Handbook of Condition Monitoring: Techniques and Methodology

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Springer Science & Business Media, 31 dic. 1997 - 565 páginas
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In today's competitive climate the economies of production have become a critical factor for all manufacturing companies. For this reason, achieving cost-effective plant maintenance is highly important. In this context monitoring plays a vital role.
The purpose of this book is to inform readers about techniques currently available in the field of condition monitoring, and the methodology used in their application. With contributions from experts throughout the world, the Handbook of Condition Monitoring addresses the four major technique areas in condition monitoring in addition to the latest developments in condition monitoring research.
Significantly, the Handbook of Condition Monitoring includes the following features:
  • comprehensive coverage of the full range of techniques and methodologies
  • accepted knowledge and new developments
  • both technical and managerial content.

This is the essential reference book for maintenance technicians, engineers, managers and researchers as well as graduate students involved in manufacturing and mechanical engineering, and condition monitoring.
 

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Índice

Condition monitoring and the integrity of industrial systems
3
12 CONDITION MONITORING AND DIAGNOSTIC ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT COMADEM
4
13 ECONOMIC JUSTIFICATION AND BENEFITS
11
14 MARKET RESEARCH
15
15 COMADEM EDUCATION
30
16 CONCLUSIONS
33
Condition based maintenance
35
22 VIBRATION MONITORING
39
1111 MONITORING MACHINE VIBRATION
299
1112 CONCLUSIONS
301
1113 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
302
Common vibration monitoring techniques
303
122 THE TIME DOMAIN
307
123 THE FREQUENCY DOMAIN
313
124 THE QUEFRENCY DOMAIN
318
125 CONCLUSIONS
320

