before disgraced? The junta of Seville, prioces still more gentle, if possible; but, which seems to have taken the lead of all the people, he has found resolute to defend The rest, say that “ it became necessary to their country. This proves, that the mere " break the shackles, which prevented circumstance of being a Catholic does not " the Spanish people from displaying their make men prone to either slavery or cow. "generous ardour;" but, if the junta be ardice. The greatest coward, the most no. Leves, that these shackles are to be made torious coward, the njost beaten and despised sporle again, they grossly deceive themselves. thing, in the shape of a man, that I ever The battle is for the freedom of Spain ; for heard or read of, was a Protestant. There the effecting of a revolution ; and, we shall | may be a coward as perfect amongst the Ca.
*, thai, let who will be sovereign, the toolics; but, for the honour of human nagovernment will bear little resemblance to ture, I should hope that there never was but
What it was before. Were the Buonapariés one of the sort in the whole world. It is not . 1 to be defeared at once, the old bribery and a man's religion that makes him a coward. Ik
orruption system might be patched up, is a certain natural weakness, which no man Fith some little talk about " a reformi of can help, and for which he is not to be abuses" and a hundred or two of fair pro blamed, unless he voluntarily assume the Dises, made but to be broken ; but as the garb of a hero, and put forward pretensions struggle will be long and bloody, if the Pa- | to powers and honours and rewards, in that tists succeed, those who have bled in the character. When he does this, he deserves ose, will take care not to become again not only public censure but punishment ; the slaves of those who before betrayed because he, by his cowardice, exposes the then, and of whose baseness they will, at lives and reputation of the soldiers or sailors petery new danger and difficulty, contract a under his command, tarnishes the renown bu degree of hatred. —- It is curious and hazards the safety of his country, and toongh, that, after all the continent of Eu this is what no man ought to be suffered to Ippe bas submitted to the arms of France, do with impunity. --It would be rash to et resistance on the part of the people, say precisely what our ministers ought to buld, at last, be met with in the Spaniards. | do in the way of assistance given to Spain ; Lator Duigenan and his friends must be but, I must confess, that I should like to
prized to find that the most catholic'. have heard, before dow, of the expedition Spear to be the only people, who have a having actually sailed. What does it do Si ere hatred of the French and their em hanging about so long? If it does not land Deut. They will hardly place their motto, in Spain, there are other places enough. I 1 20-popery," upon the English banners to think it will be lucky if the struggle in Spain e unfurled in Spain. Napoleon has en- | be of long duration ; but, it depends, perhoured to persuade the Spaniards, that he haps, upon our promptitude at the present Blue Pope's sanction for what he has done, moment, whether there shall be any serions Nos doing, with regard to Spain; but, as | struggle at all. The disposition of the Spau be seen by the documents, the Spanish nish revolutionists has been known long
in reject this with scorn, and remind enough for us to have received an account of Reseople, that he has just come from rob the reception of our promises of aid; and ps the poor Pope. Why should we sup yet our armaments are still lying in port ! pe, then, that the Catholics of England or | It is rumoured, that there have been dira Bland would be disposed to side with Na- ficulties about choosing a commander ; but, son? Why are they less worthy of | sorely, this cannot be the case, seeing how , in our fleets and armies, than Prutes- | great an abundance of generals we have. I is are if the Catholic religion, the | hope the commander, whenever he is ap. . son of oar forefathers, be so damnable pointed, will be one that has, at some time, ng, why do we assist Catholics in a fo. | or other, in some one instance, faced the y country? This is a weighty point for enemy, faced the French, I mean, in the
der conscience, and well worthy of an field; for, as to facing then over a bottle, Byfestigation ; for, though Buonaparte that any coward can do. Let our troops
- enemy at present, it seems that he is have, at their head, a man who has one siihos dig best to root out popery, and is, ingle time in his life looked the French in the
