Genocide in Iraq: The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds
A narrative account of the Iraqi government's organized attempt to eradicate the Kurds living in northern Iraq, this report captures in riveting detail the multiple phases of the Anfal campaign. Anfal, meaning "the spoils, "is the name of the eighth sura of the Koran. It is also the name given by the Iraqis to a series of military actions that lasted from February 23 until September 6, 1988. Relying in part on previously unpublished Iraqi government documents captured by Kurdish rebels during the Gulf War, Genocide in Iraq reveals a meticulously organized campaign incorporating prison camps, firing squads and chemical attacks.
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Ali Hassan al-Majid amnesty Anfal campaign Anfal operation Anſal April Arab August Autonomous Region Ba'ath Party Badinan Baghdad Barzani bombing bulldozers camp captured Chamchamal chemical attack chemical weapons civilian complex Corps deserters destroyed detainees Dibs disappeared documents Dohuk East Watch interview elderly Erbil execution Final Anfal fled forces Fourth Anfal genocide Goktapa governorate guards Halabja Hassan al-Majid headquarters homes Iran Iran-Iraq Iran-Iraq War Iranian Iraq Iraq's Iraqi Army Iraqi government Iraqi Kurdistan Iraqi regime Istikhbarat jahsh June Kalar killed Kirkuk Koreme Kurdish Kurds March mass Middle East Watch military mountains Muhammad Mustafa mustashar nahya nearby Northern Bureau Command Nugra Salman officer Ozer peshmerga prisoners prohibited areas Qader Karam Qala Qara Dagh Revolutionary Command Council saboteurs Saddam Hussein September Shaqlawa soldiers southern Germian Suleimaniyeh surrendered survivors Taqtaq Taymour Tikrit told took Topzawa town troops trucks village women and children Yezidis Zakho
Página 13 - The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.
Página 51 - Damascus' walls, And with my father take a friendly truce. Tamb. Zenocrate, were Egypt Jove's own land, Yet would I with my sword make Jove to stoop. I will confute those blind geographers That make a triple region in the world, Excluding regions which I mean to trace, And with this pen reduce them to a map, Calling the provinces, cities, and towns, After my name and thine, Zenocrate: Here at Damascus will I make the point That shall begin the perpendicular: And wouldst thou have me buy thy father's...
Página 248 - God there is no god but He, the Living, the Everlasting. Slumber seizes Him not, neither sleep; to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. Who is there that shall intercede with Him save by His leave? He knows what lies before them and what is after them, and they comprehend not anything of His knowledge save such as He wills. His Throne comprises the heavens and earth; the preserving of them oppresses Him not; He is the All-high, the All-glorious.
Página 239 - Millions of souls sit on the banks of Styx, Waiting the back return of Charon's boat; Hell and Elysium swarm with ghosts of men, That I have sent from sundry foughten fields, To spread my fame through hell and up to heaven.
Página 23 - Black are his colours, black pavilion ; His spear, his shield, his horse, his armour, plumes, And jetty feathers, menace death and hell ! Without respect of sex, degree, or age, He razcth all his foes with fire and sword.
Página 28 - The convention defines genocide as "acts committed with intent to destroy in whole or in part a national, ethnical, racial or religious group" and punishment extends to private individuals as well as rulers and public officials.
Página 349 - I told the mustashars that they might say that they like their villages and that they won't leave. I said I cannot let your village stay because I will attack it with chemical weapons. Then you and your family will die. You must leave right now. Because I cannot tell you the same day that I am going to attack with chemical weapons.
Página 337 - In all other cases the prisoners are in future to be transported to Germany secretly, and further dealings with the offenses will take place here; these measures will have a deterrent effect because (a) the prisoners will vanish without leaving a trace, (6) no information may be given as to their whereabouts or their fate.
Página 8 - Annihilation This is the invariant structure of the basic process, for no group can be killed without a concentration or seizure of the victims, and no victims can be segregated before the perpetrator knows who belongs to the group.
Página 80 - July, farming will not be authorized in [the area] during the coming winter and summer seasons, starting this year. 4. It is prohibited to take cattle to pasture within these areas. 5. Within their jurisdiction, the armed forces must kill any human being or animal present within these areas.
The History of Terrorism: From Antiquity to Al Qaeda
Gérard Chaliand,Arnaud Blin
Vista previa restringida - 2007