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your lives and property to the utmost danger. The insurgents routed, conquered, and dispersed, leave you at the mercy of the French army. The bishop of this city has taken advantage of all the influence which he possessed from his dignity and exalted situation, to incite the mob to sedition, and the latter compelled peaceful persons, whose only wish was tranquillity, to march at their head; these persons have quitted their homes, and dare not return, lest they should be persecuted as rebels. The general of division, commanding in St. Andero, considering that the violence of an ignorant and barbarous mob has been the oily cause of the step they have taken, invites them to return to their homes, to appear with their arms, and promise fidelity and obedience to his majesty, king Joseph Napoleon, their sovereign, in which case they shall enjoy perfect security and remain unmolested. Within the term of four days, reckoned from the date hereof, the itals shall be put on the goods and effects of such persons as shall remain absent, and their property shall be confiscated for the benefit of the state.—Miekle.-General of division, commanding the French troops.— Bosiracio Rod Rio Uez De LA GUERRA, PEDRo FERNANDEz NicTo, Sec Stetch of Buonaparte's New Constitution for Spain. Ti TLE I. Art. 1. . The Cathclic-Apostolic and homish religion is the predominant and sole leligion of Spain and its dominions; none other shall be tolerated. TITLE II, 2. Prince Joseph Napoleon, king of Naples and Sicily, is king of Spain and the indies.—3 The crown of Spain and the Indies shall be hereditary in the male issue low fully begotten of the body of the said prince, according to seniority of birth, to the perpetual exclusion of females.—In default of such issue male, lawfully begotten of the prince Joseph Napoleon, the crown of Spain shall descend to us and our heirs male, and legal successors, either of our body, or by adoption.—ln default of such our male descen. dants and lawful successors, to descend to the issue mole and law foul successors of Prince Louis Napoleon, king of Holland — And in default of such male descendants and lawful successors of prince Louis Napoleon, to the issue male, and lawful successors of Prince Jerome Napoleon, king of Westphalia.-And in default of these, to the first born son, before the death of the last king, of the eldest daughter of those who have male issue, and to his male descendants, and lawful successors; and in case the last
king should not have nominated that one of
his daughters who has male issue, then to him whom he shall appoint by his will, either
among his relations, or among those whom
he shall deem most worthy to rule over Spain. This nomination shall be delivered to the Cortes for their acceptance.—4. The crown of Spain shall never be fixed upon the same head with any other crown.—5. In all the edicts and laws, the title of the king of Spain shall be 1). N. by the grace of God, and the constitution of the state, king of Spain and the Indies.—6. The king on his accession to the throne, or on his attaining his majority, shall take an oath to the Spanish people on the gospel, in the presence of the cortes, the senate, the council of state, the council of Castile, the archbishops and bishops. 7. The form of the king's oath is :- “I swear, on the holy evangelists, to reverence and cause to be reverenced our holy religion; to maintain the inviolability of the Spanish territory; to reverence and cause to be reverenced, the liberty of the person, and to govern alone for the welfare, happiness, and glory of the Spanish nation.” Title 111.- of THE Gov ERNMENT. 8. The mi:iority of the king shall last till he has attained his 13th year. During his minority there shall be a regent of the kingdown.—9. The regent must be at least 25 years old.—10. The regent shall be nominated by the preceding king, among the infantos who have attained the age mentioned in the preceding article.— 1 1. In default of nomination by the preceding king, the regency belongs to the prince the farthest removed from the throne, according to the law of succession, and who has attained the age of 25 years.