The Feathers of Condor: Transnational State Terrorism, Exiles and Civilian Anticommunism in South America
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 17 ago. 2016 - 375 páginas
On 25 November 1975, representatives of five South American intelligence services held a secret meeting in the city of Santiago, Chile. At the end of the gathering, the participating delegations agreed to launch Operation Condor under the pretext of coordinating counterinsurgency activities, sharing information to combat leftist guerrillas and stopping an alleged advance of Marxism in the region. Condor, however, went much further than mere exchanges of information between neighbours. It was a plan to transnationalize state terrorism beyond South America. This book identifies the reasons why the South American military regimes chose this strategic path at a time when most revolutionary movements in the region were defeated, in the process of leaving behind armed struggle and resuming the political path. One of Condor’s most intriguing features was the level of cooperation achieved by these governments considering the distrust, animosity and historical rivalries between these countries’ armed forces. This book explores these differences and goes further than previous lines of inquiry, which have focused predominantly on the conflict between Latin American leftist guerrillas and the armed forces, to study the contribution made by other actors such as civilian anticommunist figures and organizations, and the activities conducted by politically active exiles and their supporters in numerous countries. This broader approach confirms that the South American dictatorships launched the Condor Plan to systematically eliminate any kind of opposition, especially key figures and groups involved in the denunciation of the regimes’ human rights violations.
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accessed activities Aldrighi Allende alliance anticommunist Argentina argues armed forces armed struggle Banzer became Bolivia Bordaberry Brazil Buenos Aires Che Guevara Chile Chilean CIA Records Search communist Condor Plan Congress cooperation counterinsurgency countries country’s coup Cuba Cuban Despite developed dictatorships Dinges documents economic Fidel Castro foreign geopolítical government’s guerrilla guerrilla groups Historia human rights violations Ibid ideological infrastructure Insurgencia intelligence services JCR’s Kissinger Latin American leaders leftist legitimacy López Marxist militants military regimes MIR’s MLN–T Montevideo Montoneros movement National Security Nixon officers Operación Cóndor Operation Condor organisation organisation’s Paraguay Paraguayan parties Patrice McSherry Peredo Perón Pinochet political President PRT–ERP Records Administration NARA Records Search Tool regime’s region released repression revolutionary RLAR Salvador Allende Santiago Santucho Search Tool CREST sectors security forces socialist solidarity campaigns Southern Cone Soviet strategy Terror Terror Archive threat Tucumán Tupamaros Uruguay Uruguayan WACL World Anti-Communist League