Imágenes de página
[ocr errors]

be manifest to every one, the compiler for this, they would have been murdered does certainly consider them as . not the in the course of the night ; that the cou. least valuable part of his work.

duct of the prince of Asturias was more *** The success of this work, up to the shocking, seeing that hinself (the king) time of publishing Vol. III. was before having perceived his desire to reign, and stated. Jis success since that time has been being himself near 60 years of age, liad still greater No-work of equal magnitude, agreed to surrender the crown to him, on had ever so great success, in so short a space bis marriage taking place with a French of time. The fifth rolume, barring acci- | princess, which the king ardently desired.dents from illness, will be published in Oc: The king added to this that the prince of tober, and the sixth in December ; atler | Asturias was desirous that he and the queen which it is hoped, that a volume every three should repair to Badajoz, on the frontiers months will be regularly finished, until the of Portugal; that he had found means to work be concluded, or rather, brought down inform him that the climate of that country to the “ Parliamentary Debates," which did not suit him; that he begged him to will form a sequel to it, and which will, of permit his choosing another place; that he course, be continued, in the same manner sought to obtain permission of the Emperor that they now are.

to purchase an estate in France, where he ** The Tenth Volume of the PARLIA- ) might end his days. The queen told me MENTARY DEBATEs, including the period she had begged of her son to postpone their from the Opening of the Session, on the journey to Badajoz ; that she had not pro21st of January, in the gih of April, 1808, cured this, and that the journey was to will be ready for delivery on the 10th in- | take place on the ensuing Monday.-At stant. The Eleventh Volume, which will the moment I was departing from their embrace the remainder of the Session, is in majesties, the king said to ine, “I have coosiderable forwardness. It is parlicularly written to the emperor, in whose hand I requested that all Communications for this repose my fate "-I wished to send my work may be forwarded to the Publishers on letter by a courier, but I know no surer or before the 15th of the present month. means of sending it than by yours. The

king left me then, in order to repair to his OFFICIAL PAPERS.

cabinet. He coon returned with the following Spanish REVOLUTION -- Papers relative to letiers (Nos. 1 and 2) in his hand, which the Spanish Revolution beginning with the he gave me, and added these words "My Rrport mude to Murat (French Com situation is most deplorable; they have mander in Chief in Spaix) ly De Mon seized the prince de la Paz, and will put THIOU, one of his Officers, respecting the him to death; he has committed no other Dethronement of the King, and the crime than that he has at all tiines been

Elevation of the Prince of Asturias. attached to me." He, added, there were Report dated Aranius 256h March. 1803. no efforts which he would not have attempte

Monseigneur;-Agreeably to ide com ed to save the life of his unhappy friend, mands of your imperial lighness, I repaired but ibat he had found the whole world deaf with the letter of your highness to the queen to his entreaties, and bent on vengeance ; of Etruria at Aranjuez. It was 8 o'clock that the death of the prince de la Paz would in the morning ; the queen was still in bed ;

draw after it his own, and that he should she rose iminediately, and bade me enter. not survive hiin. I delivered your letter to her. She begged No. I. Letter from the King to Napoleon, me to wait a little, and said she would go

25ch dlarch, 1808. and read it with the king and queen ; half

" Sir, my brother. Your majesty will an hour afterwards I saw the queen of assuredly hear, with pain of the events which Etruria enter with the king and queen of I have taken place at Aranjuez, and their Spain.--His majesty said that he thanked consequences ; you will not, without sym. your imperial highness for the share you pathy, see a king who has been compelied to bad taken in his affliction, which was the resign his throne, throw himsellialu Thearms greater as his own son was the author of it. 1 of a great monarch his ally, placing every The king said, that the revolution had been thing in his protection, who alone can fix effected by forgery and corruption, and his happiness and ibat of his whole fainily, that the principal actors' were his son and 1 and his tristy and beloved subjects. Under M. Cabellero, minister of justice ; that the pressure of the inoment, and amid the be bad been compelled to abdicate the | clashing of weapons, and the cries of a throne, in order to save the lives of him. 1 rebellions 9112rl, I found that I had to choose self and his queen ; that he knows that tut between my üle and death, and that niy

