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obeving their sovereign, the persons who ! ders to return this answer to Cardinal Capcomposed his noble guards, and some other rard, he received the note of the 30ch of officers, bave been in prisoned. - To relieve March, which his eminence did him the the innocent, the holy father requires and honour of writing to him. This pote has clains their liberation, whichir Das hither. I two objects in view ; the first to announce to demanded to go purpose, and which at the cessation of the powers of the legate of present ho claims again.-The undersigned the holy chair, to notity it against the orhaving faithfully performed the orders of his dinary forms and usages at the eve of holy holiness, has the opportunity of renewing to week, at a time when the court of Rome, your iilustrious lordsbin the astirance, &c. | if it were still animated by a true evangelical

CARDINAL GABRIELL'.--To 11. Lefebvre, spirit, would fiel it its duty to multiply French Cirurgé d d daires.

ļ spiritual succours, and to preach, by its No. VIII.-Cory of a Nole from his Er example, union amongst the faithful. Bur

cellency al. de Chunpayne, to his Er- ! be it as it tay, the holy father having with cellency Cardinal Capria.

drawn bis powers from his eminence, the The undersigued minister for foreign af. emperor no longer acknowledges him as fairs of his majesty the emperor of the legate.. The French church resumes the French, king of Italy, has laid before his full integrity of its docuine. Its knowmajesty the note of Cardinal Caprara, to ledge, iis picty will continue to preserve in which he is commanded to return the fol. France the Catholic religion, which the lowing answer :-The emperor cannot ree emperor will always consider it his glory to cognize the principle, that the prelates, are į defend, and cause to be respected. The not the subjects of the screreign, under second object of the note of bis excellency whose authority they are born.-- As to the Cardinal Caprara, is to demand his passo second question, the proposal of his majesty 1 ports as ambassador. The undersigned has is, and from which he will never depart, the honour to enclose them. His majesty that all Italy, Rome, Naples, and Milan, sees with regret this formal demand of p.155. shall enter into au cffensive and defensive ports, which the practice of modern times treaty, for the purpose of removing from regards as a real declaration of war. Kome the peninsula commotions and hostilities. .is then at war with France, and in this stale If the holy father accede to this proposal, of affairs, bis majesty is obliged to insce every thing is setiled. If he refuse it, he' the orders which the tranquillity of Italy announces by such a determination that rendered necessary.-The resolutior to pro: i he wishes for no arrangement, no peace duce this rupture bas been chosen by the with the emperor, and that he is at war court of home at a time when it believes with him. The first consequence of war that its arms are powerful enough to shew is conquest, and the result of couquest is that it may have recourse to other extreml. change of government: for if the emperor tiess, bet iheir effects will be checked by is under the necessity of going to war with the illumination of the age. Temporal and Rome, is be not also under the necessity of : spiriiual authority are no longer contounded. conquering it, of changing the government, The royal dignity consecrated by God hini. of establishing another which shall make self is above any attack. --The undersigned common cause against the common enemy wishes that the observations which he is orwith the kingdom of Naples? What other dered to transmit to Cardinal Caprara may guarantee could he have for the tranquillity induce his holiness to accede to the proposal and security of Italy, if these two king- of his majesty. He has the honour to redonis were separated by a state, in which new to his excellency the assurances of their enemies would be certain of meeting bis highest consideration -CHAMPAGNYa cordial reception.--These alterations, be Paris, April 3, 1808. come necessary if ihe holy father persists in his refusal, will take away from him ! PORTUGAL.--Proclamation of the Magis. none of his spiritual rights. He will con trate it presenting the People of Oporto, tinue bishop of Rome, as his predecessors termed the Judge of the People. . were during the eight first ages, and under 1 People of Porto, uoble subjects of an inCharlemagne. It will, however, be a limitable prince, and brave restorers of his lesubject of grief to his majesty, to see the gitimate rights:--On the 4th inst. (July), you work of genius, of political wisdom, and elected me (by the votes of the representaof understanding, destroved by imprudence, tives of the corporation ) representative m3obstinacy, and blindness. --At the very gistrate of ihe people of this noble and august moment that the undersigned received or- | city. After accusing you of a misplaced

