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are not always rewarded with kindness and esteem ; but this reflection with a man who soars above the sordid baseness of the world, fortunately stimulates, not damps, the generous ardour of his mind. I find, Mr. Coobett, that your sentianents upon the subject of Spanish patiotism have met with the disapprobation of a correspondent who subscribes himself “ Scoto-Britan“nus.” How long that gentletman may have plumed and cherished himself under the wing of sovereign power, I know not ; but though his gratitude may be applauded in his universal zeal for potentates, not even excepting the family of the Bourbons, I can of hold that virtue as an apology either for ignorance or wilful misrepresentation. Your co: respondent's observations, in the introductory part of his letter, on the right of ceding a sovereignty, are built upon the following position, which ScotoBritannus lays down as an axiom ; namely, that “ In private property no man can “ cede his right of inheritance or possession. This right belongs not to him exclusively, but to his family. He is a mere life renter. From his ancestors his inheritance was acquired, and to his own posterity it must be faithfully transmitted.” Now, Sir, there must really be a strange vernacular property in the atmosphere of

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Scotland that could induce a man to indke so

modest and extraordinary a declaration as the present. That because a man derives an inheritance from his ancestors, it must be therefore faithfully transmitted to his posterity, is so adverse to truth, that daily and hourly experience contradicts the assertion. Do we not every day see a prodigate heir dissipating the estate which his ancestor has jeft him : posing of inheritances which they enjoy by descent, by public auction, and private contract? So contrary to the fact is the assertion of Scoto-Britannus, that the perpetuating estates in families called for legislative interference so long as four centuries ago, and the thing is rendered impossible by a solemn act of parliament. But what occurs to me, Mr. Coboett, as the most extraordinary, is, that this strange gratuitous assertion should be made for the purpose of establish

Are not men daily dis-,

ing that “a sovereign is the delegate of his

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enforced such an opinion by a discovery that

property was unalienable, from which (if it were true) the only inference I can collect

is, that no act of the people can prevent the

crown from lineally desceuding ; in which

case, as it should seem, the people are di

vested of all possible right of interfering

with the crown. Whether monarchical

power takes its origin from a contract with

the people, or exists as of Divine right, has

been for ages asserted either way, as party

interest has predominated ; but what judgment a dispassionate unbiassed mind would form, who, without supernatural grace, collects his information from the crperience of things as they pass before his eyes in this material world, I thouk there can be little doubt. Mr. Home has observed, that theory is in favour of all kingly power originating in popular contract, but that experience is against it. How it happens that the latter is true I should imagine to be this ; that by the supineness and inactivity of one side of the contracting parties, the other has been su:fered to establish a power which has enatled him to hold the contract at defiance; and though there be an axiom in the English constitution “ that 1.0 right can exist with“ out a remedy,” yet I fear it is an axiom very often incapable of being realized. Now, Mr. Cobbett, I perfectly accord with your sentinents respecting Spain. I hold it, with you, to be the bounden duty of this court'ry

to give the Spanisl, Patriots the most disinterested assistance in her power Spain is now in arms against the universal enemy of law and liberty, and it becomes every man of independent principles to aid and assist her in resisting the tyrant's grasp ; but in so doing, what right there can exist to interfere in the internal regulation of the country, with whom our arms are to be united, quite passes my conception. Scoto-Britantius, who deals in the trarvellous in point of argument, is for making the restoration of the Bourbons a sine qua non of our assistance ; and as a reason, he asserts “that the practice of inter“ fering in the regulation of into ral go

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of the assisted;" and to exemploy this, he states an historical fact, that the at , ent Britons, by celling in the -axons at, Normans to assist the in in organizing her legislature, became the slaves of their assistants How this can shew that we ought to impose on Spain, as the terms of our assistance, that Ferdinard the VIIth, or any other of the Bourbons, should be established as their ro