-12. In case the prince furthest removed from the crown shall be in a state of minority, the regency belongs to the next prince, who shall contiuue to exercise his functions till the king shall have attained his majority.—13. The regent is not personally answerable for the acts of his administration.—14. All the acts of the regency pass in the name of the minor king. —15. The yearly revenue of the regent shall be one-fourth of the income of the crown.—16. In case the preceding king shall have nominated no regent, and all the princes shall be minors, then the government shall be carried on by the ministers who form the council of government.—17. All state affairs shall be determined by a majority of votes in the council of government.—18. The regency has no right to the personal custody of the king, during his minority.-19. The care of the king during. his minority is vested in his mother, and in default of her, in the prince appointed thereto by the demised sovereign.—20. The board of guardianship, composed of the ministers, shall principally be charged with superintending the education of the young king; and the same shall be consulted in every matter of importance, relative to his person or establishment. TITLE IV.- PROPERTY OF THE CROWN. 21. The palaces of Madrid, the Escurial, St. Ildefonso, Aranjuez, D'El Pardo, and all the others now forming part of the property of the crown, together with the parks, woods, domains, and estates of what kind soever, constitute the property of the crown. The revenues accruing from the said property shall be paid into the treasury of the crown; and should they fall below the yearly sum of a million of hard piastres, an addition of hereditary property shall be made, so as to make good the revenue to the amount stated. –22. The public treasury shall annually pay over to that of the crown, a sum of two millions in hard piastres.—23. The king's sons, on attaining the age of twelve years shall receive the following annual revenues in the name of subsistence money, viz.:the heir apparent, 200,000 piastres; each infanto, 100,000 piastres ; and each infanta, 50,000 piastres.—24. The dowry of the queen is fixed at 400,000 piastres, and shall be paid out of the treasury of the crown. TITLE v.–of THE of FIceRS OF THE ROYAL HOUSEhol D. 25. The chief and grand officers of the royal household are six in number,-a grand
aimoner, grand chamberlain, , grand cupbearer, grand master of the horse, grand
- s huntsman, and grand master of the cere
monies.—26. The noblemen of the chamber, the steward's chaplains, and equeries, are officers of the royal household. 't IT Le V. I.
27. There shall be nine ministerial departments, viz. of police, religion, foreign af. fairs, internal affairs, domains, war, marine, the Indies, and general police.-28. A secretary of state, in the character of minister. shall sign all acts of government. –20. The king may commit several ministerial functions to one minister—30. There is no otler precedence among the ministers than what results from their priority of nomination in point of time.—31. The ministers, each in his own department, are res: onsible for the execution of the laws, and of his majesty's orders.
TITLE VII.-Of THE SENATE. 32. The senate is composed, 1. cf the
infants of Spain, being 18 years of age.
.king. He is chosen out of the senate, and
his functions last for one year. - 35. The senate meets by the command of the king, or on the application of the junta, or one of its officers for internal affairs.-30. In the case of an armed insurrection, or of apprehensions respecting the safety of the state, the senate may, on the proposition of the king, suspend the operation of the constitutional act in a particular district, and time to be limited. [The remaining articles of this title, and those of the 8th title relative to the countil of state, contain little that is of general interest. The king presides in the conncil, which is to consist of not less than 30, nor more than 60 members, divided into six sections, viz. those of justice, religion, internal affairs, police, finance, war, the marine, and the Indies.} TITLE J X. 57. The cortes or juntas of the nation are composed of 150 members, divided into three estates or orders, namely those of the clergy, nobility, and people.—58. The order of the clergy shall consist of 25 arch.
