Cambridge University Press, 1994 - 240 páginas
When people are in a certain mood, whether elated or depressed, that mood is often communicated to others. When we are talking to someone who is depressed it may make us feel depressed, whereas if we talk to someone who is feeling self-confident and buoyant we are likely to feel good about ourselves. This phenomenon, known as emotional contagion, is identified here, and compelling evidence for its effects is offered from a variety of disciplines--social and developmental psychology, history, cross-cultural psychology, experimental psychology, and psychopathology. The authors propose a simple mechanism to account for the process of contagion. They argue that people, in their everyday encounters, tend automatically and continuously to synchronize with the facial expressions, voices, postures, movements, and instrumental emotional behaviors of others. Emotional experiences are affected, moment-to-moment, by the feedback from such mimicry. In a series of orderly chapters, the authors provide observational and laboratory evidence to support their propositions. They then offer practical suggestions for clinical psychologists, physicians, husbands and wives, parents, and professionals who wish to become better at shaping the emotional tone of social encounters.
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Introduction and overview
Mechanisms of emotional contagion I Emotional mimicrysynchrony
Mechanisms of emotional contagion II Emotional experience and facial vocal and postural feedback
Evidence that emotional contagion exists
The ability to infect others with emotion
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ability able actions activity affected anger asked attention authors aware become began begin behavior better body catch changes chapter clients colleagues communication condition conducted conversation course cues depressed developed differences emotional contagion emotional experience evidence example eyes faces facial expressions fact fear feedback feel felt friends hand happy Hatfield head heart rate hypothesis imitation individual infants influenced interactions interested John judges kinds laugh less look measured mimic mimicry mirror mood mothers move movements muscle nonverbal observed pain patterns person physiological play positive postures Press reactions reason reported response scale seemed share situation smile social someone sometimes studies subjects suffering suggested synchrony Table talk tend therapists things thought tions turn University vocal voice watched women York
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