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the delegates, in whom the power of appointing a monarch or ruler is inherent, nothing can be so clear, as, that, if they wish to be governed by a Bourbon, they will adopt that mode of government ; but if they have no such inclination, and we interfere and insist on their being governed by Ferdinand the VIIth, or in any measure dictate a government to them, what are we doing but following the very footsteps of those Saxons and Normans who displease Scoto-Britannus for having most unprincipally subjugated the ancient Britons 2 Scoto-Britannus, (who probably nestles himself in some snug birth within the air of royalty) I rather apprehend, thinks it improper to term those slaves who have a monarch set over them, though against their inclination. But if Scoto-Britannus will consult the lexicon of that favourite ot country, I mean Dr. Johnson, he will discover, that slavery may be defined to be the incapacity of a sane rational mind to act according to its inclination; and that it would be as much slavery for the Spanish nation to have a Ferdinand the VIIth reign over them, if contrary to their inclination, as it would have been for the Swedes to have had a jack-boot for a prime minister, which their indulgent master, Charles the XIIth, was inclined once to afford them I consider, Mr. Cobbett, that in affording aid to Spain, we are governed, or ought to be so, by a principle, generous in itself, and which can alone entitle our assistance to the approbation of an impartial world; I mean the principle of detestation of tyrants and despots of every description and of every climate; that, as a country enjoying more genuine liberty and freedom than can probably be found in any other spot on the civilized globe, we are anxious to disseminate that freedom to others, and to stem the strides of ghastly despotism which, in the person of the French emperor, seeks the destruction of each latent spark of liberty. If this be the basis of our conduct towards Spain, I most fervently hope it will prove successful; if it be not, the same fate will most likely accompany it, which generally attends, sooner or later, all base and servile acts ; and instead of affording the future historian an agreeable theme for panegyrising the independent spirit of his country, will reluctantly compel him to throw down his pen, or, what will be more grating, to blast her character by recording the transaction.—W. F. S.—Lincoln's Inn, August 2, 1808.

and glowing panegyric on “Mr. Coke or Norfolk,” which appeared in your Register a few weeks since.—I do most sincerely congratulate our “beloved representative,” (to whom I am zealously attached), on the illestimable acquisition of such a partizan He has long been strenuously supported by a great proportion of our “ large-acred “ men,” who have powerful and necessary influence over the free suffrages of “ independent yeomen.” He has also been not a little indebted to other friends, who can play with consummate skili every card ef the Party Game, from the knave to the deuce. But, what are all these, compared with a Man of Genius, gifted with that magic mastery of words, which, in every free government, ancient or modern, has been known to have such astonishing effects on the minds of the people? I cannot doubt, that these voluntary and generous efforts of such a man as Mr. Thomas Roope, on behalf of such an one as “Mr. Coke of “ Norfolk," will very materially promote the good cause, and forward the wishes of the most truly “independent yeomen" of our county. I particularly anticipate the happiest effects, from the very judicious

publication of that panegyric, in a handsome

separate form, (lest your Register, Mr. Cobbett, should not give it sufficient publicity), from the liberal presentation of copies to

the Coffee-rooms in Norwich,-and from

the distribution of them among proper persons, (I have one) even at that “scene that is Not KNow N elsewhere, the Sheep“shearing at Hookham.”—Who this “Mr. “Thomas Roope” is, I cannot say that I exactly know. He now first appears before the public; and, like other mighty geniuses, bursts forth at once in meridian splendour. He is obviously a very shrewd observer, a very logical reasoner, and a very fine writer. Certainly, Mr. Coke has not such another writer to his back. The doer of late addresses, &c. I do not think worth mentioning. But there is Dr. Parr—what is he to “. Mr Thomas Roope?" When a barrel of gunpowder explodes, certainly it makes a dazzling flash, an alarming report, a prodigious deal of smoke, and no little stink. But the first two are over in a moment, and the others last but a very short time. They are nothing to the celestial beams which permanently warm, invigorate,andenlighten. Most certainly, it is not too bold a figure, to say that “Mr. Thomas Roope" writes with a sun-beam — Such is my decided opinion of him as an author. I can have no doubt, that he is moreover, “ a “gentleman of enlightened mind and libe

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Mr. CokE or Now folk. SIR,--I have been much charmed and ediáed by Mr. To eloquent - - :... *

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“ral education,” (as he tells us “all M1