face, in the field of battle, and I shall be recover her freedom! Yet, the ministerial confident as to the result. There should, newspapers do actually discourage all such however, be no delay in sending what troops meetings. They seem to be extremely we can muster up to make a diversion in fa- | auxious to keep people from having an opvour of the Spaniards. Napoleon bas now portunity to make speeches upon the suba pretty wide range to look to, and will not ject; and, I should not be very much sur. be able to provide for every contingency and prized to hear any meeting which may take to carry on a war in Spain at the same time. place, termed disorderly, if not seditious. So large a country as Spain, including Por Only let the thing go well on in Spain, tug.ii, is a state of pretty general resistance, however, and, in time, we shall not, I hope, will demand, at least, two hundred thou have to regret the want of such meetings. sand men. Then there is all the space be. The Poor. - I was, some liitle time tween the Aliutt äid the Adriatic to keep past, put in possession of a statement, rein subjection, together with Holland and lative to the expenditure, on account of the Germany. He never can do it all. If there poor, in the parish of ENFELD, in Middiebe a general insurrection in Spain, followed sex, which statement I deem worthy of by a war of six months, he must be defeated general notice, and which, therefore, I there, or mus! lose his sway in some other shall insert here.- " ENTIELD, April, quarter. Of what vast importance is it, I “ 1808.- The following Comparison of then, that we are prompt in contributing “ Parochial Expenditure, between the time our share towards the producing of that in 1" when we were in the Road to Ruin, and surrection, towards blowing up a Aame, on the present Year, is drawn for the inforwhich when once safely kindled cannot fail. « matin of the inhabitants of this parish; to burn with fury. Our armament, under " by Peter HARDY. By introducing a some brave and experienced officer, should “ regular and known Table at the work. now have been landed, or, at least, hover- | " house (by which the people are better ing upon some coast, where it might have feil than before); by substituting ecodrawn off part of the force of Napoleon. “ nomy for waste ; by obliging those ti But, really, the language of the Patriots is " work who were able ; and by refusios so bold, it contains such home truths, it " the able and healthy, but idle, drunkei gives sueh hard slaps, that I have been half " and dissolule, admittance into the work afraid of their discretion being suspected. “ house, (which ought only to be a refug " The cry of death, or freedom, resounds " for infancy, the sick and the aged) societ " from one end of the kingdom to the us in general has been benefited, and ih " other ; the dishonourable career of COR- «s inhabitants of this town relieved of a ver
RUPTION has been run; the arts and ! « enormous burthen. At that time a “ machinations to divide and terrify been " much Meat was destroyed at the work " attempted in vain." Such is their lan- 1 " house in one week, as is consumed noz guage in one of their proclamations, and " in three months. That article cost r' there are others, which are still more " then at the rate of £600 per annum. " violent” upon the subject of corruption " now costs us £60.- At that time v and aluses. So that, in fact, if one were to “ consumed of bread 90 halt-pecks pe give any description of the cause, in which " week. We now consume on an averag the Patriots are engaged, one would be dis- “ 16.--- Bread and flour alone cost us posed to say that they are waging a war " a year then, double what the whole hou against bribery and corruption and pecula “ costs now --We paid then, for chee tion much more than against Buonaparté, « only, double what we pay now for eve and, you know, reader, it is Buonaparte " article of shop goods. We then co whom we wish to put down. --The talk “ sumed 100 cart-loads of wood and about sulscriptions has been mere talk. No « chaldron of coals in a year. We u subscription is going on ; no subscription is " consume only 12 chaldron of coals, wit encouraged by any one in authority; we « out any wood. At that time we rais hear of no voluntary contributions proposed. í - 3,900 poor's rates per annum. V Very cool upon it, at both ends of the town! | " now raise $1,900.-We then b It is to be hoperl, that the Spaniards will " above £2,000 by sale of timber from be able to do without such subscriptions, "Chace, in addition to our rates. Y Meetings upon the subject might: produce " now bave L400.---We were at t statements and comparisons and conclusions; ~ time rery deeply in debt. We 1 but, surely, there could be no danger in " do not owe any debts."--This refo Englishmen meeting to congratulate one was, it appears, effected by the activi another upon the prospect of seeing Spain | good-sense', and public-spirit of this