The Life of Thomas Aquinas: A Dissertation of the Scholastic Philosophy of the Middle Ages. Forming a Portion of the Third Division of The Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, First Published in 1833

John J. Griffin, 1848 - 156 páginas

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Página 129 - ... are needful for them to know are not taught according to the order of the subject-matter, but according as the plan of the book might require, or the occasion of the argument offer ; partly, too, because frequent repetition brought weariness and confusion to the minds of the readers.
Página 13 - If penetration of thought, comprehensiveness of views, exactness the most minute, an ardour of inquiry the most keen, a patience of pursuit the most unwearied, are among the merits of the Philosopher, then may Aquinas dispute even the first place among the candidates for the supremacy in speculative science.
Página 155 - ... of men to think boldly; and they raised doubts and difficulties which sustained the inquisitive spirit until at least a better day should dawn upon its efforts. Unconscious they were themselves of the benefit which was slowly and painfully resulting from their abortive endeavours.
Página 154 - Its whole tendency, accordingly, was to magnify Reason against the principle of mere authority. And on this account (though the assertion may seem strange) the Schoolmen must undoubtedly be reckoned among the precursors of the reformation both of Religion and Philosophy. By the temerity of their speculations, they inured the minds of men to think boldly: and they raised doubts and difficulties which sustained the inquisitive spirit, until at least a better day should dawn upon its efforts. Unconscious...
Página 73 - Christian schools reversed the natural order of the education of the human mind, rushing all at once to an end, legitimately attainable only by the fruit of matured habits of thought, and the discipline of all the faculties of the mind. Their philosophy consequently was an insincere, unreal system, a collection of principles, the data not of investigation and experience, but of a prescriptive authority ; the results of the labour and ingenuity of others taken in their concrete form, without analysis,...
Página 155 - A reaction, indeed, took place, by which the conclusions of the Scholastic Theologians were expressly affirmed in the decrees of the Church of Rome ; and invested with that perpetuity, which the dogmatist of that communion claims for its authoritative declarations.
Página 85 - His peractis non equidem contempserim Aristotelis Platonisque sententias in unam quodammodo revocare concordiam et in his eos non ut plerique dissentire in omnibus, sed in plerisque quae sunt in philosophia maxime consentire demonstrem (In librum de interpretatione, ed.
Página 108 - ... effects of this double influence are thus traced and explained : — " The scholastic philosophy is the only system in which idealism and realism have completely coincided. Plato gave the name indeed of dialectic to the supreme science ; for the train of thought by which he arrived at his theory of ideas, naturally suggested that name as the designation of the science of ideas. But still the ideal or metaphysical character predominates over his whole philosophy.
Página 108 - Aristotle there in a great deal of realism, especially in his physical philosophy, which is for the most part, an assumed science of nature, deduced from the abstractions of language. At the same time his general views are entirely adverse to idealism, and no philosopher of antiquity has displayed so fully throughout his writings the scientific value of experience and observation. But in the schoolmen, idealism and realism go hand in hand. In them there is no proper direct appeal to experience and...
Página 85 - Romanum stilum vertens, eorum omnia commenta Latina oratione perscribam, ut si quid ex logicae artis subtilitate, et ex moralis gravitate peritiae, et ex naturalis acumine veritatis ab Aristotele conscriptum est, id omne ordinatum transferam, atque id quodam lumine commentationis illustrem, omnesque Platonis dialogos vertendo, vel etiam commentando in Latinam redigam formam.

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