How We Reason

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Oxford University Press, 2006 - 573 páginas
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Good reasoning can lead to success; bad reasoning can lead to catastrophe. Yet, it's not obvious how we reason, and why we make mistakes. This new book by one of the pioneers of the field, Philip Johnson-Laird, looks at the mental processes that underlie our reasoning. It provides the most accessible account yet of the science of reasoning.
 

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Índice

1 Introduction
1
The World in Our Conscious Minds
19
The World in Our Unconscious Minds
49
How We Make Deductions
103
How We Make Inductions
163
What Makes us Rational
211
How We Develop Our Ability to Reason
245
Knowledge Beliefs and Problems
293
Expert Reasoning in Technology Logic and Science
367
Glossary
424
Notes on the Chapters
431
Acknowledgements
494
References
497
Name Index
545
Subject Index
557
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Sobre el autor (2006)

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Phil Johnson-Laird was born in Yorkshire, England, in 1936. He left school at the age of 15 and spent ten years in a variety of occupations until he went to University College London to read psychology. He later gained his Ph.D. there under the supervision of Peter Wason, and he joined the faculty in 1966. In 1971, he was a visiting member of the Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton, where he began a collaboration with George A. Miller. Subsequently, he held positions at the University of Sussex (1973-1981) and at the Medical Research Council's Applied Psychology Unit (1981-1989) in Cambridge, where he was also a Fellow of Darwin College. He returned to Princeton in 1989 to be a member of the faculty at the University, where he is the Stuart Professor of Psychology. His research concerns thinking, emotions, creativity, and music.

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