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be manifest to every one, the compiler does certainly consider them as . not the least valuable part of his work. *** The success of this work, up to the time of publishing Vol. III. was before stated. Its success since that time has been still greater. No-work of equal magnitude, had ever so great success, in so short a space of time. The fifth volume, barring accidents from illness, will be published in October, and the sixth in December ; after which it is hoped, that a volume every three months will be regularly finished, until the work be concluded, or rather, brought down to the “ Parliamentary Debates,” which will form a sequel to it, and which will, of course, be continued, in the same manner that they now are. *** The Tenth Volume of the PARLIAxir NTARY DEEATes, including the period from the Opening of the Session, on the 21st of January, to the 9th of April, 1808, will be ready for delivery on the 10th instant. The Eleventh Volume, which will embrace the remainder of the Session, is in considerable forwardness. It is particularly requested that all Communications for this work may be forwarded to the Publishers on or before the 15th of the present month.
OFFICIAL PAPERS. SPANish Revolution.—Papers relative to the Spanish Revolution beginning with the Ireport made to Murat (French Commander in Chief in Spain) by De MosThiou, one of his Officers, respecting the Dethronement of the King, and the Elevation of the Prince of Asturias. Report, dated Aranjuez, 25th March, 1803. Monseigneur;-Agreeably to the commands of your imperial highness, I repaired with the letter of your highness to the queen of Etruria at Aranjuez. It was 8 o'clock in the morning ; the queen was still in bed; she rose imumediately, and bade me enter. I delivered your letter to her. She begged me to wait a little, and said she would go and read it with the king and queen ; half an hour afterwards I saw the queen of Etruria enter with the king and queen of Spain.—His majesty said, that he thanked your imperial #. for the share you had taken in his affliction, which was the greater as his own son was the author of it The king said, that the revolution had been effected by forgery and corruption, and that the principal actors were his son and M. Cabellero, minister of justice ; that he had been compelled to abdicate the throne, in order to save the lives of him*If and his queen ; that he knows that but
might end his days.
for this, they would have been murdered in the course of the night ; that the conduct of the prince of Asturias was more shocking, seeing that himself (the king) having perceived his desire to reign, and being himself near 60 years of age, had agreed to surrender the crown to him, on his marriage taking place with a French princess, which the king ardently desired.— The king added to this that the prince of Asturias was desirous that he and the queen should repair to Badajoz, on the frontiers of Portugal; that he had found means to inform him that the climate of that country did not suit him ; that he begged him to permit his choosing another place ; that he sought to obtain permission of the Emperor to purchase an estate in France, where he The queen told me she had begged of her son to postpone their journey to Badajoz; that she had not procured this, and that the journey was to take place on the ensuing Monday.—At the moment I was departing from their majesties, the king said to me, “I have written to the emperor, in whose hand I repose my fate "—I wished to send my letter by a courier, but I know no surer means of sending it than by yours. The king left me then, in order to repair to his cabinet. He soon returned with the following letters (Nos. I and 2) in his hand, which he gave me, and added these words—“My situation is most deplorable ; they have seized the prince de la Paz, and will put him to death; he has committed no other crime than that he has at all times been attached to me—“ He, added, there were no efforts which he would not have attempted to save the life of his unhappy friend, but that he had found the whole world deaf to his entreaties, and bent on vengeance ; that the death of the prince de la Paz would draw after it his own, and that he should not survive him. No. I. Letter from the King to Napoleon, 25th March, 1808. “Sir, my brother.—Your majesty will assuredly hear with pain of the events which have taken place at Aranjuez, and their consequences ; you will not, without sympathy, see a king who has been compelled to resign his throne, throw himself into the arms of a great monarch his ally, placing every thing in his protection, who alone can fix his happiness and that of his whole sauntly, and his trusty and beloved subjects. Under the pressure of the moment, and amid the clashing of weapons, and the cries of a
rebellious gua d, I found that I had to choose between my life and death, and that my death would be followed by that of the queen : throne; but to-day peace is restored, and full of confidence in the generosity and genius of of the great man, who has at all times declared himself my friend, I have taken my resolution to resign myself into his hands, and await what he shall resolve on my fate, that of the queen, and of the Prince de la Paz—l address myself to your majesty, and protest against the events which took place at Aranjuez, and against my dethronement. I rely with confidence, and altogether upon the cordiality and friendship of your majesty, praying that God may have you in his holy keeping.” No. II. Protest of the King. I protest and declare, that my decree of the 19th of March, in which I renounce my crown in favour of my son, is a deed to which I was compelled, in order to prevent greater calamities, and spare the blood of my beloved subjects. It is therefore to be considered as of no authority.