The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

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Harvard University Press, 21 mar. 2002 - 1459 páginas
The world’s most revered and eloquent interpreter of evolutionary ideas offers here a work of explanatory force unprecedented in our time—a landmark publication, both for its historical sweep and for its scientific vision. With characteristic attention to detail, Stephen Jay Gould first describes the content and discusses the history and origins of the three core commitments of classical Darwinism: that natural selection works on organisms, not genes or species; that it is almost exclusively the mechanism of adaptive evolutionary change; and that these changes are incremental, not drastic. Next, he examines the three critiques that currently challenge this classic Darwinian edifice: that selection operates on multiple levels, from the gene to the group; that evolution proceeds by a variety of mechanisms, not just natural selection; and that causes operating at broader scales, including catastrophes, have figured prominently in the course of evolution. Then, in a stunning tour de force that will likely stimulate discussion and debate for decades, Gould proposes his own system for integrating these classical commitments and contemporary critiques into a new structure of evolutionary thought. In 2001 the Library of Congress named Stephen Jay Gould one of America’s eighty-three Living Legends—people who embody the “quintessentially American ideal of individual creativity, conviction, dedication, and exuberance.” Each of these qualities finds full expression in this peerless work, the likes of which the scientific world has not seen—and may not see again—for well over a century.
 

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exhaustive...

Reseña de usuario  - Scott P. - Overstock.com

An excellently written book outlining the concepts and controversies in Evolutionary Theory. Gould approached the material from more of an adaptationist POV which I do not entirely agree with but this ... Leer reseña completa

LibraryThing Review

Reseña de usuario  - Devil_llama - LibraryThing

This book is quite a bit of work to get through, both because of its length and because it is not written for a lay audience. From time to time, Gould felt the need to remind his readers that he was a ... Leer reseña completa

Índice

Chapter
Theories Need Both Essences and Histories
Apologia
The History
The Essence of Darwinismandthe
Chapter
Darwin as a Philosophical Revolutionary
Seeds of Hierarchy
Species Selection Wrights Rule and the Power of Interaction with
Punctuated Equilibrium and the Validation of Macroevolutionary Theory
The Primary Claimsof PunctuatedEquilibrium Data and Definitions Microevolutionary Links
Sources of Data forTesting Punctuated Equilibrium
Causal Clues from Differential Patterns of Relative Frequencies The Broader Implicationsof PunctuatedEquilibrium forEvolutionary Theory
A LargelySociological and FullyPartisan Historyof theImpact and Critique of Punctuated Equilibrium
The Integration ofConstraint
Constraint as a Primary Basis

An Interlude on Darwins Reaction
Darwin on the Principleof Divergence
Part I Chapters 27
The PreDarwinian Debate
Owen and Darwin Darwins Strongbut Limited Interest inStructural Constraint Darwins Debt toBothPoles of the Dichotomy
Galtons Polyhedron
Part II Chapters 812
The Modern Synthesis as a Limited Consensus
Towardsa Revised andExpanded Evolutionary Theory
A Speciational Basis for Macroevolution
Historical Constraint as the Primary
Setting of Historical Constraints inthe
The Integration of Constraint and Adaptation Structure
Exapting the Rich and Inevitable Spandrelsof History
The Proper Conceptual Formula
Chapter
Bibliography
Illustration Credits
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