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pear to me to be just and satisfactory. For, people, and that they may lift up their eyes surely, though it should be admitted to be to heaven, and offer up thanksgiving to the , criminal to piblish true facts against a man Omnipotent, who vouchsates to bestow on in some cases, 1. it woald be less criminal, them such important blessings. than to publish them if they were false; and
Proceedings at Bayonne. ther tort, in order to a certain the degr'e On the 7th of July the junta at Bayonne of ihe publisher's gilt and to enable the held their 12th meeting. It was the day court to impose ao adeqiate punishment, I appointed for the acceptance of the new by fine and imprionnent, on him for his constitution. Io the chamber where they ottence, it would be reasonable to permit the sat were erected a magnificent throne and a . deieudani io produce his proofs of the truth richly decorated altar, the service of which of the facts siated in the published paper, was performed by the Archbishop of Buroil, if he cannot fully prove thein, to gos. His majesty, being seated on the throne, sure and pave the grounds that he | delivered the following speech : bart for believing that they were true. Gentlemen Deputies—I was desirous of The settling of these matters upon a clear presenting myself in the midst of you preand just to indation is essentiai to the vious to your separation from each other. preservation of that important branch of Assembled in consequence of one of the public liberty, the liberty of the press. I extraordinary events to which all nations in remain your most ob dient servani, J.T. - ther turn, and at particular conjunctures, 3156 July, 1908.
are subject, and in pursuance of the dispo.
sitions of the einperor Napoleon, our illusOFFICIAL PAPERS.
trious brother..-The result of these sentiSPANISH REVOLUTION.- Appointments of ments will be consolidated in the constituhis Catholic Alnjesty Joseph Napoleon, at tional act, which will be forthwith read to Bayonne, 4th July, 1905, continued from you. It will preserve Spain from many tepage 192.
dious broils which were easily to be foreseen Colonels of guards.-Their excellencies from the disquietude wherewith the nation duke de l'Infantado, colonel of the Spanish has been so long agitated.-The turbulence guards ; prince Caste Franco, colonel of the which still prevails in some of the provinces Walloon guards; margris d'Ariza, great will cease, as soou as the Spaniards shall have chainberlain; duke de Hijar, graud master been apprized that their religion, the inteof the ceremonies ; Court Ferdinand grity and independence of their country, Nanes, grand bountsman ; count Sant Co and tlmir dearest rights are secured; as soon loma, chamberlail. (All grandees of Spain.) as they shall discover the germs of their
The following chamberlains have been prosperity in the new institutions a bles. appointed to aitend his majesty in his sing which the neighbouring nations have journey :-Their excellencies count Orgaz, not obtained, but at the expence of blood. grandee of Spain; marquis Santa Cruz, | shed and calamities of various kinds.grandee f Spain ; duke d'Ossuna, grandee Were the Spaniards assembled here in one of Spain; count Castel Florida, and duke body, all of them, as having the same inde Sola-Mayor, grandee of Spain.
terests, would be animated with the same Journal of Government, 8th July, 1808.' sentiments. Then should we not have to
Government has received by the vessel be wail the misfortunes of those who, misled which arrived this inorning dispatches from by foreign intrigues, must be subdued by Don Sangos, and from the English goveri)- | the force of arms.-The enemies of the ment, bearing date the 30th of last month, continent, by the disturbances which they the pleasing intelligence thai the said gentle have excited in our country, expect to be man and Don Freyre experienced the most come masters of our colonies. Every honest distinguished reception on the part of the Spaniaid must open his eyes, and all must government, and were receired with en crowd round the throne - We carry along thusiasm by the nation ; further that on the with us the act which ascertains the rights very outset of tbeir negociation they were of- | and reciprocal duties of the king and his fered succour of every description, which | people. If you are disposed to make the will be received within a few days, and that same sacrifices with us, then shall Spain be the English government soicits permission speedily tranquil and happy at home, and to establish a regular interconrse of packets just and powerful abroad. To this we soin order to promote a prompt communica lemnly pledge ourselves in the presence of tion with Coranna. The royal government bas | God, who reads the hearts of men, and ordered these happy tidings to be communi- | rules them according to his good pleasure, cated to the public for e thsatisfaction of the and who never forsakes those who love their
country, and fear nothing out their own of a noble people, whom it lias conmitted to consciences.
