Experiments in Cultural Language Evolution
The fascinating question of the origins and evolution of language has been drawing a lot of attention recently, not only from linguists, but also from anthropologists, evolutionary biologists, and brain scientists. This groundbreaking book explores the cultural side of language evolution. It proposes a new overarching framework based on linguistic selection and self-organization and explores it in depth through sophisticated computer simulations and robotic experiments. Each case study investigates how a particular type of language system can emerge in a population of language game playing agents and how it can continue to evolve in order to cope with changes in ecological conditions. Case studies cover on the one hand the emergence of concepts and words for proper names, color terms, names for bodily actions, spatial terms and multi-dimensional words. The second set of experiments focuses on the emergence of grammar, specifically case grammar for expressing argument structure, functional grammar for expressing different uses of spatial relations, internal agreement systems for marking constituent structure, morphological expression of aspect, and quantifiers expressed as articles. The book is ideally suited as study material for an advanced course on language evolution and it will be of interest to anyone who wonders how human languages may have originated.
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Selforganization and selection in cultural language evolution
Emergence of perceptually grounded vocabularies
The Grounded Naming Game
Language strategies for color
Emergent mirror systems for body language
The coevolution of basic spatial terms and categories
Multidimensional meanings in lexicon formation
Emergence of grammatical systems
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absolute quantifiers acquire acquisition experiment agreement system Aktionsarten alignment operator Amsterdam Angle argument structure constructions Artificial Intelligence aspect associated average baseline block chapter cognitive effort color categories color terms communicative success conceptualization strategy context Cultural Language Evolution dative embodied agents emergence event evolutionary linguistics example Experiments in Cultural express Fluid Construction Grammar function gender German graded membership grammatical constructions humanoid robots individual interpretation invent John Benjamins language game language strategy language system language users lateral inhibition learner learning lexicon loísmo Luc Steels mapping markers Martin Loetzsch meaning membership categories mirror neurons motor behavior Number of interactions parsing particular population of agents posture processing prototypical view scalable quantifiers scene score self-organize semantic semiotic Sigma similar simulation spatial categories spatial language spatial relation speaker and hearer syn-cat syntactic syntactic categories Tarahumara tion topic Trijp tutor utterance variation verb visual prototype Vrije Universiteit Brussel word word-group