Stereotypes and Stereotyping

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C. Neil Macrae, Charles Stangor, Miles Hewstone
Guilford Press, 1996 - 462 páginas
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Stereotypes - structured sets of beliefs about the characteristics of members of social categories - influence how people attend to, encode, represent, and retrieve information about others, and how they judge and respond to them. A comprehensive overview of contemporary research, this volume highlights important approaches that have considerably expanded our understanding of stereotyping in recent years. Integrating cognitive, motivational, emotional, and linguistic perspectives, Stereotypes & Stereotyping demonstrates the diversity and richness of the field today and illuminates new directions for future research. Following a broad overview that defines stereotypes, the book addresses how they are formed and developed in chapters that cover the social psychology of stereotypes, the impact of physical appearance on their formation, and methods of assessing their accuracy. Internationally renowned authors consider the function and use of stereotypes, exploring their complex interrelationship with linguistic biases, prejudice and discrimination, and intergroup and interpersonal perception. Chapters then discuss how stereotypes can be undermined, detailing social psychological interventions to improve intergroup relations and examining ways that individual targets of stereotyping might motivate others to change. A concluding chapter takes a historical view of stereotype research, tracing the evolution of the field and evaluating current theories and methodologies. Far-reaching and up to date, Stereotypes & Stereotyping is an invaluable resource for researchers in social psychology and related disciplines. It also serves as a text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses on thesubject.
 

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Índice

Stereotypes as Individual and Collective Representations
3
Social Psychological Foundations of Stereotype
41
Physical Appearance as a Basis of Stereotyping
79
Implications for
121
SelfFulfilling Prophecies and the Maintenance of Social
161
Language and Stereotyping
193
The Use of
254
UNDERMINING STEREOTYPES
321
What Is a Target
369
Unfinished Business
419
Index
455
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Sobre el autor (1996)

C. Neil Macrae, Ph.D., is a Reader in Psychology at the University of St Andrews, Scotland. His current research interests focus on the role of inhibitory processes in stereotyping, behavioral self-regulation, and mental control. He is an Associate Editor of the European Journal of Social Psychology.

Charles Stangor, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Maryland, College Park. His current research interests focus on the cognitive and motivational determinants of stereotyping and prejudice, the influence of ethnicity on academic performance, and the perception of prejudice by, and effects of prejudice on, stigmatized target persons.

Miles Hewstone, D.Phil., is Professor of Psychology at the University of Wales, Cardiff, and has published widely on attribution theory, social cognition, stereotyping, and intergroup relations. He is a co-founding editor of the European Review of Social Psychology, and a former editor of the British Journal of Social Psychology.

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