—(Signed) —“ I, the KING." - * * * * Surord of Francis I. delivered up to Napoleon sy the young King Ferdinand. Madrid, 5th April, ižos. His imperial highness the grand duke of Berg, having intimated to his excellency Don Pedro Cevallos, first secretary of state, that his imperial majesty the emperor of the French and king of Italy, would be pleased in the possession of the sword that Francis I. king of France, surrendered in the famous battle of Pavia, in the reign of the emperor Charles V. in Spain, which was kept with due estimation in the royal armoury, since the year 1525, desiring that it might be thus represented to our, lord the king. His maj. being informed of 'this, and desirous of availing himself of every opportunity to testify to his intimate ally the emperor of the French, his high regard for his august person, and the administration, his unheard-of deeds inspire him with, 1mmediately ordered the afore-mentioned sword to be remitted to his imperial and royal maj. and thought that the most worthy. and respectable channel would be his serene lightless the grand duke of Berg, who was brought up by his side, and in the same school, and rendered illustrious by his prowess and military talents, and more deserving than any body to be charged with so precious a deposit, and to transmit it into the hands of his imperial majesty. In consequence thereof, and of the royal order which was given to his excellency the marquis of Astorga, groom-major to his majesty, the conveyaace of the sword to the
I was compelled to abdicate the
| lodgings of his imperial highness was arranged with great pomp and ceremony. Mandate, issued by order of the new King' upon his leaving Madrid to go to meet Napoleon. 8th April, 1808. The king our sovereign has received certain intelligence, that his faithful friend and mighty ally the emperor of the French and king of Italy is already arrived at Bayonne, with the joyful salutary purpose of passing through his kingdom, to the great satisfaction of the king, and to the notorious profit and advantage of his beloved subjects. Since it is becoming the close friendship which happily prevails between both crowns, and the great character of his imperial and royal majesty, that his majesty should go and meet him, and give the most sincere, sure, and firm proofs of his sentiments and resolution, in order to preserve and renew the good harmony, confidential friendship, and salutary alliance which has hitherto happily subsisted and olight to subsist between the two monarchs, his majesty has resolved, with the utmost expedition, to undertake the journey in order to fulfil his purpose. Since his absence can last but a few days, his majesty expects, from the love and fidelity of his dear subjects, and especially those who be-, long to the court, and who have hitherto conducted themselves in a landable manner, that they will continue to remain tranquil : and while his majesty confidently relies upon the known vigilance and integrity of his ministers and courts, to whom he has for that purpose given especial directions ; while his majesty especially places his confidence in the high council of the government, under the presidency of his serene highness the infant Don Antonio, and which has retained its power and authority ; while his majesty hopes, what is indeed practicable, that the good harmony which subsists between the troops of the king, and those of his imperial and royal majesty will be respected, and those troops punctually supplied with every thing that may be necessary for their maintenance till the time when the object in view shall be obtained, to the great prosperity and fe'icity of both nations, his majesty declares his assurance, that he entertains not the least fear that the happy tranquillity, the good harmony, and the advantageous alliance which now subsists, will be destroyed or interrupted; but, on the contrary, he sees with great satisfaction that these advantages are every day fixed upon a surer basis.—This I impart to your excellency, that it may be immediately communicated to the extraordinary council, laid to heart, and publicly announced, and that
all necessary measures may be taken for its punctual execution.— May God preserve your excellency many years.-Srp Asti AN PINNUELA, President of the Council. Decree to all the Counsellors of State.—Same JJate. Being informed that the emperor of the French and king of Italy is on the point of arriving in this our city and court of Madrid, I have deemed it expedient to go and meet his imperial majesty, in order to give a convincing proof of my reverence for his ser-ne person, and of the strong desire which animates me to bind still closer the ties of friendship and alliance which happily subsist between this monarchy and the French empire, to the mutual advantage of both nations. Accordingly I shall depart from hence on the 10th, and repair to Burgos : and as my absence will continue but a short time, I have, considering the present circumstances, decreed and authorised, and I do hereby by this authorise my beloved uncle the infant Don Antonio, in whom I have placed my confidence, as well on account of the ties of blood which bind him to my person, as on account of the distinguished qualities with which he is endowed, that he have full power to transact and dispatch all pressing and necessary business which may occur, with the advice of my secretary of state and of the dehéches, which shall be communicated to my council, in order that it be cartied duly into execution. Letter from Napoleon to the new King of Spain, dated Bayonne, 16th April, 1808. My brother;—I have received the letter of your royal highness. In the papers which you have received from the king, your highness's father, you must have found a proof of the interest which I have always felt for you. You will permit me under the present circumstances, to speak to you with truth and frankness. I wished by my jourley to Madrid, to draw over my illustrious friend to some necessary amelioration of his states, and also to give a certain satisfaction to the public feelings. The removal of the Prince of Peace appeared to me to be necessory for the prosperity of his majesty and that of his subjects. The affairs of the north had retarded my journey. The events at Aranjuez took place. I pass no decision on what had previously salien out, nor upon the conduct of the Prince of Peace; but I know well that it is dangerous for kingstoaccustom their people to shed blood or to seek to redress themselves. I pray God that your royal highness may never feel this by your own experience. It is not the interest of *oin to injure a prince who has married a