election, and imploring heaven to assist me over Europe; we know finally that he was in the faithful discharge of my duty, I crave an individual, without faith, belief, or reliyour altension to what I am going to say: - gion, and this prompied us to see the opporYou, on the 18th of June, performed a ; tunity approaching, when we might teach deed, which, when inserted in the history that villain what is Portuguese valour, inheof our country, will, perhaps, stiniulate rited from those who subdued great part of jealousy among the ashes of those heroes the universe, dispiaying their standards on who bave bled for it ; you hive perforared a almost the last barriers of the world ; and miracle, permit me the expressir.ill, tor to this made us on the glorious lyth declare our die is but natural, and the act of bringing independence, and, proclaim in loud voices, to resurrection is an attribute of supreme which reached heaven, the aug:ist name of divinity; and the name of our august and l our Don John VI. prince regent of Portugal; amiable prince having been destroyed by the it was on this account that I saw ye, loved treachery of a tyrant, who substituted his countrymen, like men converted into wild own name, ordering before our eyes the beasts, running towards the plain of St. Commission of the most sacrilegious and Ovid, there to wait for the enemr resemmost horrid of all atrocious crimes, I mean bling hungry wolves who run towards lainbs. the deniolition of the sacred painting, which Your hunger is not satiated, your rage inbrings to our memory the five fountains ! creases, and you protest you will feed on the which issued on the boights of Mount C:l. | blood of that portion of Frenchmen who in. Fary, to cleanse and wash the sins of the fest august Lisbon ; finally, nobi dy can réworld; I mean the five wounds of our Rel press you! Ah! what heroic uaits of valour dzemer, offered on the plains of Ouriqne to glow in the hearts of the Portoninus, and our first king, as emblenis of honour to be what acirirable examples of ad lity wiilihey blazoned on the standarili; you brought I not leive to posterity! Continue then, my cvery thing to resurrection on the said i heloved countrymen ; let the consumination day of the 18th, as on this very day of the glory of Porto be perfect. But hear the mune of our sovereign appears mounted me for a while, do not allow that glory to be high over the name of apolcon, picturing ! tarnished or diminished by any action that to our imagination a true representation of your overleaping mage may diciate to you the archangel St. Michael, and on this samel without reflection ;-borour, let honour be day, ever memorable, from all parts rise in - our guide; let us pot do any thing wbich santaneously the arms of the royal house of my displease the supreme council whicb go. Braganza displaying greater brilliancy than verns us; reflect that it is composed of men bose thousand shields which are suspender as wise as they are virtuous; and who toil from the tower of David! But what do I say? by day and by night to support the brilliancy A miracle ! My thoughts have misled me, of our glory: yes, government is the first the name of our august never died among ito lose its life for the country, and who as us; it always retained its life, though sa- readily will make every traitor suffer; but credly preserved in our bosoms, where our ordur'is necessary in every arrangement; let hearts paid and devoted to him the most us, therefore, consult government, let us humble adorations; and if, by an intrusive obey their directions. Government repreand treacherous exaction, we renderol any sents the prince, and who does not obey it vassalage to that monster of iniquities, to offends the prince: if we act against their that man called emperor of the French, it orders we destroy our own work; and it was the effect only of a refined hypocrisy. | will be praising the prince at one time, and Have we not brought to resurrection the ar- offending him at another. See that justice my of Braganza, which, although they were is a part of God, and who offends justice demolished in the edifices, always existed offends God, and then greater evils will be. untouched in the image of Jesus Christ, | full us than those caused by the tyrani.painted with his most precious blood? Yes; i I shall not treat you as your judge in the what we have done with the permission of | plenitude of authority, but as your friend, heaven, has been the natural result of the and the protector of your welfare; I there. Portuguese bravery and valour solely copfin- fore request you will lay before me all your ed by the orders given to us by our august on pretensions, which, if they exceed the li. the eve of his departure-not entirely con- mits of my jurisdiction, I shall offer them scious of the perfidy of the tyrant, we know to the consideration of the supreme govern. the treachery of Buonaparte, marked under | ment, that it may resolve on your behalf. the cloaks of friendship ; we know him to | Let us not be despotic, for wc offend heaven, be the chief of the numerous banditii spread and it endangers the harmony which should subsist among us ; let us make our enemy , committee of council for trade and foreign bite himself with envy, to see that at the plantations, to acquaint you, that in consesame time that we are brave warriors, we quence of a recommendaiion from their lordlove one another with reciprocity. Let no ships, the lords commissioners of he admi. tumults or discordant voices be heard among ralty have been pleased to give instructions us, but only the repeated, cordial, and har- to the admirals commanding on the Jamaica monious clamours of, long live the prince and Leeward Islands stations, and to sir Sid. our lord, and long live his faithful subjects. ney Smith c: mmanding at the Brazils, to use -Joao DE ALMEIDA REBEIRO.