death would be followed by that of the lodgings of his imperial highness was, queen': I was compelled to abdicate the 1 arranged with great pomp and ceremony: throne ; but to-day peace is restored, and full | Mandate, issued by order of the new King' of confidence in the generosity and genius of | upon his leaving Madrid to go to meet of the great man, who has at all times de 1 Napoleon. 8th April, 1808. clared himself my friend, I have taken The king our sovereign has received my resolution to resign niyself into his certain intelligence, that bis faithful friend hauds, and await what he shall resolve on and mighty ally the emperor of the French my fate, that of the green, and of the and king of Italy is already arrived at Bayonne, Prince de la Paz.--I address myself to your with the joyful salutary purpose of passing majesty, and protest against the events which through his kingdom, to the great satisfaction took place at Aranjuez, and against my of the king, and to the poorious profit and dethronement. I rely with confidence, and advantage of his beloved subjects. Since it altogether upon the cordiality and friendship is becoming the close friendship which of your majesty, praying that God niay have happily prevails between boih crowns, and you in his holy keeping."

the great character of his imperial and royal No. II. Protest of the King. '. majesty, that his majesty should go and meet I protest and declare, that my decree of him, and give the most sincere, sure, and the Igih of March, in which I renounce my firmy proofs of his sentiments and resolution, croin in favour of my son, is a deed to in order to preserve and renew the good barwhich I was compelled, in order to prevent mony, confidential friendship, and salutary greater calamities, and spare the blood of alliance which has hitherto happily subsisted my beloved subjects. It is therefore to be and oright to subsist between the two moconsidered as of no authority:-(Signedy | narcis, bis majesty has resolved, with the iar I, The King."

utmost expedition, to undertake the journey Suord of Francis I. delivered up to Nail in order to fulfil his purpose. Since his ab. .

poleon ly the young King Ferdinand. scoce can last but a few days, his majesty Madrid, 5th April, 1808.

expects, from the love anal fidelity of his His imperial highness the grand duke of dear subjects, and especially those who be- :" Berg, having intimated to his excellency Don 1 long to the court, and who have hitherto Pedro Cevallos, first secretary of state, that conducted themselves in a laudable manner, his'imperial majesty the emperor of the that they will continue to remain tranquil: French and king of Italy, would be pleased and while his majesty confidently relies upon in the possession of the sword that Francis the known vigilance and integrity of his I. king of France, surrendered in the famous ministers and courts, to whom he has for battle of. Pavia, in the reign of the emperor that purpose given especial directions ; while Charles V. in Spain, which was kept with his majesty especially places his confidence due' estimation in the royal armoury, since in the high council of the government, unthe year 1525, desiring that it might be der the presidency of his serene highness thus represented to our lord the king. / the infant Don Antonio, and which has reHis maj. being informed of 'this, and tained its power and authority ; while bis . desirous of availing himself of every opporo majestu hopes, what is indeed practicable, tunity to testify to his intimate ally the that the good harmony which subsists emperor of the French, his high regard for between the troops of the king, and those his august person, and the administration, 'of his imperial and royal majesty will be his unbeard-of deeds inspire him with, respected, and those troops punctually supainmediately ordered the afore-mentioned plied with every thing that inay be necessary sword to be remitted to his imperial and for their maintenance all the tinie when the royal maj. and thonght that the most worthy / object in view shall be obtained, to the and respectable channel would be his serene great prosperity and felicity of both natious, Jughness the grand duke of Berg, who bis majesty declares his assurance, that he was brought up by his side, and in the same entertains not the least fear that the happy school, and rendered illustrious by his trauquillity, the good harmony, and the adprowess and military talents, and more vantageous alliance which now subsists, will deserving than any body to be charged with be destroyed or interrupted; but, on the so precious a deposit, and to transmitir into contrary, be sees with great satisfaction that the bands of his imperial majesty. In these advantages are every day tixed upon a consequence thereof, and of the royal | surer basis.--This I impart 10 your excelorder which was given to his excellency the lency, that it may be immediately communia marquis of Astorga, groon-major to his cated to the extraordinary council, laid to niajesty, the conveya xe of the sword to the heart, and publicly announced, and that

all necessary measures may be taken for its princess of the blood royal, and who for a : ponctual execution.- May God preserve Jong time directed the affairs of the kingdom. your excellency many years. SEBASTIAN | He no longer has any friends ; your royal PINNUELA, President of the Council. highness will possess them no longer than Decree to all the Counsellors of Slale. - Same while you shall be fortunate. The people Dale.

