The Great Maya Droughts: Water, Life, and Death
University of New Mexico Press, 2000 - 464 páginas
The innovative study argues that he collapse of Classic Maya civilization was driven by catastrophic drought. Between A.D. 800 and 1000, unrelenting drought killed millions of Maya people with famine and thirst and initiated a cascade of internal collapses that destroyed their civilization. Linking global, regional, and local climate change, the author explores how atmospheric processes, volcanism, ocean currents, and other natural forces combined to create the dry climate that pried apart the highly complex civilization in the tropical Maya Lowlands in the ninth and tenth centuries. Drawing on knowledge of other prehistoric and historic droughts, The Great Maya Droughts is a useful study of the relationship of humans to their natural and physical environment. The author tries to understand why the Classic Maya failed to adjust their behavior and culture to the climatic conditions and why civilizations in general sometimes collapse in the face of radical environmental change.
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abandoned adapted aerosols agricultural archaeological Arctic areas Atitlán atmosphere Broecker catastrophic cause cenotes central century changes Chichén Itza Chichón Chilam Balam circulation cities Classic Maya coast Cobá Collapse complexity conveyor belt cooling Copán crop Crumley culture dates death demographic drought ecotone energy environment Europe evidence Figure flow Folan global Gunn Hadley cell heterarchy hierarchy human Ice Age increased indicate interaction lake Lake Chichancanab latitude Leslie White Little Ice Age magma major Maya civilization Maya Lowlands Mayapán Mérida Mesoamerica Mexico North Atlantic High Northern Hemisphere occurred ocean organization pattern peasants percent period Petén Popocatépetl population Postclassic precipitation Preclassic Prigogine processes produced proposed Puuc radiocarbon radiocarbon dates rain rainfall Rampino record region reservoirs result role Seavoy seen self-organization severe drought shift social society starvation stratosphere sulfur surface temperatures theory Tikal tion tree ring tropical Uxmal volcanic eruptions warm weather Yucatán Peninsula Yucatecan
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