every means in their power, as well by sta

tioning cruizers as by the appointment of MOORISH PROCLAMATION.-Courage to the convoys, for the protection of British and . Christian; and to shew chat we know all. Spanish vessels emploved in the trade carried · Unfortunate christian,-Ala shews his on between the British free ports in the approbation to you in several ways. You | West Indies, and the Spanish colonies in were first oppressed by a tyrant, avaricious of that part of the world, against the attacks of money, who robbed my cousin Charles of French privateers; and i am to request you his treasures, and you of your blood. He will communicate this information to the fell, and you acted very wrong not to treat merchants concerned in the trade above him with Zarra Zarra, which is as much as mentioned.--I am, Sir, &c. STEPHEN COT. to say, not to cut off his head. Why did TRELL. you not do so ? Because you were asleep Since that time you have met with another AMERICA. - (Circular Letter.) At a tyrant, ambitious of kingdonis, and he de- , meeting of the president and directors of prived my cousin Charles of his throne, in the bank of the United States, on the 13th cluding in the privation all his race, in order May 1808, the following report was approsed, to keep the possession to himself, and to come viz.--The committee appointed to consider before much lapse of time to deprive me also what measures ought in their opinion, to be of my throne. Arouse, christians! Ali, | pursued by the directors of this bank, resFrench dog, why did you give opium to the pecting the stockholders of the United States christians, to get possession of the principal funded debt, who reside in Europe, and persons, and to effect your entry without have empowered this bank to remit the divi. exciting apprehension? Why did you not dends received on their account, respecítilly enter sword in hand, that your objects may submit the following resolution :-'l bat be seen and the christians may treat you the cashier of this bank be, and be hereby with Zarra Zarra ? Christians, you have lost is, directed to inform the stockholders of the time! Desert this tyrant, as you regard United States' funded debt, who reside in yourselves. Let Seville be loyal, brave, and Europe, and have empowered the bank to firm in doing justice! Christians! attack / remit, for their account and rick, the divithese dogs, and defend the kingdom for the dends received thereon, that, during the son of my cousin ; and let that currish na present embargo, and ihe general deranged tion be abhorred for ever. Courage, brave state of conimerce, it will not be possible christians ! attack them, and let Ala the to purchase bills of exchange, except ai an great assist you. I entreat you to defend unusually high price, which must pecessarily your kingdom, for my cousin, and for the subject those stockholders to a very heavy Englishmen likewise. Let all nations see loss : that, under circumstances so much to this, in order that they may know who the be regretted, it is the desire of the directors French dog is, and that they may rise of this bank, that the said stockholders would, against him. Sleep no more, christians ! as soon as possible, give positive directions Noble Junta of Seville, do strict and severe to the cashier, either to continue his purchase justice on every traitor towards the Son of of bills, if any can be obtaived, at their my cousin, and may Ala reward you --All current price, and to remit them as usual, MAHOMET.--Tetuan, June 10, 1908. to their agents, or to have the amount of their

| dividends remain to their credit on the books ENGLISH ORDER OF COUNCIL, relating to the of the United States, unless they should

Trade with Spain.--Ofice of Committee prefer their being received and deposited for of Privy Council for Trade, Whitehall, their account at this bank. July 14, 1908.

Attested, “ D. Lennox, President." : Sir, -I am directed by the lords of the G. Simpson, Cashier.

Printed by Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street; published by R. Bagshaw, Brudges Street, Ciment

Garden, where former Numbeis may be had: sold also by J. Budd, Ciow.. and Alitre, l'all-Anell.

