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successful affair with a large party of the enemy, and captured some forty prisoners, including three generals!
The second train, now out from Vera Cruz eleven days, was, as I learn by the enclosed correspondence, attacked by a numerous body of the enemy, and suffered a loss that looks like a disasterthe first that we have sustained; but further details are needed. I have the honor to remain, sir, with high respect, your most obedient servant,
Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR.,
[Enclosed in the preceding despatch, No. 43, of General Scott.]
JALAPA, MEXICO, January 3, 1848.
SIR: I have the honor to forward, herewith, a monthly return for December, of the troops under my command, and am gratified in being able to state that the epidemics (mumps and measles) have so far abated as to justify my moving in a few days. The number of convalescents here, awaiting an opportunity to join their regiments, require additional transportation, which I hope to procure in a few days.
Sickness rendering it necessary to halt here, I despatched a train to Vera Cruz for supplies and clothing; this post being destitute of every necessary, even medicines; the train returned without the clothing, leaving the troops in a miserable condition. Still, I have insisted upon drills, and the reports of the several commanders induce the belief of rapid improvement, my own lameness preventing personal attendance. I design moving up in a few days.
I am, sir, &c.,
To H. L. Scorr, A. A. A. G.
T. WILLIAMS, Aid-de-Camp.
SIR: Accompanying this is a copy of a communication from the commanding officer of the upward train, received this morning. I immediately despatched 250 cavalry, one section of light artillery, and a portion of Colonel Hughes's command, with orders to cooperate with Colonel Miles at Cerro Gordo.
For some time, rumors have been in circulation that Mexican forces are being recruited in the vicinity of Orizaba and adjacent towns, and to-day it is currently reported, by Mexicans in our ser
vice, that about two thousand are organized, ready for the field, having received three months' pay in advance. It is certain that those now harrassing the train rendezvous at Orizaba, Cordova, a large town. The relative position of Vera Cruz and these towns, renders it very easy for any force they may hold in readiness to descend upon our upward trains, attack them and return to their rendezvous, without the possibility of its being known to our force at this post. From positive information, I can say this will be the case until they are driven from their several towns, which may be done with comparatively small force. I am, sir, &c.,
To H. L. SCOTT,
A. A. A. G., Head-quarters.
HEAD-QUARTERS OF BRIGADE,
GENERAL: I have the honor to report that I am thus far on my way to Mexico city with the largest train' that ever left Vera Cruz, with a force of the 1st infantry, some recruits, and three companies of mounted men, total 1,300 in all. My rear was attacked on yesterday, near Santa Fé, one company of mounted riflemen cut up, and near 280 pack mules taken. The enemy, I learn, are mustering in force at Plan del Rio, to attack me in a general fight near Cerro Gordo. I request you may send 4 to 500 men with a section of artillery, to meet me, as I have none.
Your troops, by leaving on the 6th, can so manage their march as to co-operate with me, and take the enemy in front and rear. I am, general, with respect, your obedient servant,
D. H. MILES, Lieut. Col. commanding.
To General MARSHALL.
I certify that this is a correct copy.
J. W. HENRY,
Statement showing the net produce of the revenues arising from the undernamed taxes or rents in each State of
the republic in 1844.
HEAD-QUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
To the United States commander of the military department of
SIR: Referring to general orders, Nos. 376 and 395, late series, and to No. 8, of the current year, you are instructed to commence collecting or levying the assessments imposed upon the State , on account of the last month, without unnecessary
To effect the object, through the proper Mexican authorities, you will invite payments by them, and do all in your power in the way of conciliation. After a reasonable time, should you fail to conciliate voluntary payments, you will proceed to forced levies. As your command is not co-extensive with the State, correspond directly with the other commanders within the same, with a view to a concert in measures and time, before proceeding to forced levies, and report to me all important incidents and results.
The execution of the orders referred to will be both delicate and difficult. With great confidenee in your zeal and discretion, I remain, sir, 'respectfully, yours,
JANUARY 14, 1848.
[Addressed to the commanders of military departments of Puebla, Jalapa, Vera Cruz, Tampico and Perote; duplicate.]
Respectfully transmitted by direction of the general-in-chief. H. L. SCOTT,
A. A. A. General.
TACUBAYA, Mexico, January 2, 1847.
MAJOR: Yesterday the report of the major general, commanding first division of the army, on entering Mexico, made its appearance. On reading it, I was much mortified to find that seven out of ten company officers of my regiment, at that time on duty, were mentioned for gallantry and good conduct, and that I, senior, was not named. The army and the world would naturally conclude from that report that I had been far from conspicuous. It is not my wish to produce the impression that my conduct was better on that occasion than that of any other officer, but it is my wish to show, as far as practicable, that it was surpassed by none.
I am of opinion that the commanding general of division, in making up his report, was governed, in a very great degree, by the reports of Brevet Colonel Garland and yourself, and that he will be pleased to give me some credit when he shall be better informed. Two days since, you mentioned to me that you did not know that I had taken the small breast-work immediately in front of San
Cosmé garita, but supposed that Captain Brooks, 2d artillery, and Lieutenant Grant, 4th infantry, were with or in advance of me. The following are the facts in the case: Our column advanced under a very heavy fire (as you know) to within some sixty yards of the angle of the San Cosmé road; by this time our number had become so small, it was deemed prudent, apparently, to stop, and if possible get reinforcements. It was the good fortune of Captain B., Lieutenant G. and myself to be in advance. After firing some fifteen minutes, the two officers above named proceeded by our left, (round the English cemetery,) with a few men, and charged the enemy on their right; I, at the same time made a rush upon the front, and we cleared the work. We had moved but a short distance before some of them ran; a small number, however, kept their places until we came within twenty yards. The moment was a very exciting one, and I do not know whether the two officers by the right or myself were first to reach the centre of the work, but do not contend for it, feeling, as I do, that they not only deserve all the credit given them, but much more, as do also all persons named in the general's report. The command proceeded rapidly after the enemy, up the road. I was somewhat retarded in keeping back our color-bearer, (who had already been severely wounded, but begged permission to retain them, and did so until some fifty yards in front of the next work, when he fell, shot through the brain,) for fear they might be taken from our little party. I soon found myself in advance, and kept it, being the first person to arrive at the small breast-work, half way across the road, immediately in front of San Cosmé; before reaching it, we were under very severe fire of shot, grape, &c. No officer of the army but myself reached the work at this time, and no officer, except myself, claims to have done so. Lieutenant Semmes, of the marines, and some fifteen men, most of them of my own company, kept near me and reached the work. Captain B., Lieutenant G., Lieutenant Judah and, I think, Lieutenant Sedgwick obtained a position only a short distance in my rear, covered by a projection of some houses on our left. I held the work some fifteen minutes, and during the time heard the order from the rear to fall back, but determined to hold the place, and so informed my party; but, seeing the party near me had retired, and some of my own men gone, I reluctantly gave it up, seeing the danger my small force was in, and knowing we could do no good. In running back, Sergeant Donovan was shot by my side, by the fire from the gate. After the regiment was re-formed, and we took the same point a second time, by moving to the rear and round the right of the church, Lieutenant Grant and myself were the two first persons to gain it; one of our men shot a Mexican soldier at the work after our taking it. At this place, you will remember, Colonel Garland arrived (while we were waiting for mining tools) and kept us for some time.
I respectfully submit the foregoing, with the request that you will be pleased to notice it as you may deem it worthy, and forward it to the commander of the late first division. In conclusion,