our care. li alone can read our soul, and The act of constitution wis then read we shall then be furtunate when we, in an. over in a loud voice; and the members of swer to so many hopes, shall be able to give the junio, on the question being put, unani-aproof of having accomplished the glorious mously declared their acceptance of it. task which has been imposed upon us. The The president delivered a short address in maintenance of the holy religion of our answer to the king's speecii, after which the forefathers, in the happy state in which we several members took the followins oath : find it, and of the integrity and indepen-" I swear obedience and fi ility to the I dezce of the monarchy, shall be our firsi king, the constitucion, and he law's"-The duties. Assiseid lip the gooi spirit of ihe junta then atiended bis mainsty's levee to pay clergy, the nobles, and the people, we hone him their respect:upon this casion. His man again to restore the time when the whole jesty gare them the most steinius reception, world was full of the glory of the Spanisha and conversed with them mot
hour, name; and we also hope to establish tran--His majesty set out for Biyone ixir ! quillity in the circle of every family, and so the morning of the gih, on his journey io cine..] Die Depp'..:s of the inspre by a Madrid. His majesty the emperor acconi. 'weli tu ? iton. The establishpanied him for the first post. On the sepa- i ment of public prosperity, with as little ration of the two sovereigns, the king took l injury as possible to private interesis, stail into his carriage M d'Azanza, minisict of | be the spirit of our adminisiration. Tiny the Indies, and the duke del Parque, captain our people be made happy! Then shall we of the life guards. His majesty eliered | glory in their prosperiiy. Whai citiring Spain by Irun, and was expected to reach can be more pleasing to us? We shall Si. Sebastian's at two o'clock on the same reign, not for ourselves, but for the Spaday (be gib) where he was to remain until niards.---, THE KING. Bayonne, June the following day. His majesty hai near a : 10, 1808. hundred carriages in his suite.-- The mem. i Proclamation at Filloria, 121h July, 180S. bers of the junia set off in three divisions; Don Joseph Napoleon, by the grace of the first on the sih, the second on the gih, 1 God, and the constitution of the state, king of and the third on the 10th; each of which 'Spain and the Indies. will alternaiely accompany his majastyon Spaniards! Ou entering the territory of his journey.-The. following is the act of a people, the government of whom Proiiguarantee of the new constitution of Na-dence has confided to me, I feel it my duty ples:
to explain the sentiments which I entertain. Napoleon, by the grace of God, einperor ! -In ascending the throne, I rely upon find. of the French, &c. Our dearly beloved ing among you some generous souls who brocher prince Joseph Napoleon, king of will second my efforts to restore this people Naples and Sicily, having submitted to our to the possession of their ancient splendour. approbation the constitutional statule, which / The constirution, to the observance of wbich is to serve for the groundwork of political | you are about to pledge yourselves by your legislation for the kingdom of the two Sici- | oaths, secures the exercise of our boly relilies, we have approved, and do a; prove of I gion, and of civil and political freedom. the said statute, and guarantee its execution It establishes a national representation, and on the part of the sovereign and the people restores your ancient cortes in an ameliorated of these kingde:n -- Given at our imperial form. It appeints a senate, forming the and royal palace at Bayonne, Jane 20, 1908. guarantee of individual liberty, and the sup. NAPOLEON.
