Stereotypes and Stereotyping
Stereotypes - structured sets of beliefs about the characteristics of members of social categories - influence how people attend to, encode, represent, and retrieve information about others, and how they judge and respond to them. A comprehensive overview of contemporary research, this volume highlights important approaches that have considerably expanded our understanding of stereotyping in recent years. Integrating cognitive, motivational, emotional, and linguistic perspectives, Stereotypes & Stereotyping demonstrates the diversity and richness of the field today and illuminates new directions for future research. Following a broad overview that defines stereotypes, the book addresses how they are formed and developed in chapters that cover the social psychology of stereotypes, the impact of physical appearance on their formation, and methods of assessing their accuracy. Internationally renowned authors consider the function and use of stereotypes, exploring their complex interrelationship with linguistic biases, prejudice and discrimination, and intergroup and interpersonal perception. Chapters then discuss how stereotypes can be undermined, detailing social psychological interventions to improve intergroup relations and examining ways that individual targets of stereotyping might motivate others to change. A concluding chapter takes a historical view of stereotype research, tracing the evolution of the field and evaluating current theories and methodologies. Far-reaching and up to date, Stereotypes & Stereotyping is an invaluable resource for researchers in social psychology and related disciplines. It also serves as a text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses on thesubject.
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Stereotypes as Individual and Collective Representations
Social Psychological Foundations of Stereotype
Physical Appearance as a Basis of Stereotyping
SelfFulfilling Prophecies and the Maintenance of Social
Language and Stereotyping
The Use of
What Is a Target
Academic Press African Americans assess attributes authoritarian personality behavior biases Blacks Brewer category stereotypes central tendency chapter cial correlations counterstereotypic cultural desegregation develop differentiation disconfirming discrimination Dovidio effects Erlbaum ethnic ethnophaulisms evaluative evidence example Experimental Social Psychology Fiske Gaertner gender stereotypes group members group stereotypes Hamilton Hewstone Hillsdale hyperaccessibility Illusory correlation impressions In-group bias inaccuracy interaction intergroup bias intergroup contact intergroup relations interpersonal Journal of Experimental Journal of Personality Journal of Social Judd judgments Jussim labels language Macrae measures of stereotypes motivation negative Neil Macrae out-group members overgeneralization Park perceived perception Personality and Social perspective positive processes Psychological Bulletin racial attitudes racism relationship role Rothbart salient self-fulfilling prophecies social categories social cognition social groups social identity theory Social Psy social stereotypes Stangor stereo stereotype accuracy stereotyping and prejudice studies subjects Tajfel tion tive traits types variability White White Americans women York
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