willingly revenge themselves for that hoBeing informed that the emperor of the image which they pay us. How can the French and king of Italy is on the point process be drawn up against the Prince of of arriving in this our city and court of Ma- | Perce, without involving in it the queen, and drid, I have deemed it expedient to go and the king your father. This process would mcet hie imperial majesty, in order to give a give nourishment to batred and factious pas. convincing proof of my reverence for his sions. the issue of which would be fatal to cerane person, and of the strong desire your crown. Your royal highness has no which animates me to bind still closer the ties other right thereto than that which you deof friendsbip and alliance wbich happily sub rive from your mother. If this process desist between this monarchy and the French grade her, your royal highness destroys your empire, to ihe mutual advantage of both own righi. He who has lent an ear to weak nations. Accordingly I shall depart from ! and disloval counsels has no right to pass bence on the 10tli, and repair to Burgos ; ! sentence on the Prince of Peace. His misand as my absence will continue but a short deeds, if he can be reproached with them, time, I have, considering the present cir- go to destroy the rights of the crown.cumstances, decreed and authorised, and I l baie frequently expressed a desire, that the do hereby by this authorise my beloved un- Prince of Peace should be removed from afcle the infani Don Antonio, in whom I have fairs ; tbe friendship of king Charles has ofplaced my confidence, as vell on account of ien induced me to remain silent, and to turn the ties of blood which bind him to my per- | anay my eye; from the verkness of his con.. son, as on account of the distinguished duct. Unhappy mortals that we were ! qualities with which he is endowed, that be Weakness and error, these are our mottos! , hare full power to transact and dispatch ail i Put all may be arranged; nimely, that the .. pressing and necessary business' which may Prince of Peace should be banished from occur, with the advice of my secretary of stale Spain, and I should invite him to a place of and of the dépêches, which shall be communi- { retirement in France. As to the abdication cated to my council, in order that it be car- of king Charles IV, that has taken place at ried duly into execution.

a moment when my troops were traversing Leller from Napoleon to the new King of Spain, and in the eyes of Europe, and of

Spain, dated Bayonne, 161h April, 1808. | posterily, I should seem to have sent so many My brother ;-I have received the letter troop: solely for the purpose of pushing from of your royal bighness. In the papers which his torone my ally and friend. As a neighyou have received from the king, your high- | bour sovereign, it is fil I should know this Dess's father, you must have found a proof abdication, before I acknowledge it. I say of the interest which I have always felt for it to your roval highness, to the Spaniards, yon. You will permit me under the pre , and to the whole world, if the abdication of sent circumstances, to speak to you with | king Charles has proceeded from his own frutb and frankness. I wished by my jour will, if he was not driven to it by the invey to Madrid, to draw over my iilustrious surrection and uproar at Aranjuez, I make friend to some necessary amelioration of his , no scruple to accede to it, and to acknowstates, and also to give a certain satisfaction ledge your royal highness as king of Spain, to the public feelings. The removal of the The circumspection, wbich I have observed Prince of Peace appeared to me to be neces. for this monih past, must be a security to sary for the prosperity of his majesty and you for the support which you shall find in that of his subjects. The affairs of the north me, should trer party ditferences disturb had retarded my journey The events at you, in your turn, upon the throne. When Aranjuez took place. I pass no decision on king Charles made me acquainted with the wbat bad previously fallen out, nor upon events of last October, I was much affected the conduct of the Prince of Peace ; but I by them; and I think that by ny efforts know well that it is dangerous for kingstoac- i the affair of the Escurial received a happy custom their people to shed blood or to seek issue. Your royal bighness was much to to redress themselves. I pray God that your blame; I have no need of any other proof of royal highness may never feel this by your this, than the letter which you wrote to me, own experience. It is not the interest of and which I sball always desire to consider Spain to injure a prince who has married a as not having come to me. Your royal high