bishops or bishops.—50. The order of the |
nobility shall consist of 25 nobles, who shall
have the title of Grandees of the cortes – 60. he order of the peqple shall consist of
40 deputies from the provinces, 30 from the princip:l cities, 15 from the merchants, and 15 deputies from the universities, to consist of the most celebrated for their attain. ments in the arts and sciences.—61. The archbishops or bishops constituting the order of the clergy, shall be raised to the rank of members of the cortes, by a writ sealed with the great seal of the state. They cannot be divested of their functions, but by virtue of the sentence of a competent court, pronounced in due form.–62. The nobles must possess an annual income of at least 200,000 hard piastres, and have performed great services in the civil or military departments, to qualify them for being elevated to the rank of grandees of the cortes. They shall be raised to the rank by a writ stamped with the great seal of the state. They cannot be divested of their functions but by the sentence of a competes"
court, pronounced in due form.—63 The deputies from the provinces shall be nominated by the same, in the proportion of at least 1 to 300,000 inhabitants; for this purpose the provinces shall be divided into so many elective districts as shall be necessary to turnish the population giving a right to the election of a deputy.— The articles from 64 to 70 inclusive, contain the forms to be observed in electing the deputies of the people, the commercial bodies, and the universities.]— 7. The cortes shall assemble upon the sumnons of the king. They cannot be adjourned, prorogued, or dissolved, but by his ordets. They shall meet once, at least, in three years.--72. The president of the rostes shall be appointed by the king, but shall be chosen out of three candidates to be nominated by the cortes by ballot, and an absolute majority of votes.— 73 and 74. on the opening of such session, the cortes shall nominate three candidates for the presidentship, two vice presidents, two secretaries, and three committees, each to consist of five members, viz. a committee of jostice, of internal affairs, and of finance. –75. The sittings of the cortes shall not be public. Their votes shall be taken by ballot. 70. Neither the opinions nor votes shall be printed or published. Any act of publi*tion, in print or in writing, by the assemby of the cortes, or the individual members thereof, shall be regarded as an act of inoffection.—77. The alterations to be made in the civil or criminal code, or in the system of finance, shall be laid before the cortes for their decision thereupon, by the orators of the council of state.—80. Should the cortes conceive themselves to have just grounds of complaint as to the conduct of any of the ministers, a petition, containing their alleged grievances and suggestions shall be carried by a deputation to the foot of the throne.- The king shall appoint a commisson, consisting of six councillors of state, and six councillors of Castile, to examine into the said petition.—81. The decrees of the king, issued in pursuance of the decision of the cortes, shall be introduced with the formula “upon consulting the cortes.” TITLE X.—of THE SPAN is H Colos IES IN AMERICA AND ASI.A. 82. The Spanish colonies in America and Asia shall enjoy the same privileges as the mother country.--83. Each kingdom and Province shall always have deputies at the *at of government, charged to watch over their particular interests, and to serve as heir representatives in the cortes.—81. These deputies are 20 in number, viz two som New Spain, two from Peru, two stom
the new kingdom of Granada, two from Buenos Ayres, two from the Philipine islands, one from the island of Cuba, one from Porto Rico, one from the province of Venezucla, one from Chareas, one from Quito, one from Chili, one from Guationala, one from Guadalaxara, one from the interior
western provinces of New Spain, and one
from the easoern provinces.—86. The said deputies shall exercise their functions during the period of eight years; and if upon the lapse of the same their successors shall not have yet arrived, they shall retain their functions until their actual arrival. T1's LE XI - OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF J U STICE. 87. Spain shall be governed by one and the same code of civil laws. S8. The administration of justice, is independent.— 89. Justice shall be dispensed in the name of the king, by judges and courts of justice to be appointed by his majesty. All courts claiming particular privileges, and all the exclusive jurisdictions of any orders or seigniories whatever, are abolished —[The remaining articles under this head contain nothing of general interest.] TITLE XIII.-G ENERAL REGULATIONS. 