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“ Liun feeders, lainb-like fighters........."- DryDEN.

[226 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. I the cart luds of sweet-meats, which the SPANISH REVOLUTION. -- 0 Friday, 1 tawdry wives and daughters of the citizens the oil instant, a grand dinner was given by į were, with both hands at once, cramming

be merchanis and bankers, to the Spanish down their throats; and, who will lay me a D ies, at the City of London Tavern, at guinei, that, if Napoleon were lo give

#hh, it appears, that the kuy's ministers! peace aga security tous, upon condition that trendet. At this dinner, there were, it is! we would leave him to work his will with 321, 40) persons present; and that they had | Spain, a very great majority of those who bon the table, tua thousand five hundred devoured the 2,500 pounds weight of turile guards wright of turlle, that being nierely would not jump at the offer, and express

a: arucie ot their food, another article great anxiety and uneasinesss for the send. Cuanisting of forty or fifty haunches of venin ing aware of those very Spanish deputies, bu. How many hundreds of wretches have who have now to support the calamity of turked like galley slaves, upon bread and their caresses? - The fourth toast was, vier, to supply this glutto non repust! It we are told, " Kiny Fördinand VII," Fa a feast well calculated to inspire the sca- which was, the reporier say's, received with barents, which were ultered in the forın of loud applause, and even with enthusiasm,

tests, and, through which toasts, the fact To give this toast was, it is very probable, hs been published to t'e world, that we the principal object of the meeting. In the

e to be taxel for carrying on a war in king's speech, at the close of the last session Soun, not for the sake of giving iiberty and of parliament, there was a talk about loyalty,

piness to the people of that wretched but nothing was hintei as to whom it was - ory, but for that of restoring the hates the objeci of this country to set over Spain;

bude pous:n that hiuso 1 pravailed!, in the king's 20swer to the address of the

bate lasi act of which was, to introduce al city of London, he is more explicii, declarErech army, and to give up the royal au- | ing that his sole object is to restore the ana Lority to Frenchonen nany other light cient yovernment of Spain; bat, still, there ban as the vehicle of this declaration, the was room for doubt. This meeting seenis po'opous, meeting would be unworthy of 1 to have been regarded as the best vehicle of olce ; for, of what consequence is it to convering to the public, in the first insiance,

parié what we say, or think, about the fact, that we are to pay and to fight for is attempts upon Spain? And, especially, the Bourbons. The king's inimisiers were

what consequence is it to any one, what prés'ot; one of them was the orator for e London gorm.nilizors say, or think the Spanish Deputies; and, we may, there. blit? Nipoicou would laugh at the fore, sately conclude, tilt they approved of dea of an attack from the turtle patriots, the toist. Indeed, it is well knon), that,

, like the animal from which they take upon such occasions, the loasts and all the krpaine, would be easily canght mapping, I proceedings are generally laid down in writ. bl, if once overthrown, would quieily die ing, beforehand, and are submitted to the Al he should find it convenient to destroy ministers, without whose consent noi a sen. ben. If we could beal Napoleon with tinent is publiciy uitered. ---- We may, Hauts and songs and cones and doggerel and therefore, I think, look opon it as a yelled pich the hoisting of flags, we should have point, that the object of our government is Bezen him long ago. The last time I saw to restore the House of Bourbon to the the English flag boisted in usion with that of throne of Spain, and that, too, without Bli, orter Dation, it was intwined with any limitations whatever. This I think a thoi France, and, in the Guildhuil of very unjustitiable enterprize. So 1:5 from lo's sone city of London, they waved over its doing good, supposing it to succeed, I aici bebe, ot the Mayor, the Alternver, and convinced it will do hrn to every ritionin pf: Oito! Upon that occasion Buona- Europe, and particularly to this nation. We parte's health was, I think, the second toast, sball, moreover, it it be the object 10 place And, in point of satisfaction, given by it to Ferdinand upon the throne, beegardin how.npany, it hardly seenied to yield to supporting and usurpatiull; for, is i: tui