ness must distrust all popular commotions and 1 latter times; and I should still bave enjoyed insurrections. A few of my soldiers may tranquillity, had it not been for the advice be murdered, but the subjugation of Spain which has turned you aside from the path of shall be the consequeace of it. I see duty. You have been 100 easily led away with pain that some persons at Riadid have by ile hatred whiclı your first wife cherished disseminated certain letters of ile captain | against France, and you have participated in general of Catalonia, and have done every her vbstinate dislike to my ministers your thing to excite discorbances among the peo- nother, and myself. I resorted to the ple. Your royal highness perfectly compre- rights of a father and a king, and arrested bends my meaning. You perceive that you, when I found among your papers proois bave touchel slightly upon many points, of your guilt. But at the end of my career, which it would not be proper to enlarge about to beconie he prey of grief, I felt for upon.-You may be assured that I will con- | the icars of your mo:ber, and forgave you.. dnct myself in every thing towards you, in Meanwhile, my subjects were agitated by the same way as to your royal father. You the false representations of a faciun, at the may rely upon my desire to arrange every head of which you placed yourself. Frooi thing, and of finding an opportunity of give that monient the peace of my life was gone, ing you proof of my perfect regard and es and to the evils which had befallen my peoteem.

ple, I had sull to add, that distress which Leller from the old King of Spain to his Son. The disuvion of my family had occasioned. Dated Bayonne, 21 May, 1908.

Even iny ministers were slandered to the My Son ;-The failblesscounsels of the emperor of the French, who, thinking he men who surround you have brought Spain perceived that Spain wished to depart from into a most distressing situation. The coune her alliance, and seeing the disposition to try cannot now be saved but by the emperor. disorder even in my family, occupied, under

Since the peace of Basle, I have been al. various pretexts, my states with his troops : ways convinced, that it was the first interest of but so long as they remained on the right my people to preserve a good understanding side of the Ebrn, and appeared destined to, with France, and I have considered no sacri maintain a communication with Portugal, I tice too great to attain that object. Even still hoped that he would return to those when France was the prey of temporary feelings of respect and friendship which he governments, I determined to repress my had always testified towards me. When I own inclinations, and be guided only by a learned that his troops advanced towards my regard to sound policy and the we fare of capital, I felt it liecessary to assemble my my subjects. But when the French en army around me, in order to exhibit myselt peror bad restored order in France, then my to my illustrious ally in that state which apprehension was in a great degree removed, became the king of Spain. Thus I expeciso that I had then new reasons for remaining ed his doubts would be removed, and my faithful to ny system of alliance:-When own interests adjusted. I recalled my troops England deciared war'against France, I had from Portugal, and ordered those in Madrid the good forine to remain neutral, and to evacuate that capital, and directed theni thereby afford to my people the advantages to assemble on several points of the monarof peace, foglani, however, 500n after chy. This was not done for the purpose of captured four of my frigates, and made war abandoning my subjects, but, on the conupon me before war was declared. Thus trary, in order to niaintain more worthily was I compelled to repel force by force, and the glory of the crown. My long expe. the evils of war were extended to my sub- rience convinced me that the emperor of the jects.--Spain being surrounded by coasts, Frenca, consistently with lois own interests, and being indebted for her greatest prospe. I and the extended political system of the rity to her trans-marine possessions, suffered continent, could entertain no wish prejudimore than any other couniry by the war. | cial to my house. But in the meantime The interrupsion of trade, and all the evils what was your conduct? You threw my Connected with that state of affairs were ex: | whole palace into confusion. You instiga. perienced by my subjects,someof whom were ted my guards to turn against me. Your uocandidenough to throw all the bline on me father was your prisoner. My prime minis. and mo ministers. I had, however, at lea t, 1 ler, whom I had rcared and adopted into the consolation that the country was safe, and my family, was dragged bleeding from dun. hd no reason to be alarmed for the preserva geon to dungeon. You have disgraced my tion of my provinces. At the same time, grey hairs ; you have bereft them of a crown I was the only king of Europe who lived in worn with lustre by my ancestors, and which this security, amidst the convulsions of these I bave preserved withont a stain; you have ascended my throne, and have put yourself | all that rendered it sacred in the eyes of mto the hands of the people of Madrid, who | men.--But your conduct towards me, and are instigated by the nuarbers of your party, your intercepted letters bave erected a brazen and of the foreign troops that have entered wall between you and the throne of Spain. the city.-The conspiracy at the Escurial I am a king in the right of my ancestors. was accomplished, and the acts of my go- My abdication was a consequence of comseroment were consigned to publiccontempt. pulsion. I have, therefore, nothing to reOld, and loaded with infirmities, I could | ceive from you. I can consent to no meet. not withstand this new misfortune, and fled | ing~I will consent to nothing that may c) the Frerch emperor, no longer as a king occasion a civil war or insurrections, Every at the head of his troops, and surrounded | thing ought to be done for the people, but with the lustre of the throne, but as an nothing by them; and to forget Ibis principle | unfortunate and abandoned prince. I have is to make ourselves guilty of all the consc. found a place of retige and protection in the quences which it neglect occasions. I have, midst of his army. I am indebted to him through my whole life, sacrificed myself for fur my life, for the lite of my queen, and my people, and, at the years at which I am for of my prime iwinister. I lave fol arrived, I shall never do any act repugnant to