port of the throne in critical circumstances, The following proclamation has been pub and constituting also an honourable asylum lished here :
and reward to those who shall bave performThe illustrious emperor of the French / ed signal services to the state. The contes and king of Italy, our dearest and most of justice, the interpreters of the laws, diwell-beloved broiber, has transferred all his vested of passion and favour, shall, in proright to the crown of Spain, conveyed to nouncing judgment, be impartial, free, asid hio by the conventions entered into with independent.-Merit and virtue shall be the king Charles II. and the princes of his only claims to the holding of public offices. house, between the 5th and 10th of May. -Unless I am disappointed in my wishes, Doubtless, Providence has given its sanction your agriculture and commerce shall flourish, to our intentions, as it has opened to us so free from those restraints which have hitherwide a career; it will also furnish us the 10 retarcied their prosperity:- Desirous of necessary strength to establish the happiness ruling according to the laws, I will be the
first to give an example of the honour which could not ceriainly be carried farther. His should be paid to them.-lenter among you holiness, who has lately seen bioself depriwith the greatest confidence, surrounded ved of the attributes of sovereignty, who has with those meritorious individuals, who seen his power and his dignity insulted under have concealed from me nothing which they | a thousand forms, by an army which he was have thought necessary for your ioterests.- I still willing to consider as frievdiy, could Blind passions, false rumours, the intrigues not however have beliesed that it would have of the common enemy of the continent, proceeded to this extremity, which bas, above anxious only to separate the Indies from | every thing else, struck the deepest to his Spain, have plunged some of you into the heart.--The hol: father, who, like a lamb, most dreadful state of anarchy. My heart has suffered in silence and with resignation bleeds at the view of it; but this evil, bowo this excess of insult, was roused only by this erer considerable it may be, may instanta: | latter instance. He commanded the underneously cease. - Spaniards, only write around 1 signed to write once more, and to transinit my throne. Conduct you selves so as that to your illustrious highness, in the strongest internal disturbances shall not deprive me of and most energetic language, bis complaints; that time which I wish to employ in lobour- 1 to lay before you all the horror of these bosing for your happiness, nor deprive me of tile proceedings ; and to represent to you The means of accomplishing that object. I how much he felt himself draded in the esteem you enough to persuade myself that face of Europe, by the violent and unheard you will make every exertion to obtain and of measures wbich the French army has commerit that happiness, wbich is the dearest pleted in attacking the dignits of the cardiobject of my wishes.--1, THE KING. nals, which is an emanation from his own. (To le coniinued.)
The boly father placing all his confidence in
God alone, will wait in conformity with the POPEDOM.--- Papers relative to the Seizure | principles of his sacred duty, to see how far
of the Paal Dominions 6:9 Buonaparte, the French army is inclined to abuse his No. 1. Paluce of the Quirinal, llarch 2. | meekness and bis patience, and if at length The French commander has proceeded to it will put an end to the unmerited insults such an excess of violence and outrage with- and ouvrages which it has committed against in these few la:t days, that the patience and the sovereign of Roue, and the head of the Designation of his holiness, without being in catholic church. Such is the positive order the least altered, have yet been found to ex- ! which the pro-secretary of state has received bibit some signs of just indignation. The from his holiness, and which he feels it his above commander, on a sudden seized the sacred duty to fu til without the least deviageneral post-office, with a picquet of soldiers, tion. -He renew's to rourilustrious highness and displacedine superintendant, to examine the assurance of bis sincere consideration. al correspondence, in defiance of the p:iblic: G. CARD. DORIA PAMFILI. --- To Signor Lelaw. He incorporated by violence the troops filure, French Charré i Daires, of the Pope into the French ariny; he ba. No, II, dated 1 ch 13, 1808, is a nished from Rome colonel Bracci, for being sharp and spirited remonstrance against the faithful to his prince; and lastly he put i imprisonment and threatened removal of guards upon all the printing offices, that he some oflicers of his holiness's arnıy, who might deprive the litad of the church of the protested against its incorporation with that Jiberty of using the press --Each of these al- of France, and declared that they would not tempis would be suilicient to she'r what was continue to serve under such an arrangement, meant by the note of February 23, which No. III, dated March 23, 1809, 15 d copy announced that the french army would direct l of a letier writen by order of his holiness, its march to Rome, under the pretext of 1 to allibe cardinals who were ordered to retire freeing that city from those whom it chooses from home. He commands then by their. to cail Neapolitan brigands. Each of these allegiance vot vo remove from the capital, attempts sbews what excesses of outrage and except they were compelled theret, ac Irreverence have marked the insults offered not to continue their journey longer than to the dignity of the visible head of the such compulsion existed. Among these church. But the French army has not con- | cardinals we find the name of his holiness's fined itself within these bounds. In order minister cardinal Pamfili, who was succeed. to crows its atrocities, the French soldiers have dared to lay bands ou our cardinals, have No. IV.