Moral Origins: The Evolution of Virtue, Altruism, and Shame

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Basic Books, 1 may. 2012 - 432 páginas
From the age of Darwin to the present day, biologists have been grappling with the origins of our moral sense. Why, if the human instinct to survive and reproduce is "selfish," do people engage in self-sacrifice, and even develop ideas like virtue and shame to justify that altruism? Many theories have been put forth, some emphasizing the role of nepotism, others emphasizing the advantages of reciprocation or group selection effects. But evolutionary anthropologist Christopher Boehm finds existing explanations lacking, and in Moral Origins, he offers an elegant new theory.

Tracing the development of altruism and group social control over 6 million years, Boehm argues that our moral sense is a sophisticated defense mechanism that enables individuals to survive and thrive in groups. One of the biggest risks of group living is the possibility of being punished for our misdeeds by those around us. Bullies, thieves, free-riders, and especially psychopaths--those who make it difficult for others to go about their lives--are the most likely to suffer this fate. Getting by requires getting along, and this social type of selection, Boehm shows, singles out altruists for survival. This selection pressure has been unique in shaping human nature, and it bred the first stirrings of conscience in the human species. Ultimately, it led to the fully developed sense of virtue and shame that we know today.A groundbreaking exploration of the evolution of human generosity and cooperation, Moral Origins offers profound insight into humanity's moral past--and how it might shape our moral future.

 

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Moral Origins: The Evolution of Virtue, Altruism, and Shame

Reseña de usuario  - Book Verdict

This book asks the question, "Why is altruism present in modern human beings?" and explores whether altruism has a biological basis. Boehm (director, Jane Goodall Research Ctr., Univ. of Southern ... Leer reseña completa

MORAL ORIGINS: The Evolution of Virtue, Altruism, and Shame

Reseña de usuario  - Kirkus

Boehm (Anthropology and Biological Sciences/Univ. of Southern California in Los Angeles; Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior, 1999, etc.) probes the origins of human ... Leer reseña completa

Índice

ONE Darwins Inner Voice
THREE Of Altruism and Free Riders
FOUR Knowing Our Immediate Predecessors
SIX A Natural Garden of Eden
SEVEN The Positive Side of Social Selection
EIGHT Learning Morals Across the Generations
NINE Work of the Moral Majority
TEN Pleistocene Ups Downs and Crashes
ELEVEN Testing the SelectionbyReputation Hypothesis
TWELVE The Evolution of Morals
EPILOGUE Humanitys Moral Future
Notes
References
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Sobre el autor (2012)

Christopher Boehm is Director of the Jane Goodall Research Center and Professor of Anthropology and Biological Sciences at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. Boehm' work has been featured in such publications as New Scientist, the New York Times, The Times(London), Natural History, Science News, and in films for National Geographic, Wild Kingdom, and the Discovery Channel. He has lectured widely to groups as diverse as the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, the Chicago Academy of Sciences, the Sante Fe Institute, the Los Angeles and Cincinnati Zoos, and the Naval War College. Boehm is the author of many scientific articles and several previous books, including Hierarchy in the Forest (Harvard). He divides his time between Los Angeles and Santa Fe.

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