princess of the blond royal, and who for a long time directed the affairs of the kingdom. He no longer has any friends ; your royal highness will possess them no longer than while you shall be fortunate. The people willingly revenge themselves for that homage which they pay us. How can the process be drawn up against the Prince of . Peace, without involving in it the queen, and the king your father This process would give nourishment to hatred and factious passions, the issue of which would be fatal to your crown. Your royal highness has no other right thereto than that which you derive from your mother. If this process degrade her, your royal highness destroys your own right. He who has lent an ear to weak and disloyal counsels has no right to pass sentence on the Prince of Peace. His misdeeds, if he can be reproached with them, go to destroy the rights of the crown.—I have frequently expressed a desire, that the Prince of Peace should be removed from affairs ; the friendship of king Charles has of ten induced me to remain silent, and to turn away my eyes from the weekness of his conduct. Unhappy mortals that we were Weakness and error, these are our mottos' But all may be arranged; namely, that the . . Prince of Peace should be banished from Spain, and I should invite him to a place of retirement in France. As to the abdication . . of king Charles IV, that has taken place at a moment when my troops were traversing Spain ; and in the eyes of Europe, and of posterity, I should seem to have sent so many troops solely for the purpose of pushing from his throne my ally and friend. As a neighbour sovereign, it is fit 1 should know this abdication, before I acknowledge it. I say it to your royal highness, to the Spaniards, and to the whole world, if the abdication of king Charles has proceeded from his own will, if he was not driven to it by the insurrection and uproar at Aranjuez, I make no scruple to accede to it, and to acknowledge your royal highness as king of Spain. The circumspection, which I have observed for this month past, must be a security to you for the support which you shall find in me, should ever party differences disturb you, in your turn, upon the throne.—When king Charles made me acquainted with the events of last October, I was much affected by them ; and I think that by my efforts the affair of the Escurial received a happy issue. Your royal highness was much to blame : I have no need of any other proof of this, than the letter which you wrote to me, and which I shall always desire to consider as not having come to me, Your royal high
ness must distrust all popular commotions and insurrections. A few of my soldiers may be murdered, but the subjugation of Spain shall be the consequence of it. I see with pain that soone persons at Madrid have disseminated certain letters of the captaingeneral of Catalonia, and have done every thing to excite disturbances among the people. Your royal highness perfectly coung rebends my meaning. You perceive that I have touched sightly upon many points, which it would not be proper to enlarge upon.—You may be assured that I will conduct myself in every thing towards you, in the same way as to your royal father. You Inay rely upon my desire to arrange every thing, and of finding an opportunity of giving you proof of my perfect regard and esteem. Letter from the old King of Spain to his Son. Dated Bayonne, 24 May, 1808. My Son ; —The faithless counsels of the men who surround you have brought Spain into a most distressing situation. The country cannot now be saved but by the emperor. —Since the peace of Basle, I have been always convinced, that it was the first interest of my people to preserve a good understanding with France, and I have considered no sacrifice too great to attain that object. Even when France was the prey of temporary governments, I determined to repress my own inclinations, and be guided only by a regard to sound policy and the wełfare of my subjects. But when the French emperor had restored order in France, then my apprehension was in a great degree removed, so that I had then new reasons for remaining faithful to my system of alliance.—When England decidred war against France, I had the good fortune to remain neutral, and thereby afford to my people the advantages of peace. Fngland, however, soon after captured four of my frigates, and made war upon me before war was declared. Thus was I compelled to repel force by force, and the evils of war were extended to my subjects—Spain being surrounded by coasts, and being indebted for her greatest prospe
tity to her trans-marine possessions, suffered
more than any other country by the war. The interruption of trade, and all the evils connected with that state of affairs were experienced by my subjects, some of whom were uncandid enough to throw all the blame on me and my ministers. I had, however, at leat, the consolation that the country was safe, and hod no reason to be alarmed for the preservation of my provinces. At the same time, I was the only king of Europe who lived in ti,is security, amidst the convulsions of these
