Mood and Modality

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Cambridge University Press, 16 abr. 2001 - 236 páginas
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Since the publication of F. R. Palmer's Mood and Modality in 1986, when the topic of "modality" was fairly unfamiliar, there has been considerable interest in the subject as well as in grammatical typology in general. Modality is concerned with mood (subjunctive etc.) and with modal markers such as English modal verbs (can, may, must etc.) and is treated as a single grammatical category found in most of the languages of the world. Palmer investigates this category, drawing on a wealth of examples from a wide variety of languages.
 

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Índice

Introduction
1
112 The notion of assertion
3
12 Two basic distinctions
4
122 Prepositional and Event modality
7
13 The classification of modality in modal systems
8
132 Deontic and Dynamic
9
14 Other types of modality
10
141 Presupposed
11
523 Negative
116
524 Interrogative
120
525 Presupposed
121
526 Future
124
527 Conditional
125
53 Event modality
126
531 Directives
127
532 Purposive
128

143 Wishes fears etc
13
145 Complex systems
14
15 Typology
18
16 Grammatical markers
19
18 Summary of basic categories
22
Modal systems Propositional modality
24
212 Speculative and deductive
26
213 Deductive and Assumptive
28
214 MAY as concessive
31
216 Past time reference
33
217 Inference and confidence
34
22 Evidential modality
35
222 Reported
40
223 Sensory
43
224 Direct and indirect evidence
47
225 Other evidential possibilities
50
226 Hierarchy
51
227 Evidentials and certainty
52
24 Two other possibilities
55
25 Structure of prepositional systems
56
26 Discourse and participants
58
262 Participant systems
62
27 Declaratives
64
271 Declaratives and modal systems
65
272 Assertion and strong assertion
68
Modal systems Event modality
70
321 Directives
71
322 Commissive
72
323 Modifications
73
324 Subjectivity
75
325 Past time reference
76
332 Past tense and time
79
34 Imperative and jussive
80
35 Purposive in Australian languages
83
36 An alternative analysis
84
Modal systems and modal verbs
86
412 Possibility and necessity
89
413 Possibility necessity and negation in English
90
414 Possibility necessity and negation in other languages
92
415 The notional connection
98
42 Modal verbs
100
422 Modal verbs in other languages
101
423 Formal differences
103
43 Modal systems and other categories
104
433 Negation
106
Indicative and subjunctive
107
51 Main and subordinate clauses
108
512 Subordinate clauses
111
52 Prepositional modality
112
522 Reported
113
533 Wishes fears etc
131
534 Resultative
135
54 Imperative and Jussive
136
541 Morphology and syntax
137
542 Subjunctive
138
55 Subjunctive as subordinator
142
56 Other possibilities
144
Realis and Irrealis
145
62 Terminology
148
63 Morphology and syntax
150
632 Linked clauses
152
633 Complement clauses
154
64 Joint systems
157
65 Nonjoint systems
160
652 Realis irrealis and unmarked
161
653 Wider systems
163
654 Complex systems
166
66 Prepositional modality
168
662 Speculative and Deductive
170
663 Interrogative
172
664 Negative
173
665 Negativelike categories
175
666 Reported
176
667 Presupposed
177
669 Habitual Past
179
672 Strong and polite commands
181
673 Obligative
183
674 Abilitive
184
Subjunctive and irrealis
185
72 A binary system
187
73 The typological status of RealisIrrealis
188
74 Alternative subordinate constructions
191
741 Nonfinite clauses
192
742 Direct speech
196
75 Speaker commitment
198
76 The subjunctive in English
201
Past tense as modal
203
822 Greek optative
204
83 Real and unreal conditions
207
832 Marking by tense and mood
209
833 Interaction of modality and unreality
211
834 Further possibilities
214
84 Wishes
216
85 Russian subjunctive
217
86 Explanation
218
References
222
Language index
231
General index
233
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Pasajes populares

Página 223 - ... 38-58. Caughley, Ross Charles. 1982. The syntax and morphology of the verb in Chepang [Series B-84]. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. Chomsky, Noam. 1986. Knowledge of language: Its nature, origin, and use. New York NY: Praeger. Chomsky, Noam. 1995. The minimalist program. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press. Chung, Sandra and Timberlake, Alan. 1985. Tense, aspect, and mood.

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Typology and Universals
William Croft
Vista previa restringida - 2002
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