107. There shall be a permanent alliance by sea and land, offensive and defensive, between France and Spain. The contingent to be furnished by each of the respective powers, in case of a continental or maritime war, shall be regulated by a separate treaty. -108. Foreigners who have performed, or may hereafter perform, great services to the state; who may prove useful from their talents, inventions, or zeal and activity; who may form great establishments, or purchase funded estates paying a tax of fifty hard partres,-are admissable to the rights of naturalization in Spain. The king confers this indulgence through his minister for internal affairs upon consulting his council of state –109. The residenee of every inhabitant of the Spanish territory is an inviolable sanctuary. It can only be entered in the day time, and for a purpose commanded by law, or in execution of an order issued by the public magistracy.—110. No person domiciliated in the Spanish territorv can be arrested, except in the actual commission of a crime, or by virtue of a lawful warrant in writing.—111 In order to the execution of a warrant of arrest, it is necessary 1. that the reason of the arrest shall be formally set forth therein, and that it shall state the law enjoining the same. 2. That it shall be granted by an authority formally empowered by law to grant it. 3. That its contents shall be communicated, and a copy thereof given to the person to whom it applies.—l 12 No jail or prison keeper can receive or hold any one in custody, without entering in his register a copy of the warrant or commitment, indictment, or sentence, or, in a word, every order whatsoever in virtue of which he holds the person in custody. —l 13. Every jailer or prisot:-keeper shall be compelled, and no order whatever shail be considered as an impediment, to bring his prisoners as often as he shall be required to do so, before the magistrate charged with the affairs of the police.— 14. The relatives and friends of the prisoner shall not be prevented from entering the prison, upon their producing an order from the magistrate. "A
specific order from the judge to the jailor,
Sweden.——Report from Field-Marshal Count Klingspor, to His Royal Majesty, bearing date, Head-Quarters, Hemmango, ... the 14th of June. - In my last report, of the 9th inst. I bumbly stated to your majesty and the Finnish army, that I found it necessary to send reinforcements to Hemmango, in order that I might be better able to make such arrangements as circumstances should require. I thought it expedient to remove the headquarters to this place. In consequence of information having been received, that the enemy was forming a considerable magazine, which was nearly completed, I ordered major Ticantit, at the head of 200 men, to dislodge the enemy from his position near Perha, and render himself master of the above magazine, the result of which ope
ration was that, after a short action, the enemy's troops were surrounded, and two officers, five non-commissioned officers, and 88 rank and file were made prisoners, and one officer and two men killed. To magazine, consisting of a very considerable quantity of cats, grits, meal and bread, was taken, but want of horses has hitherto prevented me from removing it for the use cfie army —MAUR Ice KLING spor, Field-Mar. shal and Coimum under of the Finnish Army, General Pogesack's Report to his Itoyal Air
jes”), dated Island of Kario, June 21,
General Vegesack reports, that he mad: himself master of the different islands m the inlet of Abo, stationed strong armament, on Kuste and Kaxkerta, the nearest of then, and distributed his force in small bo dies on every isle and rock, so as to seem formidable, aad make the enemy be evi that the main attack was meant upon Abo but fearing that this alone should not hav the desired effect of drawing the Russian from the North, he determined to makes landing, which he accomplished on to 19th, at the point of Lenio, under to protection of the well directed fire of to gun-boats, which came close ashore, at soon forced the Russians to make room so the Swedes. General Vegesack now pro ceeded to the pass at outer Lemo, on th high road to Abo, having three guns as one thousand five hundred men. Here a affair began which lasted fourteen hours an a half, the Russians endeavouring to do lodge him. But seeing great bodies t Russians, mostly cavalry, hourly poona in, and hearing from a Swedish non-com missioned officer, who in the night ha made his escape from Abo, that the Rus sians, aiready 10,000 strong, were advan cing from all quarters, and that they tod. his corps to be only the avant guard, h judged that he had attincti his purpose, an re-embarked under the same protection & the gun-boats. His loss in killed an wounded he states to be 194 men, includin officers. His adjutant, Baron Ramsay, wo killed. Barons de Geer and Adeisyard, the volunteers, wounded. He praises th soldier-like conduct of this latter corps whom he now had the honour the first tim to lead to battle. In the night of his land ing, 107 young men, of whom Gö wer soldiers of the garrison of Sweaborg, flew to his standard, and embarked with hisu(Stockholm Gazette)
Pointed by Cox and Bay's, Great Queen Street; published by R. Bagsha.', Brydges Street, CoventGaiden, where formui Nuinoers may be had: sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pall-Mall.
Vol. XIV. No. 5.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 30, 1808. [PR1ce 10d.