“Coke's tenants are") one of “ the most “ learned men we can boast, and of the “best practical, liberal, and enlightened cul“tivators of land;”—one of “ the men “most reputed for their agricultural know“ledge;"—a “fit associate for such digni“ fied men as Dukes of Bedford, and Mr. * Arthur Young ;”—most worthy to be “courted by Mr. Coke;"-—and one of “the * first breeders of stock of every descrip“tion.”—But, Mr. Cobbett, among all his excellencies, agricultural, literary, or philosophical, I am most particularly struck with these two—with that “honest pride" of conscious genius, which prompts him to pit himself plump against you, in the strife of “opinion"—and with that artful delicacy in insinuating censure, which must, I should think, make you feel ingenuously ashamed of your own blameable precipitancy, in venturing to speak as you have spoken, of the “ little talents and ambition" of so great a man—whom, it seems, you “ do not know !” I must, however, declare, Hat I am equally pleased with your candour, in inserting this elegant and spirited rebuke, which you cannot but severely feel. I am

only surprized you have not cried peccavi,

and am expecting it every week.-Really, the fervour of Mr. Thomas Roope's sentiments, and the splendour of his diction, are powerfully affecting—Pungent, stimuusing, titillating, they have caused a warm initingling glow within me—“ scalpunturo *ima 1 ''. And as it is obvious, that his intention was by no means to excite the

Hilility of his readers, I can account for

these feelings no otherwise, than by supposing he must have meant to provoke their *incturiency; that by a surer criterion than the “temperality of the pulsidge,” he might form a proper diagnosis of the cases he has taken in hand, and consequent hopes of ture. But it should seem that you are sullenly determined not to be cast ! Yet a *cond dose, though weaker than the first, * Sometimes known to insure its effect. lot me try to administer it. As I despair of writing Ike Mr. Thomas Roope, I enavour to compensate for my deficiency, by quoting him as much as possible; and my perhaps here and there, in my own *ion, catch some slight whiff of that othereal spirit, with which his pen is imPognated, and even super-saturated. So out, upon the whole, I hope we shall not owe given you these repeated scourings in *—I desire it may be understood, that I Wile, though by no means in concert, yet, "the most perfect harmony and coincidence

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w; tı, Mio. Roote There can be no dou,t that since Mr. Coke became “proprietor of the immense tracts of land he now possess“ es,” the desert of “ Norfolk " is become a paradise! These are not indeed the words of Mr. Roope, but in a compendious form convey his obvious meaning. Before that auspicious aera, who ever saw any “sheep, “ but such as disgraced the breeders of that “ animal?" Who ever “paid particular “ attention to planting 2" By whom was the “barley and turnip sys’em introduced " By whom were “layers regularly sown 2" Who ever made the “finest wheats" grow in the “western district,” which (as Mr. Roope elegantly observes) was conspicuous “ for its growth of rye 2 " Who ever saw men mow “corn on swamps, where before “ they had walked up to their knees in wa“ ter to mow off the rushes 2" who had “ farm-houses and stack-yards full of corn ?” Who ever heard “heaths groan for the sic“ kle?” (which to say the truth, must be a very alarming noise to the neighbourhood,) Who, before that time, saw a farmer's “wife “take pride in shewing the management of “ concerns within doors : " (for which they are so very remarkable now !) whoever knew “ maids receive public gifts for their good “ conduct " Who ever got the better of that boisterous bully the “German Ocean," till Mr. Coke got acquainted with “a man “ of vast geological knowled e, Mr. Wil“liam Smith, mineralogist?” Who ever thought of any one of all othese things 2 To most of these questions, if not to all, I am well aware, that some persons pretend to have answers to give, many and diverse and all “ as ready as a borrower's “ cap.” But to every one of them, Mr. Roope and I answer promptly and decidedly, Nobody.—“ No abuse, Ha!, none; none, “Ned, none; no, boys, none !” The man of Norfolk has himself individually accomplished all this good; and I will presently make it as clear “ as the sun-beams in “ a cucumber,” which Mr. Roope has not done What Is he not “ Knight of the “ Shire to represent us all 2" Did he not tell us at the famous larley meeting at Norwich, of the solemn charge he had received on a former similar occasion, from that great statesman Mr. Fox, then in power, not to allow the alarming question to be agitated, but to keep H is county quiet 2 Does not that sublime title man of Norfolk, (which he has been “solicited,” to bear) in its own proper import imply, that he absorbs and concentrates in himself, all the inconsiderable good, which may perchance, have beeu done by others ? Does he not “reign is

