The Molecular Vision of Life: Caltech, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Rise of the New Biology
Oxford University Press, 1993 - 304 páginas
This fascinating study examines the rise of American molecular biology to disciplinary dominance, focusing on the period between 1930 and the elucidation of DNA structure in the mid 1950s. Research undertaken during this period, with its focus on genetic structure and function, endowed
scientists with then unprecedented power over life. By viewing the new biology as both a scientific and cultural enterprise, Lily E. Kay shows that the growth of molecular biology was a result of systematic efforts by key scientists and their sponsors to direct the development of biological
research toward a shared vision of science and society. She analyzes the motivations and mechanisms empowering this vision by focusing on two key institutions: Caltech and its sponsor, the Rockefeller Foundation. Her study explores a number of vital, sometimes controversial topics, among them the
role of private power centers in shaping scientific agenda, and the political dimensions of pure research. It also advances a sobering argument: the cognitive and social groundwork for genetic engineering and human genome projects was laid by the American architects of molecular biology during
these early decades of the project. This book will be of interest to molecular biologists, historians, sociologists, and the general reader alike.
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Rockefeller Foundations Agenda in the Human Sciences 19131933
Southern California and the Emergence of Life Science at Caltech
The Biology Division in the Morgan Era
Interlude I Protein Paradigm
Physiological Genetics During Morgan Era
From Physical Chemistry to BioOrganic Chemistry 19301940
Immunochemistry and Serological Genetics 19401945
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academic Academy of Sciences American amino acid antibodies antigen autocatalytic bacteria Beadle's behavior biochemical genetics biochemistry biologists biology division biophysics California Institute Caltech cell chemical chemists Chicago cognitive Cold Spring Harbor collaboration concept cooperation cultural decades Delbrück Drosophila DuBridge enzymes Ephrussi eugenics Fosdick Foun Foundation's fundamental G. W. Beadle gene geneticists grant growth Hale hemoglobin heredity human Ibid immunochemistry immunology industry Institute of Technology intellectual interest Kerckhoff knowledge Laboratory Linus Pauling Max Delbrück mechanisms medicine Millikan molecular biology molecular biology program molecules mutations Neurospora Note Noyes Noyes's nucleic acids Papers Pasadena Pauling's phage physical physicists physicochemical physiology political problems processes projects reactions relation replication Rockefeller Foundation Rockefeller Institute role Schultz scientific scientists serological social control social sciences Southern California specific studies Sturtevant T. H. Morgan Tatum theory Thomas Hunt Morgan trustees University Press virus viruses Warren Weaver x-ray York
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