French Society in Revolution, 1789-1799

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Manchester University Press, 12 jun. 1999 - 220 páginas
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In recent years historians have been drawn to the political culture of dictatorial violence surrounding this period in French history, at the expense of recognizing the profound liberation, and ultimate social transformation, that the period represented for the French people. This work aims to retrieve the social history of the French Revolution from unjustified neglect. This study plots a narrative course through a turbulent time, examining both the structural and cultural elements behind the breakdown of the 18th-century monarchic state and its aristocratic social system. Engaging with the late-1990s historical research, it presents a picture of the tensions evolving in this system and tracks elements of conflict throughout the revolutionary decade. The limitations and failings of revolutionary attempts at liberation are confronted, particularly in the fields of gender and the treatment of poverty, and the beliefs and situations that hindered efforts to create a genuine political community are analyzed. The Revolution is firmly acknowledged as failing within its own time to fulfil its goals, but the continual attempts by counter-revolutionaries to destroy it must be recalled as part of the explanation for this. Ultimately, the Revolution is seen as having long-term benefits for the French population and for European society.
 

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Índice

Introduction
1
Reform and politicisation before 1789
29
The great year of Revolution 1789
49
The reconstructive project and the political
69
Dissent radicalisation and the descent to war
89
War and the Girondin Republic 17921793
108
Terror and the Jacobin Republic 17931794
126
The quest for social order Thermidor to Brumaire
146
Selected documents
167
Bibliographical essay
200
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Términos y frases comunes

Pasajes populares

Página 202 - Joan B. Landes, Women and the Public Sphere in the Age of the French Revolution (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988); Mary P.
Página 201 - Margaret C. Jacob, Living the Enlightenment: Freemasonry and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Europe (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991); Elizabeth L.
Página 202 - Antoine de Baecque, The Body Politic: Corporeal Metaphor in Revolutionary France, 1770-1800, trans. Charlotte Mandell (Stanford, Calif., 1997) describes the revolutionaries' disdain for aristocrats

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Sobre el autor (1999)

David Andress is Lecturer in Modern European History at the University of Plymouth.

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