our hearts : " Do we not all look up to “ him, with a fervour of esteem, and de“gree of veneration, whic', kus Gs may EN“ vy but do Not obTAIN ?” I wish to put these questions fairly home to the heart and conscience of every “ truly independent “yeoman " in the county, particularly and privately. I wish most heartily I could poll them all, by this intimate and searching so ru tiny : the result of it would be glorious ! I would manifest from it, to all the world, how right Mr. Thomas Roope and I are, in our exclusive admiration (nay idolatry) of Mr. Coke.—I cannot but declare my copecial concurrence in Mr. Roope's commendation of those very judicious particulars in Mr. Coke's conduct, which place his wisdom far above that of any other power. I mean his disinterested plan of making his tenants “ independent yeomen,” by “ long “ leases and favourable terms;" his building them “ houses fit for the residence of “gentlemen; " and “expending vast sums “ in the purchase of the most elegatt and “ costly pieces of plate to stimulate indus“ try !” Means and ends most sagaciously adapted to each other | Though such forbearance and such expenditure, taken together, may cqnstitute a goodly revente, the lofty mind of our higher than noble “patron.” feels that all is well bestowed ; and, from his proud exaltation he looks down with supreme contempt, on the little-minded patricians or plebeians, who meanly and sordidly think, that such precious possessions as popularity and electione ring interests, can be bought too dear. Mr. Thomas Roope and I cordially approve and admire. I caunot, however, follow my adventurous and enraptured leader q:ite so far, as to say : “ Would to God that every Englishman's bo“ som glowed with the same ambitious “ hopes, and I should have no fear for “ England's safety.” On the contrary, I should have very great fear indeed. Not that I at all suspect Mr. Coke of being in

clined to do any mischief; but that in that

Case, among so many contending and inconsistent claios of pre eminence, there could not be room for the cspansion add free play of such generous and multifarious animosity, and the whole county would, (to use a Norfolk simile) exhibit the exict resenblance of one grand ba'le of turkeys A sight silly and laughable enough upon a mo: derate scale, but on so vast an one, it certainly could not but be productive of great ala in and danger.—I warmly join in the praise of Mr. Coke's political consistency. It is no more than barely just, to allow that in the main, prominent, and character

istic feature of his political life, the great point of paramount importance, to which he has uniformly bent all the powerful

energies of his bright and various talents,

all the rich stores of his rare knowledge, all the vigorous plasticity and elasticity of his mighty mind—he has been super eminently consistent | No other politician has been so immoveably firm. From the very beginning of Mr. Pitt's career, (at least, from the time of his stardy and disrespestful unconpliance—ver lum sat 'y has not Mr. Coke always, without the minutest variation, decl:red and manifosted his opposition, no: only to the measures, but to the man 2 Has he not been known to proclaim, to all whom it might concern, that he always would oppose whatever might proceed from that odious minister W35 he ever once crusht trip. ping, like Sir Francis Wronghead, in “saying aye when he should have said no 2 " Has he not repeatedly quitted “ the solid “ comforts of domestic life, and the most “ laudable pursuits which can engage the “ attention of man,” and travelled post by night or by day, through fair weather cr

foul; no matter—so that he could but get

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“ parade,” and “ useless routs : " And when at an awful moment, his associates in opposition (and among them the generous and roble-natured Fox) professed that every emotion of bostility was extinct within them, when they sighed or wept, and said that death had put enmily under his feet, - HE rose sublimely superior to such imbecility, and with more than Itoman firmness, still holds forth an illustrious example of unshaken political consistency, more perfect than Britain ever saw before. Even to this day, has he ever been known to make a speech at any public meeting, political or agricultural, without taking occasion (often with the utmost ingenuity.) of either making a direct a d gallant attack, or throwing ont the bitt, rest oblique sarcasms, on that justly detested name, that object of his rooted aversion If such a mai; do not deserve the gloris us title of “p. triot,” on whom can it be bestowed Such consister cy, characterizing the “ whole career of his parliamentary du“ ties,” and “ all his patriotic proceedings." (nay, constituting the main sun, and substance of them, so far as the world has heard.) does not only entitle him to the thanks of the county, (or what by the courtesy or

