Cambridge University Press, 26 abr. 1991 - 363 páginas
Gender is a fascinating category, central and pervasive in some languages and totally absent in others. In this new, overall account of gender systems, over 200 languages are discussed, from English and Russian to Archi and Chichewa. More detailed analysis of individual languages provides clear illustrations of specific types of systems. Gender distinction is often based on sex; sometimes this is only one criterion and the gender of nouns depends on other factors (thus "house" is masculine in Russian, feminine in French and neuter in Tamil). On occasion there are equivalent distinctions such as human/non-human, animate/inanimate, where sex is irrelevant.
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THE PSYCHOLINGUISTIC STATUS OF GENDER ASSIGNMENT
SYNCRETISM AND ENFORCED GENDER
HYBRID NOUNS AND THE AGREEMENT HIERARCHY
according adjectives affect agreeing agreement classes agreement forms agreement markers analysis animate appears assignment rules assignment system attributive Bantu belong borrowings chapter claim clear complex conjoined conjuncts consider considerable consistent controller criteria demonstrative depends determined dialect discussed distinction distinguish earlier ending English established evidence example exceptions fact factors female feminine figure French further gender agreement gender resolution gender system German give given humans identical illustrated important inanimate indicates instances interesting involved languages less linguistic major male marked masculine meaning morphological neuter neutral normally noted noun phrase nouns denoting occur particular pattern personal pronoun phonological plural position possible predicate prefix problem question rational reference relative resolution rules result Russian seen semantic semantic agreement Serbo-Croat similar singular situation speakers suggests syntactic various verb
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