Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective

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Cambridge University Press, 20 ene 2003 - 290 páginas
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This book seeks to explain why some contemporary Latin American labor-based parties adapted successfully to the challenges of neoliberalism and working class decline. It argues that loosely structured party organizations tend to be more flexible than the bureaucratic structures found in most labor-based parties. The argument is illustrated through an analysis of the Argentine (Peronist) Justicialista Party (PJ). The PJ adapted to the neoliberal challenge with striking success, transforming itself from a union-dominated populist party into a vehicle for carrying out radical market-oriented economic reforms. The book shows how the PJ's fluid internal structure made these radical changes possible.
 

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Índice

LaborBased Party Adaptation in the Neoliberal Era Rethinking the Role of Party Organization
1
Origins and Evolution of a Mass Populist Party
35
An Organized Disorganization The Peronist Party Structure in the 19908
58
Populism in Crisis Environmental Change and Party Failure 19831985
91
From Labor Politics to Machine Politics The Transformation of the Peronist PartyUnion Linkage
107
Menemism and Neoliberalism Programmatic Adaptation in the 19905
144
A View from Below Party Activists and the Transformation of BaseLevel Peronism
186
The Paradox of Menemism Party Adaptation and Regime Stability in the 1990s
217
Crisis Party Adaptation and Democracy Argentina in Comparative Perspective
231
References
251
Index
271
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Sobre el autor (2003)

Steven Levitsky is an American political scientist and Professor of Government at Harvard University. His research focuses on Latin America and the developing world. He is the author of Competitive Authoritarianism, (with co-author Lucan A. Way in 2010), and How Democracies Die (with co-author Daniel Ziblatt in 2018). He is co-editor of Argentine Democracy: The Politics of Institutional Weakness (2005). He is the recipient of numerous teaching awards.

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