“By the law of England, there is no impunity to any person, publishing any thing that is injurious to the “fortings and happiness of an individual. . . . . . . . . . . . No man has a right to reader the person or abilities “ of another ridiculous. . . . . . . . . . . . It has been observed, that it is the light of the British subject to exhibit “the folly or imbecility of the members of the government; but, gentlemen, we must confine ourselves “within limits. If, in so doing, individual feelings are violated, there the line of interdiction bestos. and
“the offence becomes the subject of penal visitation.”
— Report of Lord Ellenborough's charge to the jury,
upon the Trial of Mr. Cobbett for a libel, in May 1804. See Political Register, p. 854, and the following one'.
SUMMARY OF POLITICS. .
Libel Law.——After the trial, mentiontdin my motto, took place, there were, assie public will remember, several papers, published in the Morning Chronicle, shewing the dangerous tendency of the doctrine ld down by the lord chief justice. A great orator and statesman observed to me, at the tre, that neither I nor any other writer could now, with impunity, mention the name of any man, unaccompanied with praise ; “ for,” said he, “ to name him " without praise may injure his individual "feelings ; to injure his individual feelings "is to pass the line of interdiction, and to "expose yourself to penal visitation; there"fore, you are reduced to this simple al"ternative : name no one, point out no one, but at no one ; or, bestow upon him posilive and serious praise.” That this was the to is evident ; for, how is it possible to ridicule the foily or imbecility of any man, without violating his feelings 2 and, if this * a necessary consequence with individuals a general, must it not be so with these peroils, who are members of the government, a who have the eyes of the whole nation ised upon them, while they have, at the *me time, rivals for power, who are anxioly watching for every opportunity of exong and exaggerating their follies and imocility, in order to oust them, and to get heir power and their emoluments? Upon the fects which doctrine like this, must have on the interests of a nation, I will speak oud-by, after having introduced a recent oal, which will be found, I believe, to have riginated in this very doctrine. It was oved, at the time, that the Reviewers were * * very perilous way 5 for, that, if “ no man had a right to render the person, or | alilities, of another ridiculous," it was ** that the reviewers of books ought toove a bit of their ears taken ott once a *onth, at least, and that, in general, they *ald be exposed to a double or a triple *Pping. What a glorious doctrine for dull ** senseless authors! And, what abomi
nable, what atrocious unhanged libellers,
were the Popes and the Gays and the Swifts
What a misfortune for the poetasters and
sycophants of their day, that they did not live in ours . This is the light, in which a person, named SIR John CARK, appears to have viewed the doctrine. He is, it seems, the author of a work called, “The Stranger “ in Ireland,” which, as is stated in the report of the trial, was published some time ago, by Sir Rieh ARD Phillips, one of the present Sheriffs of London. He has another work in manuscript, entitled “ A Tour “ through Scotland,” which work also had been carried to the same shop ; but,
Sir Richard declined purchasing the Tour. because he thought its sale would have been prevented by the effect of a work, published by Messrs. Hood AND SHARPE, book
sellers in the Poultry, in which work the a/ilities of Sir John Carr were ridiculed and exposed to contempt. Well, then, said
this knight of the quill, finding myself in
jured, not only in my feelings, but in my interests too, by this critical work, in which my folly and imbecility are ex
posed, I will e'en apply to the law; these men are libellers i'faith, and I will have
ample damages from them. On the
25th of this month the trial came on,
and the following is the fullest report that
I can find of it in the news-papers. —“ Mr. G ARRow stated this was an action “ for damages. The plaintiff (sir John Carr) “ was a gentleman who had been originally “ intended for a barrister, but on account “ of ill health was advised by his physicial's “ to travel. He did, and thought proper “ to make his travels useful, by taking ‘‘ notes of whatever he saw remarkable. and afterwards publishing them for the “ amusement of the public ; and he also “ derived a considerable emolument from the sale of those publications. The defen“ dants are booksellers, who had published “ a book called “ MY Pocket Book, or * Notes for a righte merrie and concepted t Togo's Ireland by a Knight Err unt,”