--March 27, 1808. Cardinal Gadragged them from the arms of the holy tabrielli, pro-secretary of state to bis holiness, ther, and conducted them to Rome as state has received positive orders from the holy facriminals.-- Violence and abuse of power ther in person to inform your illustrious highness, that' the violence committed against the right of pronouncing on the justice of his the persons of the cardinals, natives of the cause. Such are the sentiments which bis kingdom of Naples, never would have been holiness has peremptorily commanded the believed, if it bad not been repeated against undersigned to express to your illustrious the persons of the cardinals born in the king | bighness, and in performing this duty, he dom of Italy, and the countries united 10 repeis, &c. P. CARDINAL GABRIELLI. France.--The holy father cannot at present To NI. Lefelvre, French Chargé d' Alunes. be ignorant, that it is not only intended to No. V. is a note written by cardinal Gadeprive him of his temporal aui hority, but brielli to the Pope's treasurer, containing that there is also a design to destroy the spia his holiness's order to pay cardinals Saluzzo ritual government of the church of Rome, and Pignatelli, transported to the north of represented by ihe sacred college, which is Italy, and whose property at Naples was the senate of the sovereign pontifl.-He has confiscated, the sum of 1000 crowns each ; seen with horror and surprise those principles provided the treasurer could produce so and maxims which break the most sacred much, of which his holiness is much in bands by which the cardinals are united to doubt. the Pope by all the force of a solemn oath, 1 No. VI.--April 7, ISOS.--This mornin preceded and followed as they have been, by 1 at six o'clock, a French detachment appeared all the indignities to which ihe head of the at the gate of his holiness's palace, and the church has only been exposed. Examples porter on duty baving intimated to the offi. of such enormities are only to be found in cer who commanded it, that he could not the time of the republic, when Rone saw | permit armed persons 10 enter, but that if themost sacred principles trodden under foot. I he was desirous of coming in by himself,
If a secular prince, professing the catholic he would not prevent him, the latter ap. religion, and believing that he has a right to- peared satisfied. He ordered the troops io detain in his territories, as his subjects, car- / balt, and to fall back some paces. The dinals of the church of Ronie, finds himself porter then opened the wicket, and allowed still under the necessity of treating them with the officer to enter. But he was hardly on. that respect due to the eminent character the threshold, when he made a signal to the by which they are connected with the holy | soldiers, who immediately rushed forward, pontiff, it follows that he has no right to ba and presented their bayonets to the porter's nish them, or to remove them by open force, breast. After having gained admission by thus tearing from the chief of the universal such deceit and violence, the soldiers pushed church so many of his fellow-labourers.
m l forward to the guard room of the militia of This attempt, which will be a theme of re- | Campidoglio, in the interior of the palace, proach in the present and future age, has immediately broke open the doors, and particularly wounded the feeling mind of bis seized the muskeis, with which this militia holiness, as well on account of the unheard. were accustomed to mount guard in one of of insult which has beeit oftered to the cardi- | the antichambers of his holiness.- With nal dignity, as the outrage to his holy person | egnal violence the French troops rushed to by which it was acompanied; his vicar and l the quarters of his holiness's noble guard, prime minister having no more been respect and seized the carbines which they made use ed than the bishops who were torn from of when they mounted guard in the aparitheir respective dioceses.-The holy father, I ment next to that of his holiness. A French aware of all the evils which these cruel and officer then addressed the captain of the violent measures must necessarily cause to Swiss guards, and told him, as well as the the spiritual government of the church, has few soldiers there assembled, that from that commanded the undersigned to protest day, the Swiss guards were to receive their strongly against them, and to require at the orders from the French general to which sanie time that the cardinals forcibly carried they would not consent. The same order oft against every principle of the rights of was communicated to the commander of the narions, be liberated. As to the rest, always stationary giard, on duty at the barriers, resigned to the judgments of God, and con- who also refused to acknowledge it, and firmed by the innate testiinony of a pure con. I was in cousequence immediately sent to the science, he will patiently support in the castle. In the meantime different French cause of justice the hard treatment wbich hel detachments scoured the town, and arrested has not merited, and faithful to his sacred and carried to the castle all the noble guards, duty, after having exhausted all his efforts even including their commander.— The holy to allay the tempest which shakes the holy father, apprised of these horrid outrages seat, he will leave to heaven the care of pro- overwhelmed by the grief which they bavo tecting and defending it, and to posterity produced, has expressly ordered the under