notorious that he deposed his father, and 1 from him by order of Joseph Baonaparte, that the father has formally protested against or by order of Ferdinand VII ? Why, the the assumption of the royal authority by bis man that will fight for the sake of a choice son? “ The father was an ideot," say between the two must be a downright brute. some; but, is that really a sufficient rea We have all along been expressing our son for his son s pushing him from the hopes, that the erample of Spain may bave a tbrone ? Kings would be in a peril- powerful effect in France, that the French ous way, if, upon a pretence of their people many catch the fame, and finally! being ideots, they could, at any moment, shake off the yoke, which Napoleon has bad? be deposed. But, we are told, that the old the address to put upon their necks. But, if king abdicaled his throne in favour of his son the war in Spain be carried on for Ferdinand, Ferdinand. And, has not Ferdinand since and, even if it should restore him to the abdicated that same throuo in favour of the throne, what good is that likely to do in emperor' Napoleon ? If one was a forced France ? What fame will there be for the abdication the other was not less so; and, in people of France to catch ? How are they the latter case, there has been no protest at to profit from that example? Or, is there all, while, in the former case, there was a l any one so very very stupid as to suppose, protest. So that, if any body be rightfully that the people of France, who, in spite of king of Spain, it is the old king and not the all Napoleon's acts of despotism, do now young one, unless we allow of the validity possess the lands and houses of former nobiof the several acts of abdication ; and, then, lity, clergy, and rich men, will, for the Joseph Buonaparté is the rightful king of mere pleasure of having a change of masters, Spain. The fact now appears to be, give up all those extensive and valuable posthat there were two parties in Spain, one for sessions ? If, indeed, the Spaniards went the old king and the Prince of Peace, and to beat Napoleon, and establish a new gol one for the young king, then the Prince of vernment, promising the enjoyment of liv Asturias ; that the latter did, at last, pre berty and property, then their prample vail; that they caused the old king to abdi. would be powerful with the French, and cate his throne ; and that, after Ferdinand might lead to consequences the most impor had been frightened away by Murat, they tant, in all the nations of Europe. --TW rose in arms to resist the French and for turtle patriots, while they are toasting king the purpose of causing Ferdinand to be re- | Ferdinand VII, very consistently toast Fery stored. It is, therefore, this party only dinand IV, king of Sicily ; but, upon such 24 who are fighting and writing against the an occasion, and in such a company, what French ; and, I am much afraid, that their had a toast in bebalf of liberty to do? They object is not ihat of establishing freedom in toasted success to “ our brave associates in Spain. If this be the case, Napoleon will be liberty and arms." If we are to be the very little affected by the surrender of DUPONT associates of the subjects of Ferdinand, in and his army. He has not a people, but liberty as well as in arms, we want no con inerely a faction to contend with ; a faction jurer to tell us what degree of liberty the has, and can have, no fixed principle of turtle-patriots would suffer us to enjoy action; difficulties will producedisagreements The turtle-patriots do, in fact, wish for: amongst the leaders; and, one sweeping none of us to enjoy any thing worthy defeat puts an end to the insurrection. The of the name of liberty. They would execrate war now appears to be not for freedom from the cause of the Spaniards, if they thought oppression; not for the purpose of keeping them engaged in the cause of liberty ; and, out a conqueror, not for the rights of the if they wish success to the arms of those who people; but merely for a choice of despots., are opposed to Napoleon, in Spain, it is It is a war, in which two rival kings are because they dread the effect of an over contending for the mastership over an en- throw of that system of government, by which slared nation; and, as to the people of Spain, the people were held in slavery the most disa they have, if this be the case, really no graceful. Ifthe contest is to be between Ferdimore interest in the issue, than the sheep or nandand Joseph, my decided opioionistbattle the swine of Spain. These latter will not, latter will remain king of Spain ; and, whale I Warrant theni, be killed unless they bave ever my wishes may be, the turtle-patrio': good flesh upon their bones; and the former would rather that Joseph should be king will not be robbed, unless they possess some. than that the war should terminate with the thing worih the taking away. Ifa mm, or 1 establishment of a free constitution, a nation, be enslaved, it is no matter who, toasting Ferdinand the turtle-patriots were or what, is his inaster. What signifies it to toasting an enemy of their country; aking * Spaniard, whether bis dinper be taken if they insist upon his being one, who is

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