Cambridge University Press, 26 abr. 1991 - 363 páginas
Gender is a fascinating category, central and pervasive in some languages and totally absent in others. In this new, overall account of gender systems, over 200 languages are discussed, from English and Russian to Archi and Chichewa. More detailed analysis of individual languages provides clear illustrations of specific types of systems. Gender distinction is often based on sex; sometimes this is only one criterion and the gender of nouns depends on other factors (thus "house" is masculine in Russian, feminine in French and neuter in Tamil). On occasion there are equivalent distinctions such as human/non-human, animate/inanimate, where sex is irrelevant.
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THE PSYCHOLINGUISTIC STATUS OF GENDER ASSIGNMENT
SYNCRETISM AND ENFORCED GENDER
HYBRID NOUNS AND THE AGREEMENT HIERARCHY
adjectives agreement classes agreement forms Agreement Hierarchy agreement in gender agreement markers agreement targets Algonquian languages analysis anaphoric animacy animate Archi assignment system attributive modifiers Bantu languages borrowings Chichewa conjoined consider consistent agreement pattern controller genders Corbett declension declensional type dialect discussed distinction distinguish Dravidian languages Dyirbal English evidence example factors female humans feminine gender French gender agreement gender assignment gender system German given grammatical grammatical gender hybrid nouns inanimate involved Khinalug lexical loanwords male humans masculine masculine and feminine masculine personal meaning morphological assignment morphological class neuter neutral agreement non-human normally noun classes noun phrase nouns denoting females nouns denoting humans number of genders number of nouns number resolution Ojibwa personal pronoun phonological possible predicate prefix problem reference Russian semantic agreement semantic rules semantically justified Serbo-Croat similar Singular Plural speakers subgenders suffix Swahili syncretism Tamil target gender forms three genders verb vrac
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