23 THERMOGRAPHY
41
24 TRIBOLOGY
43
25 OTHER MONITORING TECHNIQUES
49
26 CONCLUSIONS AND FINANCIAL IMPLICATIONS
52
27 BIBLIOGRAPHY
53
Techniques for Visual Inspection
55
Visual inspection systems
57
32 UNSOPHISTICATED LOWCOST AIDES
58
33 PORTABLE INFORMATION LOGS
59
34 MORE SOPHISTICATED SYSTEMS
66
35 AUTOMATED VISUAL INSPECTION
68
36 STATEOFTHEART
71
37 CONCLUSIONS
75
38 REFERENCES
76
Thermal monitoring using infrared thermography
78
42 SIMPLE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES
80
43 PYROMETRY AND INFRARED LINE SCANNERS
81
44 THERMAL IMAGING OR THERMOGRAPHIC SYSTEMS
85
45 CONDITION MONITORING CASE STUDIES
88
46 THE FUTURE OF THERMOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS
99
Surface and internal defect detection
102
52 EDDY CURRENT TESTING
104
53 ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE TESTING AC OR DCPD
107
54 FLUX LEAKAGE TESTING AND MAGNETIC TESTING
109
55 PENETRANT TESTING
117
56 RADIOGRAPHIC TESTING
120
57 RESONANT SPECTROSCOPIC TESTING
126
58 ULTRASONIC TESTING
127
59 VISUAL TESTING
133
510 CONCLUSIONS
134
511 REFERENCES
135
Commercial applications of visual monitoring
136
62 BORESCOPES FIBRESCOPES AND ENDOSCOPES
138
63 VIDEO IMAGING
142
64 THERMAL AND ULTRASONIC IMAGING
144
65 LASER SYSTEMS
147
66 SPECIAL APPLICATIONS
150
67 CONCLUSIONS
154
Techniques for Performance Monitoring
157
System quantityquality assessmentthe quasisteady state monitoring of inputs and outputs
159
72 ENERGY CONVERSION FLOW MONITORING AND EFFICIENCY
161
73 STEADYSTATE SIGNALS AND INSTRUMENT CALIBRATION
163
74 INSTRUMENT INSTALLATIONHYDRAULIC POWER
166
75 INSTRUMENT INSTALLATION ELECTRICAL POWER
170
76 INSTRUMENT INSTALLATION TORQUE AND SPEED
173
77 INSTRUMENT INSTALLATION TEMPERATURE
176
78 INSTRUMENT INSTALLATION FLOW MEASUREMENT
179
79 CONCLUSIONS
187
710 REFERENCES
188
System inputoutput monitoring
189
82 SYSTEM MONITORING
191
83 MACHINE HEALTH ANALYSIS
193
84 GRAPHIC PATTERN ANALYSIS
198
85 TRACKING RATE ANALYSIS
208
86 NEURAL NETWORK APPLICATION
212
87 CONCLUSIONS
217
System monitoring and the use of models
219
92 STATISTICAL MEASURES
220
94 MODELS
233
95 SPECTRUM ANALYSIS
237
96 CONCLUSIONS
238
97 BIBLIOGRAPHY
239
Commercial applications of performance monitoring
240
102 BEARING PERFORMANCE
242
103 BALLSCREW PERFORMANCE
249
104 PUMP PERFORMANCE
256
105 MACHINE PERFORMANCE
262
106 CONCLUSIONS
264
Techniques for Vibration Monitoring
267
Review of fundamental vibration theory
269
112 MEASURING VIBRATION
272
113 FREQUENCY
275
114 PHASE
276
115 VIBRATION ANALYSIS
280
116 COMPLEX VIBRATION
285
117 VIBRATION SEVERITY
286
118 VELOCITY RMS
288
119 HIGHFREQUENCY DETECTION SYSTEMS
291
1110 VIBRATION AND PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE
294
126 REFERENCES
321
APPENDIX EQUATIONS FOR COMMON VIBRATION MONITORING TECHNIQUES
322
Fundamentals of vibroacoustical condition monitoring
324
132 WEAR AND VIBROACOUSTIC PHENOMENA IN MACHINES
325
133 MACHINES AS ENERGY PROCESSORS
329
134 MACHINERY AS A HIERARCHY OF ENERGY PROCESSORS
334
135 SYMPTOM RELIABILITY CONTINUOUS OPERATING SYSTEMS
339
136 CONDITION ASSESSMENT SYSTEM RESIDUAL LIFE AND SYMPTOM RELIABILITY
343
137 EXAMPLE OF MACHINE LIFE PREDICTION BY ETS THEORY
348
138 CONCLUSIONS
351
Commercial applications of vibration monitoring
354
142 GAS COMPRESSOR TRAIN MONITORING
356
143 POWER GENERATION TRAIN MONITORING a
359
144 POWER GENERATION TRAIN MONITORING b
362
145 AERODERIVATIVE GAS TURBINE MONITORING
364
146 THE ATL APPROACH
366
147 EXPERT SYSTEM APPLICATION
369
148 CONCLUSIONS
374
Techniques for Wear Debris Analysis
375
Detection and diagnosis of wear through oil and wear debris analysis
377
152 WEAR IN LUBRICATED SYSTEMS
383
TRANSPORT MONITORING EFFICIENCY AND ANALYSIS
392
154 LUBRICANT PROPERTIES AND OIL ANALYSIS METHODS
395
155 WEAR DEBRIS ANALYSIS METHODS
401
156 PHYSICAL TESTING OF LUBRICANTS
414
157 IMPLEMENTATION OF WEAR DEBRIS MONITORING AND OIL ANALYSIS PROGRAMMES
415
159 BIBLIOGRAPHY
419
Wear particle collection and evaluation
420
162 MONITORING FLUIDS
422
163 TYPES OF DEBRIS
425
164 DEBRIS COLLECTION
428
165 DEBRIS ASSESSMENT
431
166 CONCLUSIONS
434
Lubricant analysis as a condition monitoring technique
435
172 LUBRICANT SAMPLING
436
173 SAMPLE ANALYSIS
438
174 INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
441
175 INFORMATION FEEDBACK AND COMBINED MONITORING
446
176 CONCLUSIONS
447
177 REFERENCES
449
Commercial applications of wear debris analysis
450
182 DIRECT DETECTION SYSTEMS
452
183 PARTICLE COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS SYSTEMS
454
184 FLUID ANALYSIS SYSTEMS
460
185 TECHNIQUE COMPARISON
465
186 CONCLUSIONS
467
Adopting a ConditionBased Maintenance Strategy
469
Financial implications and cost justification
471
192 ASSESSING THE NEED FOR CONDITION MONITORING
472
193 COST JUSTIFICATION
474
194 JUSTIFYING CM AT PRESENT
478
195 CONCLUSIONS
482
Technique selection and implementation in condition monitoring
483
202 CONDITION MONITORING METHODS
484
203 CM METHOD SELECTION USING AHP
490
204 CM METHOD SELECTION DURING DESIGN
494
205 CONCLUSIONS
501
206 REFERENCES
502
Pitfalls benefits and collective wisdom
503
212 MAINTENANCE POLICY
506
213 MAINTENANCE TECHNICAL STRATEGY
509
214 LESSONS FROM BENCHMARKING RESULTS
511
215 CASESTUDY EXAMPLES
517
216 CONCLUSIONS
518
Research and Development in Condition Monitoring
519
Knowledgebased systems for condition monitoring
521
222 THE ROLE OF KBS IN MAINTENANCE
525
INTERFACING
529
224 APPLYING KNOWLEDGEBASED SYSTEMS
535
225 CONCLUSIONS
539
226 REFERENCES
540
Future developments in condition monitoring techniques and systems
541
232 DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS
543
233 CONDITION EVALUATION TECHNIQUES
547
234 KNOWLEDGEBASED CONTROL METHODS
551
235 AUTOMATED SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION
556
236 CONCLUSIONS
559
Index
561
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