latter times; and I should still have enjoyed tranquillity, had it not been for the advice which has turned you aside from the path of duty. You have been too easily led away by the hatred which your first wife cherished against Irance, and you have participated in her obstinate dislike to my ministers your nother, and myself.-I resorted to the rights of a father and a king, and arrested you, when I found annong your papers proofs of your guilt. But at the end of my career, about to become he prey of grief, I felt for the tears of your mother, and forgave you.Meanwhile, my subjects were agitated by the false representations of a faction, at the head of which you placed yourself. From that moment the peace of my life was gone, and to the evils which had befallen my people, I had still to add, that distress which the disunion of my family had occasioned. Even my ministers were slandered to the emperor of the French, who, thinking he perceived that Spain wished to depart from her alliance, and seeing the disposition to disord-r even in my family, occupied, under various pretexts, my states with his troops : but so long as they remained on the right side of the Ebro, and appeared destined to. maintain a communication with Portugal, I still hoped that he would return to those feelings of respect and friendship which he had always testified towards me. When I learned that his troops advanced towards my capital, I felt it i.ecessary to assemble my army around me, in order to exhibit myself to my illustrious ally in that state which became the king of Spain. Thus I expected his doubts would be removed, and my own interests adjusted. I recalled my troops from Portugal, and ordered those in Madrid to evacuate that capital, and directed them to assemble on several points of the monarchy. This was not done for the purpose of abandoning my subjects, but, on the contrary, in order to naintain more worthily the glory of the crown. My long experience convinced me that the emperor of the French, consistently with his own interests, and the extended political system of the continent, could entertain no wish prejudicial to my house. But in the meantime what was your conduct You threw my whole palace into confusion. You instigated my guards to turn against me. Your father was your prisoner. My prime minister, whom I had reared and adopted into my family, was dragged bleeding from dungeon to dungeon. You have disgraced my grey hairs; you have bereft them of a crown wo, n with lustic by my ancestors, and which I have preserved without a stain; you have
proofs of your aversion from France.—Under
these circumstances it is evidently my right, and still more evidently my duty, to spare the blood of my subjects, and not at the end of my days to adopt a course which would expose Spain to fire and sword, and reduce the country to the most-wretched tondition. Assuredly you ought, faithful to your duty, and to the feelings of nature, to have rejected the traitorous counsele given you. Had you constantly appeared by my side, ready for my defence, and had waited ill the usual course of nature had raised you to the throne, then the political interests of Spain might have been brought to coincide with the interest of all. For these six months circumstances have been very critical ; but such as they were, I should not have feared to meet them supported by the good conduct of my subjects, and even my own feeble tforts, but, above all, with the moral power which I should have possessed in proposing to my ally an arrangement calculated to reconcile the interests of my subjects and my amily. In depriving me of my crown, you tave broken your own in pieces; you have live stripped it of all that was illustrious, of
all that rendered it sacred in the eyes of men.—But your conduct towards me, and your intercepted setters have erected a brazen wall between you and the throne of Spain. I am a king in the right of my ancestors. My abdication was a consequence of compulsion. I have, therefore, nothing to receive from you. I can consent to no meeting—I will consent to nothing that may occasion a civil war or insurrections. Every thing ought to be done for the people, but nothing by them; and to forget this principle is to make ourselves guilty of all the consequences which its neglect occasions. I have, through my whole life, sacrificed myself for my people, and, at the years at which I am arrived, I shall never do any act repugnant to their religion, their tranquility, and their prosperity. But all my sacrifices will be forgotten whenever I am informed that the religion of Spain, the inviolability of my provinces, and their privileges and independence are secured ; I shall then lie down in my grave, forgiving you all the sorrow which in my latter years you have occasioned me.—CHARLEs. Proclamation of the old King to the Spaniards. Dated at Bayonne, 4th May, 1808. Spaniards; My beloved subjects; perfidiots men seek to mislead you. They would . put arms into your hands against the French troops; they seek alike to arm you against the French, and the French against you. The sacking of all Spain, calamities of every kind, would be the result. The spirit cf faction, the sad effects of which I have already felt, is still in motion. In the midst of these important and critical circumstances, I an occupied in concerting with my ally, the emperor of the French, all that concerns your welfare. Beware of listening to the enemies of it. All those who speak to you against France, thirst for your blood: they
are either the enemies of your nation, or
agents of England, who are busily availing themselves of circumstances, and whose intrigues would involve the loss of your colonies, the separation of your provinces, or a series of years of trouble and calamity for your country.—Spaniards ! trust to my experience, and obey that authority which I hold from God and my fathers; follow my example, and think that in the position in which you stand, there is no prosperity and safety for Spaniards, but in the friendship of the great emperor, our ally.—Given at Bayonne, from the imperial palace, stiled palace of the government, May 4, 1808.-I THE KING. Decluration of Aldication of the old King. Dated, at Bayonne, 4th May, 1808.