signed to protest strongly against them, and I whom he no longer considers as belonging to declare frankly to your illustrious lordship, to him. This reason was, by order of the that each day adds to the measure of the holy father, officially notified to your illustriinsults which are pouring on his sacred per- ous lordship; and to all the diplomatic body,
son, and that he is every day more and more by whom, according to ihe established | deprived of his rights as a sovereign.--It was usages, a pattern of the new cockade, was
not sufficient for the French army to signa sent. - After a preliminary declaration, of I lize its entrance into Rome by planting cau this frank nature, his holiness never could
non against the palace of his holiness, and have conceived that the purity of his intepcfering such unworthy violation to his resi tions would be calumniated by the circuladence, but it has added to this violence, by tion of a report that the new cockade was forciog the Swiss guard, and entering with the signal of an union against the French sms into the peaceable abode of the sore- | ariny, as inserted in the order of the day, reign pontitt, rudely bursting open the which was yesterday published and postod coors, and seizing the arms rather intended in every quarter of Rome, as well as in the for the honour than the defence of his sa- 1 provipces.---The holy father is willing to ced person, arresting bis guards, and, in beliere that this order was the consequence short, depriving him, by these violent mea: of the false representations made to his masures, not only of his guards, but even his jesty the emperor and king.-]n fact, if bonjour, His holiness requires, in the first the real object which his holiness had in plice, that all individuals of his guard who i changing the cockade had been communi. tave been imprisoned without any reason, cated to his majesty, had he also been acand contrary to every principle of right, quainted that the French military commanbe liberaied; and he atterwards declares der had ordered it to be worn by all the insolemnly, that to all these outrages he only corporated troops, he surely would not have proses and will oppose patience, and, du designated it as a signal of union against the ring the time such treatment may continue, French troops, since it was worn by those that meekness of which his heavenly Master very troops who composed part of the has left him au example. His long impri. French army. Although the holy father sament, and ihe injustice which he has ex-l is well persuaded that the people of Rome perienced, lave made him a spectacle 10 and the whole world will render justice to the world, to angels, and to men.--He his pure and loyal conduct, and that he is
ats with resignation, but with an un- also equally certain that no one will adopt shaken fironness in his principles, all that the suspicions, by which the minister of a Fupleoce can attempt against the head of the God of peace, possessing no malice, is catholic church ; well assured, that any pointed out as conceiving projects of revohemiliation be may receive will turn 10 the lution and blood; nevertheless the horrible · glory of religion itself. -Such, precisely, colours in which an act of his majesty, the aeihe sentiments which his holiness com- most innocent possible, is endeavoured to trods me to express to your illustrious lord- | be represented, have afflicted him with such ship. He renews to your highness the as- poignant grief, that he has ordered the pro." surances, &c.-P. CARDINAL GABRIELLI. secretary of state, Cardinal Gabrielli, to -To M. L jelvre, French Chargé d'affaires. complain to your illustrious lordship, and to ? No. VII.- April 11, 1808.-- When bis | request you, in the name of all that is true, holiness perceived, with no less surprise to acquaint bis majesty with the real point than griet, that his troops were forcibly in- l of view in whicin this change of the cockCorporated with the French army, and that lade should be considered. The holy father, punishment was inflicted on such of them always consistent, declares solemanly, that' as remained faithful to their lawful sovereign, the orders of the day, published and posted be thought it proper that his guards and the up, are highly injurious to his character, tey militia of Campidoglio and of the į his dignity, and his rights as a sovereign ;' barriers, who were not yet incorporated and that contormable with the right which every placed under the command of the French prince has, of making their troops wear general, should wear a new cockade.-The whatever distinguishing marks they think Coject which his holiness had in thus chap proper, he ordered the new cockade, for ging the cockade, was to signify publicly | the purpose of shewing the world that he bow much be disapproved the violent in. I no longer recognised as his the troops who Curporation which took place, and to ma- were incorporated with and placed under Didest bis firm determination to remain neu the command of the French; and that tral, and to be in no ways responsible for without having comınitted any crime, and the actions of the incorporated sildiers, | o.lly for having discharged their duty in