lowed you to Bayonne. You have brought their religion, their tranquillity, and their |ztairs to such a state, that henceforth every prosperity. But all my sacrifices will be thing must depend upon the arrangement forgotten whenever I am informed that the and protection of ihis great prince. To have religion of Spain, the inviolability of my recuurse to insurrections of the people, to provinces, and their privileges and indepenplant the standard of faction, would be the dence are secured; I shall ihen lie down in ruin of Spain, avd would reduce yourself, | my grave, forgiving you all the sorrow my kingdom, my subjects, and my family, which in my latter years you have occasioned to the greatest wretchedness. I have opened me.- CHARLES. my whole heart to the emperor. He is Proclamation of the old King to the Spaacquainted with all the insults I have re niurds. Dated at Bayonne, 4th May, 1808.' ceived, and the usurpation imposed upon Spaniards; My beloved subjects; pernidime. He has declared to me that he will 0115 mien seek to mislead you. They woull. never acknowledge you as king, and that put arms into your hands against the French the enemy of his father can excite no con- | troops; they seek alike to arm you against tidence in the breast of a stranger. He has the French, and the French against you. besides sheun me letters which contain The sacking of all Spain, calamities of every prouts of your aversion from France.--Under kind, would be the result. The spirit of these circumstances it is evidently my right, | faction, the sad effects of which I have alreaand still more evidently my duty, to spare dy felt, is still in motion. In the midst of the blood of my subjects, and not at the these important and critical circumstances, I end of my days to adopt a course which an occupied in concerting with my ally, the woald expose Spain to fire and sword, and lemperor of the French, all that concerns reduce the country to the niost wretched your welfare. Beware of listening to the Ondition. Assuredly you ought, faithful to enemies of it. All those who speak to you Jour duty, and to the feelings of nature, lo against France, thirst for your blood : they bare rejected the traitoroas counsels given are either the enemies of your nation, or you. Had you constantly appeared by my agents of England, who are busily availing side, ready for my defence, and had waited themselves of circumstances, and whose inel the nisual course of nature had raised you trigues would involve the loss of your coloto the throne, then the political interests of ' nies, the separation of your provinces, or a Spain might have been brought to coincide series of years of trouble and calamity for with the interest of all. For these six months your country'.-Spaniards! trust to my expecircumstances have been very critical ; but rience, and obey that authority which I such as they were, I should not have feared hold from God and my fathers; follow my · to meet them supported by the good conduct example, and think that in the position in of my subjects, and even my own feeble which you stand, there is no prosperity and eiforts, but, above all, with the moral power safety for Spaniards, but in the friendship of which I should have possessed in proposing the great emperor, our ally.-Given at Bayto my ally an arrangement calculated to re onne, froin the imperial palace, stiled palace concile the interests of my subjects and my of the government, May 4, 1808.-I THE family. To depriving me of my crown, you KING. fave broken your own in pieces'; you hare Decloration of Aldication of the old King.'. have stripped it of all that was illustrious, of Duted, at Bayonne, 4th May, 1908.

« AnteriorContinuar »