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party is called the county) but to those of

the whole country; gives him a claim to the “estimable and lasting treasures of GENERAL ADMIRATI on and UNIversal Estee M.” I cannot help offering sincere thanks to Mr. Thomas Roope, for sojudiciously introducing this topic.—I come now to another subject truly magnificant; of which the world might have known nothing, had it not been for the warm zeal of Mr. Rocpe. How do I envy the honour he has enjoyed, of diffing and conversing, at the “hospitable board,” in the “princely abode," with “foreigners “ of the first rank from various parts of the “world,” — even Sovereign Princes, it seems How does my bosom swell to catch a share in that proud and triumphant exaltation, which must have been felt by whics, when they heard crowned heads, speak of themselves with such becoming humility, and in meek prostration zcknowledge their inferiority “ Ise petty monarchs of little states, could have formed no such ideas '" This is indeed inexpressibly grand ' Transcendently sublime ! It absolutely overcomes me! I sink under the overwhelming emotion of supreme delight !—I trust, Mr. Cobbett, we shall after this, hear no more of “little “ talents and ambition.” But if you suspect that Mr. Thomas Roope and I have fabri. cated a specious eulogium, only to produce effect at a distance, come among us yourself! Come to our meetings! The admission is only a cuis EA Take the evidence of your own senses ' Behold ouringurgitations and regurF. of intoxicating panegyric aud port! isten to the explosive and expansive bursts of involuntary and uncontroulable applause ! of enraptured and enrapturing puff! Join in our animating choral strains, patriotic, potatory, and prurient' in the grand vocal artillery of “three times three " " Mark, and admire our homage so humbly paid, so graciously received, that humility and condescension exactly neutralize each other, and all Feems perfect Eau Ality. And when you have seen and heard all this, then say if you dare that Mr Coke is not “des: rving of that “ public testimony of esteem, the inhabi“tants of Norfolk have so long bestowed, “ in electing him their representative "— Say that he " has not deserved those marks “ of distinction which he never received."— Say that the “kingdom contains two persons, “one of whom only I believe to exist.”— Sayit of you dare. I defy you!—Mr. Thomas Rhope, by this splendid and successful exortion of his masterly pen, has laid Mr. Coke under such especial obligations to him, that he certainly cannot be overlooked in the goble and profuse distribution of “stimu

“ lating " plate. As I have done all I can to second him, I venture to express a modest and diffident hope that some slight token may be bestowed on me. If beggars can be allowed to chuse, I restrict my wishes to —a mustard-pot. While at my three-legged table, I contentedly dabble in it, to give a savoury relish to my cheese, I shall hear with delight and admiration, but without envy, of the splendour of Mr. Thomas Roope; who after a sumptuous banquet (a Grand Presentation-Dinnel) at the “hospitable board,” in the “princely abode,” will gloriously replenish his houorary silver jordan "-" I could add a great deal more, but less I could not well say.” And now, Mr. Cobbett, let me confidently hope, that the same candour which induced you to insert Mr. Roope's letter, will also secute admission to this, which is so exactly of the same import and tendency. In this pleasing hope I remain,-Your very obedient servant, WILLIAM SM It H,-Meither M. P. nor Mineralogist Duke's Palace, Norwich, 20th Just, 1808. P. S. I shall feel very much obliged, if you can prevail on your friend Mr. Thomas Roope, to communicate through the channel of your Register, the senses which his dictionary affixes to the following words ; – gents, inan, liberal, learned, enlightened, dignified, judicious, beneficial, perfect, patriotism, im; rovement, admiration, esteem, encouragement. I could add many more, but these are the most important, and are sufficient at present. The account I find of these in my dictionary (which is Johnson's, and I am afraid is in some degree obsolete)

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LETTER FRom THE AUTH or of “My Pocket Book." '

Sir ;—The “licentiousness" of the pen of Sir Rich ARD Phillips, in your last Register, ought not perhaps “to excite any “ other emotion than contempt ;” but as “ the greatest fool that ever trod the earth" (to borrow a description from the Attorney General, confirmed by my Lord Ellenborough.) may, in the very prevailing party of which he is the towering head, find some congenial souls, “ Asinus asino, et “sus sui pascher,” to admire his wisdcm, and to believe his assertions, I am compelled to ask you for a corner, in which I may said to nake my defence. You have ably vindicated the right of freemen to speak the truth, and you will of course, be the last *

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