H. W. Tilman: The Eight Sailing/Mountain-Exploration Books

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The Mountaineers Books, 1987 - 956 páginas

H. W. Tilman -- mountaineer, sailor and one of the great explorers of this century -- was a prolific and stylish writer. His mountain activities are recorded in H. W. Tilman: The Seven Mountain-Travel Books, an earlier omnibus, and this companion volume deals with his equally enthralling sailing adventures.

When he bought the pilot cutter "Mischief" in 1954, it was not with the intention of retiring from mountaineering, but to use the sea for access to remote mountains in high latitudes. Over the next twenty-two years "Mischief" and her successors saw regular service in distant waters, and their owner developed a whole new technique and tradition of amphibious mountaineering. His seafaring technique, like that of his mountaineering, was based on simplicity, using well-tried methods and navigational equipment that was essentially the same as that used by James Cook. He maintained that the only worthwhile innovations made in small ships in the last hundred years were the Diesel engine and Terylene rope. His seamanship was characterized by the same intelligence, cool judgment and masterly skill that had made his mountaineering exploits famous. He became an excellent navigator, with an approach more like that of a merchant sailing ship's master than a modern racing yachtsman's. The object was to arrive, not to win a race, and his ships and crews were carefully nursed through severe conditions without strain or fuss.

The eight books collected haere are humorous, learned, devastatingly candid, and packed with information. They recount voyages to the Southern Oceans where he visited Patagonia, the Crozets, Kerguelen, Heard Island and the South Shetlands. No less important were his many trips to Greenland as well as forays to Sptizbergen, Baffin Island and other areas above the Arctic Circle. The mountaineering highlights of his seafaring career were the crossing of the Patagonian ice cap, the crossing of Bylot Island, and the ascent of Big Ben on Heard Island, where although Tilman was not in the summit party, he contributed more than any of them to the success of the expedition.

Not all of his voyages were successful or enjoyable. A valued crew member was lost overboard during one venture. There were the sad losses of his cutters, "Mischief" and "Sea Breeze," and other occasions when crew members, unable to match Tilman's persistence, decided to desert or mutiny.

Most of his crews were made of sterner stuff. They were rewarded with good fellowship and humor, the opportunity of learning seamanship and mountaineering from a great teacher, and a chance to see what may be done in rough waters and heavy ice in a little, old, unstrengthened ship.

Some managed to join him on more than one voyage, including the resourceful Simon Richardson, in whose boat "En Avant," Tilman, Richardson and their crew disappeared after leaving Rio de Janeiro for Port Stanley in November 1977. What happened is a mystery but the passage to South America had been a happy one. The loss of six enterprising young men was tragic, but for Tilman at least, it was a sad but curiously fitting end, one last voyage in the best of good company.

 

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Índice

A False Start page
19
A Real Start
27
The First Leg
33
The Long Haul
40
The Magellan Straits
49
Punta Arenas
57
Magellan Straits Western End
64
Into the Channels
72
Port aux Francais
227
To Cape Town
235
A False Start
241
Maps Chile and Argentina 18
244
Homeward Bound
247
Maps and Diagrams The Voyage 138
251
The Crozet Islands 186
269
Kerguelen 212
470

Peel Inlet
80
The Calvo Glacier
87
The Calvo Pass
94
Lake Argentino and Back
100
A Near Thing
107
The Pacific
111
Valparaiso to the Panama Canal
117
Rolling Home
126
The Crew and the Ship page
139
Choosing an Objective
147
Early Days
155
Las Palmas and Southwards
160
Cape Town
169
In the Southern Ocean
178
Possession Island
189
An Earlier Visitor
196
The Mountains of Possession Island
203
Kerguelen
210
To the Icecap
217
Mischiefs Last Voyage
631
To Iceland
637
To Jan Mayen
643
In Mischiefs Wake 625
645
The Loss of Mischief
651
First Voyage in Sea Breeze
659
A False Start
666
Second and Third Start
672
A Polite Mutiny off the Greenland Coast
679
Homeward Bound
685
Second Voyage in Sea Breeze
691
To Cape Farewell
697
In the Ice
702
To the Mountains
714
Homeward Bound
721
Maps or Track Charts
736
To West Greenland 690
757
Appendices
948
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Sobre el autor (1987)

According to David Roberts, H.W. TILMAN was "the best expedition writerâ Ωjust as he was arguably the century's best explorer-mountaineer, whittling his whole life to a sunny vagabondage that held him in its thrall even as he sailed off into the Antarctic Ocean in his eightieth year." More prosaically, Tilman was a coffee planter turned adventurer who climbed extensively in Africa and the Himalaya; he also served in both World Wars. In 1934, Tilman and Eric Shipton pioneered a route to Nanda Devi's 'Inner Sanctuary.' This was followed, in 1936, by a first ascent by Tilman and N. E. Odell of Nanda Devi, reputedly the most outstanding mountaineering success of the pre-Second World War era. Tilman was next was appointed the leader of the 1938 (British) Everest Expedition, on which he reached more than 27,000 feet (without supplementary oxygen). His Everest expedition was marked by the small size and close-knit quality of the participants, the Shipton/Tilman belief being that "any worthwhile expedition can be planned on the back of an envelope." The W.L. Gore Shipton/Tilman Grant is named for the two adventurers.

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