French Society in Revolution, 1789-1799
Manchester University Press, 12 jun. 1999 - 220 páginas
In recent years historians have been drawn to the political culture of dictatorial violence surrounding this period in French history, at the expense of recognizing the profound liberation, and ultimate social transformation, that the period represented for the French people. This work aims to retrieve the social history of the French Revolution from unjustified neglect. This study plots a narrative course through a turbulent time, examining both the structural and cultural elements behind the breakdown of the 18th-century monarchic state and its aristocratic social system. Engaging with the late-1990s historical research, it presents a picture of the tensions evolving in this system and tracks elements of conflict throughout the revolutionary decade. The limitations and failings of revolutionary attempts at liberation are confronted, particularly in the fields of gender and the treatment of poverty, and the beliefs and situations that hindered efforts to create a genuine political community are analyzed. The Revolution is firmly acknowledged as failing within its own time to fulfil its goals, but the continual attempts by counter-revolutionaries to destroy it must be recalled as part of the explanation for this. Ultimately, the Revolution is seen as having long-term benefits for the French population and for European society.
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Reform and politicisation before 1789
The great year of Revolution 1789
The reconstructive project and the political
Dissent radicalisation and the descent to war
War and the Girondin Republic 17921793
Terror and the Jacobin Republic 17931794
The quest for social order Thermidor to Brumaire
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action administrative agenda amongst areas aristocratic army arrested assignats August authorities became cahiers Cambridge centre Church citizens clergy Club Committee of Public communities conflict Constitution continued Cordeliers counter-revolutionary courts crowds declared decreed demands deputies Directory Document early eighteenth century Elected to Convention electoral elite emigres Estates-General executed feudal Feuillant Flight to Varennes forces France French Revolution Girondins groups guilds Hebertists increasingly insurrection issue Jacobin Jacobin Club July June king land late later Legislative Louis XVI Lyon Marseille ment military Montagnard municipal National Assembly National Guard neo-Jacobin nobility noble non-juror October Old Regime organisations Oxford Paris Parisian parlements patriots peasantry peasants police political popular population priests privileged provinces radical reform Republic republican revolutionary rising Robespierre royal royalist rural sans-culotte seigneurs September September Massacres social society taxes Terror Terrorists Thermidor Thermidorian Third Estate Timothy Tackett tion towns troops urban Vendemiaire violence voted women
Página 202 - Joan B. Landes, Women and the Public Sphere in the Age of the French Revolution (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988); Mary P.
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