Concepts in Submarine Design

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Cambridge University Press, 27 oct. 1995 - 300 páginas
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This book shows how the engineering and architectural aspects of submarine design relate to each other, and describes the operational performance required of a vessel. The authors explain concepts of hydrodynamics, structure, powering and dynamics, in addition to architectural considerations that bear on the submarine design process. They pay particular attention to the interplay among these aspects of design, and devote a final chapter to the generation of the concept design for the submarine as a whole. Submarine design makes extensive use of computers, and the authors give examples of algorithms used in concept design. They provide engineering insight as well as an understanding of the intricacies of the submarine design process. The book will serve as a text for students and as a reference manual for practicing engineers and designers in marine and naval engineering.
 

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Índice

Design in general
1
Design progression
4
Milestones in submarine history
11
the Holland
12
the U35 Class Uboats
14
the Type XXI Uboats
16
the Albacore
19
the Skipjack Class
20
Design aspects of powering
130
Geometric form and arrangements
131
Factors governing diameter of hull
133
Internal arrangements
134
Some detailed considerations
137
Review
150
Dynamics and control
151
Some basic concepts
152

Review
22
Submarine hydrostatics
25
Submarines on the surface
27
Arrangements of main ballast tanks
29
Submarine submerged
34
Buoyancy elements
36
Weight elements
39
Trim and compensating tanks
43
Special tanks
45
Hydrostatic stability
47
Review
51
The weightspace relationship
52
Weight
55
Weight assessment and control
58
Space
61
Margin policy and budgeting
63
Space margin policy
66
Other size determinants
67
Review
70
Submarine structures
71
Shape of the pressure vessel
74
Elastic deformation of the shell
77
Buckling deformation of shells
79
Other failure modes
83
Internal supporting structure
85
Pressure hull penetrations
86
Effects of shock
89
Fabrication considerations
90
Fatigue
91
Choice of materials
92
Other structures
93
Summary of structural design philosophy
97
Powering of submarines
100
Statement of requirements
101
Resistance to motion
104
Speedpower relationship
109
Surface resistance
110
Propulsion
113
Design aspects of propulsion plants
124
Operational requirements
154
Equations of motion of a submarine
157
Hydrodynamic derivatives
159
Stability and control in the horizontal plane
160
Stability and control in the vertical plane
164
Steering and depth control systems
170
Contributions of hull form and appendages to control dynamics
173
Emergency recovery
187
Impact on design
190
Submarine systems
192
Hydraulic systems
193
High pressures air system
199
Water systems
205
Systems for hydrostatic control
208
Provision for escape
212
Electrical systems
214
Review
223
Considerations of building and costs in design
225
Sequence of building a submarine
226
Costing
232
Design influence on cost and building
234
Summary
239
Generating a concept design
243
Concept studies
244
Methods of concept design
249
Concept sizing
254
Concept sizing with AIP systems
260
Other sizings
262
Character of iterations
266
The future
273
Hydrostatic conditions of flotation
278
Operational practice for keeping in trim
281
Assessing weight and size of variable ballast
284
Submarine pressure hull strength Prediction of interframe collapse pressures
288
Estimates of resistance and propulsion
292
References and suggested reading
298
Index
300
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Sobre el autor (1995)

Burcher, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University College London.

Rydill, Department of Mechanical Engineering University College London.

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